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    Galaxies

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    Describe how galaxies are formed. The universe is made of clusters of galaxies‚ and clusters of clusters of galaxies‚ called super clusters. Galaxies are comprised of tens of millions of stars. Between the stars‚ there are interstellar clouds of gas and dust. The smallest galaxies are called dwarfs while the largest are called giants. Our Milky Way Galaxy is one of three large galaxies in the Local Group of Galaxies. The other large galaxies are the Andromeda Galaxy‚ and Messier 33‚ also in the

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    Galaxies

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    filled-in circles on the balloon. The circles represent galaxies. 2.Pick four of the circles around the balloon and label these A‚ B‚ C‚ and D. 3.Hypothesize what will happen to the distances between the labeled circles when you blow up the balloon ¼ full‚ ½ full‚ and ¾ full. Record your hypotheses in the Hypothesis section of your lab report. 4.Measure the starting distances‚ in inches or centimeters‚ between each of the labeled galaxies. Record the measurements in a data chart and include

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    Galaxy and Quasars

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    used to discover the first quasars was based on coincidences between a strong radio source and a point-like optical source. Since each radio source was associated with a star it was originally thought that quasars were objects within the galaxy hence the term ’radio stars’. Quasars or quasi-stellar radio source‚ from the method by

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    Galaxy and Earth

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    Young Discoverer Series UNIVERSE NICKNAMES OF PLANETS: Mercury – Speedy Messenger. Venus – Morning or Evening Star. Earth – The Blue Planet. Mars – The Red Planet. Jupiter – Jove or the Galilean System. Saturn – The Ringed Planet. Uranus – Father Sky. Neptune – The Windy Planet. Pluto – The Ice Planet. DEFINITIONS: STAR: A huge body made of hot luminous gas that is held together by its own gravity. Compared to other stars‚ our Sun is a star of average size and energy. PLANET: A large

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    Somro Galaxy Lab Report

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    22648860 OBSERVATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOMBRERO GALAXY (M104/NGC 4594) DOMINIC J. TAN ABSTRACT The Sombrero Galaxy (M104/NGC 4594) is an unbarred spiral galaxy and a suspected member of the galaxy group within the southern regions of the Virgo cluster. It is a nearby galaxy with a very distinctive appearance making it easy to identify. Despite being easily recognisable‚ it is still not completely understood. The exact process involved in its formation is unclear and it is not

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    Milky Way Galaxy

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    A galaxy is a massive‚ gravitationally bound system consisting of stars‚ an interstellar medium of gas and dust‚ and dark matter. The name is from the Greek root galaxias [γαλαξίας]‚ meaning "milky‚" a reference to the Milky Way galaxy. Typical galaxies range from dwarfs with as few as ten million (107) stars up to giants with one trillion (1012) stars‚ all orbiting a common center of mass. Galaxies can also contain many multiple star systems‚ star clusters‚ and various interstellar clouds. The Sun

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    Galaxy and Big Bang

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    that galaxies are moving farther away. This was in our lab (electromagnetic spectrum and the Doppler affect). In this lab Mr. Cousino drove by us in the car and the car horn got quieter as it drove away. This shows us red shift because he is moving away from us and the wavelengths are being compressed together in front of his car and are longer behind his car. This is how all the matter and energy in our universe comes from the big bang. The sun is located within the Milky Way galaxy in the

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    The Andromeda Galaxy Introduction/Abstract The Andromeda galaxy is the closest full size galaxy to the Milky Way because of this it is known as our nearest galactic neighbor. The Andromeda Galaxy is also the only galaxy visible to the naked eye in the Northern Hemisphere. At 2.9 million light-years from Earth‚ Andromeda is also the farthest object that can be seen from Earth. Andromeda is not only known as our closest neighbor but scientists also refer to Andromeda and the Milky Way as sister

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    MAIN SEQUENCE 5. Although Copernicus’ model of the solar system correctly placed the sun at the center‚ it still provided inaccurate predictions because it maintained that the planets’ orbits were _________. CIRCULAR  HTML Editor 6. A spiral galaxy like the Milky Way has three major components: the disk‚ the bulge‚ and the _________. HALO 7. The more massive a white dwarf is‚ the (larger/smaller) _________ its diameter will be. SMALLER 8. The strength of an object’s gravitational pull

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    Properties of Clusters of Galaxies Monday (4/15/2013) Procedure For this experiment‚ a photograph of the Virgo Cluster of Galaxies will be needed to observe. The photograph will be sectioned into specific areas with coordinates like a map. Locate the area and identify the galaxies. Classify the galaxies as elliptical‚ spiral‚ or irregular. An elliptical galaxy will appear solid with not real defined “arms” or spirals coming from the center. An elliptical galaxy can be further classified E0

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    Star Formation Epidemics in Galaxies Asa J. Stewart 3rd Year Physics and Astronomy project report in the school of physics‚ Cardi University Date of submission: 16th May 2011 Supervisor: Prof. Anthony Whitworth Contents 0.1 Aims and objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2.1 Observed properties of disk galaxies . . . . . . . . . . 0.2.2 Star formation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0

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    Article Title: “Heat from starbursts influence galaxy evolution” Source: Hubble ESA‚ Garching‚ Germany‚ 5 April 2013 URL: http://www.astronomy.com/News-Observing/News/2013/04/Heat%20from%20starbursts%20influences%20galaxy%20evolution.aspx Starbursts‚ literally meaning energetic “bursts of star” formation‚ have been found to change how the galaxy evolves as well as how matter and energy are dispersed throughout the universe. An international team of astronomers used the NASA/ESA Hubble Space

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    Unit 5 Galaxies and Cosmology By: Briana Polk Miscellaneous Important Key Words and Facts: I. TYPES OF GALAXIES: Spiral Galaxy (S) Spiral Barred Galaxy (SB) Elliptical Galaxy (E) Irregular Galaxy (In order of importance…) 1. Spiral Galaxies: (Edwin Hubble‚ 1936) “The most common type of galaxy that is viewed by observers; It contains twisted collections of stars‚ stellar remnants‚ and a diffuse interstellar medium (ISM) of gas and dust”. Made up of hot young stars Most spiral

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    Out of the major galaxies‚ the Andromeda Galaxy is located nearest to our Milky Way. The Andromeda Galaxy is two million light years away from us‚ but it can be seen with the naked eye because it is very bright. In this galaxy there are over a hundred billion stars. It is known to be the brightest galaxy. The Andromeda Galaxy is a spiral galaxy and is part of the Local Group. It has a large star cluster in its heart and a very large hidden black hole deep in the core. The middle is very bright

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    Characterizing the Most Extreme Emission Line Galaxies Spring 2014 UROP Proposal Ian Jaeger Background During the first 379‚000 years (redshift z = 1089) after the Big Bang‚ the matter of the universe consisted primarily of free protons‚ electrons and photons. After the matter had cooled and spread out‚ these particles combined to form hydrogen and allowed the photons to freely travel without interacting with free electrons‚ forming what we know of today as the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB).

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    The Andromeda Galaxy /ænˈdrɒmɨdə/ is a spiral galaxy approximately 2.5 million light-years (2.4×1019 km) from Earth[4] in the Andromeda constellation. Also known as Messier 31‚ M31‚ or NGC 224‚ it is often referred to as the Great Andromeda Nebula in older texts. The Andromeda Galaxy is the nearest spiral galaxy to our Milky Way galaxy‚ but not the closest galaxy overall. It gets its name from the area of the sky in which it appears‚ the constellation of Andromeda‚ which was named after the mythological

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    The Andromeda galaxy‚ 2.5 million light years away. It’s racing through space‚ everything blown apart‚ like shrapnel in an explosion because our universe is expanding with an ever accelerating pace; hence every element of it is going away from its neighbors. We are seeing this galaxy as it was when our ape like ancestors first walked on the African plains. Further through space and further back in time. There is order in this chaos‚ a perfect pattern formation behind the infinite variety‚ an endless

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    The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy (also known as HG2G‚ HHGTTG or H2G2) is a comedy science fiction novel written by Douglas Adams. The book is a part of a “trilogy” of five books. It was first published in 1978 as a radio series on BBC. Later it got adapted to other formats for example stage shows‚ novels‚ comic books‚ TV series‚ a video game and a movie made in 2005. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy has become an international phenomenon in social media

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    chapters 1-7 of Hitchhiker’s guide to the Galaxy was impossible. I had to read more. I am not done with the book yet though. I felt like I was reading an anime. I could picture the scene of what I was reading so clearly that it felt like my body was there. I loved the way they represented what happened to Arthur on planet earth in a gross way where the house to be demolished for a pathway was the earth in the galactic space. I loved the idea of having a fancy galaxy with a president who has two heads and

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    The hitchhikers guide to the galaxy Chapters 1-12 Author-Douglas Adams Arthur wakes up and finds a bulldozer in his front yard‚ he goes out and lies in the mud in front of his house so the foreman Mr. Prosser does knock his house down to build a bypass for a highway. One of Arthur’s friends‚ Ford Perfect comes by and persuades Arthur to go to the pub with him and for Mr. Prosser to lie in front of Arthur’s house for him. Ford Perfect buys 6 pints of beer for him and Arthur. Ford

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