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    Total Cost of Ownership

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    Total cost of ownership (TCO) is a financial estimate whose purpose is to help consumers and enterprise managers determine direct and indirect costs of a product or system. It is a management accounting concept that can be used in full cost accounting or even ecological economics where it includes social costs. Contents • 1 Use of concept o 1.1 Computer and software industries o 1.2 Transportation industry • 2 See also • 3 References 4 External links Use

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    5 / ¼.5= .67%/ 22%= 3.05 Ch 22 #7 1. Key Question A firm has fixed costs of $60 and variable costs as indicated in the table on the following page. Complete the table and check your calculations by referring to question 4 at the end of Chapter 23. 1. Graph total fixed costtotal variable cost‚ and total cost. Explain how the law of diminishing returns influences the shapes of the variable-cost and total-cost curves Graph AFC‚ AVC‚ ATC‚ and MC. Explain the derivation and shape of each

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    Economic: Total Cost

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    Microeconomics Spring 2010 1. Your cousin Vinnie owns a painting company with fixed costs of $200 and the schedule for variable costs as below. What is the efficient scale of the painting company? Quantity of Houses Painted per Month | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | Variable Costs | $10 | $20 | $40 | $80 | $160 | $320 | $640 | 2. Your aunt is thinking about opening a hardware store. She estimates that it would cost $500‚000 per year to rent the location and buy the stock. In addition‚ she would

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    INTERNATIONAL B-SCHOOL SUBJECT: FINANCIAL & COST ACCOUNTING Total Marks: 80 N.B.: 1)Allquestionsarecompulsory 2) All questions carry equal marks. Q1) ABC Ltd. Produces room coolers. The company is considering whether it should continue to manufacture air circulating fans itself or purchase them from outside. Its annual requirement is 25000 units. An outsider vendor is prepared to supply fans for Rs 285 each. In addition‚ ABC Ltd will have to incur costs of Rs 1.50 per unit for freight and Rs 10‚000

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    1)Take all cost elements into consideration‚ because it extends the procurement to the whole life cycle of product within a firm. 2)Reflects the real cost of the purchasing rather than the pure acquisition. 3)It helps to define a rational purchasing policy for the buyer‚ for instance‚ how to allocate the purchasing volume‚ and to whom‚ and etc. 4)It can be a tool to evaluate outsourcing deals. 5)Can be used in negotiations with suppliers‚ by making visible some of the committed costs induced by

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    the relevant cost is the cargo cost only. Therefore‚ profit contribution of carrying I ton of tapioca from Balik and Singapore: Expected revenue $5.10 Less freight cost (0.25+0.56) 0.81 Profit Contibution 4.29 From Singapore to Balik: Expected Revenue $2.70 Less freight cost (0.16+0.32+0

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    Total Supply Chain Cost

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    What is your evaluation of the Total Supply Chain Cost (TSCC) program developed by Owens & Minor and Virginia Mason? * Virginia Mason Medical Center (VM) hired Owens & Minor (O&M) as its alpha vendor for medical/surgical supplies in 2004. At that time O&M was performing JIT and low unit measure services for VM. Together VM and O&M worked together to create a new supply chain process called the Total Supply Chain Cost (TSCC) pricing program. * TSCC was is an activity-based

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    given by the following relationship: Q = 400 – 0.5P where P is price and Q is quantity demanded. Total costs of production (including a “normal” return on owners’ investment) per month are: C = 20‚000 + 50Q + 3Q2 a. Express total profits (() in terms of Q. b. At what level of output are total profits maximized? What price will be charged? What are total profits at this output level? c. What market structure did you assume? Why? d. Would your answers

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    Quiz: If Boeing produces 9 jets per month‚ its long-run total cost is $9.0 million per month. If it produces 10 jet pre month‚ it long-run total cost $9.5 million per month. Does Boeing exhibit economies or diseconomies of scale? * The long-run average total cost of producing 9 planes is $9 million /9 = $1 million. The long-run average total cost of producing10 planes is $9.5 million / 10 =$0.95 million. Since the long-run average total cost declines as the number of planes increases‚ Boeing exhibits

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    Analysis of Cost‚ Profit and Total Revenue Prepared by: Cajucom‚ Mary Jane Constantino‚ Georgia Escuadro‚ Abigail Ferry‚ Yasmin Joy Orobia‚ Maribel Lopez‚ Rannel Tumale‚ Mary Joyce Submitted to: Mrs. Gina Braga Accounting versus Economic Costs Economic costs Are forward looking costs‚ meaning‚ economist are in tune with future costs because these costs have major repercussions on the potential profitability of the firm. ● Opportunity cost‚ or costs that are incurred

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    wholesale prices‚ material cost per unit‚ and labor cost per unit. Annual fixed costs are $25 million. ________________________________________ __________Microcomputers_________ Model 1 Model 2 __ Model 3 Wholesale price/unit $500 $1‚000 $1‚500 Material cost/unit

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    Total Cost of Ownership: This is defined as the an approach for measuring financial returns which involves consideration of all the additional costs required to support and maintain the item purchased for its full useful life and adding such costs to the purchase price (Reh‚ n.d). Calculating TCO No general formula for calculating TCO exist the general principle is Purchase Costs + All other additional costs. In IT investments some additional costs might be cost of maintenance‚ support costs

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    Total Rewards

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    Assignment #1 – Total Rewards Dr. David Fontaine‚ SPHR Total Rewards HRM 533 July 17‚ 2011 1. Describe each of the top (5) advantages of a total rewards approach. Years ago‚ society adapted a one size fits all approach when it came to total rewards. Total rewards had been designed to accommodate a wide range of people; it was generic and did not consist of any personalization or flexibility. As the twenty first century emerged

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    Total War

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    Total War Total war was introduced to Britain in May 1915 and was to last until the end of the war in November 1918. Total War put the whole country on a compulsory war footing with the government controlling it. When war was declared in August 1914‚ a certain naivety enveloped the whole country. Many did believe that the war would be over by Christmas 1914 - hence the rush by young men to volunteer before the ’fun’ ended. This whole belief that the war would be a short and sharp affair with Germany

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    Cost

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    3 Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis Learning Objectives 1. Explain the features of cost-volumeprofit (CVP) analysis 2. Determine the breakeven point and output level needed to achieve a target operating income 3. Understand how income taxes affect CVP analysis 4. Explain how managers use CVP analysis in decision making 5. Explain how sensitivity analysis helps managers cope with uncertainty 6. Use CVP analysis to plan variable and fixed costs 7. Apply CVP analysis to a company producing multiple

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    Costs

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    management concluded the large fixed cost absorbed sale figure. First it is important to understand the standard costing system implemented in Rubber group. Standard costing assigns quantity and price standards to each component of variable and fixed costs in calculating the total cost. In the case of NASA‚ the system uses standard purchasing price (input cost) and standard inputs usage in place for variable costs‚ and standard spending price (input cost) and standard

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    1) The cost of production for the mixing Department for the month of January 2010. (showing clearly the physical Units‚ Equivalent production Uniot and the cost assignment and cost analysis. 1 (a) Equivalent Flow of Production Physical units Direct Material Conversion Cost Work in Process‚ Beg. Jan. 1‚ 2010 - Started during the current period 5‚000.00 Total cost to be accopunted for 5‚000.00

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    Cost

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    Strategic Cost Management ACCT90009 Seminar 1 Seminar 1 Subject Administration Introduction to SCM oduc o o SC Administration • Subject Coordinator Dr. David Huelsbeck Email: david.huelsbeck@unimelb.edu.au Room: 08.028‚ The Spot Phone: +61 3 9035 6256 Consultation Hours: Monday 4:15pm – 6:15pm • Seminars: Tuesday:   2.15 pm – 5.15 pm‚ FBE ‐ Theatre 211  (Theatre 2) Thursday: 6.15 pm – 9.15 pm‚ Alan Gilbert ‐ Theatre 2 Teaching Format and Resources • Seminar Format 3 hour seminar

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    Classify each cost listed below as either a product cost or a period cost for purposes of preparing the financial statements for the bank. 1. The cost of the memory chips used in radar set. * Product Cost 2. Factory Heating Cost * Period Cost 3. Factory Equipment maintenance costs. * Period Cost 4. Training costs for new administrative employees * Period Costs 5. The cost of the solder that is used in assembling the radar sets. * Product costs 6. The Travel

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    cost

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    per year. Total annual revenue from pottery sales is $72‚000. Calculate accounting profits and economic profits for Gomez’s pottery. Explicit costs: $37‚000 (= $12‚000 for the helper + $5‚000 of rent + $20‚000 of materials). Implicit costs: $22‚000 (= $4‚000 of forgone interest + $15‚000 of forgone salary + $3‚000 of entreprenuership). Accounting profit = $35‚000 (= $72‚000 of revenue - $37‚000 of explicit costs); Economic profit = $13‚000 (= $72‚000 - $37‚000 of explicit costs - $22‚000

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