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    Contingency Approach

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    The Contingency Approach: Y. Y^ -a . . ’ ^ 1 i^-^ .g ^ ‚ The Contingency Its l^oundations and Relevance A poc p r ah to Theory Building and Research in Marketing by Valarie A. Zeithaml Duke University‚ Durham‚ North Carolina‚ P. "Rajan" Varadarajan Texas A&M University‚ and Carl P. Zeithaml University of North Carolina‚ Chapel Hill Introduction During the 1960s‚ management theory and research began to adopt a new orientation‚ one that embodied a remarkably simple concept

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    The Contingency Approach

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    System approach theory A system is a combination of things or parts forming a complex or a unitary whole aimed at working together to achieve a common purpose. This approach was used to integrate various management schools; it mainly aimed at job managing. With this approach‚ an organization was to divide itself into manageable systems forming a whole so as to be able to fully increase the workers’ productivity and issues for successful results. Managing jobs and provide a framework for visualizing

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    Contingency Theory

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    5. Theoretical Contingency Framework 5 Theoretical Contingency Framework Having clarified the EPs’ development in the previous chapter‚ this chapter presents the theoretical framework that was developed to guide the data collection‚ analysis‚ and performance evaluation presented in the subsequent chapters. We first introduce structural contingency theory and its underlying assumptions. Specific attention will be given to the “patterned systems” approach (Van de Ven and Ferry 1980) which will

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    Contingency Theory

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    briefly define key terms first - whose theory are you discussing and what are its elements?  (2) Routineness of task technology Depending on the type of technology (routine or non-routine) the organisational structure‚ leadership style and control systems will differ. This will be discussed in greater detail in later chapters. (3) Environmental uncertainty What works in a stable environment may not work or be totally inappropriate in a rapidly changing and unpredictable environment. (4) Individual

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    Contingency Theory

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    CONTINGENCY THEORY CONTINGENCY THEORY IS A CLASS OF BEHAVIORAL THEORY THAT CLAIMS THAT THERE IS NO BEST WAY TO ORGANIZE A CORPORATION‚ TO LEAD A COMPANY OR TO MAKE DECISIONS. “THE BEST WAY TO ORGANIZE DEPENDS ON THE NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENT TO WHICH THE ORGANIZATION RELATES.” William Richard Scott CONTINGENCY THEORY TELLS US THAT AN ORGANIZATION IS MOST EFFECTIVE WHEN IT ADAPTS AND FITS ITSELF TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS. CONTINGENCY THEORY IN A NUTSHELL  Organizations are

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    Contingency Theory

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    Contingency Theory Contingency Theory is a class of behavioral theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation‚ to lead a company‚ or to make decisions. An organizational / leadership / decision making style that is effective in some situations‚ may be not successful in other situations. In other words: The optimal organization / leadership / decision-making style depends upon various internal and external constraints (factors). Contingency Theory factors Some examples

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    Contingency Theory

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    Contingency theorists argue that an organization that adapts to its environment will perform better than an organization that does not (Donaldson‚ 1996) and that mismatched characteristics within organizational configurations will prevent an organization from achieving natural harmony with its environment that will lead to better performance (Mitzberg‚ 1981). In contrast to the classical scholars‚ most theorists today believe that there is no one best way to organize. What is important is that there

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    Contingency Theory

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    due an old style of leadership and alternatively should change it towards a better numbers for the company. A leader is best described as a member of a group of two or more people that is tasked with structuring or restructuring of a situation and the perceptions and expectations of the other group members (McLaurin‚ J.R.‚ 2006). A company without a strong leader giving the goals and orientating the staff is more alike to be instable and to fall. This report will look at the importance of a strong

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    Contingency Theory

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    CONTINGENCY THEORY Contingency Theory is a class of behavioral theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation‚ to lead a company‚ or to make decisions. Instead‚ the optimal course of action is contingent (dependent) upon the internal and external situation. The leading practitioners of which were Tom Burns‚ Joan Woodward‚ Paul Lawrence‚ Jay Lorsch‚ and Fred Fiedler‚ an otherwise theoretically eclectic group who were nevertheless united in their belief that no single organizational

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    Contingency theory

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    Contingency theory is a class of behavioral theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation‚ to lead a company‚ or to make decisions. Instead‚ the optimal course of action is contingent (dependent) upon the internal and external situation. A contingent leader effectively applies their own style of leadership to the right situation. In contingency theory of leadership‚ the success of the leader is a function of various contingencies in the form of subordinate‚ task‚ and/or

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    One pioneer who was instrumental in moving organization theory to the contingency approach was Joan Woodward‚ who studies the effect of technology on the organization. Woodward found that many variations in organization structure were associated with differences in manufacturing techniques. As Woodward pointed out: "Different technologies imposed different kinds of demands‚ and these demands had to met through an appropriate structure. Commercially successful firms seemed to be those in which function

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    Contingency Theories

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    Contingency theory suggests that it is possible to organize too much to meet the needs of the environment. This would be a case of strategic misfit. Think of an example of misfit caused by an inappropriate organization design. Explain how a firm’s structure could systematically increase its costs and place it at a strategic disadvantage. Contingency theory is the idea that there is no uniformly “best” structure for all firms in all circumstances. Contingency theory has focused on three factors

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    | Definition of contingency(noun) by the Oxford Dictionary noun (plural contingencies) * a future event or circumstance which is possible but cannot be predicted with certainty * examples: a detailed contract which attempts to provide for all possible contingencies * a provision for a possible event or circumstance: stores were kept as a contingency against a blockade * an incidental expense: allow an extra fifteen per cent on the budget for contingencies * [mass noun] the absence

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    Report on the Contingency Theories of Leadership Executive Summary This report presents an overview of the Contingency theories of Leadership over time and their relevance to the study of Management and Leadership in organizations. The report opens with a general definition of leadership and then tracks the evolution of leadership theories over the past 70 year‚ concentrating on the contingency theories of leadership. Each of these offers some insights into the qualities of successful leaders

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    Fiedler's Contingency Theory

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    Fiedler’s Contingency Theory Proposed by the Austrian psychologist Fred Edward Fiedler (1922- ). The contingency model emphasizes the importance of both the leader’s personality and the situation in which that leader operates. A leader is the individual who is given the task of directing and coordinating task-relevant activities‚ or the one who carries the responsibility for performing these functions when there is no appointed leader. Fiedler relates the effectiveness of the leader to aspects

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    This essay sets out to show where the four popular management contingency variables of organisational size‚ routineness of task technology‚ environmental uncertainty and individual differences are reflected in the work of the manager that was interviewed. Using classical theories of Fayol‚ Mintzberg and Katz along practical examples from the managers’ day-to-day routine‚ this essay sets out to explain how these theories and functions impact upon how the manager applies the situational approach to

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    2.0 CONTENT 2.1 Explain the relevant theories / models / frameworks/ assumptions related to the OB topic you have selected Leadership plays an significant role in the workplace. Core leadership theories are fall into four main categories Trait Leadership‚ Behavioral Leadership‚ Power and Influence Leadership‚ and Contingency Leadership (“How Leadership Theory Can Work For You‚” n.d.). These theories clarify the specific element of an effective leader that are helpful when leading others. Basically

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    Contingency Approach to Management Published on March 20‚ 2007 by NIKMAHAJAN in Business and Society Comments (26)|39 Liked It The contingency approach believes that it is impossible to select one way of managing that works best in all situations like promoted by Taylor. The contingency approach believes that it is impossible to select one way of managing that works best in all situations like promoted by Taylor. Their approach is to identify the conditions of a task (scientific management

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    FIEDLER’S CONTINGENCY THEORY Introduction The contingency Theory shows the relationship between the leader’s orientation or style and group performance under differing situational conditions. The theory is based on determining the orientation of a leader ( relationship or task )‚ the elements of the situation ( leader-member relations‚ task structure and leader position power)‚ and the leader orientation that was found to be most effective as the situation changed from low to moderate

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    Contingency Theories of Leadership Nelson Mandela‚ Margaret Thatcher‚ Martin Luther King and Mother Teresa are just few of the names that come to mind whenever we think of great leaders. They have a vision of what they want and have the ability to communicate their vision in order to gain the support and cooperation of their followers. Often we find it easy to identify great leaders yet it is difficult to explain the qualities that make them great. In comparison‚ Nelson Mandela and Margaret Thatcher

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