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    Internal Control

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    AUDIT MANAGEMENT | | | |(Topic: Internal Control & Related Aspects) | | | |

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    Question 1 a) Select two companies where inadequate internal control have resulted in disastrous effects on the organisation or exposed it to heavy losses. Research the facts of the failure and report on the facts and the losses suffered. In your report‚ include suggestions for changes to operations (internal controls) that could have prevented the final outcome. Where could you find a list of these internal controls and how are they documented? Examples of companies include: Coles Myer

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    What is internal control and why is it important The American Institute of Accountants first defined the term internal control in 1949‚ followed by further clarifications in 1958 and 1972. In 1977 publicly held companies came under legislation to adequately implement controls to protect their financial information. A report by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations in 1992 and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 are more recent documents defining internal controls.( Bishop‚ 1991‚p.117-123; Colbert

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    Internal Controls Internal controls are all the procedures and measures companies put in place in order to achieve two specific goals related to accounting (Kieso‚ Kimmel‚ & Weygandt‚ 2011). The first goal is the protection against loss of assets from various sources such as theft or accounting error (Kieso‚ Kimmel‚ & Weygandt‚ 2011). Companies‚ clients and shareholders must have assurance that there is suitable control over all business assets like inventory and bank accounts all the

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    Internal Control Definition Internal control is broadly defined as a process‚ effected by an entity’s board of trustees‚ management‚ and other personnel‚ designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of objectives in the following categories: 1. Effectiveness and efficiency of operations 2. Reliability of financial reporting 3. Compliance with applicable laws and regulations 4. Safeguarding of assets Internal control consists of five interrelated components:

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    Case Study 2 – Internal Control TO: LJB Company President FROM: Andrea Johnson DATE: February 8‚ 2013 SUBJECT: Internal Control It is with great pleasure that we can provide you information and advisement on internal controls that will assist LJB Company with going public. We understand that you have communicated your concerns and expect that this report will assist you with deriving conclusions. This report will: 1. Inform you of any new internal control requirements in reference to

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    Chapter 5: Internal Control over Financial Reporting 1. Internal control is a process designed to guarantee the achievement of the objectives of reliable financial reporting‚ compliance with laws and regulations and ineffective and inefficient operations. FALSE 2. Auditing standards require that the auditor exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the planning and performance of the audit. TRUE 3. If internal controls are not enforced they are useless

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    Internal Controls XACC/280 Whenever having a company‚ he or she must have the right aspects so that business can run as smoothly as possible. The existence where not having the company together as supposed to‚ then there are problems that can follow. Internal control is the safeguard of the assets and the accuracy along with able to rely on he or she’s accounting records and the guide to success is making sure that he or she follows the control principles. The two sentences before this is the

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    Internal Controls XACC/280 April 7‚2013 Axia Internal Controls Internal controls are put into place to safeguard a company’s assets and to promote the accuracy of their accounting records. There are two primary goals of internal controls. The first goal of internal controls is to safeguard it’s assets from employee theft‚ robbery‚ or unauthorized use. When there is a large some of money there is temptation from employee’s to take some of it. Many employees believe they are underpaid

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    Accounting & Finance Faculty FNS10 Financial Services FNSACC506A Implement and Manage Internal Controls Semester 1 2014 ASSESSMENT TITLE Assessment 1 – Assignment 1 ASSESSMENT CONDITIONS/INSTRUCTIONS Take home assignment – Questions and Research Aids to be supplied by college: None. Aids to be supplied by student: None Prescribed Text book(s) Standard Dictionaries Bilingual Dictionaries Technical Dictionaries Programmable Calculators Non-programmable Calculators

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    Generally‚ every organization’s performance could be enhanced if they have a sound internal control system. Internal control sys has two subcategories: A) Control environment B) Control procedures and policies @ control activities Control environment is abt attitude of board n mgt‚ whether they have integrity(honesty) and value the importance of running a sound internal control system. So‚ if their attitude is good‚ they will raise awareness and foster good attitude among ppl in the org

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    Internal Controls Paper FIN/324 University of Phoenix November 2‚ 2005 Internal Controls Paper When it comes to the internal controls of firms and enterprises‚ executives are constantly keeping a close look on the accuracy and effectiveness of these controls along with seeking ways to better them. According to COSO (2004) the implementation of internal controls helps guide companies in reaching towards their profitability goals‚ the accomplishment of their mission statement‚ and helps minimize

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    Checklist for Evaluating Internal Controls ACC/544 April 29‚ 2013 Christine Errico Checklist for Evaluating Internal Controls Internal controls are methods a company implements to safeguard and protect the company in its day-to-day operations as well as its financial information. To ensure these controls are effective and performing properly a company must evaluate these controls. In performing this evaluation a company should use the three phases of the control evaluation. These phases

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    Running Head: EVALUATING INTERNAL CONTROLS Evaluating Internal Controls Internal Control Systems – ACC/544 Stephanie Booth Robert Cornett University of Phoenix September 29‚ 2014 Evaluating Internal Controls An organization’s internal controls are comprised of five components‚ which include: the control environment‚ risk assessment‚ control activities‚ monitoring‚ and information and communication. The five

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    Case Study Project What is the purpose of auditing? Describe the relationship between internal controls and the audit process. Answer The purpose of an audit is to provide financial statement users with an opinion by the auditor on whether the financial statements are presented fairly‚ in all material respects‚ in accordance with the applicable financial reporting framework. An audit also enhances the degree of confidence of intended users in the financial statements. Financial audits

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    Justification for an Internal Control System ACC 544 Justification for an Internal Control System Introduction According to A. A. Gramling in the Encyclopedia of Business and Finance‚ internal control can be described as “any action taken by an organization to help enhance the likelihood that the objectives of the organization will be achieved.” There are several approaches to risk management in an organization – the portfolio approach and the use of insurance are two. Both

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    Internal Control Evaluation Every business should take the steps necessary to ensure that its internal controls are functioning effectively and efficiently. It is important to have accountability at every level of a business. Creating a checklist to evaluate internal controls will support the business in this effort. According to Louwers‚ Ramsay‚ Sinason and Stawser (2007)‚ an internal control questionnaire aide an auditor in gathering evidence about the control environment and accounting and

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    Published Article-Sox Institute 12/2008 The Essence of Internal Control A statement on policy and procedures issues as they relate to managements views and /or findings with regard to OMB A-123 audits. Writing position papers on justification of actions taken has raised some questions about control. There seems to be a shift in the mind set of managers now that Section 404 of Sox’s (documentation) has really kicked in with compliance performance of the financial managers responsibility

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    Chapter 1—Auditing and Internal Control TRUE/FALSE 1. Corporate management (including the CEO) must certify monthly and annually their organization’s internal controls over financial reporting. ANS: F PTS: 1 2. Both the SEC and the PCAOB require management to use the COBIT framework for assessing internal control adequacy. ANS: F PTS: 1 3. Both the SEC and the PCAOB require management to use the COSO framework for assessing internal control adequacy. ANS: F PTS: 1 4. A qualified opinion

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    RUNNING HEAD: Internal Control for Inflows Internal Control for Inflows ACC/ 544 Internal Control for Inflows Internal controls are important to a business. The internal controls provide a safeguard against errors in the accounting system as well as the detection and prevention of fraud. With the inflows of the company come many risks that need to be considered. The ways in which cash‚ sales‚ accounts receivable‚ inventory‚ and production are handled within the company are different for

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