Free cash flow In corporate finance‚ free cash flow (FCF) is cash flow available for distribution among all the securities holders of an organization. They include equity holders‚ debt holders‚ preferred stock holders‚ convertible security holders‚ and so on. G. Bennett Stewart - the "economic model of value holds that share prices are determined by just two things: the cash to be generated over the lifetime of a business and the risk of the cash receipts”. GSB (1990)‚ “The Quest for Value”
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purchasing a smaller chain‚ South Georgia Parts (SGP). Brau’s analysts project that the merger will result in the following incremental free cash flows‚ tax shields‚ and horizon values: Years 1 2 3 4 Free cash flow $1 $3 $3 $7 Unlevered horizon value 75 Tax shield 1 1 2 3 Horizon value of tax shield 32 Assume that all cash flows occur at the end of the year. SGP is currently financed with 30% debt at a rate of 10%. The acquisition would be made immediately‚ and
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evening before discussion Be prepared to discuss the case in class (your answers‚ your analysis‚ etc.) 1 Valuation - Use NPV approach How to make investment decisions: 1. Estimate (expected) cash flows in each time period 2. Choose an appropriate discount rate 3. Use discounted cash flow analysis to calculate NPV 4. Make decision that maximizes NPV Fundamental principle: V(A+B)>V(A)+V(B) Value driver:1)Eliminate overhead 3) Leveragen brom dname Pay its=D(P)(P-VC)-FC V(Pinkerton after)+V(CPP
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combination of WACC and APV methods. As stated above‚ ACC will use the Leverage buy out (LBO) approach‚ which means that the debt to equity ratio of AirThread will not be the same from 2008 to 2012‚ so APV approach would be more suitable to valuate the cash flows between 2008 and 2012. After 2012‚ AirThread will de-lever to industry norm and thus‚ they will have a target leverage ratio; therefore WACC is best to estimate the terminal value. Finally‚ regarding the valuation of non-operating investments
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to Note on Sample Cash Flow Template. Question 1 (5 points) The project with the highest IRR is always the project with the highest NPV. Your Answer | | Score | Explanation | True | | | | False | ✔ | 5.00 | Correct. Try now to sort this out in different contexts‚ | Total | | 5.00 / 5.00 | | Question Explanation This is all about the fundamental difference between IRR and NPV. Question 2 (10 points) Ann Arbor is considering offering public bus service for free. Setting up the
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CONSTRUCTION OF FREE CASH FLOWS A PEDAGOGICAL NOTE. PART I Ignacio Vélez-Pareja ivelez@javeriana.edu.co Department of Management Universidad Javeriana Bogotá‚ Colombia Working Paper N 5 First version: 5-Nov-99 This version: January 2001 This paper can be downloaded from the Social Science Research Network Electronic Paper Collection: http://papers.ssrn.com/paper.taf?abstract_id=196588 CONSTRUCTION OF FREE CASH FLOWS
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finance the purchase with Financing Alternative #1 (debt and equity financing from an investment firm) or Alternative #2 (all debt financing from a bank). The financing alternatives are discussed on page 4 of the case. You should do the discounted cash flow valuation of the deal using Adjusted Present Value. The question is “What is Pinkerton worth to CPP (Wathen’s sole proprietorship)?” The value of Pinkerton to CPP is made up of three parts: 1. the value of Pinkerton as a stand-alone firm (but
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Introduction Butler Capital Partners (Butler) is an investment fund founded in 1990. Butler closed its first private equity fund‚ European Strategic Fund‚ in 1991. This first fund was mainly focusing on small family owned enterprises and on divisions of larger companies. Mainly of his first success he closed in 1998 his second fund‚ Private Equity II‚ and Butler became one of the largest independent funds in France. With his second fund he would focus on investments in France on a larger scale
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Free Cash Flows Revised by C. Chang. Copyright 1996 by The McGraw-Hill Companies‚ Inc OUTLINE n n n n n n n What is FCF? FCFF? FCFE? How Do You Calculate FCFF? FCFF Calculation– the CFO Method FCFF Calculation– the EBIT Method Equivalence: FCFF(CFO) vs FCFF(EBIT) Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE) Free Cash Flow Example What is FCF? FCFF? FCFE? n Free Cash Flows to Firm (FCFF) n The cash produced by the business activities of a firm available for
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so. (10 points) This strategy does not consider risk. 3. The NuPress Valet Company has an improved version of its hotel stand. The investment cost is expected to be 72 million dollars and will return 13.50 million dollars for 5 years in net cash flows. The ratio of debt to equity is 1 to 1. The cost of equity is 13%‚ the cost of debt is 9%‚ and the tax rate is 34%. What is the NPV of the project? (10 points) WACC = .5*13+.5*9*(1-.34) = 9.47% PMT = 13‚500‚000‚ i=9.47%‚ n=5‚ PV = ?; NPV =
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