Bicarbonate Essays & Research Papers

Best Bicarbonate Essays

  • Analysis of Soda Ash and Carbonate-Bicarbonate Mixture
    Analysis of Soda Ash and Carbonate-Bicarbonate Mixture Submitted: February 27, 2013 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering University of Santo Tomas España, Manila Abstract A standard acid solution like HCl can be used as titrant for the analysis of both soda ash and a carbonate-bicarbonate mixture. In the analysis of soda ash, the volume needed to neutralize the soda ash is used to compute for its alkalinity, in this experiment we obtained a 17.6 % alkalinity...
    1,716 Words | 6 Pages
  • Analysis of Soda Ash and Volumetric Analysis of a Carbonate-Bicarbonate Mixture
    Analysis of Soda Ash and Volumetric Analysis of a Carbonate-Bicarbonate Mixture Manalo, Ma. Cristina Joyce B. Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering University of Santo Tomas Espana, Manila A. Abstract Crude sodium bicarbonate or commonly known as soda ash may contain amounts of impurities like chlorides and hydroxides. The total acid neutralizing capacity of a soda ash sample, its alkalinity value, was stated in terms of mass of sodium carbonate. In doing so,...
    1,789 Words | 6 Pages
  • Determination of Hardness in Water - 1572 Words
    Serina Pooja Sowman | Practical 7: Determination of Hardness in Water | | | | | 10/3/2012 | | Aim: To determine the different types of hardness and alkalinity found in the water by titration methods. This is used to calculate the concentrations of calcium and magnesium found in the water. Principles: The hardness of water is determined to provide a measure of the quality of water for household and industrial use. Hard water is not a health hazard. Drinking hard water...
    1,572 Words | 7 Pages
  • Epidemology Case Study 3
    Steven Gard Case Study 3 7/18/2012 s2444532 R.S. has smoked for many years and has developed chronic bronchitis, a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). He also has a history of coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial vascular disease. His arterial blood gas (ABG) values are pH = 7.32, PaCO2 = 60 mm Hg, PaO2 = 50 mm Hg, HCO3- = 30 mEq/L. His hematocrit is 52% with normal red cell indices. He is using an inhaled ß2 agonist and theophylline to manage his respiratory...
    281 Words | 1 Page
  • All Bicarbonate Essays

  • Abg's - 882 Words
    Arterial Blood Gases-ABGs What are ABGs? ________________________________________ ABGs, or Arterial Blood Gases, are a measurement of the body's acid/base balance and oxygenation status. pH -the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) normal pH=7.35-7.45 paCO2 -the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (acid) in the blood, some of which is on its way to the lungs to be "blown off" in respiration. normal paCO2= 35-45 mmHg HCO3- -or bicarbonate (base, or alkali) is regulated mainly by the...
    882 Words | 4 Pages
  • Arterial Blood Gas - 5475 Words
    Interpretation of the Arterial Blood Gas Self-Learning Packet 2004 This self-learning packet is approved for 2 contact hours for the following professionals: 1. Registered Nurse 2. Licensed Practical Nurse Orlando Regional Healthcare, Education & Development  Copyright 2004 Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation Table of Contents Purpose ................................................................................................................... 3 Objectives...
    5,475 Words | 49 Pages
  • Observations of Chemical Changes - 502 Words
     Observations of Chemical Changes Observations from Procedures Well#/ Question Chemicals Reaction A NaHCO3 and HCl-CO2 Bubbles B HCl and BTB Turns Orange C NH3 and BTB Still blue- no change D HCl and blue dye Turns green E Blue dye and NaOCl Stays blue – no change F NaOCl and KI Turns pale orange/yellow G KI and Pb(NO3)2 Milky yellow solid H NaOH and phenolphthalein Turns bright pink I HCl and phenolphthalein Bubbles- cloudy J NaOH and AgNO3 Solid formed/ turned brown K AgNO3 and NH3 No...
    502 Words | 3 Pages
  • Abgs Made Easy - 907 Words
    Arterial Blood Gases Made Easy Purpose of ABG * Assess degree to which lungs are able to provide adequate oxygen & remove CO2 & degree to which the kidneys are able to reabsorb or excrete HCO3 YOU MUST KNOW WHAT IS NORMAL TO BE ABLE TO KNOW WHAT IS ABNORMAL * pH = 7.35 to 7.45 * PaCO2 = 35 to 45 mm Hg * PaO2 = 80 to 100 mm Hg * HCO3 = 22 – 26 mEq/l What you MUST LOOK AT TO INTERPRET ABGS LOOK AT YOUR pH *Is it normal? * is it high? *is it low?...
    907 Words | 8 Pages
  • Student Nurse - 2285 Words
    E-Booklet David W. Woodruff, MSN, RN, CNS, CCRN © 2003 David W. Woodruff 6 Easy Steps to ABG Analysis ©2003 Ed4Nurses, Inc. Welcome to the 6 Easy Steps to ABG Analysis! Nurses often have difficulty interpreting arterial blood gases (ABGs). Confusion often begins with trying to remember many random rules and lacking a standardized approach to ABGs. In addition, nurses often attempt to analyze too many components of the ABG at the same time. The result is often confusion and an...
    2,285 Words | 9 Pages
  • Exercise 10 Lab - 405 Words
    Exercise 10: Acid-Base Balance: Activity 2: Rebreathing Lab Report Pre-lab Quiz Results You scored 100% by answering 4 out of 4 questions correctly. 1. In cases of acidosis, the pH of the blood is You correctly answered: c. less than 7.35. 2. Carbon dioxide and water form You correctly answered: a. carbonic acid (a weak acid). 3. Which of the following is true of respiratory acidosis? You correctly answered: c. The amount of carbon dioxide in the blood is greater than normal. 4. Rebreathing You...
    405 Words | 2 Pages
  • Respiratory Case Study - 1442 Words
    Respiratory Case Study The following case study is of a 37-year old Hispanic male weighing 145 lbs and 70 inches tall found unconscious by his girlfriend. According to her he was unconscious for about 15 hours and she was concerned because he would not wake or respond and was breathing shallow and slow. She then called 9-1-1. The patient entered the ER by emergency vehicle and on my initial assessment Pt had an altered mental status, was very unresponsive showing symptoms of a possible...
    1,442 Words | 4 Pages
  • Unit 1 Case Study Assignment
    The Car Accident: A Case Study in Acid-Base Balance Mr. Henderson, a 52-year-old male, was on his way to work during a heavy rainstorm when he lost control of his car and crossed into oncoming traffic where he collided head-on with a small delivery truck. Witnesses accessed the 911 emergency medical response system, and paramedics arrived quickly. The driver of the truck suffered only minor cuts and scrapes, but Mr. Henderson was having difficulty breathing and complaining of severe chest...
    627 Words | 3 Pages
  • Titration Lab Report - 554 Words
    William Piumbroeck Chem 214 Acid-Base Titration, Determination of Carbonate and Bicarbonate in a water sample Introduction The purpose of this lab is to determine the concentration of two bases, carbonate and bicarbonate, by using a potentiometric titration. We can determine the concentration of the bases in the reactions ( H+ +CO3- < ==> HCO3- and H+ + HCO3- < ==> H2CO3-) by the way the pH of the solution changes. The way the pH changes when a strong acid is added...
    554 Words | 2 Pages
  • Pathophysiology of Acid Base Balance
    Intensive and Critical Care Nursing (2008) 24, 28—40 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Pathophysiology of acid base balance: The theory practice relationship Sharon L. Edwards ∗ Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College, Chalfont Campus, Newland Park, Gorelands Lane, Chalfont St. Giles, Buckinghamshire HP8 4AD, United Kingdom Accepted 13 May 2007 KEYWORDS Acid base balance; Arterial blood gases; Acidosis; Alkalosis Summary There are many disorders/diseases that lead to changes in acid base...
    6,957 Words | 23 Pages
  • CHM2046L Unknown 2 - 746 Words
    Unknown Scheme: You can use this scheme as a guide when you are making your own. Don't just show up to class with this though. **SCHEME FOR UKNOWN 2:** Unknown Scheme: 2 I. Description A) Phase, solubility, color, odor, shape II. Flame Test A) Orange flame  Na+ present (possibly K+, NH4+) B) Red flame  Ca2+ present (no Na+) C) Purple flame  K+ present (possibly NH4+) D) No change in flame color  Ca2+, K+, Na+ absent (possibly NH4 present) III. pH Test A) Add a little...
    746 Words | 3 Pages
  • Boiler and Water - 565 Words
    AMITY SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY AMITY UNIVERSITY APPLIED CHEMISTRY-I Semester Tutorial Sheet - I (Water Treatment) 1 What are the specifications of water for various industries? 2. Why does hard water consume a lot of soap? 3. What is the difference between soft and sterilized water? 4. State chemical reactions, which remove bicarbonate hardness and justify your answer 5. Why is NH3-NH4Cl buffer added in the determination of hardness of water? 6. Discuss which of...
    565 Words | 2 Pages
  • The Effect of Dissolved Carbon Dioxide on Ph
    Investigating pH Aim: To demonstrate dissolved carbon dioxide changing the ph level of substances. Materials: * 2 beakers * 2 straws * Stop watch * Distilled water * Lime water * Litmus Paper Method: 1. Pour 100ml of Distilled water into the first beaker, and label said beaker. 2. Pour 100ml of Lime water into the second, also Label beaker. 3. Test the two liquids with litmus paper and note the ph level, before any carbon dioxide has been introduced. 4. Place a...
    415 Words | 2 Pages
  • Lab Acid Base Homeostasis
    Interactive Physiology Worksheet: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance: Acid-Base Homeostasis 1. List the three important buffer systems in the body: protein buffer systems 1. _______________________________________________________________________ carbonic acid- bicarbonate system 2. _______________________________________________________________________ phosphate buffer system 3. _______________________________________________________________________ 2. Write the equation showing the...
    388 Words | 3 Pages
  • Ph Balance - 462 Words
    PH is the measure of acid or alkaline in the blood in the human body. The pH level is measured on a scale from 1 to 14; 1 being the most acidic and 14 being the most alkaline. The normal blood range should be closest to the number 7.4 on the pH scale. Once the body reaches a number lower than 7 it is considered too acidic and no longer optimal and metabolism will become out of balance. Many different diseases and injuries can cause this condition. Different forms of acidosis can occur to the...
    462 Words | 2 Pages
  • Ch 14, 15, 18
    Ch 14, 15, 18 1. Fluid surrounding the cells is called ______________ fluid. 2. The largest portion of a person’s body weight is contributed by: a. water b. fat c. bone d. muscle 3. Which of the following electrolytes are anions? (select all that apply) a. sodium b. calcium c. chloride d. bicarbonate 4. The movement of water across a membrane from a less concentrated solution to a more concentrated...
    393 Words | 2 Pages
  • Physioex 9.0 Exercise 10 - Activity 2
    Name: Carola Geitner Exercise 10: Acid-Base Balance: Activity 2: Rebreathing Lab Report Pre-lab Quiz Results You scored 100% by answering 4 out of 4 questions correctly. 1. In cases of acidosis, the pH of the blood is You correctly answered: c. less than 7.35. 2. Carbon dioxide and water form You correctly answered: a. carbonic acid (a weak acid). 3. Which of the following is true of respiratory acidosis? You correctly answered: c. The amount of carbon dioxide in the blood is greater than...
    394 Words | 2 Pages
  • patho fluids and electrolytes - 4098 Words
    Chapter 6 Study Guide Fluids, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base balance Compartmental Distribution of Body Fluids 2/3 of the body’s water is contained in the ICF, the remaining 1/3 is in the ECF ICF fluid volume is regulated by proteins and other non-diffusible organic compounds in cells Interstitial fluids (IF) act as a transport vehicle for gasses, nutrients, wastes, and other materials 14%-16% of body weight Reservoir for maintenance of vascular volume; used during...
    4,098 Words | 23 Pages
  • Case Study 2 - 689 Words
    Chapter 2 Case Study Summary 1: 21-year old woman that has had type 1 diabetes for the past 8 years, was brought to the hospital in a coma. She was prescribed to take 92 units of insulin a day to maintain her sugar levels within normal limits and prevent excess sugar in her urine. Upon admission she was hypontensive, tachycardic and hyperventilating. Her labs show she is acidonic, arterial blood carbon dioxide levels were low, blood oxygen tension is normal, bicarbonate levels...
    689 Words | 2 Pages
  • Acid Base Worksheet Answers
    Acid-Base Practice Worksheet Complex I Spring Semester 2015 Interpret the following ABGs and list potential causes of each condition. Make sure you look at compensation, too! pH 7.29 pCO2 38 HCO3 19 Acid-Base Imbalance: Metabolic acidosis, uncompensated Potential Causes: renal failure, DKA, diarrhea, shock Symptoms: headache, hypotension and flushing (from vasodilation), muscle twitches (from hyperkalemia), N/V/D, confusion. Also see Kussmaul resps to compensate pH 7.45 pCO2 28...
    457 Words | 1 Page
  • With Reference to Acid-Base Balance Explore the Role of the Respiratory System in Maintaining Blood Ph?
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Interprofessional Studies. With reference to acid-base balance explore the role of the respiratory system in maintaining blood pH? ‘We live and die at the cellular level’ (Reid, 2011). Homeostasis is crucial for normal cellular function. Acid-base homeostasis is the part of human homeostasis and refers to the balance between the production and elimination of H+ hydrogen ions (pH) within the body fluids (William, Simpkins, 2001, p.236). Metabolic reactions...
    2,965 Words | 12 Pages
  • Removal of Hardness of Water Using Precipitation and Complexation Methods
    KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COLLEGE OF TITLE: REMOVAL OF HARDNESS OF WATER USING PRECIPITATION AND COMPLEXATION METHODS. NAME: KWARTENG YAW PRINCE COURSE: BSC. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE YEAR: FIRST YEAR EXPERIMENT NO. : A.1.1.3. T.A.: BRIGHT KOFI LEONARD DATE: 7TH NOVEMBER, 2007. Aims and Objectives: 1. To describe...
    2,342 Words | 9 Pages
  • The Effect of Alcohol to Abg - 955 Words
    ABNORMAL ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES Arterial Blood Gases, or ABGs, measure the amounts of oxygen, carbon dioxide and acid/base level in the blood, according to Medline Plus, a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine. ABGs are ordered if the patient has difficulty breathing, symptoms of an acid/base imbalance, or if a pre-existing condition is worsening, and blood is taken from an artery in the wrist, groin, or inside of the elbow. Respiratory Acidosis The kidneys and lungs work...
    955 Words | 3 Pages
  • Degassing Method - 1940 Words
    Degassing of carbonated beverages by gas stripping Oliveira, J.C. *, Gomes, C.S.* and O’Keefe, B. ** * University College Cork, Ireland ** Somex Ltd., Macroom, Ireland TITLE OF CONFERENCE Copenhagen, Denmark, September 2010 ENTERPRISE IRELAND * Research partly supported by Enterprise Ireland in the framework of the National Development Plan 2007-2014 Background Degassing is necessary for quality control CO2 interacts with the beverage characteristics Its removal can therefore...
    1,940 Words | 19 Pages
  • Physioex 9.0 Exercise 10
    EXERCISE 10: Acid-Base Balance Grading: True/False, Multiple-Choice, and Fill-in-the-blank type questions will be worth 1 point each whereas Short-answer type questions will be worth 2 points each. This lab will be worth a total of 45 points but will be converted to a percentage grade when registered in your “Gradebook”. |ACTIVITY 1: Hyperventilation |Answers |...
    856 Words | 5 Pages
  • Hardness of Water - 466 Words
    Experiment 05 Water Hardness October 8th, 2013 The hardness of water was determined using the methods of titration, conductivity, and pH analysis. The mean and uncertainty of CaCO3 is 134±36.0 ppm. An error that could have potentially happened could be that the equivalence point was not correctly established causing inaccurate data. BACKGROUND: 1In hard water there is a high amount of mineral content present in the water. Most of the mineral content that is...
    466 Words | 2 Pages
  • Lade Adeleke - 346 Words
    CASE STUDY A 49years old white male present to the emergency room complained of choking while eating dinner at the nursing home he resides. He has a significant past medical history of traumatic brain injury, Asthma, Pneumonia, seizure disorder and Spasm quadriparesis. Patient denies shortness of breath, chest pain and fever, family history is noncontributory. On Physical examination patient is well nourished, no signs of distress, alert and awake and the vital signs reveal * Blood...
    346 Words | 2 Pages
  • Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation
    Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation (ABG) Arterial Blood Gas Analysis is used to measure the partial pressures of oxygen (PaO2), carbon dioxide (PaCO2), and the pH of an arterial blood sample. Oxygen content (O2CT), oxygen saturation (SaO2), and bicarbonate (HCO3-) values are also measured. A blood sample for ABG analysis may be drawn by percutaneous arterial puncture from an arterial line. The ABG analysis is mainly used to evaluate gas exchange in the lungs. It is also used to assess integrity...
    4,893 Words | 16 Pages
  • Grade 12 Chemistry Unit 5 Key Questions
    Unit 5 Key Questions Lesson 17 57. a) Ag CrO4 I 0 0 C +2x +x E 2(0.00016) 0.00016 b) x 100% c) When taking the silver residue off of the copper, it is possible that some will remain. This will leave the weight of the copper incorrect, which could in turn yield inaccurate results. It is also possible that there could be impurities on the copper. This could change the rate of the reaction or how the reaction occurs, so the...
    1,073 Words | 9 Pages
  • Blood Gas Analysis - 410 Words
    Blood gases and acid base balance Normally we do venous/capillary blood gases. Arterial blood gases are only done in the very sick children, who have been intubated/ventilated and have arterial lines in situ (usually in the theatre prior to transfer to the PICU in Newcastle. Here is a stepwise approach to blood gas analysis. STEP 1: [pic] STEP 2: Look at pCO2 [pic] STEP 3: Look at Bicarbonate & Base excess (BE) [pic] Base excess (BE): Base excess is...
    410 Words | 4 Pages
  • Physioex 8.0 Review Sheet Exercise 10
    Physioex 8.0 R E V I E W S H E E T E X E R C I S E 10 Acid-Base Balance Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis The following questions refer to Activity 1: Normal Breathing. 1. What was the pH level during normal breathing? 2. Was this pH within the normal pH range? 2. Was this pH within the normal pH range? The following questions refer to Activity 2: Hyperventilation. 3. In run 1, what was the maximum pH recorded with hyperventilation? 4. What acid-base imbalance occurred with...
    381 Words | 2 Pages
  • Boiler Mountings - 1581 Words
    Boiler Water Tests A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THEIR MEANING AND PURPOSE Expression of Test Results - PPM (parts per million) In water treatment, results are most commonly expressed in parts per million (ppm). Other terms commonly encountered are milligrams per liter (mg/l) and grains per gallon (gpg). For practical purposes, 1 ppm = 1 mg/l and 1 gpg = 17.1 ppm. The term “ppm” is unitless; that is, as long as the same units are used on both sides of the relationship, any units can be used. For...
    1,581 Words | 5 Pages
  • Physioex Exercise 10 - 524 Words
    EXERCISE 10: Acid-Base Balance Student Name: Landy Jean-Baptiste Student ID: 4304736 Student instructions: Follow the step-by-step instructions for this exercise found in your lab manual and record your answers in the spaces below. You are only required to perform Activity 1 & 2 in this simulation. Submit this completed document by the assignment due date found in the Syllabus. Rename this document to include your first and last name prior to submitting, e.g....
    524 Words | 2 Pages
  • Determination of the Hardness of Water from a Waterfall
    Experiment # 4a Title: Determination of the Hardness of Water from a Waterfall Aim: To determine the molarity of EDTA and to determine the hardness of water by measuring the concentrations of calcium and magnesium in a water sample by titration. Abstract: The aim of this experiment was to determine the molarity of a sample of EDTA and then to use this sample to determine the hardness of a sample of water. This was done using a titrimetric method. This was standardized using calcium chloride....
    1,620 Words | 5 Pages
  • 1. Helen Is a 62-Year-Old Smoker. Her Physician Has Diagnosed Her as Having Emphysema That Has Caused Her to Hypoventilate. She Is Tired and Sedentary. Besides Having Difficulty Breathing, What Other Condition Is Contributing to Her Tiredness?
    It seems as though “Helen” has been afflicted with respiratory acidosis from the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood. The other symptoms that she is experiencing, the hypoventilation and sluggishness are due to the damage in her lungs from the emphysema. To regulate Helen’s breathing and carbon dioxide levels she needs to try to inhale long deep breaths and drug intervention may be needed as well. Respiratory acidosis is a condition in which a build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood...
    749 Words | 3 Pages
  • Ocean Acidification - 665 Words
     Ap Biology D/E Block Mrs. Alvarez 02/10/13 Ocean acidification and global warming are not the same things. Global warming is an ongoing, concerning problem with the warming of oceans, climate change and other issues. Compared to ocean acidification, global warming is well known about. Ocean acidification is not occurring in isolation though. It is one of many stressors related to climate change and other factors. Acidification impacts processes so vital to the overall structure and...
    665 Words | 2 Pages
  • Homeostatic Mechanism - 311 Words
    Homeostatic Mechanisms Homeostatic mechanisms are essential for a body to maintain a stable condition. The word homeostasis describes the body’s ability to maintain its healthy state, while the world around it is changing constantly. There are many steps in the process of homeostasis. First, there is the stimulus that causes the change. Then the receptor detects the change. The information of the imbalance is then sent to the control center, which decides the response. The information...
    311 Words | 1 Page
  • Acid Base Balance And Fluids And Electrolytes Order 17286
     Acid-Base Balance and Fluids and Electrolytes Student's Name Institutional Affiliation Date Due Respiratory Acidosis Respiratory acidosis refers to a medical defect in which hypoventilation occurs leading to increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood and decreased level of pH. Decreased pH in the blood is generally known as acidosis. The body cells continuously respire and release carbon dioxide. The lungs may fail to efficiently expel the CO2. This condition is...
    1,211 Words | 4 Pages
  • Shampooing And Conditioning - 475 Words
    NVQ Hairdressing Level 2 H9 Shampoo & Condition Hair & Scalp The word Shampoo Is derived from the Hindustani word meaning ‘Champo’. This means to press or rub Reasons for Shampooing to cleanse the hair and scalp prepare for salon services to treat hair and scalp disorders to remove chemical products Properties Of A Good Shampoo to cleanse the hair and scalp Product should distribute easily easily rinsed from the hair leave hair manageable/shiny will not irritate skin/eyes Types Of...
    475 Words | 8 Pages
  • Ocean Acidification - 429 Words
    Ocean Acidification The main theme of the 3 articles is that the ocean is becoming more acidic due to fossil-fuel emission of CO2. The ocean has absorbed about 525 billion tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, this reduces the amount of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere (1). ). It is lowering the pH by .1 units changing it from 8.2 to 8.1… it is becoming more acidic. (2). It happens when the CO2 from the air mixes with the sea water, it produces a bicarbonate ion. This bicarbonate ion...
    429 Words | 2 Pages
  • Chapter 8 Quizzes - 733 Words
    Quiz #2 on Chapter 8 One difference between the plasma and interstitial fluid is that the plasma has significantly more ______ than interstitial fluid? Protein Which of the following receptors are sensitive to changes of hydrogen and carbon dioxide in the ECF? Chemoreceptors Which of the following would be expected to cause hyponatremia? Decreased ADH production Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is caused by which of the following? Decreased or ineffective receptors to ADH...
    733 Words | 4 Pages
  • Understanding the Chloride Shift - 315 Words
    The chloride shift is basically an exchange of chloride ions through the capillaries of the system circuit. In the blood plasma, there is large amount of carbonic acid and when there is an increase in carbonic acid than the balance of hydrogen ions and carbonate ions dissociate to maintain a balance of homeostasis in the pH of the blood. The red blood cells help to maintain this system by buffering the system of carbonic acid and causing detachment of the above ions. The release and detachment...
    315 Words | 1 Page
  • Case Vignettes in Acid-Base Balance
    Case Vignettes in Acid-Base Balance Due Saturday, March 16 th Choose three of the four vignettes and BRIEFLY answer the questions that follow. Normal Levels of Substances in the Arterial Blood: pH 7.40 + 0.05 pCO2 (partial pressure of carbon dioxide) 40 mm Hg pO2 (partial pressure of oxygen) 90 - 100 mm Hg Hemoglobin - O2 saturation 94 - 100 % [HCO3-] 24 meq / liter Vignette #1: A 14-year-old girl with cystic fibrosis has complained of an increased cough productive of green sputum...
    471 Words | 3 Pages
  • Chemistrt Lab Report - 638 Words
    General Chemistry II Lab “Determination of the Hardness of Water” 24/04/2013 Purpose The purpose of this practical is to determine a hardness of water by titrating with chelating agent EDTA. Introduction Water is supposed to be hard when it contains dissolved minerals especially Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe3+, SO42-, and HCO3-. Hard water can be formed when underground water percolates through limestone or when water dissolves calcium sulfate or magnesium sulfate. The concentration of Ca2+, (and...
    638 Words | 2 Pages
  • Observations of Chemical Changes - 1050 Words
    Data Tables: Part 1: Chemicals Well No. Observations of the Reaction A. NaHCO3 + HCl 1A Bubbles appeared for 5 seconds. Now clear in color, no bubbles B. HCl + BTB 2A Turned from clear to yellow C. NH3 + BTB 3A Turned from clear to dark blue D. HCl + blue dye 4A Turned from clear to green E. Blue dye + NaOCl 5A Turned from blue to light blue with the 1 drop of HCl 6A Turned from blue->light blue->yellow->light yellow->clear, transparent F. NaOCl + KI 7A Turned from clear to Light...
    1,050 Words | 6 Pages
  • A/P Lecture Exam - 1198 Words
    1) The mechanical and chemical receptors that control digestive activity are located in the walls of the GI tract organ. (854) 2) The chemical and mechanical processes of food breakdown are called digestion. (852-853) 3) The function of the hepatic portal circulation is to collect absorbed nutrients for metabolic processing and storage. (881) 4) When we ingest large molecules such as lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins, they must undergo catabolic reactions whereby enzymes split...
    1,198 Words | 4 Pages
  • Carbon Dioxide and Prediction - 270 Words
    physioex 9.0 Review Sheet Exercise 10 Acid-Base Balance Name ___ Lab Time/Date ___ Activity 1 Hyperventilation Describe the normal ranges for pH and carbon dioxide in the blood.___ ___ ___ Describe what happened to the pH and the carbon dioxide levels with hyperventilation. How well did the results compare with your prediction? ___ ___ ___ Explain how returning to normal breathing after hyperventilation differed from hyperventilation without returning to normal breathing. ___ ___...
    270 Words | 2 Pages
  • Ph and Osmosis - 1380 Words
    The Effect of pH on the Rate of Osmosis Using a Glucose Solution Melissa Werderitch Biology 157 11/6/06 Introduction In a journal article written by Florian Lang, osmosis is essentially explained as the flow of water from one area to another that are separated by a selectively permeable membrane to equalize concentrations of particles in the two locations (Lang, 1997). Osmosis is able to maintain osmotic pressure and regulate a cell's volume. In a hypotonic () or hypertonic ()...
    1,380 Words | 5 Pages
  • Quantitative Analysis of Soda Ash by Double Indicator Method
    Quantitative Analysis of Soda Ash by Double Indicator Method Results and Discussion The experiment focuses in the use of double indicator titration in quantitative analysis of soda ash sample. Titration refers to the process of measuring the volume of titrant required to reach the equivalnece point. This method of analysis, is based on the chemical reaction aA + bB → products (1) where a is the molecules of the unknown substances to be analyzed or the analyte. Analyte reacts...
    1,953 Words | 8 Pages
  • Acid Precipitation Affects Stone in Two Ways: Dissolution and Alteration
    Acid precipitation affects stone in two ways: dissolution and alteration. The calcite dissolves when sulfurous, sulfuric, and nitric acids in polluted air react with the calcite in marble and limestone. Exposed areas of building and statues develop rough surfaces. Some of the material that makes them up are removed or corroded, thus, details and carvings are lost. Even sheltered areas of stone buildings and monuments are affected by acid precipitation. However, sheltered areas on...
    337 Words | 1 Page
  • Atp and Muscle Fatigue - 878 Words
    Muscle Fatigue
By Jaclyn Mullick B.S. The onset of muscle fatigue has hindered many athletes from achieving their maximum performance. Over the years we have been taught that it is the build-up of lactic acid that is the downfall of muscle fatigue and soreness. This is only partially true; there is a little more to it than what we have been told. I hope that this article provides you with a possible short-term remedy and does not confuse you more but rather makes you more aware...
    878 Words | 3 Pages
  • Fluid and Electrolytes - 5122 Words
    Alterations in Fluids, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base Balance Composition & Compartment Distribution of Body Fluids ← Body fluids are distributed between the intracellular fluid (ICF) and extracellular fluid (ECF) compartments. The ICF compartment consists of fluid contained within all of the billions of cells in the body. It is the larger of the two compartments, containing approximately two thirds of the body water in healthy adults. ← The remaining one third of body water is...
    5,122 Words | 20 Pages
  • Lab Report on Respiratory Physiology
    Lab Report 6: Respiratory Physiology Purpose: To describe the effects of carbon dioxide concentration on blood pH. Hypothesis: If the blood CO2 levels increase, the pH will decrease. Materials and Procedures: Materials: Willing subject (someone complete the activities of the experiment) Timer (with a second hand) Glass Urinary and Salivary pH (litmus) paper Drinking straw Procedures: 1. Measure 2 ounces of water in a glass. Obtain the pH of...
    352 Words | 2 Pages
  • Exercise 10: Acid Base Balance
    EXERCISE 10: Acid-Base Balance Student Name: ______________ Student ID#: ______________ Student instructions: Follow the step-by-step instructions for this exercise found in your lab manual and record your answers in the spaces below. Submit this completed document by the assignment due date found in the Syllabus. Rename this document to include your first and last name prior to submitting, e.g. Exercise10_JohnSmith.doc. Please make sure that your answers are typed in RED. (You...
    941 Words | 6 Pages
  • Observations of Chemical Changes Labpaq
    Observations of Chemical Changes Purpose/Hypothesis: To observe how acids react with bases and examine reactions of common household cleaners and the macroscopic changes these chemicals undergo. I expect for each solution to react differently when mixed with acids and bases. Procedure: I have a well-plate-96, a piece of white and black paper, and the chemicals from the Observation of Chemical Changes Experiment Bag. I used a different well for each combination of solutions. I placed...
    578 Words | 2 Pages
  • Effects Of Hyperventilation On CO2 And PH Levels
     Effects of hyperventilation on CO2 and pH levels Alidrin Armandico Physiology Lab 142 Egle Ortega Aprill 25, 2014 Abstract The aim of this experiment was to analyze how pH and carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood change during hyperventilation and how the renal system compensates for this condition. Hyperventilation decreases CO2, increases pH, and lowers H+ levels which then results to respiratory alkalosis. In the experiment, we used the PhysioEx 8.0 software to simulate...
    1,084 Words | 4 Pages
  • Mitchy - 3649 Words
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  • PEX 10 01 Week 1
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  • Ocean Acidification SDI: solubility of co2 in different temperatures
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  • Acidosis and Alkalosis - 772 Words
    ACIDOSIS and ALKALOSIS Acidosis * An increased acidity in the blood and other body tissue (i.e., an increased hydrogen ion concentration). If not further qualified, it usually refers to acidity of the blood plasma. * Acidosis may not cause any symptoms or it may be associated with nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Acute acidosis may also cause an increased rate and depth of breathing, confusion, and headaches, and it can lead to seizures, coma, and in some...
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  • Wat Makes a Good Doctor
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  • The Cause and Effects of Acid Mine Drainage
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  • Buffer System - 268 Words
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  • Double-Titration - 499 Words
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  • PEX -10-01 - 477 Words
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  • Acid Rain Lab Report
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  • Soda Bottle Rocket - 350 Words
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  • Rate and Collision Theory - 368 Words
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  • The Properties of Buffers - 383 Words
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  • Activity 10 - 531 Words
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  • ABGs BB - 395 Words
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  • Acid-Base Balance - 390 Words
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  • 59664952 Aqua Silencer - 935 Words
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  • Physiolab 9.0 Exercise 10
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  • Chemical Reactions - 718 Words
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  • 18 Renal Acid Base Balance
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