"Power Distance Uncertainty Avoidance Individualism Masculinity Afghanistan" Essays and Research Papers

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Power Distance Uncertainty Avoidance Individualism Masculinity Afghanistan

identified systematic differences in national cultures on four primary dimensions: power distance (PDI), individualism (IDV), uncertainty avoidance (UAI) and masculinity (MAS), which are described below. As Hofstede explains on his academic website, these dimensions regard “four anthropological problem areas that different national societies handle differently: ways of coping with inequality, ways of coping with uncertainty, the relationship of the individual with her or his primary group, and the emotional...

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Cross-cultural Communication and Power Distance

strategies include trust, communication, and power problems. Further more, the advantages of crossing culture diversity that are more creativity, more and better ideas, better decision making can strengthen an organization’s culture. A. Analyze the Japanese culture and its impact on American MNC’s organizational culture and management? According to Hofstede’s 5 cultural dimensions U.S. is a small power distance, individualism, weak uncertainty, masculine country. Basing on Trompenaars’s...

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Uncertainty avoidance

Uncertainty avoidance 1….Uncertainty Avoidance, "a society's tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity". It reflects the extent to which members of a society attempt to cope with anxiety by minimizing uncertainty. The uncertainty avoidance dimension expresses the degree to which a person in society feels uncomfortable with a sense of uncertainty and ambiguity. The fundamental issue here is how a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: should we try to control the future or...

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cultural distance assignment

Cultural Distance Assignment IIB 1. What is the formula developed by Kogut and Singh in 1988 in the Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS)? Explain the formula in your own words. CDj is the cultural distance between the host country (j) and the home country (in this case Germany). It is calculated with a summation of 4 different variables indicating different cultural dimensions. These are uncertainty avoidance, power distance, individualism/collectivism and masculinity/femininity...

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Individualism and Collectivism

horizontal individualism and vertical collectivism cultures. The last chapter will consist of summary of factors, recommendations for global managers how to enhance cross cultural work, and conclusion. Individualism and collectivism According to Hoftsede, there are six dimensions that differ countries among each other. They are: power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, pragmatism and indulgence. However, this proposal is mainly focusing on two of them, which are power distance...

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Uncertainty Avoidance

Uncertainty Avoidance What is Uncertainty Avoidance? The Uncertainty Avoidance is one of the five intercultural dimensions developed by Hofstede. This cultural index concerned with a community’s tolerance for dubiousness and amphibology. It demonstrate to what extent a culture programs its members to feel either inconvenient or convenient in unstructured situations. This situations are new, unfamiliar, surprising, and different from usual. Uncertainty avoiding cultures try to reduce the opportunity...

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Uncertainty Avoidance

Uncertainty Avoidance He has defined the cultural characteristic of Uncertainty Avoidance as: . . . the extent to which people within a culture are made nervous by situations which they perceive as unstructured, unclear, or unpredictable, situations which they therefore try to avoid by maintaining strict codes of behaviour and a belief in absolute truths. Cultures with a strong uncertainty avoidance are active, aggressive, emotional, compulsive, security-seeking, and intolerant; cultures with...

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Hofstede’s Masculinity Index

study, Hofstede came up with five cultural dimensions that can be used to assess each countries culture; power distance, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, individualism, and masculinity index. In our presentation, we chose a topic about the masculinity index. Therefore, an in depth analysis for this dimension will follow in the next part. IV. Masculinity Index: "Masculinity index refers to the distribution of roles between the genders in a society” (Geert Hofstede, 2009) During...

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Cultural Comparison Paper

social and others are cultural. Hofstede’s Value Dimensions can be used to highlight the differences between the cultures. Individualism vs collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity/femininity, power distance, and long-term vs short-term orientation are all characteristics that differ between France and the United States. In Communications Between Cultures individualism and collectivism are described by researchers as “self-orientation versus collective orientation as one of the basic pattern...

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Culture-Power Distance

Culture - Power Distance This is a determinant basic to all societies that Hofstede has named. It is describing the distribution of "power" among individuals and groups in the society, and how inequalities in power are dealt with in these societies. Inequality of power is a basic fact of life. It cannot be 100% eliminated. Iit is impossible to have _no_ power distance, because this means everyone is exactly equal (skills, actions, genetics, etc) unless of course you are on about a bunch of identical...

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