"Pulse" Essays and Research Papers


The purpose of this practical is to investigate how the pulse rate of humans changes when they exercise. Someone who is physically fit can supply their muscles with enough blood, carrying glucose and oxygen, for an activity at a lower heart and breathing rate. The fitter you are the lower your resting heart rate. You and your classmates will be the humans investigated. SAFETY: If you know you have any condition that affects you doing exercise, please make sure your teacher knows before you start...

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Pulse Pressure Introduction

blood pressure. In this experiment, measurements of systolic arterial pressure, diastole arteriole pressure, and pulse rate were recorded and observed. The effects of changes in the body were observed and measured during body positioning, exercise, and cognitive stress. The purpose of this lab experiment was to test multiple variables that can have an effect on blood pressure and pulse. As stated, the following variables that were tested were changes in posture, exercise, and a cognitive stressor...

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Factor affecting pulse rate

Biology Task To investigate the effect of some factor affecting pulse rate Aim TO investigate how exercise affects the pulse rate. To do this, we took our normal pulse rate and then compared it with the pulse rate after exercise (walking). We kept all other factors constant so as to study the effect of exercise on pulse rate. Introduction Our heart is a muscle. It's located a little to the left of the middle of our chest, and it's about the size of our fist. There are lots of muscles all over...

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Exercise on Pulse Rate

Effect of Exercise on Pulse Rate and Blood Pressure Purpose: To determine the effect of jogging on pulse rate and blood pressure. Hypothesis: If you jog then your heart rate and blood pressure will increase. Materials: Tape Measure Blood Pressure Cuff Procedure: 1. Record resting blood pressure and heart rate. 2. Measure out 100m. 3. Jog 100m (same speed every time) 4. When finished jogging 100m record heart rate and blood pressure. 5. Repeat steps 3&4, 3 more times 6. Calculate average...

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Exercise/pulse rate

Lab#: 15 Title: Exercise/pulse rate Aim: To investigate the effect of exercise on the pulse rate Materials/ Apparatus: Stop watch Diagram: Procedure: 1. The three middle fingers were placed just behind the bottom of the wrist as indicated in the diagram in order to see if the pulse could be felt. 2. (a) If the pulse was not felt the three fingers were moved about until it could be felt. (b) Changing the hand also helped to find the pulse. 3. The number of pulsation...

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Biology Practical Report on Pulse Rate

Aim: Pulse rate is the number of times in a minute an artery pulsates or the rhythmic expansion and contraction, which indicates that a heartbeat has occurred. There are many factors which affect the pulse rate which includes: gender, age, body temperature, pain, emotion, exercise, blood pressure, consumption of stimulants, dehydration, body mass index (weight), fitness level, lifestyle and many more. In my investigation, I would be examining the affect of gender in the change in the pulse rates...

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Pulse and Heart Rate

Varoopah, Susan Harrison Aims: 1. To make simple measurements of body parameters 2. To assess whether they fall in the normal range Introduction In this practical you are going to measure your height (cm) and weight (Kg), % skinfold fat, pulse rate (b/min) and blood pressure (mmHg). Put values on Excel sheet provided. 1. Size Equipment: Stadiometer; weighing scales. Measure your height (without shoes) in centimetres (cm) and weight in kilogrammes (Kg). Compare your weight with...

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The affect of Caffeine on pulse rate

following variables I am keeping the same;- Room temperature The volume of the drink No-one will consume caffeinated food or drinks beforehand. From what information I have collected I predict that the pulse rate of the people drinking the caffeinated drinks will have an increased pulse, because as research shows, caffeine is a stimulant. Therefor the prediction of an increased heart rate when caffeine enters the blood stream seems reliable. I also think after a certain period of time, when...

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Pulse and Demands High Level

positive about building a trusting relationship c. Be flexible regarding rules. d. Show support while controlling the child care. 3. The Nurse is performing CPR on an infant. Where should the nurse assess for pulse? a. Brachial Pulse b. Carotid Pulse c. Radial Pulse d. femoral Pulse 4. A Physician prescribes acetaminophen (Tylenol) elixir, 120 mg every 4 hours for a 14 month old child who weighs 20 lb (9.08 kg) The drug is supplied in a bottle labeled 160 mg/tsp and has a safe dosage of 10...

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Gender Influence on Mean Pulse Rate

| Gender Influence on Mean Pulse Rate | Laboratory Write-Up | Section 3 Kimberly Schmidt Section 3 Kimberly Schmidt | Savannah LeRette | 9/2/2012 | | Results In this experiment, we observed the effects that gender had on the mean pulse rate of men and women. Our goal was to support the prediction that stated, “If you are a female, then you will have a lower pulse rate.” The male subjects had an average pulse rate of 69 beats per minute before the step test. This was only...

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The Effects of Cold on Blood Pressure and Pulse

THE EFFECTS OF COLD ON BLOOD PRESSURE AND PULSE Abstract The ability known as thermoregulation is a feature of an organism that help to keep the body temperature within certain thresholds, thus independently from external conditions. A dynamic state of thermal balance of human body between its internal environment and the territory is a model example of precise control of organism heat. In the case where such stability would be disturbed the immediate response would appear as well. In accordance...

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How a Faster Pulse Rate After Exercise Affects the Amount of Carbon Dioxide in Breath and How Males and Females Pulse Rates Change or Don't After Exercise

How a faster pulse rate after exercise affects the amount of carbon dioxide in breath and how males and females pulse rates change or don’t after exercise Introduction There is a chemical reaction that takes place in this lab, O2 + C6H12O6 –> H2O + CO2 + ATP. This represents cellular respiration, the reaction. The reactants are Oxygen and Glucose. The products are water, carbon dioxide, and ATP. This reaction is split into 3 stages, the Glycolysis stage, the Krebs cycle, and the Electron Transport...

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A&P Lab Report on Blood Pressure & Pulse during exercise

Topic: Human Cardiovascular Physiology- Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate Determination. Hypothesis: Exercise can raise the blood pressure and the pulse rate. Aim: To determine the effect of exercise on the blood pressure and the pulse rates of students in the class. Introduction: The blood pressure of a person is the force exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries per unit area. The blood pressure unit is mmHg. The blood pressure of an individual is expressed in two ways, the systolic (due...

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Pulse Oximeter

History of Pulse Oximetry Before the Pulse-Oximeter the only way to measure SpO2 was by using a painful arterial blood gas which took a minimum of 20-30 minutes to view the result. In 1974 Takuo Aoyagi a Niigata University student disclosed his first Pulse-Oximeter for the use of pilots in World War 2. He set about searching for a non-invasive way of monitoring arterial blood oxygen saturation. Nellcor’s pulse oximeter was put on the market in 1983 and this used his theory developed in 1974. By...

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Turners Syndrome

parameters of the cardiac pacemaker pulses: duration, frequency, voltage and period. Also to calculate battery lifetime of the pacemaker. Theory Many organs are being stimulated by electric pulses nowadays to restore lost or inadequate functions. Electric stimulation is often more effective than pharmacotherapy. When heart pulse rate becomes less than 40 per minute, than the natural pacemaker of the heart can be substituted by artificial periodic electrical pulses of a special generator. This generator...

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Cardiovascular Lab Report 2

your data using the tables below. Using your own words, answer the following questions. Pulse Measurement: Observations: Data Table 1. Pulse Location Pulse Rate (beats/min) Radial 68 beats/min Carotid 76 beats/min Popliteal 60 beats/min Data Table 2. Radial Pulse Pulse Rate (beats/min) Sitting 68 beats/min Standing 84 beats/min Post Exercise 104 beats/min 1. What is the definition of a single pulse? —A pressure wave in an artery caused by the successive contractions of the heart. 2....

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Pals Study Guide

(supraventricular tachycardia or SVT). The course is a series of video segments then skills. The course materials well prepare you for the exam. ▪ AED – infant – if pediatric pads are unavailable it is acceptable to use adult pads ▪ AED – no pulse, CPR initiated – use AED when it arrives ▪ Airway – Intubated, oxygen saturation decreases. Breath sounds only on right – verify tube placement. ▪ BP – 2 year old 55/40 – hypotensive ▪ Bradycardia – vagal maneuver for infant – ice to...

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Nvqundertake Physiological Measurements

1 2. Physiological state in defined as “the condition or state of the body or bodily functions”. This can be measured when we perform our observations. By measuring a patient’s respiratory rate, oxygen saturations, peak flow (in asthma patients), pulse rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, core temperature, blood sugar, pupil reaction and Glasgow coma scale. All these combined measurement can give us an insight into the patient’s health or Physiological state. 2.1 The heart is simple a pump...

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Circulatory System Lab Report

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Respiratory_system Date visited: 29/05/09) Heart Rates: The meaning “pulse rate” is exactly the same than a “heart rate”. The Pulse Rate/Heart Rate is the dilation and contraction of the elastic muscular wall of the arteries. The Pulse Rate can be found in Arteries closer to the surface, for example; Carotid pulse in the neck and the Radial Pulse in the wrist. The heart rate can be increased or decreased for various reasons, For example; Exercise. The...

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Lab Report: Blood Pressure

Variables Affecting Human Arterial Pressure and Pulse Rate BIOL-204 Introduction: The woozy feeling when standing up too quickly. After going for a run, feeling as if one more beat and the heart would project itself out of the chest. Or quite the opposite and being in a very relaxed state. These are all changes one experiences at some time or another. What causes the different feelings and how each variable affects pulse rate and blood pressure has many wondering. Because of...

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Worm Lab Report

lab, we will put blackworms into the Nicotine to look at the differences in pulse rates when compared to a control. The proper name for blackworms is Lumbriculus Variegatus, they are freshwater worms most commonly found in North America and Europe. The blood in blackworms circulates from the dorsal blood vessel toward the head through a series of rhythmic contractions. A common pulse rate for the blackworm is 7 to 8 pulse/minute. Hypothesis- If a stimulant increases heart rate, then when the Lumbriculus...

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Practical Science Report

Once the minute was over, subject A took subject B’s pulse immediately and recorded the results. 3 - After the pulse was taken, subject B then undertook moderate exercise for another minute, and this was established by walking and then running up and down the college stairs. 4 - After one minute, subject A took subject B’s pulse for a minute and recorded results. Subject B sat down and after each minute, subject A took subject B’s pulse again. This was repeated three times after moderate exercise...

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Homeostasis Lab

internal environment is returned to normal. Pulse rate is constantly checked by receptors throughout your body. A stimulus such as elevated pulse rate leads to a reaction by an organ making the response. An appropriate response will return the pulse rate to normal. Purpose: To observe an example of homeostasis working to control your body’s pulse rate. Materials: stop watch Procedure: 1. Have your partner sit down and measure your partner’s pulse rate in their radial artery (wrist). Take...

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Step Test Lab Report

through their bodies (Joe Friel 6). So it is impossible to have a hypothesis that there is a difference in the effect of step test exercise on the pulse rate of athletes and non-athletes. Method and Materials: On 30/08/2012, NSCI 112 – Human Biology class did a step test to verify if there is a difference in the effect of step test exercise on the pulse rate of athletes and non-athletes. A stopwatch and paper were required to do the test. Students were divided into six groups with four members in...

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READING AND RECORDING TEMPERATURE, PULSE AND RESPIRATIONS Mark the following true or false. T=True F=False _____30. Always report a pulse rate if the beats per minute are under 60 or over 100. CHOOSE ONE CORRECT ANSWER FOR EACH QUESTION BELOW AND CIRCLE THE CORRESPONDING LETTER. 34. When taking a patient’s pulse, you should take it for: A.15 seconds. B.one full minute. C.5 seconds. D.two minutes. 35. When a patient’s respirations are being counted, it is best that the patient: ...

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Cardiovascular Effects on Smokers

and after an aerobic step test for every minute for six minutes. After reviewing the results one can easily see that the non-smokers as predicted returned to their RHR at a steadily decreasing rate. The heavy smokers and light smokers exhibited a pulse rate abnormally high and it took twice as long to return to its RHR. The results in this experiment support the hypothesis where smokers have a greater effect on their cardiovascular ability to perform cardio activities. Heavy smokers have a dramatic...

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Case Study1

signs measurements shows that some of her results are not within the normal ranges. Nursing Care Plan Assessment A 47 year-old-female complains of headache and numbness of her left hand. Vital signs: Temp 37.2˚c; Resps. 28/minute, BP 150/100mmHg, Pulse is weak upon palpation. She appears to be in anxious and shows signs of rib retraction and nasal flaring. Nursing Diagnosis #1 Headache related to increased in cerebral vascular pressure Planning/Intervention/Rationale 1. Assess blood pressure...

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Formal Lab Report. 10th Grade

the equation for Cellular Respiration, basically all this means is that it requires energy to create energy. So what the lab does, is determines how much energy it takes from person to person to exercise and how CO2 production, Breathing Rate, and Pulse Rate fluctuate. In America we are so concerned about looks and fitness, but if this is true than why is there such a problem with obesity. Well, if you read, and understand what has been done in this lab, than you will be able to adjust your metabolism...

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dive response lab final

Date:___10/29/14____________ Provide a copy of your completed data worksheets. Data Notebook Table 1. Changes during the Dive Response Heart Rate (BPM) Pulse Amplitude Rest 106.55 0.01631 15 Seconds into the Dive 75 0.02312 End of the Dive 53.73 0.015 30 Seconds after Dive 73 0.054 Table 2. Changes during Breath-holding Heart Rate (BPM) Pulse Amplitude Rest 90 0.016 15 Seconds into Breath-hold 68 0.0219 End of Breath-hold 66.5 0.0435 30 Seconds after Breath-hold 70 0.065 Table...

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Cardiovascular Lab 8


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Human Dive Response; Changes in Heart Rate While Resting and Submerged

each other’s pulse. The temperature of the water used from the sink were adjusted beforehand to about 23°C; room temperature. Water temperature was not re-adjusted to be hotter or colder. All tests were conducted in the same posture; leaning over the lab table with elbows resting on the table and the head down. Students worked in groups of three to four, and each one took turn being the experimental subject, taking the pulse and handling the stopwatch. To measure the radial pulse manually, the...

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Bios 260 Week 1 Alyssa Tinling

Spine Abnormal 9. Carotid bruit Systolic sound heard of the carotid artery Heart Abnormal 10. Pedal edema Swelling in the feet or lower legs Lower extremities Abnormal 11. Hepatosplenomegaly Enlargement of liver and spleen Abdomen Abnormal 12. Pulse 80 Pulse rate Heart Normal 13. Alopecia Hair loss Whole body Abnormal 14. Fundus not visualized The base of anything Eye, gall bladder, stomach, etc. Normal 15. Reflexes 2+ Tendon Reflex Knees, elbow, feet, or hands Normal 16. Hemoccult negative No...

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Photoplethysmography: Types and Applications

1. PHOTOPLETHYSMOGRAPHY Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a simple and low-cost optical technique that can be used to detect blood volume changes in the microvascular bed of tissue (1). Pulse Photoplethysmography was introduced to the world by Hertzman in the year 1938. It is a noninvasive technique that makes use of light source and a detector. The change in blood volume is synchronous to heart beat and hence this method can indirectly measure heart rate. PPG has been used to assess skin...

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Health Promotion Study Guide

associated with assessment of pulse (CHP 29, PP. 538-540) Assessment of pulse: Terms Locations: Temporal, carotid, apical, brachial, radial, femoral, popliteal, posterior tibial, pedal (dorsalis pedis) Pulse: wave of blood created by contraction of the left ventricle of the heart. Cardiac output: volume of blood pumped into the arteries by the heart and equals Stroke Volume (SV) X Heart Rate (HR) per minute. Compliance: ability of the arteries to expand Peripheral pulse: pulse located away from the...

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Lab Report the Effects of Drugs on Cardiac Physiology

Physiology 4 3. A loud thumping following the murmurs. 4. The sound becomes muffled. 5. Silence. In determining how fit we are a number of test can be used. This can include but is not limited to the ECG, blood pressure, and/or pulse rate. By taking the pulse under various conditions the maximum cardiac rate can be estimated. Trend wise, a non-athlete will reach their maximum cardiac output at a lower workload than an athlete. Although not completely accurate, this can be a very good indicator...

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First Aid

Chin-lift * Jaw-thrust Maneuver 2. BREATHING LLF – look, listen, and feel (5 seconds) LOOK – Rise and fall of the chest LISTEN an FEEL – Air coming out of the victims mouth and nose. 3. CIRCULATION Carotid pulse – adult and child Brachial pulse – infant IV. SECONDARY SURVEY IMPORTANCE OF YOUR SECONDARY SURVEY 1. Documentation 2. Patient monitoring 3. Legal purposes 4. Pre-hospital report A. HEAD-TO-TOE ASSESSMENT * (DCAPBTLS – TRAUMA CASES ONLY) ...

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Science EEI

production of sweat as the person exercised. In summary exercise can do a number of things to benefit us and is essential for us to exercise in order to remain healthy and strong. Aim: to investigate the rise in pulse and breathing rate when exercising and the time taken for the pulse and breathing rate to return to normal as well as the production of sweat when exercising. Hypothesis: as a result of exercising the heart will pump more blood into the veins and beat faster when exercising. Therefore...

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Physiology Practical(2010/11) : Measuring Body Parameters

the functions of living organisms. In this physiology practical, measurements of 41 students’ weight (kg) using electronic weighing scales, height (cm) using height measuring scales, skin fold thickness using callipers (mm), heart rate by counting pulse rates were made and then these results were tabulated on an excel sheet. The aim of this practical is to deduce how students’ weights and heights are distributed and observe if they fall within the normal range. Method: “refer to schedule” ...

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Questions and Answers: A Pulse Oximeter

PULSE OXIMETRY Submitted by: Joshua Martin Rhoanne Feleo Submitted to: Mrs. Fontanilla Pulse Oximetry What is a Pulse Oximeter? * A Pulse Oximeter is a device used to perform the diagnostic procedure for determining the: * Percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) that is saturated with oxygen The oxygen...

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Post Sigmoid Coletomy Care

of nursing care. This would need to be checked against the Early Warning Score (EWS) system which includes level of consciousness, the physiological parameters, for example, temperature, blood pressure, Oxygen saturation (SATS), respiratory rate, pulse and urine output. The EWS gives an overall score which informs me whether or not it is safe to take Mr Braun back to the ward. The recovery nurse would also inform me which medications he has had, information regarding IV fluids, how long they should...

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Haemodynamic Variables

those with a weak pulse and irregular heart rate, it is difficult to calibrate and also the algorithms for calculating SBP and DBP differ with each device (MDA, 2000). Heart rate values differed depending on the method used due to the reliability of each method. The stethoscope was used to amplify apical pulse, which was taken on the chest cavity. Palpitation was used to measure the radial pulse which was taken on the wrist. The radial pulse is most commonly taken but the apical pulse is taken in the...

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Pressure Moment

• to allow his resting pulse rate to accept ‘to get a reading of heart rate when be determined relaxed’ • to compare his pulse before and accept ‘to make sure his heart rate was after drinking the cola steady’ • so he would know if it had changed accept ‘to see if there was any change’ accept ‘so he could find out his normal heart rate’ accept ‘to get a reliable reading of his pulse rate’ accept...

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collected results are within the normal range. Introduction In this practical we have gathered results of 41 students measurements from their weight (Kg), height (cm), percentage (%) body fat by using callipers (mm), blood pressure and their heart rate pulse of the right arm (b/min) using our index, middle and ring finger pressed on the wrist near the thumb and counting. The collected results from each group was then recorded and put on to excel sheet. Method In this practical, we were divided to groups...

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Physical Assessment Eval Form Student C

ROM of neck 12. Cervical nodes 13. Palpate trachea for symmetry 14. Carotids, auscultate optionally 15. JVD Upper extremities 1. Skin – condition, 2. Palpate for temperature, sensation, muscle tension/firmness 3. Capillary refill 4. Turgor 5. Pulses 6. Strength 7. ROM Thorax/ Respiratory 1. Inspect Thoracic expansion, symmetry 2. Inspect respiratory pattern 3. Palpate for tenderness, symmetry, and fremitus 4. Auscultate normal & abnormal sounds 5. Auscultate breath sounds (identify areas for...

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Effect Caffeine Has on Daphnia

of me using water fleas for experimental purposes because it can be seen as natural and people may feel that I am messing with the sanctity of life. VARIABLES Independent- concentration of caffeine used Dependent- rate of heart beat, number of pulses counted Control- environment of experiment -procedure will be kept consistent throughout -same species of daphnia -same water temperature -same microscope -same kind of habitat |Concentration caffeine |Trial 1 |Trial 2 ...

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blood pressure lab report

 Blood Pressure and Pulse Determination National University Bio 202 Human Anatomy & Physiology 2 Lab Report Activity 33A Dr. Alpa Gautam March 6, 2012 Abstract The purpose of the paper is to inform and conduct a laboratory report on human blood pressure and pulse determination. Systolic (contraction) and diastolic (relaxation) pressures refer to the ventricular contraction and relaxation. With knowing the two pressures, one can distinguish if he/she...

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get fit for badmenton

in between. Although it is accepted that few coaches will have access to equipment that can transmit heart beats, it is possible to simplify the test by teaching the players to record their own. This can be done by locating the pulse beat in the neck (carotid pulse) as in Figure 1.4 and counting the number of beats in 6 seconds. This figure multiplied by 10 is the heart rate per minute. The coach using a stop watch can call out the 6-second interval and the player can call out the number of...

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The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure achieved before the aortic valves reopen, which is usually between 70- 80mm (Barbara, J.C. 2005). The heart rate is the number of beats that is pumped by the heart per minute. It’s measured by taking the pulse rate. Respiratory rate is the number of breath exhaled and inhaled in a single breath. Respiratory rate can be measured simply by observing the person’s chest and stomach rise and fall. It is usually measured in breath per minute. Tidal volume is the...

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Cardiovascular Assessment

radial pulse. It is not a suitable pulse for describing the character of the pulsation, but can be used to assess the rate and rhythm. At this point you should also check for a collapsing pulse – a sign of aortic incompetence. Remembering to check that the patient doesn’t have any problems with their shoulder, locate the radial pulse and place your palm over it, then raise the arm above the patient’s head. A collapsing pulse will present as a knocking on your palm. Take the radial pulse Check...

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Differences in Cardiovascular Fitness That Effect Nonsmokers and Smokers

cardiovascular endurance. The participants will record their pulse rate before and after every minute for six minutes after the step test. As predicted, the heavy smokers had an increase in pulse rate that was twice as high as the light smokers and nonsmokers who had similar increases in their pulse rate after exercise. The independent variable is how much the subject smokes which is either non, light, or heavy smokers. The dependent variable is pulse rate; it changes depending on how much the person has...

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Unit 5 P5&6

Minute | 11 | 17 | Temperature Degrees C | 34.5 | 37.2 | Heart Rate/ Pulse The pulse can be taken on two pressure points. One on the neck this is called carotid artery, this sometimes quiet hard to find, so most people measure from the wrist, the Radial artery, with two fingers, as the thumb as a pulse but is uneven and can affect accuracy. A Adults range of pulse should be 60-80 bpm resting, children’s and babies pulse is much faster and rapid. With mine on the lower end of the scale, means...

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The Mammalian Dive Response

To create a "norm", pulse rate was taken of each student while breathing normally. The pulse was taken by counting the number of heartbeats per 10 seconds and multiplying this number by six in order to get a full minute. These numbers were then recorded. To determine if water was the cause of pulse change, pulse rate was recorded while holding the breath outside of the water. As the third treatment pulse rate was recorded while faces were submerged underwater. This pulse rate was taken after...

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Cardiovascular paper

Nutrition and diet, smoking, alcohol, exercise, and medication. Objective data: 1) Inspect the Jugular Venous Pulse for distention. (Unilateral distention above 45 degrees signifies increased CVP as with heart failure). 2) Inspect precordium of the chest for heave or lifts. (Presence of heaves or lifts may indicate ventricular hypertrophy related to an increased workload). 3) Palpate the apical pulse. (The sustained impulse with increased force and duration occurs with left ventricular hypertrophy). 4)...

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Pe Netball Warm Up

4 Stage Netball Warm-up Pulse raiser: Shuttle runs: I think you should start with shuttle runs as wit will initially get your heart pumping and prepared for the cardio vascular elements of the sports. High Hurdles: I think if you incorporated high hurdles into you first pulse raiser it would get your legs ready and working and not only improve cardio vascular but power at the same time. High Knees/Heel flicks: If these were in the first pulse raiser it would get your body ready, heart rate...

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Music's Affects on the Human Body

Music does many things for the human body including, masking unpleasant sounds and feelings, slowing down and equalizing brain waves, affecting respiration, affecting the heartbeat, pulse rate, and blood pressure, reducing muscle tension and improving body movement and coordination, affecting the body temperature, regulating stress-related hormones, boosting the immune function, changing our perception of space and time, strengthening our memory and learning, boosting productivity, enhancing romance...

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study guide nursing 1

normal, hyperactive bowel sounds Braden Scale = assessment tool to determine if a person is at risk for developing pressure ulcers. The lower the number, the higher the risk for pressure ulcer development Bradycardia = abnormally slow heart rate, pulse rate below 60 beats per minute Bradypnea = abnormally slow breathing, respiratory rate below 10 per minute, regular rhythm Bruit = a sound or murmur heard in auscultation (abnormal) Cheyne Stokes respiration= apnea-then gradual increase in respiratory...

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Exercise and the Cardiovascular System and Respiratory System

find out the immediate effects of gentle and brisk exercise on the body by recording pulse rate, respiratory rate and blood pressure. The Practical Demonstration I took part in an experiment in my class with my classmates and teacher. We wanted to find out how gentle exercise and brisk exercise would affect our pulse rate, respiratory rate and blood pressure. I was expecting during gentle exercise that my pulse and respiratory rates and systolic blood pressure would slightly increase although...

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Unit 4222-335 Undertake physiological measurements

and chest tightness. 2.4 Normal pulse rates limits rate are 60 to 100. Fast heart rate ( tachycardia ) with our lifestyle, exercises, stress, anxiety and some disorders might make pulse rate rise such as breathing disorders, asthma. Slow heart rate ( bradycardia ) can be cause by age, the older you get, the more the electrical system of the heart functions abnormally; heart attack, heart infections. There is few places on the body where can measure a pulse rate such as wrist; neck; foot behind...

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The Fight and Flight Reaction

automatic, inborn response that prepares the body to "fight" or "flee" from perceived attack, harm or threat to our survival. I decided to test the question how this fight and flight response effects the body. How it effects the cardiovascular system ( pulse rate) , the respiratory system, And Watch out for angry red faces, cold and clammy skin, signs of a dry mouth, increased breathing rates and jitteriness from activated muscles, etc. It really interested me because my brother asked me " why do we...

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Effects of Caffeine After Cardiovascular Exercise

Introduction The experiment aimed to establish a correlation between caffeine intake and the effects it has on both the pulse and respiration rates of an individual after undergoing moderate-intense cardiovascular exercise. Caffeine itself is one of the most heavily consumed drugs on the planet; it is estimated that over 90% of Americans consume caffeine daily (Richard Lovett, 2005, New Scientist iss. 2518) and is the most widely used stimulant in the world (Arcerio, P, Ormsbee, J, 2009, pg. 1)...

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