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    Hydrocarbons

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    INTRODUCTION Hydrocarbons are compounds that consists carbon and hydrogen only. They are the simplest organic compounds. Hydrocarbons‚ because of their number and variety‚ are classified into different ways. One way of classifying hydrocarbons is in which way carbon atoms are connected. It can be classified as either a chain aliphatic hydrocarbon or a cyclic hydrocarbon. Chain aliphatic hydrocarbons are compounds that are linked either in a single or branched chain. An example of this is hexane

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    Reactions of hydrocarbons

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    REACTIONS OF HYDROCARBONS Diane Cate Satsatin Biology Student‚ Biology Department College of Science‚ De La Salle University-Dasmarinas ABSTRACT Five substances which are Hexane‚ Eugenol‚ Unknown hydrocarbon 1‚ Unknown hydrocarbon 2‚ and Acetylene gas was used for the selective reactivity of hydrocarbons to functional group tests; Bayer’s test‚ Bromine test light‚ Bromine test dark‚ and Tollen’s test. In Bayer’s test‚ only Acetylene‚ Eugenol and Unknown hydrocarbon 2 reacted positively

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    Hydrocarbon

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    1. (a) Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons.explain the words saturated and hydrocarbons. (b) Alkanes are generally unreactive. Explain why this is so. (c) write balanced equations for the complete combustion of: (i) methane (ii) ethane. 2. Use the passage below and your knowledge to answer the questions that follow. Methane reacts with bromine to give bromomethane and hydrogen bromide. The mechanism for the reaction is called free-radical substitution and involves

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    Reaction of Hydrocarbons

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    REACTIONS OF HYDROCARBONS Vanessa P. Manibpel De La Salle University - Dasmariñas ABSTRACT Five substances namely Hexane‚ Eugenol‚ Unknown hydrocarbon 1‚ Unknown hydrocarbon 2‚ and Acetylene gas was used for the selective reactivity of hydrocarbons to functional group tests; Bayer’s test‚ Bromine test light‚ Bromine test dark‚ and Tollen’s test. In Bayer’s test‚ only Acetylene‚ Eugenol and Unknown hydrocarbon 2 reacted positively and the rest retain the purplish color of KMnO4. On the other hand

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons Jessa Grace B. Castillo* and Stephanie Chua Department of Chemistry‚ University of Santo Tomas‚ Manila‚ Philippines ______________________________________________ Hydrocarbons are organic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbons and further divided in major types. Hydrocarbons react differently in reagents. The basis of determining an unknown hydrocarbon is due to the differences in reactions of hydrocarbons. An unknown compound is determined using tests.

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    Hydrocarbons

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons Jovellanos‚ Bien Jindrich Johannes; Lacson‚ Danise Angelica; *Lagula‚ Nina Francesca; Lañez‚ Kristine Department of Psychology College of Science University of Santo Tomas España Manila 1015 Abstract A hydrocarbon is strictly composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms only. Five hydrocarbons were used namely hexane‚ cyclohexene‚ toluene‚ naphthalene (in hexane)‚ and the unknown (which will be known through parallel chemical tests). Three tests‚ nitration test‚ bromine

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons Leoncito‚ Alyssa Lynn‚ Libatique‚ Keith Martin P.‚ Ligot‚ Nestlhyn B.*‚ Lim‚ Jamie Therese T. Department of Psychology‚ University of Santo Tomas‚ Manila‚ Philippines Abstract Four organic samples: hexane‚ cyclohexene‚ napthalene and toulene were given to serve as reference standards to characterize and distinguish four unknown given samples. Nitration‚ bromine and basic oxidation testswere conducted to classify the different samples from being an aliphatic‚ or aromatic

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    properties of hydrocarbon

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    Title : Properties of hydrocarbon Objective : 1) To study the properties of hydrocarbons. 2) To determine the unknown samples. Results : Part A : Combustion Compounds Observations Hexane There was orange flame and burned mildly during the burning process. No soots and smoke were produced. C6H14 + 19/2 O2 6CO2 + 7H2O Cyclohexene Orange flame burned vigorously. A small amount of black soot and smoke were produced during the burning process.

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    BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY BioOrganic Chemistry Laboratory – CH 205 (2010-2011) Experiment 3 Analysis of Hydrocarbons Maria Patricia Dizon‚ Nikko Paolo Ebarvia‚ Darlene Louise Estrada* and Rizhelle Evan Evaristo Department of Occupational Therapy‚ College of Rehabilitation Sciences University of Santo Tomas‚ Espaňa Street‚ Manila 1008 Date Submitted: February 2‚ 2011 Abstract: Organic compounds hexane‚ heptane‚ cyclohexane‚ cyclohexene‚ benzene‚ and toluene were subjected

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons Myra Gurango‚ Geneva Guy‚ Micah Hernandez* and Joyce Lagarde Department of Chemistry‚ University of Santo Tomas‚ Manila‚ Philippines Abstract The organic compounds hexane‚ toluene‚ cyclohexene and naphthalene in hexene were subjected to parallel chemical testing to differentiate their intrinsic physical properties in terms of structure and behavior. The physical state and color were noted by simple physical observation. Nitration Testing was conducted for preliminary

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    Classification Tests for Hydrocarbons Authors: Goldie Ann Tejada‚ Allain Joseph S. Templo‚ Kristinlyn Trajano‚ Kevin Viray‚ Quennie Yu Group 10‚ 2F-PH‚ Faculty of Pharmacy‚ University of Santo Tomas ABSTRACT The test compounds undergo different physical and chemical tests to differentiate their intrinsic physical properties and chemical properties. Physical state‚ color‚ and odor were noted through simple observation. Miscibility of the test compounds were noted through color change or a warming

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    Organic Chemistry Experiment - Hydrocarbons Thursday‚ April 12‚ 2007 1:34 PM Purpose: To Identify an unknown Hydrocarbon Procedure: Procedure listed in handout "Organic Chemistry Experiment -- Hydrocarbons" Hazards: Open flame and hydrocarbons are flammable. Equations: 1. . 3. . 4. . 5. . Unknown #: 1B s-6 Hyd-3 (colorless liquid) Data/Observations: Test Bromine addition Alkane Mixture of hexane and dichloromethane was originally clear liquid. After adding 3 drops red color Br2/CH2Cl

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    Carcinogenic Hydrocarbons

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    Are Aromatic Hydrocarbons Carcinogenic Aromatic hydrocarbons or arenes are hydrocarbons characterized by alternating double and single bonds between carbons. Benzene is the most common aromatic hydrocarbon‚ but there are some non-benzene based compounds called heteroarenes‚ where a carbon is replaced by an oxygen‚ nitrogen‚ or sulfur‚ that are also aromatic compounds. Aromatic hydrocarbons exist in our daily lives regardless if we recognize them or not. Aromatic hydrocarbons are ingested or

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    INTRODUCTION From natural gas‚ crude oils‚ and other fossil materials such as coal‚ few intermediates are produced that are not hydrocarbon compounds. The important intermediates discussed here are hydrogen‚ sulfur‚ carbon black‚ and synthesis gas. Synthesis gas consists of a nonhydrocarbon mixture (H2‚CO) obtain- able from more than one source. It is included in this chapter and is fur- ther noted in Chapter 5 in relation to methane as a major feedstock for this mixture. This chapter discusses

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    Formation of Hydrocarbons Types of hydrocarbons Parameters for hydrocarbon accumulation Phases of alteration of organic matter Types of kerogen Migration of hydrocarbons Five Major Types of Hydrocarbons Kerogen: Kerogen is a fine-grained‚ amorphous organic matter. It is not soluble to normal petroleum solvents‚ like carbon disulfide. Its chemical composition is 75% C‚ 10% H‚ 15% other (sulfur‚ oxygen‚ nitrogen‚ etc.). It is very important in the formation of hydrocarbons because it is what generates

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons 4

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    Analysis of Hydrocarbons Jennifer Alambra‚ Ma. Nancy Anulat‚ Alfonso Apepe*‚ Jacqueline Arsenal 3Bio4 Department of Biological Sciences - College of Science‚ University of Santo Tomas‚ Manila ABSTRACT The unknown hydrocarbon sample was differentiated and characterized by the use of three tests. The outcomes of these tests are as follows: Nitration test (negative)‚ Bromine test (positive) and Basic Oxidation test (positive). From these results the unknown sample can be classified

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    Hydrocarbon

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    2‚3‚.. and m= 1‚2‚3‚.. | PHYSICAL PROPERTIES | * MP & BP Size of hydrocarbon molecules inc‚ f.o.a inc‚ more heat overcome f.o.a * Density Mass per molecule inc faster than volume per molecule * Gas – liquidSize of hydrocarbon molecule inc‚ f.o.a stronger‚ mp&bp inc * Insoluble in water‚ soluble in organic solvent(covalent comp) * Insulator * Less dense than water | * MP & BP Size of hydrocarbon molecules inc‚ f.o.a inc‚ more heat overcome f.o.a * Density mass per molecule

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    Hydrocarbons

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    Hydrocarbon – Alcohols • Ethanol - 92.3% by weight of ethanol‚ 94.9% by volume. - 70 % which is used as local antiinfective • Diluted Alcohol - 48.4 % to 49.5% used as solvent • Brandy - distillation from wine • Whisky - fermented malted grain • Rum fermented molasses Product of Reductive Metabolism • Mannitol • Ash Manna • Fraxinus ornus – Oleaceae • Osmotic diuretic • Laxative Product of Reductive Metabolism • Sorbitol- Mountain ash • Sorbus aucuparia Rosaceae • Half as sweet as

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    Cracking and Crude Oil

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    both aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons Crude oil: a complex mixture of hydrocarbons found in layers of rock beneath the earth’s surface Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: contain chains of carbon atoms that may be branched Aromatic Hydrocarbons: contain Benzene rings- rings of carbon atoms with delocalized electrons Alkanes all have different boiling points dependent on the length of the carbon chain in the molecule. The smaller chains ie. the most volatile hydrocarbons will leave at the top of the

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    Reactions of Hydrocarbons

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    Properties and Reactions of Hydrocarbons Abstract Introduction Hydrocarbons are organic materials that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms‚ these molecules can be saturated or unsaturated and acyclic‚ cyclic‚ or aromatic. In this experiment we used a variety of methods to examine the physical and chemical properties of hydrocarbons. The first experiment we tested a variety of solvents to see if they dissolved our alkane (Decalin). One would expect that non-polar solvents will dissolve

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