"Sodium hydroxide" Essays and Research Papers

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  • sodium hydroxide

    Sodium hydroxide‚ also known as caustic soda‚[2][3] or lye‚ is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaOH (also written as NaHO). It is a white solid‚ and is a highly caustic metallic base and alkali salt. It is available in pellets‚ flakes‚ granules‚ and as a 50% saturated solution.[citation needed] Sodium hydroxide is soluble in water‚ ethanol and methanol. This alkali is deliquescent and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide in air. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries

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  • Standardization of Sodium Hydroxide

    12-STANDARDIZATION OF SODIUM HYDROXIDE Standard solutions for titrations are especially pure mixtures with exactly known concentrations. Primary standards are very pure solids. They have the advantage that they can be weighed (the analytical balance is normally the most accurate instrument in the laboratory) and they are stable under laboratory conditions. In this experiment‚ the primary standard is oxalic acid dihydrate‚ H2C2O4 ( 2H2O. It will be used to standardize a solution of sodium hydroxide.

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  • Thermochemistry: Solid Sodium Hydroxide

    using a styrofoam calorimeter. The three reaction are shown below. Reaction 1: The dissolving of solid sodium hydroxide in water.                         NaOH(s) ---> Na+(aq) + OH-(aq) + heat Reaction 2: The reaction of solid sodium hydroxide with dilute hydrochloric acid.                  NaOH(s) + H+(aq) + Cl-(aq) ---> Na+(aq) + Cl-(aq) + H2O Reaction 3: The reaction of sodium hydroxide solution with dilute hydrochloric acid solution.       Na+(aq) + OH-(aq) + H+(aq) + Cl-(aq) ---> Na+(aq)

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  • Standardization of Sodium Hydroxide Solution

    Abstract. This report is about how to standardize a Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) solution by titrating it with pure sample of Potassium acid Phthalate (KHC8H4O4). This experiment has two sections. The first section is to standardize the Sodium Hydroxide by titration. Three sample of 0.7 – 0.9 g of solid KHP are place into each of the three numbered Erlenmeyer flasks. 50 ml of distilled water are added to each three of it from graduated cylinder and constantly shake it until the KHP solution are completely

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  • Analysis of Acid by Titration with Sodium Hydroxide

    Stephanie Thao Chemistry 1151 Laboratory Analysis of acid by titration with sodium hydroxide Ms. Hoang November 2012 Introduction: The purpose of this experiment is to demonstrate an example of how to determine the unknown molarity of hydrochloric acid by titration with a base (sodium hydroxide). Titration is a common laboratory method of quantitative chemical analysis that is used to determine the unknown concentration of an identified analyte (wekipedia). The first step will be measuring

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  • Preparation and Standardization of a Sodium Hydroxide Solution

    Title: Preparation and Standardization of a Sodium Hydroxide Solution Objective/Purpose: The objective of this experiment will be the standardization of sodium hydroxide using potassium hydrogen phthalate by the titration method. Introduction: The concentration of solutions can be reported in terms of molarity and normality. Molarity is equal to: HCL‚ HBR‚ H2SO4‚ HNO3 M = mol Solute (mol) (Monoprotic) (Diprotic) _______________ V(L)g solutions (L)

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  • How Does Quick-Eze Neutralized By Sodium Hydroxide

    were added from the burette is 0.00327 moles (1 tablet of Gaviscon). However‚ for Quick-eze‚ the number of moles is 0.00216 moles (1 tablet). This means the average volume of the NaOH have affected the number of moles as the concentration of the sodium hydroxide is 0.1M. This means that if less NaOH was required to neutralise the acid‚ the number of moles of HCl neutralized by the ant-acid would be greater. For example; by using mole ratio‚ the number of moles of HCl reacted with the NaOH is 0.00216

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  • Saponification: Sodium Hydroxide and Soap

    liquid soaps‚ shampoos and soft soaps because it produces soap of soft consistency and higher solubility in water. Other raw materials: * Builders These are essentially used to build up soaps. Examples of alkali builders are sodium carbonate‚ sodium silicate and sodium sulfate.

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  • Chemical Reactions- Sodium Hydroxide

    Chemical Reactions- Sodium Hydroxide A chemical reaction is a change where two or more substances are changed into a new substance. You can identify a chemical reaction by colour change‚ effervescence (bubbles)‚ when light or heat given off‚ and the change is usually irreversible. There are 6 main types of chemical reactions- combustion (often called burning)‚ synthesis‚ decomposition‚ neutralization‚ single replacement and double replacement. A combustion reaction is a reaction with oxygen‚ and

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  • Neutralizing Sodium Hydroxide Using Different Concentrations of Hydrochloric Acid

    Neutralization experiment AIM:-  To investigate how heat is given out in neutralizing sodium hydroxide  (NaOH) using different concentrations of Hydrochloric Acid.  Background Information:-  Substances that neutralize acids are called alkalis. An acid is a  substance that forms hydrogen ions (H+ ) when placed in water. It can  also be described as a proton donor as it provides H+ ions. An  example of an acid is hydrochloric acid (HCl)‚ Sulphuric acid (H2SO4)  etc. An alkali is a

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