Linear Programming History of linear programming goes back as far as 1940s. Main motivation for the need of linear programming goes back to the war time when they needed ways to solve many complex planning problems. The simplex method which is used to solve linear programming was developed by George B. Dantzig‚ in 1947. Dantzig‚ was one in who did a lot of work on linear programming‚ he was reconzied by several honours. Dantzig’s discovery was through his personal contribution‚ during WWII when Dantzig
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Duality in Linear Programming 4 In the preceding chapter on sensitivity analysis‚ we saw that the shadow-price interpretation of the optimal simplex multipliers is a very useful concept. First‚ these shadow prices give us directly the marginal worth of an additional unit of any of the resources. Second‚ when an activity is ‘‘priced out’’ using these shadow prices‚ the opportunity cost of allocating resources to that activity relative to other activities is determined. Duality in linear programming
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An Introduction to Linear Programming Steven J. Miller∗ March 31‚ 2007 Mathematics Department Brown University 151 Thayer Street Providence‚ RI 02912 Abstract We describe Linear Programming‚ an important generalization of Linear Algebra. Linear Programming is used to successfully model numerous real world situations‚ ranging from scheduling airline routes to shipping oil from reﬁneries to cities to ﬁnding inexpensive diets capable of meeting the minimum daily requirements. In many of these problems
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RESEARCH PAPER ON LINEAR PROGRAMMING Vikas Vasam ID: 100-11-5919 Faculty: Prof. Dr Goran Trajkovski CMP 561: Algorithm Analysis VIRGINIA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY Introduction: One of the section of mathematical programming is linear programming. Methods and linear programming models are widely used in the optimization of processes in all sectors of the economy: the development of the production program of the company
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LINEAR PROGRAMMING DATE; 5 JUNE‚ 14 UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL PUNJAB INTRODUCTION TO LINEAR PROGRAMMING Linear programming (LP; also called linear optimization) is a method to achieve the best outcome (such as maximum profit or lowest cost) in a mathematical model whose requirements are represented by linear relationships. Linear programming is a special case of mathematical programming. It is a mathematical
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The development of linear programming has been ranked among the most important scientific advances of the mid 20th century. Its impact since the 1950’s has been extraordinary. Today it is a standard tool used by some companies (around 56%) of even moderate size. Linear programming uses a mathematical model to describe the problem of concern. Linear programming involves the planning of activities to obtain an optimal result‚ i.e.‚ a result that reaches the specified goal best (according to the mathematical
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PROBLEM NUMBER 1 A farmer can plant up to 8 acres of land with wheat and barley. He can earn $5‚000 for every acre he plants with wheat and $3‚000 for every acre he plants with barley. His use of a necessary pesticide is limited by federal regulations to 10 gallons for his entire 8 acres. Wheat requires 2 gallons of pesticide for every acre planted and barley requires just 1 gallon per acre. What is the maximum profit he can make? SOLUTION TO PROBLEM NUMBER 1 let x = the number of acres of wheat
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Z00_REND1011_11_SE_MOD7 PP2.QXD 2/21/11 12:39 PM Page 1 7 MODULE Linear Programming: The Simplex Method LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completing this chapter‚ students will be able to: 1. Convert LP constraints to equalities with slack‚ surplus‚ and artificial variables. 2. Set up and solve LP problems with simplex tableaus. 3. Interpret the meaning of every number in a simplex tableau. 4. Recognize special cases such as infeasibility‚ unboundedness and degeneracy. 5
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spreadsheet‚ next step is to use the Solver to find the solution. In the Solver‚ we need to identify the locations (cells) of objective function‚ decision variables‚ nature of the objective function (maximize/minimize) and constraints. Example One (Linear model): Investment Problem Our first example illustrates how to allocate money to different bonds to maximize the total return (Ragsdale 2011‚ p. 121). A trust office at the Blacksburg National Bank needs to determine how to invest $100‚000 in following
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(2003) 1 OPERATIONS RESEARCH: 343 1. LINEAR PROGRAMMING 2. INTEGER PROGRAMMING 3. GAMES Books: Ð3Ñ IntroÞ to OR ÐF.Hillier & J. LiebermanÑ; Ð33Ñ OR ÐH. TahaÑ; Ð333Ñ IntroÞ to Mathematical Prog ÐF.Hillier & J. LiebermanÑ; Ð3@Ñ IntroÞ to OR ÐJ.Eckert & M. KupferschmidÑÞ LP (2003) 2 LINEAR PROGRAMMING (LP) LP is an optimal decision making tool in which the objective is a linear function and the constraints on the decision problem are linear equalities and inequalities. It is a very popular
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