"Serfdom" Essays and Research Papers

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evidence to suggest that he disliked serfdom. Even his father, Nicholas I, believed that serfdom was an “evil palpable to all,” and Alexander II was certainly even more liberally educated than his father. His arguably most fundamental reform was the emancipation of serfdom in 1861. As he said, “It is best to abolish serfdom from above than to wait until it abolishes itself from below”. This quote demonstrates his realization that reform was needed. Many saw serfdom as Russia's biggest handicap in...

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To What Extent Does Tsar Alexander Ii Deserve the Title “Tsar Liberator”?

significant advance. It must be remembered, however, that the peasant market was a very fragile one, largely dependent on the quality of every harvest. Also, transport difficulties meant that much of the market was almost inaccessible. The existence of serfdom was tackled boldly taking advantage of a petition presented by the Polish landed proprietors of the Lithuanian provinces, and hoping that their relations with the serfs might be regulated in a more satisfactory way (meaning in a way more satisfactory...

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Rise of Modern West

and where the producer is obliged to provide labour to the lord. This system, he claims, was almost identical to serfdom. Dobb’s theory states that the system’s survival depended on the internal relationships in the feudal mode of production. Insufficiency of this mode of production to satisfy the demands of the ruling class led to the decay of feudalism. According to Takahashi, serfdom was the existence form of labour of peasant and the landlord. The beginning of the crisis is evident in the 14th...

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To what extent and why does Alexander II (1855-81) deserve the title Tsar Liberator?

political framework of his rule, he was aware of the problems facing Russia. He had controlled government whilst Nicholas I (his father) was abroad had worked on various committees examining serfdom and railways, had toured Empire which convinced him modernisation necessary and meant ending reliance on serfdom. Nevertheless he wanted gradual reform to avoid extreme changes and encourage economic modernisation. However, Michael Lynch argues that it was the Crimean War that changed Alexander II : “Although...

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Exam 2 Review

economic development lag behind that of Northwest Europe?  (3 pts) Why did Scandinavia’s development also lag? (4 pts) Very sparsely populated, about 2 people per square kilometer. All the favorable conditions for serfdom-slavery described by Domar. Free land, Land owning gentry. Thus, serfdom (bound labor) Additionally had very coercive centralized authority to impose slavery. Very backward as a result of little economic incentive for progress. (3 pts) Italian cities were adversely impacted by the...

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Luther in Relation to the Peasants' War

“Christian Lords”, will release them from serfdom, and they will be willingly obedient to “fair and reasonable” authority (Doc 3). Through a 3rd party, the peasants explained their grievances and made a point of compromising. A letter written to the people of Allstedt, from the preacher Thomas Muntzer, expressed “God’s will” to be the uprising of peasants through the revolt. He pushed the people of Allstedt to conform to the peasant’s violent resistance of serfdom (Doc 6). This theologians biased view...

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The Rise and Fall of Feudalism

revival of commerce and accelerated the economic growth of Europe. The strong Economic growth raised the standard of living of people and motivated people to pursue better life quality, such as purchasing freedom. The second reason would be decline of serfdom. The revival of commerce and the widespread use of money changed the relations between feudal lord and serf. Some lords began to rent out their lands to tenant farmers. Using those lands, serfs engaged themselves into trade, which allowed them to...

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Essay Global Slavery

in the aspect of forcing labor and deprivation of many rights. There were still small differences between slavery in Sparta and Athens——the helots of Sparta were conquered people who owned land but had to work for it whole lifetime——this kind of serfdom resembled that of medieval Russia. The citizens of Ancient Greece saw slavery as normal and the practice itself was widespread and permeated every level of society. Therefore, it is apparent that Slavery was a common and formal practice present in...

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Analyze the causes of and the responses to the peasants’ revolts in the German states,1524–1526.

1:causes -Doc 1, 3, 4, 8, 11 Group 2:responses -Doc 1, 5, 2, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 DBQ The German Peasant Revolt occurred because of poor conditions, a giant separation between the upper and lower class, and because of the unfair conditions of serfdom (mentioned in documents 1, 3,4,8 and 11). This resulted in harsh reactions by lords, princes, and authorities and a sense of unity and a sense of entitlement to fair conditions among the lower class and poor and widespread violence among both the...

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Japanese Feudalism

compassion and hospitality towards the serfs by creating general guidelines in their protection. An interesting and effective extra document would be in the voice of a Japanese serf, showing if these regulations were truly obeyed. Western Europeans saw serfdom as some thing that could not be helped, while Japan tried to accommodate and assist the serfs in their culture. Japan and Western Europe differed socially in respect to the social stratification systems and their treatment of serfs. Japan and Western...

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