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    Functional Groups

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    What is a Functional Group? A functional group is a portion of a molecule that is a recognizable/classified group of bound atoms. In organic chemistry it is very common to see molecules comprised mainly of a carbon backbone with functional groups attached to the chain. The functional group gives the molecule its properties‚ regardless of what molecule contains it*; they are centers of chemical reactivity. The functional groups within a molecule need to be identified when naming. *Definition taken

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    Functional Group Analysis

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    Functional Group Analysis: Carbonyl Compounds‚ Oxidizable Carbonyl Compounds and Acidic Compounds Christian Paul L. Ramos Institute of Chemistry‚ University of the Philippines‚ Diliman‚ Quezon City 1101 Philippines Date Performed: August 24‚ 2012; Date Submitted: September 19‚ 2012 Results and Discussion Aldehydes and ketones both contain the carbonyl group – a group in which a carbon atom has a double bond to oxygen. The carbonyl group in aldehydes is bonded to at least one

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    Testing for functional groups The chemistry for carbon is vast; there are in excess of ten million known carbon compounds. It is estimated that 300000 new carbon compounds are discovered each year. Organic molecules contain functional groups that are responsible for their chemical properties. Functional groups will react with certain regents in predictable ways‚ making it possible to develop diagnostic reactions to test for their presence in an organic molecule. Common functional groups found in

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    Chemical T ests for Unknowns Chemical tests have been developed as a means of identifying what functional groups are present in an unknown compound. Since IR and NMR spectroscopy has been developed‚ they are no longer critical to unknown analysis‚ but they can still be useful for confirming what you have determined by spectroscopy. Some of them look cool too! In order for a chemical reaction to work as a chemical test‚ it must 1) create a visible result (a color change‚ a precipitate‚ etc)

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    Compare diamonds and graphite in terms of bonding and properties. · Describe the properties of the carbon atom that allow it to form such a wide variety of compounds. · Identify the basic steps in the carbon cycle. · Describe and identify the functional groups

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    Functional Roles of Group Members Task Roles 1. Initiator/Contributor Contributes ideas and suggestions; proposes solutions and decisions; proposes new ideas or states old ideas in a novel fashion. 2. Information Seeker Asks for clarification of comments in terms of their factual adequacy; asks for information or facts relevant to the problem; suggests information is needed before making decisions. 3. Information Giver Offers facts or generalizations that may relate to the

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    Functional Illiteracy

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    moral‚ and functional illiteracy in his article. Cultural illiteracy defined by E.D. Hirsch Jr. is to possess the basic information needed to thrive in the modern world (Nash). Moral illiteracy is not being taught or lacked the education and understandings in religious or spiritual beliefs (Nash). Functional illiteracy refers to the inability of an individual to use reading‚ speaking‚ writing‚ and computational skills in everyday life (Literacy Center for the Midlands). Functional illiteracy is

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    Functional Illiteracy

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    Functional illiteracy is reading and writing skills that are inadequate "to manage daily living and employment tasks that require reading skills beyond a basic level".[1] Functional illiteracy is contrasted with illiteracy in the strict sense‚ meaning the inability to read or write simple sentences in any language. Foreigners who cannot read and write in the native language where they live may also be considered functionally illiterate. Contents   [hide]  1 Characteristics 2 Links with poverty and

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    Functional Illiteracy

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    Illiteracy and its effects. Intro Illiteracy is defined as the inability to read or write. There are purely illiterate; persons who cannot read or write at all and functionally illiterate; persons who can read and possibly write simple sentences with a limited vocabulary. In Malaysia‚ the government provides education in free public school for its citizens but many remain uneducated and illiterate. Illiterate persons are always typically labelled as stupid but in reality some of them are smart

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    Functional Decomposition Diagram An analyst first must understand an organization’s business functions before he or she can begin developing information systems. The functional decomposition diagram (FDD) is a business planning tool that depicts the hierarchy of business functions‚ processes‚ and subprocesses within an organization that are later described in detail using process models (chapter 6). The exercise of breaking down‚ or decomposing‚ the business functions into processes makes complex

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    Functional Groups

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    Functional Groups of Organic Compounds A functional group is a specific arrangement of atoms in the HC derivative other than carbon and hydrogen. Literally‚ the functional group determines the functions of the particular HC derivative in chemical reactions. This means that the specific properties of the HC derivative are due to its functional group. Each functional group is attached to an alkyl radical (R). An alkyl radical is one H atom less than the given alkane. The alkyl radical (R) uses

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    Engineering)‚ a functional requirement defines a function of a system or its component. A function is described as a set of inputs‚ the behavior‚ and outputs (see also software). Functional requirements may be calculations‚ technical details‚ data manipulation and processing and other specific functionality that define what a system is supposed to accomplish. Behavioral requirements describing all the cases where the system uses the functional requirements are captured in use cases. Functional requirements

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    function. Such function may be defined at the level of an occupational sector‚ an enterprise‚ a group of enterprises or a whole sector of production or services. Functional analysis may be developed with different initial levels: an occupational sector (hotel); mainstream occupations at various sectors (occupational safety and health); or an occupation (PC repairman). It is thus evident the flexibility of functional analysis. Although it was designed as a wide-scale analysis tool‚ it may also be useful to

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    Yes‚ We Do Matter I’ve always heard that it only takes one person to make a difference in this world‚ and that one person is going to be me. I matter in this world because‚ I’m a loving wife‚ and wonderful mother to my two children. Although I’m not a wealthy person‚ I can describe myself as an ambitious‚ generous‚ vivacious and very eager to learn woman. I have a few goals in life‚ and one was to teach my children that just because they don’t have money‚ it doesn’t mean they don’t have wealth

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    revision past year paper

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    organic chemistry Scope Organic chemistry is a vast subject so it is easier to split it into small sections for study. This is usually done by studying compounds which behave in a similar way because they have a particular atom‚ or group of atoms‚ (FUNCTIONAL GROUP) in their structure. Catenation The ability to form bonds between atoms of the same element. Carbon catenates to form chains and rings‚ with single‚ double and/or triple covalent bonds. Q.1 • Why does carbon form so many

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    five-membered thiozolidine ring. The carbon atom of the amide on the β-lactam ring can be bonded to any substituent‚ called the ’R-group’. Penicillins as well as cephalosporins are called beta-lactam antibiotics and are characterized by three fundamental structural requirements: the fused beta-lactam structure (shown in the blue and red rings‚ a free carboxyl acid group (shown in red bottom right Figure1.1)‚ and one or more substituted amino acid side chains (shown in black). The lactam structure

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    Orgo Post Lab

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    Haylee McHale February 3‚ 2013 Organic Chemistry Lab 226 Section 6 Techniques Lab 1. % Recovery= grams recovered compoundgrams crude compound X 100 % Recovery= 0.040 grams0.256 grams X 100 % Recovery= 0.16 x 100=16% There are many reasons why the percent recovery is much less than 100%. For example‚ one source of error may have been that the separatory funnel containing the acidified phenylalanine and ethyl acetate may not have separated well enough after being shaken together in the

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    Competency Inventory

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    Functional Competency Inventory and Design by Jai Cortes I. Title of the Diagnostic Tool: Functional Competency Inventory and Design II. Overview of the Diagnostic Tool a. Definition In a nutshell‚ functional competency inventory and design‚ is a tool which aims to measure the competencies of functional groups of organizations‚ which are affected by their respective core objectives. In 1973‚ McClelland supported “testing for competence‚ rather than intelligence.” By definition‚ competencies

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    Aspirin Synthesis Lab

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    product was ranged at 117.8-125.2C as shown in Table 1. An infrared spectrum for the pure aspirin from the synthesis was taken by using crushed crystals‚ Figure 1. This spectrum was shown with different absorption bands corresponded with the functional groups of aspirin which was observed at frequencies > 1500 cm-1. These infrared frequencies were shown in Table 2. An infrared spectrum of an authentic aspirin was used to distinguish how authentic the infrared spectrum from the synthesis was shown

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    IR exercise

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    Identify the main functional group present in the structure (i.e. ketone‚ alcohol‚ etc.). 4. Provide approximate frequency values for the bands you labeled in the spectrum (in cm–1)‚ and identify their shape (broad‚ medium‚ or narrow) and intensity (weak‚ medium‚ or strong). Each of the above items is worth 2.5 points‚ for a total of 10 points per question. EXAMPLE OCH 3 OH STRUCTURE CHOICES: O O X OH Z Y SPECTRUM WITH KEY BANDS LABELED MOLECULE ASSIGNED: X MAIN FUNCTIONAL GROUP: Carboxylic

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