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    Inflation

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    Introduction What inflation is? Inflation is an increase in the price of a basket of goods and services that is representative of the economy as a whole. Subsequently‚ it will cause purchasing power fall. In simple terms‚ it means that too much of money is chasing for one particular item. When too much of money is available‚ the seller may raise the price of which he is willing to sell. In the long run‚ inflation has the potential of erasing the purchasing power of the people. It is because when

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    Latest news Inflation remains a serious concern in India with the Consumer Price Index (CPI)-based inflation rising for the fifth consecutive month in February. At 10.9% from a year ago‚ consumer price inflation in India is the second highest among major economies—we still have some way to go before we can challenge Venezuela. Prices in the food‚ beverages and tobacco segment went up 13.4% from a year ago‚ a 33-month high. Vegetable prices have shot up 21% year-on-year. Core CPI inflation (ex-food

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    Inflation

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    INFLATION In economics‚ inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. When the general price level rises‚ each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services. Consequently‚ inflation also decrease the purchasing power of money. Effects of Inflation on economy 1. Decrease Production: People buying less of goods and services as their income is limited. This leads to slowdown not only in consumption but also production. This is because

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    INFLATION - ITS CAUSES and ITS EFFECTS ON VARIOUS SECTORS ON INDIA - September 2nd‚ 2010 WHAT IS INFLATION Defination:  Inflation is defined as the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising and subsequently purchasing power is falling Measures of Inflation Inflation is measured by calculating the percentage rate of change of a price index‚ which is called the inflation rate.  Consumer price indices Cost of living indices Producer price indices

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    Objectives: How is inflation measured The calculation and limitations of these indices The effects of inflation Important points to remember: Consumer Price Index (CPI) - A measure of price changes in consumer goods and services such as gasoline‚ food‚ clothing and automobiles. The CPI measures price change from the perspective of the purchaser. GDP Deflator- measures price changes in current year compared to those in a base year‚ for all goods and services produced within the country and

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    INFLATION The government control measures‚ all over the world‚ keep business cycles under control. What has gone nearly uncontrolled over the time is the problem of almost continuous increase in the general price level (this is the problem of inflation). The problem of inflation got accentuated since the early 1970s. It emerged as the most intractable economic problem for both theoreticians and policy-makeovers all over the world. Inflation has been a common problem of the developed and the developing

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    INFLATION

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    Distinguish between microeconomics and macroeconomics • Identify the broad macroeconomic policy objectives of governments • Define the terms inflation‚ deflation and disinflation • Explain the calculation of the CPI • Examine the accuracy of the CPI as a measure of inflation • Discuss the causes and effects of inflation • Explain the policies for controlling inflation Micro and Macro Economics • Microeconomics is the branch of economics that concerns itself with the study and behaviour of consumers and

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    The Inflation

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    First of all‚ when we speak about inflation‚ we should make clear what is the exact defination of it. Inflation is one of the most important economic concepts. At its most basic level‚ inflation is simply a rise in prices. Over time‚ as the cost of goods and services increases‚ the value of for example of a dollar is going to go down because you won’t be able to purchase as much with that dollar as you could have last month or last year. When the purchasing power of a currency starts to decline

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    inflation

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    (b) Assess how monetary policy can be used to maintain a target of low inflation and currency stability in emerging markets? According to Jahan (2012)‚ monetary policy is the manner where the monetary authority uses to control the supply of the currency. The monetary policy objective of controlling the interest rate also takes an important role when government and monetary authority are dealing with the inflation (Shen‚ 2013‚ pp.199). The monetary authority usually is central bank with a certain

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    Comparative Analysis of Inflation in Nepal and India Nepal Rastra Bank Research Department Baluwatar‚ Kathmandu 30 November 2011 Nepal Rastra Bank Research Department 30 November 2011 Comparative Analysis of Inflation in Nepal and India Background: Year-on-Year monthly variation of inflation‚ both in Nepal and India‚ seemed to be higher than expected at present situation. Inflation in Nepal is largely affected by rising food price in the country‚ which is a global phenomenon also

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    Inflation

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    Keomorokod‚ Im Meng and Chuop Vichet INFLATION Course Title: Fundamentals of Economics Professor: Meng Channarith April 09‚ 2013 CONTENTS Acknowledgement .....................................................................................................................ii Introduction .............................................................................................................................. iii Chapter One: Nature of inflation ....................................

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    Inflation

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    Inflation affects the real economy in two specific areas: it can harm economic efficiency‚ and it can affect total output. We begin with the efficiency impacts:- Inflation impairs economic efficiency because it distorts prices and price signals. In a low inflation economy‚ if the market price of a good rises‚ both buyers and sellers know that there has been an actual change in supply and/or demand conditions for that good‚ and they can react appropriately. By contrast in a high inflation economy

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    Inflation

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    February‚ 2013 INFLATION BEHAVIOR: EVIDENCE FROM BANGLADESH Mohammad Zoynul Abedin1*‚ Fahmida – E – Moula2 and Shahnaz Parvin1* Mohammad Zoynul Abedin1*‚ Fahmida – E – Moula2 and Shahnaz Parvin (2013). Inflation Behavior: Evidence from Bangladesh. Bangladesh Res. Pub. J. 8(1): 07-17. Retrieve from http://www.bdresearchpublications.com/admin/journal/upload/1308102/1308102.pdf Abstract The rise in the inflation rate has prompted two views of the sources of higher inflation in Bangladesh. One

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    inflation

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    InflationInflation is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising‚ and‚ subsequently‚ purchasing power is falling.” Central banks endeavour to put an end to grave inflation‚ along with drastic deflation‚ striving to keep the extravagant growth of prices at the lowest level. For example‚ if there is 5% inflation in a specific country and the price of sugar is usually £3‚ it will spontaneously escalate from £3 to £3.15. Every government’s tries to keep a low

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    INFLATION: Inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level leading to a fall in the purchasing power of money. Inflationary pressures can come from domestic and external sources and from both the supply and demand side of the economy. FACTORS OF INFLATION: Inflation is defined as the rate (%) at which the general price level of goods and services is rising‚ causing purchasing power to fall. This is different from a rise and fall in the price of a particular good or service.

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    inflation

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    lation is an inevitable property of any economy in the world. In simple words‚ inflation is the rise of general level of prices. However‚ inflation is a much more complex phenomenon than simply the increase of prices. Inflation (or general inflation) is also identified with the fall of market value of money within a particular economic system. However‚ some economists prefer to use the term inflation to describe a rapid increase in money supply in a single economy. Generally‚ this is the main cause

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    Inflation

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    INFLATION It can be stated that Inflation is the rise in prices of products as a result of the increase in the quantity of money. This definition however would be inefficient since for two reasons; 1. If we simply term inflation to be a rise in prices of certain products then we will be mistaken because prices might be rising in one sector of the economy yet falling in another sector. 2. We have to take into account that the process may be high this month but generally fall the following month

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    Major Cause of Inequality.“The origin of inflation is often found in the panicky nervousness of unstable governments in politically unstable communities. Given political stability there is no reason why India should not be able to carry out her future plans without generating serious inflationary pressure on the price level.” Keeping 1960-61 as the base year‚ the Fourth five year plan save the price index at an all time high of 331 in September 1974 (with 1961-62-100). This was due to a combination

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    Inflation Targeting

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    Inflation targeting Lecture 11 Objectives to explain the concept of inflation targeting; to see how is implemented inflation targeting; to identify the role of credibility and transparency on the monetary policy efficiency. 23.05.2012 2 Inflation targeting Brief history Canada – 1991 UK –1992 Finland – 1993 Sweden – 1993 Spain – 1994 Australia – 1994 Chile – 1991 Israel – 1992 Peru – 1994 Poland – 1998 Czech Rep. – 1998 Romania - 2005 New Zeeland - 1990 23.05.2012

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    UNEMPLOYMENT AND INFLATION

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    INFLATIONUNEMPLOYMENT AND INFLATION Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Inflation caused by a rise in per unit production costs is referred to as:  A. Cost-push inflation B. Demand-pull inflation C. Unanticipated inflation D. Hyperinflation   2. The view that unions may be a source of inflation would be best associated with the:  A. Supply-shock view of inflation B. Cost-push view of inflation C. Wage-push view of inflation D. Demand-pull view

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