"Narrator" Essays and Research Papers


“I am one of the few honest people that I have ever known”. Discuss. Nick Carraway, the narrator of the great American novel The Great Gatsby written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is often heralded as one of the greatest narrators of all time. However, whether Nick was a reliable narrator is an issue that is up for debate, with my personal belief being that Nick was not a reliable narrator, due to his fondness for exaggeration and contradiction, and his obvious idolization of Jay Gatsby. Firstly, Nick...

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Narrator in "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley

Mary Shelley uses three narrators in her complex narrative of Frankenstein to create a certain degree of objectivity- the novel starts with an epistolary structure with the letters of Robert to Margaret with include an account of the life of Victor and that of the narrative of the monster through the narrative of Victor. The narrative plot is can be said is made of concentric circles with Robert in the outer most circle, Victor in the second circle and the monster in the innermost circle. In the...

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Crossing: Narrator and Story

bad. It is an interesting story and this study will analyze and interpret the narrator, setting and structure and will finally conclude on the story as a whole. The story is being told from a limited omniscient third person narrative. “He remembered asking once – how old could he have been, seventeen? – and the old man calling back over his shoulder, “don’t fuckin’ fall.” The quote is the father’s thoughts. The narrator refers to the persons as he and their names, which is seen all the way through...

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Unreliable Narrator

Johnny Lai 07659563 Narrator is the person (perspective) which is chosen by the author to tell the story (literary work, movie, play, verbal account, etc.) to the readers (audiences). Traditionally, the narrator is supposed to be reliable, since he/she/it is the only connection between the readers and the fiction world. But occasionally, authors would use unreliable narrator to be the perspective of their story. The concept of the unreliable narrator (as opposed to "author") became more important...

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Unreliable narrator

Unreliable Narrators in Poe’s Annabel Lee and The Tell Tale Heart Something happens when we as readers start to sense that there is a case of an unreliable narrator – we stop reading the story and start reading the narrator or writer. This can make the story more complicated, confusing, and ultimately thrilling, specifically in the case of the famous poet Edgar Allan Poe. In Poe’s Annabel Lee and Tell Tale Heart, he gives us reason to doubt the sanity and truthfulness of his narrators. The deeper...

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Borders: Narrator and Boy

interpretation changes depending on whom the narrator is and whether they are involved in the story. In Thomas King’s short story “Borders”, a twelve-year-old boy recounts the experience he had with his mother crossing the United States border. As a result of a child narrating, it is easy to see the contrast between the boy and his mother, the ignorance by the government, and the compassion in the duty-free manager Mel. Using the boy as the narrator was important to the telling of “Borders” because...

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The Unreliable Narrator

The Unreliable Narrator The impact of the narrative point of view and subsequently, the narrator’s control over his story-telling cannot be ignored. Mastery in presenting the story gives the narrator control to direct his readers as he intends, and hence it is important to penetrate the façade of the writing to truly understand what is going on. In Lolita, this is especially crucial as Humbert paints a sympathetic and sorry picture of himself to gain empathy from the readers. Yet, at the same...

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The Cathedral- Raymond Carver (Effect on Narrator)

2012 Robert’s effect on the narrator “The Cathedral” is a short story written in 1963 by Raymond Carver. “The Cathedral” includes three characters: the narrator, the narrator’s wife, and a blind friend of the wife’s, Robert. Robert has an effect on the narrator from the very beginning but the effect changes as the story develops. At the beginning of the story, the narrator is very bitter about his wife’s blind friend. As the story begins to develop the narrator starts to treat Robert, the blind...

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Narrators Wide Sargasso Sea

techniques Jean Rhys uses to bring across the point that the narrators are unreliable and the truth twisted, it is an interesting and effective idea as it makes the reader feel confused on who to trust and really involves them in the book, and they become party to the secrets. It is very confusing for the reader, since during reading the narrators of the story change very suddenly; there are three different 'books' in WSS each with a different narrator. Book one is the main section, it is from the viewpoint...

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The Use of Setting by the Narrator in "A Tell-Tale Heart"

The use of setting by the narrator in “A Tell-Tale Heart” Edgar Allan Poe’s “A Tell-Tale Heart” is about a man, driven by madness, who murders an old man in order to escape his fear. I believe that the narrator chose the time and place of his crime intentionally, for the following reasons: The deed was committed in the dark, which also describes his thoughts. The murderous act was in the old man’s bedroom, with the bed being the murder weapon, in order to achieve redemption. Also, the crime was...

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Hawthorne's use of the narrator in Young Goodman Brown

the story is told through the eyes of a limited omniscient third-person narrator. This style is very accommodating to the story because it allows the author perfect opportunities to express his points. The narrator can both describe what Goodman Brown is doing, and also evaluate and comment on the characters actions. This is a tool of the author to use the narrator to express his own personal beliefs on mankind. The narrator possesses the capability of reading the thoughts and feelings of the protagonist...

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Analyse the shifting narrator in Rinconete y Cortadillo by Cervantes

Cortadillo is given to us by the third-person narrator who is omniscient and descriptive. The boys are described in detail without us yet knowing who they are. They then start a conversation with each other and the next section is made up almost entirely of dialogue in which the narrator steps back and only adds occasional remarks to let us know who is speaking, for example: respondió el preguntado; dijo el mayor; respondió el mediano; preguntó el grande. The narrator does not release the boys names until...

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Poe's Narrators in "Cask of Amontillado" and "Fall of the House of Usher"

is the allure and complexity of the narrator of the story. These narrators, ranging from innocent bystanders to psychotic murderers, add depth to such a short story and really allow Poe to explore the themes of death and murder which he seems to have an unhealthy obsession towards. Furthermore, he uses these narrators to give a different perspective in each of his many works and to really unsettle the reader by what is occurring throughout the story. The narrators, whether an innocent witness of death...

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The Out-of-Sync Narrator: Forster’s Ironic Critique of Economic Inequality

The Out-of-Sync Narrator: Forster’s Ironic Critique of Economic Inequality Although she rarely uses personal pronouns to call attention to herself as a physical character, it is hard to ignore the narrative presence in Howards End that often seems overly harsh and judgmental toward the characters and events being described. If Forster were trying to impart a single moral truth or Victorian ideal on the reader, it would have made more sense to have the narrator’s voice more closely align with Margaret’s...

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Belonging: Narrator and Sense

dreamy state implies that a sense of belonging comes after we establish healthy connections with place. The unnamed narrator in ‘Big World’ tells of the differences between himself and his best high school friend in a confessional tone, saying “Unlike him, I’m not really from here. It’s not hosing blood that s**ts me off – it’s Angelus itself; I’m going nuts here.” Unlike Zhu, the narrator chooses not to build a connection to the place, instead he intends to escape Angelus, evident in the line “f**k...

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Peter Orner's The Raft: Narrator, Characterization, Time, Symbols and Setting

The Raft ”His face is so perfectly round that his smile looks like a gash in a basketball.” In this essay I’m going to focus on narrator, characterization, time aspect, symbols and the setting. The short story is written by Peter Orner in 2000. The short story is about a conversation between a 12, soon 13 years old boy, and his grandfather, Seymour, who commands a destroyer. It is about war and what a war can do to each individual soldier after killing another human being. “The Raft” takes...

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Atonement - the Unrealiable Narrator

realize this until the closing twenty pages. As one begins to understand the implications of this revelation, the credibility of her story is considerably weakened. However, is the power of the story diminished by the shadow of a possibly unreliable narrator? In context of the novel, which is written as an atonement (the making of amends for a mistake or a sin), Briony would, perhaps, have a tendency to lie or, rather, avoid the truth in an attempt to disguise her responsibility for the crime and proceeding...

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Narrator in "A Rose for Emily"

The Narrator Sets the Tone Authors often use narrative to influence the way the reader perceives a given topic. Using different types of narrators, for example first person or omnipotent, the author can control the information available to the reader, which causes the reader to draw conclusions based solely on the information as presented. In “A Rose for Emily”( 84 ) the author uses a limited omnipotent narrator to relay the events over a period of several decades that relate to Miss Emily...

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Why Is the Narrator an Unreliable One "Tell Tale Heart"?

Why is the narrator an unreliable one? 1. He is not a reliable narrator because he is insane. Though he repeatedly states that he is sane, the reader suspects otherwise from his bizarre reasoning, behavior, and speech. ‘‘True—nervous—very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why will you say that I am mad?'' The reader realizes through Poe’s description of the narrator’s extreme nervousness that the protagonist has in fact descended into madness, as anxiety is a common symptom of...

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The Unreliable Narrator in Agatha Christie's the Murder of Roger Ackroyd

The use of the unreliable is a very important and unconventional narrative technique used by authors in creating an air of suspense and uncertainty around the story. An unreliable narrator is one whose rendering of the story and/or commentary on it the reader has reasons to suspect. The unreliability of a narrator can source from his limited knowledge, his personal involvement and his problematic value-scheme. The use of this narrative technique is especially very effective in detective fiction...

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Sandwich Factory

The Sandwich Factory Factories turn human beings into machines. This is the perspective of the narrator in the short story “The Sandwich Factory” by Jason Kennedy. When mechanization is utilized to increase efficiency, factory employees become monotone working machines and individuals become just one of many - a crowd of insignificant people. This assignment will begin with an analysis and interpretation of the short story “The Sandwich Factory” by Jason Kennedy. To put the story into perspective...

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The Narrator’s Perception of Cosmopolitanism in Amitav Ghosh’s “the Shadow Lines”

the novel The Shadow Lines by Amitav Ghosh this controversial idea is a major theme. Many of the characters believe in cosmopolitanism in different forms. The unnamed narrator takes his own stance on cosmopolitanism which in his own way, directly relates to the theory defined by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. To the narrator of The Shadow Lines, a person is cosmopolitan if they accept other cultures, travel and hold value to their travels, and have great imagination. In the narrator’s mind...

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Narration: Types of Narration

Novelists use different way of telling their stories: they use different characters to tell the stories (narrators) and present the events from different ‘angles’ (different points of view). First – person narrator (the story is told by an ‘I’), who may be the main character in the novel or a minor character in the novel, an observer of events that happen to others. Third – person narrator In the novels written in the 3rd person, two main points of view are normally used: the omniscient point...

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Ranga's Marriage

The narrator felt that Ranga and Ratna were suitable for each other. He arranged a meeting in which Ranga could meet Ratna and get impressed with her quality of singing. He manipulated things in a clever way and made Ranga fall in love with her. He finally got them married. 2. What are the special features of Hosahalli and in what respect are they so? In the village of Hosahalli the mango trees produce sour mangoes whose sourness go straight to the skull bones. There is also a creeper growing...

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Mental Illness In Yellow Wallpaper

narrator’s mind. For example, the narrator says, “I wish I could get well faster. But I must not think about that” (Gilman, 8). In this quotation we get a glance at the narrator’s desire for recovery, but due to her husband’s influence and her psychiatrist’s treatment of rest, she immediately switches her train of thought. This quote also helps readers identify themselves with the narrator, particularly people dealing with depression or other mental illness. The narrator conveys the stigma of mental illness...

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To What Extent Is Nick a Reliable Narrator in the Great Gatsby

To what extend is the character Nick a reliable narrator in the book 'The Great Gatbsy'? Nick is a person with a number of contrasting allegiances within the book. For example he finds connections between himself and Gatsby, both serving in the War and that the both come from the ‘Mid-West’. However, Nick is also connected to the Buchannan’s: he is Daisy’s cousin, he comes from a wealthy background and he went to the same college as Tom Buchannan. Also, Nick says that his father told him to remember...

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Rebecca Notes

- Crime: crimes, their detection, criminals, and their motives. The novel is written first person by the narrator, who is never named within the book, and can be considered an ‘unreliable narrator,’ because everything is shown through her ‘unreliable narrative’  ‘she’ is persecuted, ‘she’ is inadequate, ‘she’ has an inferiority complex and ‘she’ is haunted by Rebecca. The narrator dreams twice, once in the beginning and once in the end, which conveys the truth that her conscious mind cannot...

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Sylvia Plath - Nature

conclusion on humanity both in and out of nature. As time goes on, and Plath's sanity becomes even more fragile, the narrator's relationship with nature becomes more intimate and intense. Such poems include "Blackberrying" and “Poppies in July", where the narrator explores her personal connection with nature. "Two Campers in Cloud country" is a sharp contrast, featuring a more observant narrative. All three of these poems share a similarity in technique however, with Plath using symbolism, imagery and metaphorical...

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Grendel: Choosing Grendel's or Beowulf's Side

happen this way. What is it like to see this same scene from the bullies' perspective? The narrator of Beowulf and the character Grendel, in Gardner's Grendel, have totally different views of the same event. In Beowulf, the narrator tells the story in third person with Beowulf being the "good guy" and Grendel being the "bad guy" and vice versa in the story Grendel, told in first person with Grendel being the narrator. Furthermore, in most literature the author generally points out what is the "good" and...

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Analysis on Sherwood Anderson's a Death in the Woods

an old woman named Mrs. Grimes. The narrator is a man who is recalling this story from childhood. He is haunted by the old woman’s death but it is the story of her life that he needs to tell. Throughout most of the story we are under the impression that the narrator’s memories are fabricated due to the fact that it happened so long ago. The story is rich with details. I believe there are certain occurrences that influenced his memory. As a child, the narrator, along with his brother and a group...

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After Apple Picking and Road Not Taken Comparative Essay

the poem, a confusing array of vague words and phrases suggest that the narrator is in the, “dream state.” These phrases of no apparent meaning are undoubtably bewildering and makes one decide for him or herself what only exists in the dream and what is real. This sequence of messages to the reader that the narrator is understandably moderately tired after another day at apple picking, but there is evidence that the narrator was tired at the beginning of the poem. He also attempted to “Rub the strangeness...

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Explore how Hosseini portrays the character of Baba and his relationship with Amir in the opening chapters of ‘The Kite Runner’

through the dialogue of the character of Rahim Khan as he refers to Baba as “Mr. Hurricane.” The narrator often indirectly refers to, or quotes, the ‘people’ as they ‘urged him to stop his foolishness’ Each perspective has their own opinion which is what makes them so valuable when putting the character of Baba under study. Hosseini presents the character of Baba as having a great physical presence. The narrator tells the reader ‘My father was a force of nature, a towering Pashtun specimen with a thick...

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'to Da-Duh, in Memoriam’ and ‘a Horse and Two Goats’ Present Conflict

looks at the narrator, calling the child ‘‘fierce.’’ At this point there is an instant competition but also a connection between the characters. Each of them has a stubborn strength and confidence that their way of life way of living is the right. The rivalry symbolisms conflict between modern world and old world, which becomes apparent when Da-duh takes her granddaughter to see the tallest ‘palm tree’ on the island. She asks the child if they have anything as tall in New York. The narrator replies and...

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Narrative Interview - "The Things They Carried," by Tim O'Brien

be considered as when Tim, the character, heard about Bowkerʼs story, then the story lead to the second layer at which Tim, the writer, made it seem like Bowker is retelling the story. In fact, the whole story itself, is narrated by a fictional narrator, this discovery is and can be seen as the third and final layer. This discovery proves both the application of meta-fiction and narrative layering as it writes fiction based on fiction and is narrated by layers of fiction characters. Even within...

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Mr Know all

citizen who is the nameless narrator of the story, dislikes Mr. Kelada even before he sees him. However, at theend of the pride and reputation to save an American ladys marriage.As a result, he earns the respect of the narrator.story Mr. Kelada, the Levantine jeweller, proves to be a real gentlemanwhen he sacrifices his own THE SETTING Time- a short time after World War I. It is mentioned for two reasons. First, itjustifies the accidental meeting in the same cabin of the narrator and Mr. Kelada. Thepassenger...

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The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

Spark reveals the betrayer, and lastly all the details surrounding the event are told. Spark develops her characters in this way, too: Joyce Emily is introduced right away as the girl who is rejected from the Brodie set. With this technique, the narrator of the story is omniscient and timeless, relating the entire plot all at once. Spark creates deep characterizations which are realistic in their human imperfections. Hal Hager, in his commentary on the novel, writes of Sandy and Miss Brodie: "The...

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Tinker Creek Summary

Earth in Jest’’ The opening of Pilgrim at Tinker Creek is one of the most famous passages from the book. ‘‘I used to have a cat,’’ the book begins. The narrator reports that she was in the habit of sleeping naked in front of an open window, and the cat would use that window to return to the house at night after hunting. In the morning, the narrator would awaken to find her body ‘‘covered with paw prints in blood; I looked as though I’d been painted with roses.’’ This opening passage introduces...

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Narration in Detective Fiction

detection is hardly affected by the narration. Because the narrator, Dr. John Watson, is not a detective but rather a sidekick, he does not proffer much information pertaining to the detection of the mystery. Watson is merely a bystander who provides occasional aid to the eccentric Holmes. The process of detection is occurring nearly exclusively in the mind of Sherlock Holmes, which the reader is not granted access to. Therefore the only way the narrator influences the process of detection in Doyle’s story...

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How Does the Framed Narrative Have an Effect in Ethan Frome?

person. The anonymous Narrator describes his first impressions of Ethan Frome and about how he pieced together the story of Ethan Frome from personal observation and from fragments of the story told to him by townspeople. The prologue not only introduces The Narrator, but also describes Starkfield and the winter setting, inhabitants of Starkfield, and provokes curiosity about the tragedy experienced by Ethan Frome. Frome is a badly crippled but striking older man whom the Narrator has seen at the post...

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The Black Cat A reflection of Edgar Allen Poe

alcohol  abuse. His actions with this alcohol has affected his whole life. Instead of seeing the narrator  himself needs help, he blames it on the black cat. The Black Cat is symbolic for all the wrongs in  the narrator’s life, a scapegoat. The cat is maltreated every time something goes wrong with the  narrator, it is the outcome of his alcohol abuse. As it is explained in the story, the narrator was  the victim of a “Fiend Intemperance” (Poe 6). By the day he grew more moody, more irritable, ...

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How Does Edgar Allen Poe Create Tension in the Tell Tale Heart

instance the narrator is the villain wrecked my madness and distress and the victim which is an old man who is wanted dead for his “Evil”  “vulture” eye that torments the narrator .This end with the narrator killing the old man in cold blood which is a usual theme in gothic horrors. An unnamed narrator opens the story by addressing the reader and claiming that he is nervous but not mad. This automatically makes the reader feel a gradual build in tension and by unnaming the narrator it dehumanises...

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French Lieutenant's Woman

with chatty narrator and narrative juggling. The most striking fact about the novel is the use of different authorial voices. Voice of the narrator has a double vision: The novel starts off with an intrusive omniscient, typically Victorian, voice: “I exaggerate? Perhaps, but I can be put to the test, for the Cobb has changed very little since the year of which I write; [...]” (Fowles, p.10). In chapter 1 we hear an extensive, detailed description of Lyme Bay. The narrator makes it a point...

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The Stanley Parable Analysis

was arguably the most horrifying scenario I could have ended up with. I started off in Stanley’s office and the narrator goaded me into exploring the rest of the workspace. Not a single coworker was in sight and as I entered each new space of the building, the narrator told me to go forward into another. By the time I reached the stairwell, this is where I decided to disobey the narrator. Instead of going upstairs to check out the boss’s office, I went downstairs out of sheer curiosity. I was led...

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A Realistic Theme Is Best

be relevant. It’s theme must be timeless, and once more relevant to today than ever. For this four reasons is that I vote “rip Van Winkle” the best story. It has a more realistic themes, the know conflict, interesting setting, and its unreliable narrators that enrich the stories ideas. Irving’s theme is about a man struggling against the way society thinks he should live his life like. The society disapproves how Rip Van Winkle wants to live a “carefree” life. The ”The Minister Black Veil” is...

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The Progress of Love

seems, with chimney stains, it has been let go. Jumps in time to narrators ex-husband making fun of narrator fantasizing about stains. Next paragraph is the father in a retirement home, always referring to things: ‘The lord never intended.’, shows how old people have disdain for new things, the next generation appears to be more and more sacreligious. Shows streak of meanness when ‘spits’ out a reference to constant praying, narrator claims he does not know who he is talking to, but appears to be...

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John Updike and his novel ‘The Centaur’

So we can say that this is the autobiographical novel. The narrative of the novel is in the first person, Peter acts as the narrator, which is logical, as he recalls the events of his life. He is priori subjective. In his imagination he tries to understand his father, mother and other people. He tries to find the answer, find himself. Peter is type of diegetic narrator, it is present not only in the narrative, but also he is a part of the narrated story. And despite the fact that everything is...

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Critical Lens “Never trust you will be saved by anyone”(Amanda Boyden)

focuses on a homeless woman named Elma and an anonymous narrator. The setting is at late night where the homeless woman Elma comes to the narrator anticipating him or her to provide her food and seek help. The narrator is upset, impassioned and aggravated by the presence of Elma, the narrator is troubled over the proposal of giving her food that he or she worked hard to formulate and earn. Sabrina Pena Young characterizes the unidentified narrator as a human being who is self-centered, self sufficient...

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Poe’s Exploration of the Darker Side of Human Nature in the Black Cat, Hop-Forg and Fall of the House of Usher

compassion and sympathy. The Black Cat The Black Cat perhaps examines the dark side of humans most effectively as it involves sadistic actions and even murder. The narrator, who is the perpetrator of most heinous crimes, while enumerating those crimes of his, comes across as cool and rational. Nevertheless, he is an unreliable narrator. He admits that he is greatly fond of animals, yet hurts his cat Pluto. Poe delves into the narrator’s decline from sanity to madness which takes a shocking turn of...

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Graphic organizer 1

Beginning Middle End Fernando hurts and embarrasses the narrator Fernando decides he will get revenge on the narrator Fortunato has hurt the narrator a thousand times, but when Fortunato almost insults him, the narrator swears there will be payback. Fernando’s weakness is introduced into the story. Fernando has his love of wine, but other than that, he is a “respected” and “feared” person. Meaning he isn’t really a bad guy. The narrator meets Fernando and he is somewhat drunk and dressed...

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James Joyce Araby

of light, a formation of love and surely darkness. The experiences that the narrator faces throughout this story shows how humans expect way more than regular reality, and how people aren’t really caring for the boy these actions eventually show how disappointment and Alcoholism destroys the narrators desires. Joyce goes about writing this story by using extremely dark and abstruse references to show the narrators reality of living in this gloomy town of Dublin, Ireland that is extremely vivid...

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Battle of the Books: Ethan Frome vs. Of Mice and Men Research Paper between these two books of which book is better.

reader from falling asleep such as foreboding, bleak, ironic, tragic, and spare. This novels point of view is a frame story that is told in the first person, from the narrators limited point of view as a visitor unfamiliar with Starkfield and Ethan Frome. However, most of the book is written in the third person limited, in which the narrator accesses Ethans thoughts but not those of the other characters. The genre of this novel which is a tragic romance does make a difference to whoever is reading the...

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Al in Phoenix

Dagoberto Gilb’s story “Al in Phoenix” the narrator feels that Al is treating him unfairly. The narrator believes that Al thinks of him as a guy that is living loose and not bothering to get a job (Gilb 75-81). The narrator being the inductive thinker thought that Al was being unfair to him because of the way he was being treated. Al on the other hand, uses deductive thinker because he just based his facts about the truth. Al based that the only reason the narrator is at the garage getting his car fixed...

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Narrative approaches in "The Chronicles of a Death Foretold" by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

the readers perception of narrator himself. These unique narrative strategies make the reader question the intentions of the narrator, his own character and the means in which the narrator tells the unusual hazy and jumbled chronicle of Santiago's murder. The narrator's characteristics and his unique magical realism have an important effect in the narration of the chronicle. The narrator's position in relation to the town and Santiago is very significant. The narrator is Santiago's old friend,...

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Frame Narrative

effects of war. The Ballad of the Sad Café is another example of a frame narrative. In this novella, McCullers uses a singular narrator with two distinctive voices (Dazey). The narrator starts the story in the present, flashes back to the past, then finally returns to the present at the end of the tale. The narrative begins with a very informal and relaxed narrator, who seems to be walking the reader through his dreary, lonesome and miserable small town that is “estranged from all other places...

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Stylistic Perspective Analysis – Fight Club Movie

of camera angles, color and narratives to help convey a subliminal message to the audience that the narrator in the movie is suffering from insomnia and thus have developed an alter ego. The alter ego he has created is just a mental projection on the narrator's part and the cinematographer has made it possible for audiences to pick up hints or be foreshadowed by the cinematography that the narrator and his alter ego is the same person. In this paper, I am going to use a stylistic perspective to...

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Analysis of Black Cat

is an amazing insight into the mind’s ability to observe itself and even give itself away, as evidenced in end of the tale of the narrator. Indeed, even the narrator himself is aware of this fact that he is going insane somehow, and even with this knowledge and the knowledge that he continues to proceed in his insanity it’s not enough to stop his descent. The narrator takes time and details each aspect of his madness, in a sense observing his actions from a detached perspective, even though the...

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Reflection of Short Story Mercy

Benedict’s 2008 short story “Mercy,” the narrator and his father both take pride in their family’s ranch. The narrator works hard for his father each day, taking breaks only to sneak treats to the miniature horses being kept on the neighbor’s ranch nearby. The narrator’s father; however, does not show the same compassion for the animals as his son. He is adamant about keeping the horses off of his land and warns his son that he will shoot to first to intrude. The narrator views his father in a very austere...

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Rebecca Study Guide Questions (Chapters 1-3)

atmosphere. The narrator opens the novel with the line “Last night I dreamt I went to Manderley again.” At Manderley, there is an “iron gate leading to the drive”. Upon this gate there is a “padlock and chain”. The gate’s spokes are “rusted” and the lodge further down the drive is “uninhabited”. There is “no smoke” coming from the chimney of the lodge and the “little lattice” windows are open and abandoned. The drive winds, twists, and turns, however it is different than the narrator remembers. It...

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The False Account of the Black Cat

doubt the reliability of the narrator. By implying that the narrator is indeed lying, Poe puts into question the sanity of the speaker, while also suggesting the need of a scape goat, in a second cat, to retain innocence. Poe tries to invoke the fear within the reader by creating a very insightful description of the narrator’s wife’s dead body, buried in the wall of the cellar, which highlights his deceiving nature. After the discovery of his wife’s corpse, the narrator describes the scene grotesquely...

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The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

In The prime of Miss Jean Brodie, Muriel Spark uses certain narrative techniques which reflect the ways of manipulation used by the title character of her novel. On one hand, an omniscient third person narrator is a way for the reader to experience all the character's thoughts and views so that as the novel proceeds, the reader can observe the different views of Miss Jean Brodie by every girl from the set and analyze all the different aspects of Miss Brodie's character. On the other hand, the narrative...

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