"Metaphysics" Essays and Research Papers

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Descartes and Plato

Thats how a philosopher feels, he is like the prisoner who has freed himself from the cave and realizes that shadows on the wall are not the reality of things in life but merely shadows. This allegory of the cave is related to Plato's theory of Metaphysics and Epistemology. Seen as an epistemological account, it attempts to determine the importance of ideas which we can only comprehend through reason resulting from our experiences from the physical world. The allegory of the cave is a philosopher's...

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Philosophy Terms & Definitions

in motion and that knowledge is causally dependent on physical processes and sensation, not simply reason. [“after nature”; “beyond the physical”] The branch of philosophy that considers fundamental questions about being. Aristotle regarded metaphysics as the “First Philosophy.” It is the most abstract form of philosophical inquiry and seeks to lay bare the logical structure of things—the philosophical equivalent of the physicists’ search for a “theory of everything.” A complete rejection of...

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Aristotle

position of an arrow in flight deserved to be described by the word which Aristotle everywhere else reserves for complex organized states which persist, which hold out in being against internal and external causes tending to destroy them. In the Metaphysics, however, Aristotle draws a distinction between two kinds of potentiality. On the one hand, there are latent or inactive potentialities. On the other hand, there are active or at-work potentialities. Accordingly, every motion is a complex whole...

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Aristotle's Definition of Substance

Julia Kennedy Ancient Greek Philosophy Final Paper Question 7: Aristotle's definitions of Substance from both his 'Categories' and 'Metaphysics, Book VIII' To begin, a brief definition of both accounts should be described, but later, I will go over in greater specifics about his definition in 'Categories' for a basic elucidation, providing examples throughout. Then, I will compare and contrast the two accounts. First, for Aristotle's definitions of substance, there are two. One of the...

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Philosophy of Man

How can we be certain? o How does memory work? How can we know that our memories are genuine? o What is the nature of perception? To what extent does current knowledge affect future perception 2. Metaphysics  the area of philosophy which deals with the ultimate nature of reality  The term “metaphysics” comes from Greek, meaning “after the Physics” 3. Ethics  the study of values in human behavior or the study of moral problems 1. the rightness and wrongness of actions 2. the kinds of things which...

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My Phylosophy

of the “What Is your Philosophy” I am a philosopher of Metaphysics. If asked directly I would say my interest scatter across a wide spectrum, but these results help me to better categorize my interest, and I would have to say, Metaphysics is one of my personal strong interests. In Fact any questions or answers related to being or existence usually gets my full attention. This branch of philosophy is covers two basic questions of metaphysics: What is being? Or, What are its fundamental features and...

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Essay on Free Will and Determinism

FIRST ORDER OF DESIRE IS TO HOARD, THIS CONTRADICTS AND HIS ACTIONS ARE SAID TO BE NOT OF FLOWING FROM THE SELF. REFERENCES Sider, T. (2005). Free will and determinism. In E. Conee, & T, Sider (Eds.), Riddles of existence: A guided tour of metaphysics (pp. 112-133). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ...

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Descartes Dualism Analysis

Elisabeth was the princess of Bohemia. Her father and mother have governed Bohemia. She was interested in learning herself. She learned natural science, and she had an interest in philosophy and metaphysics. This attractive appears from her exchanging letters with Descartes. At that time, Descartes wrote his “dualism” idea. Descartes claims that the soul and the body are separated and can’t be together. Descartes considers the body is material, and the soul is immaterial. This idea was not understandable...

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Philosophy Study Notes: Pre Socratics

the sake of knowing the truths of Geometry   The Analogy Of The Top Hat   Flea --> Us --> The Study Of Anthropology Rabbit --> World --> The Study Of Cosmology Hat --> Universe --> The Study Of Cosmology Magician --> God --> The Study Of Metaphysics The flea crawls up to see the rabbit... the hat... the magician. We ask questions about ourselves... the universe... God. ...

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Elisabeth and Descartes' Conversation in Descartes' Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy

explained how she comes up with this question “You entirely exclude extension from your notion of the soul, and contact seems to me incompatible with an immaterial thing. That is why I ask of you a definition of the soul more particular than in your metaphysics – that is to say, for a definition of the substance separate from its action, thought.” (Elizabeth, 12) Then, on May 21, 1643, Descartes wrote back to her to answer her question that he found three “primitive notions” which can answer her question...

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