# Bond Essays & Research Papers

## Best Bond Essays

• Bonds - 858 Words
BOND PROBLEM SOLUTIONS 1. Six years ago, The Corzine Company sold a 20-year bond issue with a 14 percent annual coupon rate and a 9 percent call premium. Today, Corzine called the bonds. The bonds originally were sold at their face value of \$1,000. Compute the realized rate of return for investors who purchased the bonds when they were issued and who surrender them today in exchange for the call price. PV = 1000; N = 6; PMT = 140; FV = 1090; CPT I/Y I/Y = 15.02% 2. You just...
858 Words | 4 Pages
• Bonds - 4558 Words
Bonds and Their Valuation After reading this chapter, students should be able to: • List the four main classifications of bonds and differentiate among them. • Identify the key characteristics common to all bonds. • Calculate the value of a bond with annual or semiannual interest payments. • Explain why the market value of an outstanding fixed-rate bond will fall when interest rates rise on new bonds of equal risk, or vice versa. • Calculate the current...
4,558 Words | 18 Pages
• Bonds - 2683 Words
M Sc Strategic Management Tutorials Long term Debt Finance Questions and Answers Using present value to value bonds A bond, from the perspective of the person issuing the bond is a form of long term debt. In the hands of the person who has acquired the bond it is an asset. The agency issuing the bond agrees to pay a fixed sum of money to the holder of the bond for a period of years and then, at the end of that period, to pay back the face value of the bond. Bonds can be...
2,683 Words | 11 Pages
• Bonds - 989 Words
﻿901. A sum of Rs. 100/- perpetual bond is currently selling for RS. 95/-. The coupon rate of interest is 13.5%. The approximate discount rate is 15%. The value of the bond and the YTM is: (a) Rs. 90/- and 14.2% Value is (13.5*15%=90) and YTM is ((13.5/95)*100=14.21%) (b) Rs. 100/- and 13.5% (c) Rs. 90 and 15% (d) Rs. 90/- and 13.5% 902. In 2001, Meridian Ltd. has issued bonds of Rs. 10,000/-each due in 2011 with a 14% per annum coupon rate payable at the end of each year during the...
989 Words | 7 Pages
• ## All Bond Essays

• BOND - 3092 Words
﻿MINI PROJECT ON BOND REPORT SUBMITTED BY DARKWAH JOSEPH ASANTE REG NO-3510910956 Of M.B.A 2ND YEAR Under the guidance of MR.RAMESH SHANKAR Asst. Professor, Dept. of M.B.A DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT S.R.M. School of Management, Kattankulathur WHAT IS BOND In finance, a bond is a debt security, in which the authorized issuer owes the holders a debt and, depending on the terms of the bond, is obliged to pay interest (the coupon) and/or...
3,092 Words | 9 Pages
• Bonds - 3574 Words
CONTENTS Introduction of bonds……………………………………………..01 Characteristics of Bonds…………………………………………01 Types of Bonds…………………………………………………… 06 Bonds Market……………………………………………………… 08 Introduction of Pakistan bond market……………...................08 How Bonds Trade……………………………………………….….09 Bond Price Variations……………………………………………..09 Bond valuation…………………………………………..................09 Types of bonds trade in Pakistan……………………………….10 Government Debt Securities……………………………………..10 Characteristics of MTBs and...
3,574 Words | 11 Pages
• Bonds - 2216 Words
INTRODUCTION - The Swan Davis Corporation case focuses on following issues:  The importance in bond and stock valuation;  The capital structure of the company; and  How they effects to the capital budgeting decisions of the company. - Swan- Davis Inc., (SDI) manufactures equipment for sale to large contractors, the company was found in 1976 and it went to the public in 1980 at its shares value risen from \$1 to \$15 since it enter to the market. - The financial statements for the past...
2,216 Words | 8 Pages
• Bonds: Bond and Cash Flow
﻿BONDS Bonds pay fixed coupon (interest) payments at fixed intervals (usually every six months) and pay the par value at maturity. Par value = \$1,000 Coupon = 6.5% or par value per year, or \$65 per year (\$32.50 every six months). Maturity = 28 years (matures in 2032). Issued by AT&T. Types of Bonds Debentures - unsecured bonds. Subordinated debentures - unsecured “junior” debt. Mortgage bonds - secured bonds. Zeros - bonds that pay only par value at maturity; no coupons. Junk bonds - speculative...
1,024 Words | 5 Pages
• Bond and Bonds Payable - 451 Words
1)pk acquired a 25% interest in Trent Co. on January 1, 2010, for \$500,000. At that time, Trent had 1,000,000 shares of its \$1 par common stock issued and outstanding. During 2010, Trent paid cash dividends of \$160,000 and thereafter declared and issued a 5% common stock dividend when the market value was \$2 per share. Trent's net income for 2010 was \$360,000. What is the balance in Agee’s investment account at the end of 2010 Cost \$500,000 Share of net income (.25 × \$360,000) 90,000 Share...
451 Words | 2 Pages
• Bonds: Bond and Yield - 345 Words
﻿What are Yield to Maturity (YTM) and Yield to Call (YTC)? By calculating the present and future value of bonds, managers can make sound decisions about their potential strengths and weaknesses as investments. Answer the following questions in this week's Discussion 2 thread: 1. What terms (or inputs) are needed to calculate yield to maturity (YTM)? How does this compare to calculating yield to call (YTC)? To calculate the YTM you will need to use Annual Interest, Par value, Market...
345 Words | 1 Page
• Valuation of Bonds - 652 Words
CHAPTER 6 VALUATION AND MANAGEMENT VALUATION AND MANAGEMENT OF BONDS All Rights Reserved © Oxford University Press, 2011 2 CONTENTS   Introduction Features of the bond      Face Value l Coupon Rate Periodicity of coupon payments Maturity Redemption Value Fixed and Floating Rate Bonds Indexed Bonds Callable & Puttable Bonds C ll bl & P tt bl B d Zero Coupon and Deep Discount Bonds Convertible Bonds CHAPTER 6  Types of Bonds Types of Bonds      ...
652 Words | 6 Pages
• Types of Bonds - 601 Words
TYPES OF BONDS There are a plenty amount of different types of bonds, existing nowadays. Actually, the bond market offers investors a lot more choices than the stock market. Which bonds to choose depends on the goals, tax situation and the risk tolerance of a person who is going to invest in bonds. The broad bond market includes in itself government, municipal, corporate, mortgage-backed or asset-backed securities and international bonds. Within each broad bond market sector it is possible to...
601 Words | 2 Pages
• BOND VALUATION - 402 Words
Chapter 6 Bond Valuation 6.5 Duration and Convexity Problem Given a 4-yr treasury bond with a face value of \$1,000, an annual coupon rate of 3.20%, which had a yield to maturity of 2.53%, this bond makes 2 semi-annual coupon payments. Thus has 8 periods until maturity and we are required to determine what the duration, modified duration, and convexity of this bond is, based on the Annual Percentage Rate (APR) and the Effective Annual Rate (EAR). Also, we are asked to explain an intuitive...
402 Words | 2 Pages
• Bond and Value - 1208 Words
Answer question 2 A one-year, \$100,000 loan carries a coupon rate and a market interest rate of 12 percent. The loan requires payment of accrued interest and one-half of the principal at the end of six months. The remaining principal and accrued interest are due at the end of the year. a. What will be the cash flows at the end of 6 months and at the end of the year? Cash flow in 6 months = \$100,000 x .12 x .5 + \$50,000 = \$56,000 interest and principal. Cash flow in 1 year =...
1,208 Words | 5 Pages
• Bond and Maturity - 501 Words
5-1 Bond Valuation with Annual payments Jackson Corporation’s bonds have 12 years remaining to maturity. Interest is paid annually, the bonds have a \$1,000 par value, and the coupon interest rate is 8%. The bonds have a yield to maturity of 9%. What is the current market price of these bonds? F= par value C= maturity value R= coupon rate per coupon payment period I= effective interest rate per coupon payment period N= number of coupon paynments F= 1000 so C should = 1000 r= .08 i=...
501 Words | 2 Pages
• Bond and Rate - 11775 Words
Chapter 1 Role of Financial Markets and Institutions 1. Financial market participants who provide funds are called A) deficit units. B) surplus units. C) primary units. D) secondary units. 2. The main provider(s) of funds to the U.S. Treasury is (are) A) households and businesses. B) foreign financial...
11,775 Words | 74 Pages
• Covered Bond - 186 Words
﻿Covered Bond covered bond is a debt obligation backed by a segregated pool of assets called a “cover pool”. Covered bonds are similar to securitized bonds but offer bondholders additional protection if the financial institution defaults. A financial institution that sponsors securitized bonds transfers the assets backing the bonds to a SPV. If the financial institution defaults, investors who hold bonds in the financial institution have no recourse against the SPV and its pool of assets...
186 Words | 1 Page
• Bonds And Yields - 3684 Words
﻿Chapter 10 Bond Prices and Yields 1. a. Catastrophe bond: Typically issued by an insurance company. They are similar to an insurance policy in that the investor receives coupons and par value, but takes a loss in part or all of the principal if a major insurance claim is filed against the issuer. This is provided in exchange for higher than normal coupons. b. Eurobond: They are bonds issued in the currency of one country but sold in other national markets. c. Zero-coupon bond: Zero-coupon...
3,684 Words | 17 Pages
• Bond Valuation - 423 Words
Assignment for Week -2 Chapter 5 (5 - 9) Bond Valuation and Interest Rate Risk Bond L Bond S INS = \$100 INS = \$100 M = \$1,000 M = \$1,000 N = 15 Years N = 1 Year a) 1) rd = 5% VBL = INT/ (1 + rd)t + M/ (1 + rd)N =INT [1/rd – 1/ rd(1 + rd)N ] + M/ (1 + rd)N =\$100 [1/0.05 – 1/ 0.05(1 + 0.05)15] + \$1,000/ (1 + 0.05)15...
423 Words | 4 Pages
• Bond and Curve - 3659 Words
Hello. Welcome to the fixed income session of the Bloomberg Essential Online Training Program. My name is Kyle Ashworth, and today we’ll be discussing the analytics and data monitors that we have available within fixed income on the Bloomberg terminal. The first tool that we want to use to look at news, news for fixed income. So what we’ll do is we’ll navigate down to the bottom of the menu, and we’ll click on 14 NBOND for bond news. Clicking that, it’ll load a very familiar page for you....
3,659 Words | 10 Pages
• international bonds - 811 Words
﻿Tutorial 2 Q1. Why do most international bonds have high Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s credit ratings? Credit Rating is a social intermediary service to provide credit information and reference for the community. Credit rating is aim to show the size of a credit default risk the rating object, rating agencies focus on financial conditions and historical data to give the overall valuation of object. Currently, credit rating on the issue of international bonds is the popular investment risk...
811 Words | 3 Pages
• Stocks and Bonds - 411 Words
Stocks and bonds are forms of investments in which you have the opportunity to invest your money in a certain corporation, organization, or company with the possibility of future profits. (1) Stocks are mainly shares in a company, when you invest in some company's stocks you are buying ownership in that company, stock holders receive a percentage of the company's profit. While when investing in bonds you are loaning money to the company with the promise that this company will pay you back the...
411 Words | 2 Pages
• Stocks and Bonds - 949 Words
In the financial markets, the most common forms of marketable securities are stocks and bonds. Though they have some similarities to each other, they differ greatly in many aspects. Broadly speaking, both financial instruments enable one to invest in corporations, public and/or private, with possible profitable returns in the future. Stocks (or shares), by definition, are shares of ownership in a company. By purchasing stocks in a company, the investor becomes a part owner, and thereby owns a...
949 Words | 3 Pages
• Bonds and Shares - 485 Words
4/29/2014 Discussion Discussion Why do companies issue shares? In order to raise capital, generally to expand the business Suggestion • Raising capital • Expanding the business 4/29/2014 1 Why do people buy the shares? Shares give their holders part of the ownership of a company. (Shareholders have a part of the ownership.) Shareholders receive a proportion of a company’s profits as dividend, and may be able to make a capital gain by selling their shares at a...
485 Words | 6 Pages
• Bond Valuation - 1109 Words
Lecture 03: Applying the Time Value of Money to Security Valuation – Valuation of Bonds and Debt Securities A bond or a debenture is a long term debt instrument carrying a fixed rate of interest which is known to investors. A bond is redeemable after a specified period. Bonds are also called gilt edged securities or gilt when issued by the government since it is free of default risk. Features of a Bond or Debenture • Face Value – Face value is called par value. A bond / debenture is...
1,109 Words | 4 Pages
• Bond and Percent - 10566 Words
Bond P is a premium bond with a 12 percent coupon. Bond D is a 6 percent coupon bond currently selling at a discount. Both bonds make annual payments, have a YTM of 9 percent, and have five years to maturity. The current yield for Bonds P and D is percent and percent, respectively. (Do not include the percent signs (%). Round your answers to 2 decimal places. (e.g., 32.16)) | If interest rates remain unchanged, the expected capital gains yield over the next year for Bonds P and D is...
10,566 Words | 43 Pages
• Bond Analysis - 1129 Words
Chapter 10: Bond Return and Valuation Q. 6. Find out the yield to maturity on a 8 per cent 5 year bond selling at Rs 105? Solution: Yield to Maturity = [pic] = [pic] = [pic] × 100 = [pic] × 100 YTM = 6.82. Q. 7. (a) Determine the present value of the bond with a face value of Rs 1,000, coupon rate of Rs 90, a maturity period of 10 years for the expected yield to maturity of 10 per cent. (b) In N is equal to 7 years...
1,129 Words | 6 Pages
• Municipal Bond - 1698 Words
Excerpt from FS Series #1: enabling sub-sovereign bond issuances B3. Case 3: Alternative Financing for Water Utilities — Lessons from a Failed Bond Issue in Indonesia B3a. Background and Environment PUBLIC INVESTMENT IN THE WATER SECTOR HAS BEEN VIRTUALLY ABSENT IN INDONESIA. ACHIEVING INDONESIA’S MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL, TO HALVE THE PROPORTION OF PEOPLE WITHOUT SUSTAINABLE ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND BASIC SANITATION BY 2015, WOULD REQUIRE A TENFOLD ANNUAL INCREASE IN...
1,698 Words | 6 Pages
• Relationship Bond - 519 Words
A record of all transactions made between one particular country and all other countries during a specified period of time. BOP compares the dollar difference of the amount of exports and imports, including all financial exports and imports. A negative balance of payments means that more money is flowing out of the country than coming in Read more: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/bop.asp#ixzz2KhMuRIuZ Balance of payments (BoP) accounts are an accounting record of all monetary...
519 Words | 1 Page
• Finance: Bonds - 1121 Words
Managerial Finance Chapter 5, Quiz Name: Emily Smith Multiple Choice: Please circle the correct answer choice . Which of the following events would make it more likely that a company would choose to call its outstanding callable bonds? a. The company’s bonds are downgraded. b. Market interest rates rise sharply. c. Market interest rates decline sharply. d. The company's financial situation deteriorates significantly. e. Inflation increases significantly....
1,121 Words | 5 Pages
• Convertible Bond - 1673 Words
The characteristic of a convertible bond The convertible bond is one kind of equity-linked bonds. The term of the bond entitles bondholder to convert bonds into shares of the company or another company in the same group, at an agreed-upon conversion price, among a fixed period. The reason why it is made in this form is that the issuer can benefit from four aspects as follow, (1) better terms. A convertible bond have a lower interest rate, less restrictive covenants or the subordination of...
1,673 Words | 6 Pages
• Bond Market - 2256 Words
Introduction to Bond Market A financial market place where debt instruments, primarily bonds, are bought and sold is called a bond market. The dealings in a bond market are limited to a small group of participants. Contrary to stock or commodities trading, the bond market (also known as the debt market) lacks a central exchange. The bond market (also known as the credit, or fixed income market) is a financial market where participants can issue new debt, known as the primary market, or buy and...
2,256 Words | 8 Pages
• Bond and Rate - 724 Words
FINA0301GH | FINA2322GH Spring Semester, 2015 Derivatives School of Economics and Finance The University of Hong Kong Notes on homework assignments:  Students should form groups of four to five members to work on the assignments together. Group switching is not allowed. Mandatory peer review will be carried out near the end of the semester.  It is not necessary to computer-type the solution. However, the hand-written version has to be reader-friendly.  Hard copies of the solutions must be...
724 Words | 5 Pages
• Bond Valuation - 694 Words
HW Bond Valuation and Bond Yields Clifford Clark is a recent retiree who is interested in investing some of his savings in corporate bonds. His financial planner has suggested the following bonds: • Bond A has a 7% annual coupon, matures in 12 years, and has a \$1000 face value. • Bond B has a 9% annual coupon, matures in 12 years, and has a \$1000 face value. • Bond C has an 11% annual coupon, matures in 12 years, and has a \$1000 face value. Each bond has a yield to maturity (YTM) of...
694 Words | 3 Pages
• Stock and Bond - 8506 Words
﻿Allie measured her foot and it was 21cm long, and then she measured her Mother's foot, and it was 24cm long. "I must have big feet, my foot is nearly as long as my Mom's!" But then she thought to measure heights, and found she is 133cm tall, and her Mom is 152cm tall. In a table this is: Allie Mom Length of Foot: 21cm 24cm Height: 133cm 152cm The "foot-to-height" ratio in fraction style is: Allie: 21 133 Mom: 24 152 So the ratio for Allie is 21 : 133 By...
8,506 Words | 37 Pages
• Bonds Efficiency - 18015 Words
Journal of Banking & Finance 36 (2012) 2216–2232 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Journal of Banking & Finance journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf Are corporate bond market returns predictable? Yongmiao Hong a,b, Hai Lin c,d, Chunchi Wu e,⇑ a Department of Economics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics and MOE Key Laboratory in Econometrics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China c Department of...
18,015 Words | 56 Pages
• Family Bond - 689 Words
The family system is the most conspicuous bond in the social scheme of things. This bond ties people to each other with invisible strings of love and care, each one bonded to all others in his/her entirety. The family that consists of the elder’s brothers, sisters and children are all bound to each other no matter how far away they may be from each other physically. The family is the inspiration of each individual member and, above all, it is the objective for which each individual member lives...
689 Words | 2 Pages
• Type of Bonds - 657 Words
Type of Bonds Fixed rate bonds have a coupon that remains constant throughout the life of the bond. A variation are stepped-coupon bonds, whose coupon increases during the life of the bond. Zero-coupon bonds (zeros) pay no regular interest. They are issued at a substantial discount to par value, so that the interest is effectively rolled up to maturity (and usually taxed as such). The bondholder receives the full principal amount on the redemption date. High-yield bonds (junk bonds) are...
657 Words | 2 Pages
• Bond Case - 442 Words
Bond Case Sam Strother and Shawna Tibbs are vice presidents of Mutual of Seattle Insurance Company and co-directors of the company’s pension fund management division. An important new client, The North-Western Municipal Alliance, has requested that Mutual of Seattle present an investment seminar to the mayors of the represented cities, and Strother and Tibbs, who will make the actual presentation, have asked you to help them by answering the following questions. What are the key features of...
442 Words | 2 Pages
• Bond Valuation - 1599 Words
Assignment no. 1 Fixed Income Securities and Markets Question A.1 Given the following bond: |starting date |30/09/2011 | |maturity date |30/09/2014 | |coupon rate |4.00% | |coupon frequency |annual | |day count |act/act | |nominal value |100 | a) Calculate the price of the security on...
1,599 Words | 6 Pages
• Vanilla Bonds - 1318 Words
James Crowl Colorado Technical University FIN390-1201B-03 Phase Five Individual Project Instructor: Professor Galloway March 16, 2012 Part One: Vanilla Bonds Abstract Understanding how to properly value a vanilla bond is essential for finance (ctuonline.edu). In theory, the present value relationship determines the value of a bond, but in practice the actual price is (typically) determined by suggestions from other, more liquid mechanisms. The purpose of this work will be to...
1,318 Words | 4 Pages
• bond pricing - 2991 Words
3215 REV: JUNE 21, 2010 WILLIAM J. BRUNS Lyons Document Storage Corporation: Bond Accounting In December 2008 Rene Cook sat in her cubicle trying to remember what she had learned in business school about bonds and bond accounting. Ms. Cook, a new MBA and special assistant in a training assignment with the company president, had just met with David Lyons, president of Lyons Document Storage Corporation. He had asked her to think about the possible consequences of repurchasing company...
2,991 Words | 20 Pages
• Bond and Percent - 1454 Words
Week 3 Time Value of Money and Valuing Bonds Chapter 6 55. Amortization with Equal Payments Prepare an amortization schedule for a five-year loan of \$36,000. The interest rate is 9 percent per year, and the loan calls for equal annual payments. How much interest is paid in the third year? Answer: \$2,108.52 56. Amortization with Equal Principal Payments Rework Problem 55 assuming that the loan agreement calls for a principal reduction of \$7,200 every year instead of equal annual payments....
1,454 Words | 4 Pages
• Bonds and Stocks - 1158 Words
Corporate Bonds, Common stock, and Preferred Stock Higher return means higher risk. People use excess money to invest in a corporation. It is a good way gain more money than put money into the saving account to get a little interest. Before you invest you should analyze the characteristics of corporate bonds, common stock, and preferred stock; and also be aware of their advantages and disadvantages. The corporate bonds are issued by corporations. They are used to increase capital for...
1,158 Words | 4 Pages
• Stocks and Bonds - 2394 Words
Prepared by; -OLIVE DUENAS -PRINCESS DELOS SANTOS -JOYCE DOMINGO -ARVYNNE FAJARDO Chapter 8: Corporate Stocks 3 Classification of Capital Requirements 1. short term 2. intermediate-term 3. long term Stock Financing-when shares of stock are sold to raise funds for the long term financing requirements of the firm. Capital Stock, Dividends, and Retained Earnings CAPITAL STOCK- interest of the owners of a corporation. -Issued Stock- portion of the authorized stock has been issued and...
2,394 Words | 9 Pages
• Bonds Valuation - 4334 Words
﻿CHAPTER 7 Bonds Valuation CHAPTER ORIENTATION This chapter introduces the concepts that underlie asset valuation. We are specifically concerned with bonds. We also look at the concept of the bondholder's expected rate of return on an investment. CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Types of bonds A. Debentures: unsecured long-term debt. B. Subordinated debentures: bonds that have a lower claim on assets in the event of liquidation than do other senior debtholders. C. Mortgage bonds:...
4,334 Words | 42 Pages
• Convertible Bond - 1473 Words
Convertible Bonds A convertible bond is a bond that can be converted into shares of common stock. Therefore, these are two sources of value for this security: the value of the bond components, and the value from possibly converting the security into shares of common stock. Features of a Convertible Bond The basic features of a convertible bond can be illustrated by a hypothetical example. On November 1, 2003 ("today"), Apple, had \$400 million in 8.80 percent (annual payments) convertible bonds...
1,473 Words | 5 Pages
• bonds and shares - 3289 Words
Page 1 BONDS AND SHAREs Bonds and shares Page 2 Content page Bonds 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Bonds introduction and description. Risk and Disadvantages. Advantages of Bond investment. Market and investor preference. Future aspects of bond investing. Page 3 Page 4 Page 4 Page 5 Page 5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Share introduction and description. Risk and disadvantages of investing on shares. Advantages of investing on shares. Market and investor...
3,289 Words | 14 Pages
• CP:s and bonds - 490 Words
This paper analyses two markets where companies raise funds. Commercial papers (CP) are unsecured, wholesale promissory notes with fixed maturities for up to one year, usually issued at a discount to par value and repay full par at maturity. The interest earned is thus implied in the difference between the amount the company receives and the higher it repays. CP:s are largely used to finance accounts receivables and are essential in keeping many businesses afloat. The bond market is...
490 Words | 2 Pages
• CAT bond - 757 Words
﻿3 The traditional means of protecting against catastrophic events is through insurance and reinsurance arrangements. Discuss the main advantages and disadvantages of CAT bonds compared to (re)insurance from the perspective of the party seeking protection. The first main advantage of CAT bond compared to reinsurance, in terms of the party seeking protection, the Sponsor,Munich Re in our case, is that CAT bond ,which is Queen Street II Captial Ltd in our case ,allows the Munich Re to transfer...
757 Words | 3 Pages
• Bond Valuation - 3288 Words
ancial Asset Valuation 0 r 1 2 n ... CF1 CF2 CFn Value PV = CF1 (1+ r ) 1 + CF2 (1 + r ) 2 + ... + CFn (1+ r ) n . Prof. P. Yourougou MBC 633 – Managerial Finance Lect. 03 - 2 Various Interest Rate Measures Coupon rate Coupon rate periodic cash flow a bond issuer contractually periodic cash flow a bond issuer contractually promises to pay a bond holder promises to pay a bond holder rates used by individual market participants to rates...
3,288 Words | 23 Pages
• Bond and Rate - 724 Words
FINA0301GH | FINA2322GH Spring Semester, 2015 Derivatives School of Economics and Finance The University of Hong Kong Notes on homework assignments:  Students should form groups of four to five members to work on the assignments together. Group switching is not allowed. Mandatory peer review will be carried out near the end of the semester.  It is not necessary to computer-type the solution. However, the hand-written version has to be reader-friendly.  Hard copies of the solutions must be...
724 Words | 5 Pages
• Stock and Bond - 886 Words
A company may issue both stocks and bonds which can be a sign of the company’s financial standing in a market. Since investors are risk averse and they would not like to put their money on stocks and bonds of a struggling company, but they would like to put their money on stocks and bonds of a stable and a progressing company. Investors benefit from company’s profit in the form of dividend when they buy a company’s stocks and investors can get higher or lower yield based on the bonds. This is...
886 Words | 3 Pages
• The Impact of Bond Rating Changes on Corporate Bond Prices
Journal of Banking & Finance 34 (2010) 2822–2836 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Banking & Finance journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf The impact of bond rating changes on corporate bond prices: New evidence from the over-the-counter market Anthony D. May * Price College of Business, University of Oklahoma, 307 West Brooks, Norman, OK 73019, USA a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t I study the information content of bond ratings changes using...
18,771 Words | 50 Pages
• Bond Case Analysis - 644 Words
Case 18 Gilda Sears Finance 650: Investments Date: July 22, 2010 Table of Contents Summary of Facts 3 Problems 3 Analysis and Solution 4 I. Boston Edison and American Brand 4 II. AT&T and Baltimore Gas and Electric 4 III. Largest potential capital gain 4 Annexures 5 Summary of Facts Gilda Sears who is enrolled in an Investments class has picked a project on bond price theorems. The two main theorems that she decided to illustrate dealt with coupon rate and...
644 Words | 3 Pages
• Finance: Bond and Percent - 496 Words
Please help with the assignment below. Finance 100 Week 6 Homework 1 Chapter 10 P2 2. Judy Johnson is choosing between investing in two Treasury securities that mature in five years and have par values of \$1,000. One is a Treasury note paying an annual coupon of 5.06 percent. The other is a TIPS which pays 3 percent interest annually. a. If inflation remains constant at 2 percent annually over the next five years, what will be Judy's annual interest income from the TIPS bond? From the...
496 Words | 3 Pages
• Bond and Debt Instrument - 4326 Words
PROVISION 1. On December 2, 2011, an employee filed a P3,000,000 lawsuit against Cruiser Company for damages suffered when one of Cruiser’s plants exploded on July 20, 2011. Cruiser’s legal counsel expects the company will lose the lawsuit and estimates the loss to be between P500,000 and P1,000,000. The employee has offered to settle the lawsuit out of court for P900,000, but Cruiser will not agree to the settlement. In its December 31, 2011 statement of financial position, what amount...
4,326 Words | 15 Pages
• Bond and Coupon Rate - 930 Words
﻿The corporate bond market is “thin” compared to the market for money market securities or corporate stocks. a) true Prices in the corporate bond market tend to be less volatile than prices of securities sold in markets with greater trading volumes. a) False All other things being equal, a given change in the interest rates will have a greater impact on the price of a low-coupon bond than a higher-coupon bond with the same maturity. a) True If investors believe inflation will be increasing in...
930 Words | 5 Pages
• Bond Market Trends - 1148 Words
Topic 2 Bond market developments Overview Financial markets have been subject to significant changes in recent years due to the credit crisis. Experts believed that risk was being under-priced, which was expressed in the markets by a narrow spread. They believed that once the market corrected this under-pricing and re-priced the risk, it would likely cause a dislocation in financial markets by overshooting its equilibrium. Hence the prices, yields and returns on bonds have been...
1,148 Words | 4 Pages
• Accounting: Interest and Bond - 8263 Words
Part 3 Valuation of Securities Chapters in this Part Chapter 6 Interest Rates and Bond Valuation Chapter 7 Stock Valuation Integrative Case 3: Encore International © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 6 Interest Rates and Bond Valuation  Instructor’s Resources Overview This chapter begins with a thorough discussion of interest rates, yield curves, and their relationship to required returns. Features of the major types of bond issues...
8,263 Words | 52 Pages
• Key Features of a Bond - 1542 Words
A. What are the key features of a bond? answer: if possible, begin this lecture by showing students an actual bond certificate. We show a real coupon bond with physical coupons. These can no longer be issued--it is too easy to evade taxes, especially estate taxes, with bearer bonds. All bonds today must be registered, and registered bonds don't have physical coupons. 1. Par or face value. We generally assume a \$1,000 par value, but par can be anything, and often \$5,000 or more is used....
1,542 Words | 6 Pages
• Bond Market in India - 1935 Words
BONDS MARKET IN INDIA What are Bonds? A bond is a debt security in which the authorized issuer owes the holders a debt and, depending on the terms of the bond, is obliged to pay interest (the coupon) and/or to repay the principal at a later date, termed maturity. A bond is a formal contract to repay borrowed money with interest at fixed intervals. Thus a bond is like a loan: the issuer is the borrower (debtor), the holder is the lender (creditor), and the coupon is the interest. Bonds have a...
1,935 Words | 6 Pages
• Pros and Cons of Convertible Bonds
PROS of Convertible Bonds Convertible bonds offer an investor the opportunity for income in a company in that they typically pay a fixed rate of interest. They also allow an investor the ability to take ownership in the company when they convert that bond to a stock. An investor that is satisfied with that fixed rate of interest can rest a little easier and not have to worry about the common stock fluctuating with the stock markets gyrations. Like other types of bonds investors can...
388 Words | 2 Pages
• Bond and Market Capitalization Rate
330-s2013-prac9 1. An American put option gives its holder the right to _________. A. buy the underlying asset at the exercise price on or before the expiration date B. buy the underlying asset at the exercise price only at the expiration date C. sell the underlying asset at the exercise price on or before the expiration date D. sell the underlying asset at the exercise price only at the expiration date 2. An American call option gives the buyer the right to _________. A. buy the...
4,157 Words | 11 Pages
• Bond and Yield Curve - 420 Words
FINS3630 Data Exercise (Group Project 1) S2, 2013 Lixiong Guo Due Date: Due in tutorial in Week 5 In this data exercise, you and your group members will examine the performance of the Expectation Hypothesis using real data and make forecasts for the future. You are required to complete the following tasks to earn credits for this assignment. Part I: (1) Go to the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) website, find the statistic section, and then download the data file named “Zero-Coupon...
420 Words | 2 Pages
• Bond and American Gold Certificates.
Melinda Corathers Week 1 Assignment Chapters 1 and 2 MBA647I 3/17/2013 Chapter 1 Written Assignment – Problems 10, 11, & 13 1 0. Consider Figure 1 .5 , which describes an issue of American gold certificates. a. Is this issue a primary or secondary market transaction? Primary-market transaction b. Are the certificates primitive or derivative assets? Derivitive assets c. What market niche is filled by this offering? Investors...
710 Words | 3 Pages
• Inflation Indexed Bonds - 11645 Words
Chapter 1 Introduction to Capital Market 1. Capital Market Capital markets are financial markets for the buying and selling of long-term debt- or equity-backed securities over one year is traded. Security includes- shares, debentures, bonds etc. A key division within the capital markets is between the primary markets and secondary markets. In primary markets, new stock or bond issues are sold to investors, often via a mechanism known as underwriting. The main entities seeking to...
11,645 Words | 42 Pages
• Bond Market in Bangladesh - 10888 Words
Objectives of the Report: I. Broad Objective: Broad objective of our report is find the weak regulatory framework, supply-side constraints such as a lack of the benchmark bonds, demand-side constraints such as the limited investor base, a lack of intermediaries with expertise in debt products, a lack of confidence in corporate borrowers, market distortions which are caused by the National Savings Scheme (NSS) offering above-market returns; and A lack of interest from private companies,...
10,888 Words | 49 Pages
• Bond marketing in Bangladesh - 3097 Words
﻿Introduction: The bond market is a financial market where participants buy and sell debt securities, usually in the form of bonds. Bond Market is composed of Treasury bond, Municipal Bond and Corporate Bond. This is of two kinds- Organized and OTC markets. There are various types of bond products depending on provisions, maturities, coupon rate, options, convertibility, etc. Bond Market in Bangladesh is dominated by treasury debt securities. It has now only one corporate bond; but does not...
3,097 Words | 15 Pages
• Valuation and Characteristic of Bonds and Stocks
Chapter 2 – VALUATION AND CHARACTERISTIC OF BONDS AND STOCKS 1.0 Bonds A bond is a promissory note issued by a business or a governmental unit. Treasury bonds, sometimes referred to as government bonds, are issued by the Federal government and are not exposed to default risk. Corporate bonds are issued by corporations and are exposed to default risk. Different corporate bonds have different levels of default risk, depending on the issuing company's characteristics and on the terms of the...
2,884 Words | 12 Pages
• Development of the Bond Market in Bangladesh
It is a privilege to be here this morning at this pioneering event, and I would like to congratulate the Bangladesh Bank and the Securities and Exchange Commission for hosting the first-ever international workshop on the development of bond market in Bangladesh. Bond markets link issuers having long-term financing needs with investors willing to place funds in long-term, interest-bearing securitiBangladeshes. has both the issuers and the investors in place but it still has not been able...
2,028 Words | 6 Pages
• Bond Yields, Returns, and Duration
Financial Institutions and Markets Jim Wilcox Bond Yields, Returns, Risks, and Duration • • • • • Bonds and Loans Yields and Returns Price Volatility and Risk in Default-Free Bonds Measuring Interest Rate Risk Duration: Types, Calculation, Meaning, Uses • Next Time: Chapter 11 re: Duration Week # 2 January 28, 2014 1 Coming Soon! What We Did 1. 2. 3. 4. Week # 2 January 28, 2014 2 Yield to Maturity (YTM): A Result, Not a Cause! • YTM = percentage...
545 Words | 10 Pages
• Nature of different bond - 1785 Words
﻿Chapter Case of chapter 6 1. The security of the bond, that is, whether the bond has collateral. Effect on the coupon rate of the bond issue: Bond’s with collateral will have lower coupon rate as bondholders have claim on collateral no matter what. Advantage: It provides an asset which lower default risk. Disadvantage: Companies cannot sell this collateral as an asset and need to maintain it. 2. The seniority of the bond Effect on the coupon rate of the bond issue: The more senior...
1,785 Words | 6 Pages
• Analysis of Bonds Market - 3444 Words
PIMCO analysis of bond markets This analysis gives investors thorough information about bond markets and provides an overview risks faced by bondholders. Purchasing a bond means you are lending money to a government, whereby the issuer provides a bond in which promises to a specified interest rate during the bond’s life. The capital value will be repaid at the time of investment when a bond reaches maturity. Therefore, it is suitable for those investors who seek a predictable income...
3,444 Words | 13 Pages
• Bond Yields for Johnson & Johnson
Solution to Minicase 5 Bond Yields for Johnson & Johnson Objective: The case enables the student to gain insight into the financing activities of large corporations and to practice calculating bond prices and yields. Computations are carried out for annual and semiannual interest periods, and for fractional periods. Case Discussion: Johnson & Johnson is one of the leading pharmaceutical firms in the world. It is large and financially sophisticated. When it needs to borrow...
794 Words | 4 Pages
• muncipal bonds in india - 702 Words
﻿MUNCIPAL BONDS IN INDIA WHAT ARE MUNCIPAL BONDS A municipal bond is a bond or debt security issued by a city or other local government or their agencies. Municipal bonds are securities that are issued for the purpose of financing the infrastructure needs of the issuing municipality which include schools, streets and highways, bridges, hospitals, public housing, sewer and water systems, power utilities, and various public projects. HISTORY OF MUNI BONDS Officially the first recorded...
702 Words | 4 Pages
• arbitrage in the government bond market
﻿ MGT 409 Case 1: Arbitrage in the Government Market 1. In 1991, major discrepancies in the prices of multiple long maturity US Treasury bonds seemed to appear in the market. An employee of the firm Mercer and Associates, Samantha Thompson, thought of a way to exploit this opportunity in order to take advantage of a positive pricing difference by substituting superior bonds for existing holdings. Thompson created two synthetic bonds that imitated the cash flows of the 8¼ May 00-05 bond;...
1,423 Words | 4 Pages
• Bond Markets in Ghana - 1639 Words
WEST AFRICN INSTITUTE FOR FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON MONEY MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNIQUES OF SECURITIES TRADING-LAGOS, NIGERIA MARCH 4-14 2008 THE BOND MARKET IN GHANA-CHALLENGES FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT A. Introduction A bond has been defined as a debt (loan) instrument which requires the issuer to repay the investor the amount borrowed with interest over a predetermined period of time. Bonds can be callable, redeemable, convertible, extendable or...
1,639 Words | 5 Pages
• Valuation of Bonds and Stocks - 7481 Words
CHAPTER 5 HOW TO VALUE STOCKS AND BONDS Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. Bond issuers look at outstanding bonds of similar maturity and risk. The yields on such bonds are used to establish the coupon rate necessary for a particular issue to initially sell for par value. Bond issuers also simply ask potential purchasers what coupon rate would be necessary to attract them. The coupon rate is fixed and simply determines what the bond’s coupon payments will be. The...
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• Worldcom Bond Issuance - 954 Words
WORLDCOM, INC: CORPORATE BOND ISSUANCE 1. IS IT A GOOD TIME FOR WORLDCOM, INC. TO ISSUE? CONSIDER FACTORS IN FAVOR AND FACTORS THAT ARE NOT IN FAVOR. Personally I believe that the time is not in favor of WorldCom in undertaking one of the largest bond issues at the time. Even though there are many advantages with proceeding with the issue, I believe that the degree and the uncertainty raised by some of the disadvantages outweigh the advantages of going ahead with the...
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• Vietnam Bond Market - 2029 Words
Introduction In recent years, the issue of efficiently mobilizing capital has become the concern of all companies. There are some ways of doing this: borrowing from the banks, issuing stocks or issuing bonds. However, when the interest rate of borrowing from banks is very high due to high inflation, together with the stock market is quite instable; calling for capital from bond market is much more preferred by investors. In the context of this report, some major points regarding the bond...
2,029 Words | 6 Pages
• Bond and Percent Coupon Selling
﻿ Assignment Package 1 Total Marks 60 Each short answer-question carries 3 marks (You can use more space than provided under short-answer questions) Q1 Describe the role of interest rates in economic decision making. How does expected inflation matter in people's borrowing and investment decisions(See Ch 1, pages 5-6) Customers are very sensitive to interest rates. There is always one decision or another – whether you want to buy goods or save up. Interest...
900 Words | 4 Pages
• Bond and Forging Bonding Relationships
﻿ Organizational Change and Forging Bonding Relationships Michelle Santana, Viviana Plaza, Susan Taylor, Lucia Romero, Kimberly Small, Jessica Weigel Zakarian University of Phoenix Creating Change Within Organizations HCS587 Laura Rainey October 6, 2014 Organizational Change and Forging Bonding Relationships Implementing Organizational Change states that forging bonding relationships in an organization is critical to success. How would you do this in challenging economic times when...
317 Words | 2 Pages
• Chapter 8 Valuing Bonds
Chapter 8 Valuing Bonds 8-1. A 30-year bond with a face value of \$1000 has a coupon rate of 5.5%, with semiannual payments. a. What is the coupon payment for this bond? b. Draw the cash flows for the bond on a timeline. a. The coupon payment is: [pic] b. The timeline for the cash flows for this bond is (the unit of time on this timeline is six-month periods): [pic] 8-2. Assume that a bond will make payments every six months...
4,675 Words | 25 Pages
• BOND MARKET IN INDIA - 1939 Words
﻿ BOND MARKET IN INDIA BONDS ARE INTEREST BEARING DEBT INSTUMENTS. In India Bonds are issued by Government of India, State Governments, and Corporate Sector. The different categories of Bond market in India are as follows: (a) Government and Agency Bond Market (b) Corporate Bond Market (c) Municipal Bond Market (d) Mortgage backed and collateral Debt Market (e) Funding Bond Market (A) Government and Agency Bond Market: A government Bond is a debt instrument issued by Government in...
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• Bond Analysis and Valuation - 300 Words
1. How should Jill go about explaining the relationship between coupon rates and bond prices? Why do the coupon rates for the various bonds vary so much? Jill could explain the relationship between coupon rates and bond prices by calculating the prices of bonds, which have similar features except for their coupon rates, under different assumptions regarding the yield to maturity. [For example, the 0%, AAA-rated, 20-year ABC Energy bond and the 5%, AAA-rated. 20-year ABC Energy bond.]...
300 Words | 1 Page
• Bond and Effective Annual Rate
This examination paper must be returned intact. No part may be removed from the examination room. Family name: …………………………………..…. Other names: ……………………………………… Student ID: …………………………..…………….. AFIN 253 Financial Management MID-SEMESTER TEST: TUESDAY 10th APRIL 2012 Time allowed: 1 hour 30 minutes plus 10 minutes reading time. Instructions 1. Writing is not permitted in reading time. All pens, pencils and highlighters must be on your desk. 2. Part A - There are 15 multiple choice questions...
2,032 Words | 8 Pages
• Bond Market Information of Bangladesh
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4,020 Words | 19 Pages
• Bond and Numerical Examples - 881 Words
﻿FINAL EXAMINATION: BUSINESS 312 Instructions: This examination is open book and open notes. Time limit is exactly 3 hours, no extensions. Return this question sheet with your answers. 1. (10 marks) Consider two firms that are identical other than their share prices, their dividend growth rate, and their rates of return on equity. Which of these two firms has the greater dividend yield? Explain. Use no numerical examples in your answer. 2. (10 marks) A public firm is...
881 Words | 4 Pages
• Investing Stocks and Bonds - 1409 Words
Investing in Stocks and Bonds Stocks and Bonds are different in many ways. A stock is a portion or share of the ownership of a corporation. A share will give the owner of the stock the company’s profits or loses over time. The good thing about stocks is they can be sold at almost any time as long as there is someone willing to buy. A bond, on the other hand, is a fixed interest financial asset issued by governments, companies, banks, and other large entities. Bonds also are called funds....
1,409 Words | 4 Pages
• Football: Bond and Game - 423 Words
Everyone Should Play the Great Game of Football: A Persuasive Essay on Football The game of football is something that is very intriguing. Most people think that it’s a only a game of super star athletes and hard hitting. Little do they know there is much more to this game. Behind the scenes is where the true football players are made. Hard work, long days, and fatigue all describe what the preparation is like. However, while all of this seems so difficult the rewards that being a football...
423 Words | 2 Pages
• Interest rates and bond Valuation
CHAPTER 6 INTEREST RATES AND BOND VALUATION L E A R N I N G LG1 Describe interest rate fundamentals, the term structure of interest rates, and risk premiums. LG2 Review the legal aspects of bond financing and bond cost. LG3 LG4 Discuss the general features, quotations, ratings, popular types, and international issues of corporate bonds. LG5 LG6 G O A L S Apply the basic valuation model to bonds and describe the impact of required return and time to...
18,482 Words | 132 Pages
• Analysis of Convertible Bonds - 628 Words
Analysis of Convertible Bonds DECEMBER 14, 2008 in FINANCE MANAGEMENT With the repeal of the Capital Issues Control Act and the enactment of SEBI Act in 1992, the rules of the game applicable to convertible bonds have changed. As per SEBI guidelines issued in June 1992, the provisions applicable to fully convertible bonds and partially convertible binds are as follows: * The conversion premium and the conversion timing shall be predetermined and stated in the prospectus. * Any conversion...
628 Words | 3 Pages
Advantages and Disadvantages of Municipal Bonds The greatest advantage of municipal bonds can be summed up in two words: tax free. The interest rates on municipal bonds may seem low compared to similar long-term securities like Treasury bills and CDs, but tax advantages may level the playing field. Let's look at some examples. If you're in the 25 percent bracket for 2008 federal income taxes, you'd have to find a taxable security with an interest rate of 4 percent to equal the yield of a...
974 Words | 3 Pages
• practice bond valuation problems
﻿MBA 8135 Practice Bond Valuation Problems SOLUTIONS 1. Calculate the current price of a \$1,000 par value bond that has a coupon rate of 6% p.a., pays coupon interest annually, has 14 years remaining to maturity, and has a yield to maturity of 8 percent. PMT = 60; FV = 1000; N = 14; I = 8; CPT PV = 835.12 2. You intend to purchase a 10-year, \$1,000 par value bond that pays interest of \$60 every six months. If the yield to maturity is 10% with semiannual compounding, how much should you be...
707 Words | 3 Pages
• Accounting Bonds Work - 279 Words
Pablo Guere Chpt 14 acct241 Q 1,3,4,13,19,21,22 E 14-1, 14-4, 14-5, 14-10 P 4-6 (may1 to jan1 only) 1. (a) From what sources might a corporation obtain funds through long-term debt? (b) What is a bond indenture? What does it contain? (c) What is a mortgage? A) Bonds payable, long-term notes payable, mortgages payable, pension liabilities, and lease liabilities are examples of long- term liabilities. B) It is an agreement that often includes the amounts authorized to be issued,...
279 Words | 2 Pages
• Bond Duration and Portfolio - 544 Words
﻿Sections 3/4 – Solution to Exercises 3.2. Suppose you own a portfolio of two zero-coupon bonds, one maturing in three years and one maturing in five years. Both have a face value of 100 euro. The three year rate is currently 3% and the five year rate 4%. What is the value of your portfolio? What is its modified duration? What is the sensitivity of the portfolio value to one basis point increase in each of the time buckets? What is the present value of a basis point? After some up-beat...
544 Words | 4 Pages
• Bond Practice Problems - 375 Words
Bond Practice Problems II 1. Seven years ago your firm issued \$1,000 par value bonds paying a 7% semi-annual coupon with 15 years to maturity. The bonds were originally issued at par value. a. What was the original yield to maturity on the bonds? They were issued at par…so the YTM = Coupon rate: 7% b. If the current price of the bonds is \$875, what is the yield to maturity of the bonds TODAY? 1000 FV .07(1000)÷2= PMT (15-7)*2 = N -875 PV I/Y = 4.623*2 = 9.25% c. If the...
375 Words | 2 Pages
• Equity Warrant Bonds - 475 Words
EQUITY WARRANT BONDS Equity warrant bonds are bonds issued with equity warrants attached. Warrants are similar to share options, and give their holder the right but not the obligation to subscribe for a fixed quantity of equity stocks in the company at a future date, and at a fixed subscription price (exercise price). When bonds are issued with warrants, the warrants are detachable and can be sold in the stock market separately from the bonds. Investors might therefore subscribe to an issue...
475 Words | 2 Pages
• Us Bond Market - 1470 Words
You have been asked to write a training document about the US Bond Market for use in the new employee-training program. In your document, you must make sure to address each of the following: 1a: The key players in the market; and the types of investments available to both individual investors and institutional investors, Bond Characteristics A bond is a "security" which gives the holder a financial claim on the issuer. This claim protects the holder in circumstances in which the issuer...
1,470 Words | 5 Pages