"Ferdinand Marcos" Essays and Research Papers

Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (1965-1986) CONDITION OF THE PHILIPPINES There was a decrease of freedom and democracy during the second term of Ferdinand Marcos. Because of the developments (economically, industrially, and infrastructures) Marcos accomplished, there was a massive increase in tourism rates. The Marcoses established good relations with world leaders, therefore bringing the Philippines’ image to higher grounds. Foreign relations brought foreign investments in and made the economy boom...

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Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was 10th President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives (1949–1959) and a member of the Philippine Senate (1959–1965). He was Senate President from 1963-1965. He claimed to have led a guerrilla force called Ang Maharlika in northern Luzon during the Second World War, although this is doubted.[1][2] As Philippine president and strongman...

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Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand Marcos, the infamous dictator, ruled the Philippines with an iron hand from the early 1970s to the late 1980s. At the age of 21, and a sharp shooter as well, his father lost in the Ilocos Norte elections. He became a suspect and was convicted of the murder of his father’s political opponent. But a brilliant man that he was, he topped the bar exams while imprisoned. In court, he defended himself and was freed by Jose P. Laurel. He believed that this soon-to-be dictator’s intelligence can...

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Marcos Dictatorship

1. Why was the 1973 Constitution amended? 2. What is martial law? 3. Why did President Marcos declare martial law? 4. How did the people show their discontent during the Marcos administration? 5. What problems did the country confront during the Marcos dictatorship? The 1973 Constitution basically changes the ‘presidential system’ of government into a ‘parliamentary system’ that puts the President into a purely symbolic statue. Therefore the president didn’t actually hold any power and wasn’t...

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Post-War Administration, Marcos Administration and Post-Edsa Administration

CHAPTERS 1-3: Post-war administration, Marcos Administration and post-EDSA administration Manuel Roxas started his term as the first president of the third republic of the Philippines. During his term he fortified Bell trade act and also the Parity Amendment in the constitution and on 1947 he signed the Military Bases Agreement. But during his time he earned a distrust from people because of graft and corruption issues. Manuel Roxas tried to destroyed the rebel group which is known as Hukbalahap...

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Analysis Of The Fall Of Ferdinand Marcos

October 10, 2001 Word Count: 2466 Research Question: How did Ferdinand E. Marcos eventually fall from power? INTRODUCTION Ferdinand E. Marcos was the longest reigning Philippine president in history. His rule spanned 20 years, beginning in 1965 up to his downfall in 1983. He was the first and only president re-elected so far (first in 1969 and second in 1981). After his second term, corruption in his administration was rampant. For 20 years he ruled the Philippines with an iron fist, and amassed...

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Philippine History Timeline

script|Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, and Buhid scripts * 1380 AD - Karim ul-Makhdum arrived at Sulu and built a Mosque * 1433 AD - The legendary Datu Kalantiaw publishes a legal code ------------------------------------------------- 16th century * 1521 - Ferdinand Magellan lands in the Philippines, claiming the islands for Spain * 1543 - Ruy López de Villalobos names the islands Las Islas Filipinas * 1565 - Miguel López de Legazpi establishes the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country ...

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edsa revolution

Filipinos used to recover their freedom from President Ferdinand Marcos’s iron hands. The Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) stretches 54 kilometers, where the peaceful demonstration was held on that fateful day. It was a day that gathered all Filipinos in unity with courage and faith to prevail democracy in the country. It was the power of the people, who assembled in EDSA, that restored the democratic Philippines, ending the oppressive Marcos regime. Hence, it came to be known as the EDSA People...

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Filipino People Power Revolution

revolution applies to the outline given in Crane Briton s Patterns of Revolution. The Peoples Power Revolution of the Philippines takes place because of the government fails to meet the needs of its people. In 1972 the Dictator of the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos, lead his country into economic chaos through his declaration of martial law. He crushed his opposition under the martial law by arresting nearly 30,000 of his opponents. These people ranged from being his political rivals to media reporters...

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The Edsa Revolution

Filipinos used to recover their freedom from President Ferdinand Marcos’s iron hands. The Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) stretches 54 kilometers, where the peaceful demonstration was held on that fateful day. It was a day that gathered all Filipinos in unity with courage and faith to prevail democracy in the country. It was the power of the people, who assembled in EDSA, that restored the democratic Philippines, ending the oppressive Marcos regime. Hence, it came to be known as the EDSA People...

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EDSA

case of nonviolent revolution led to the departure of President Ferdinand Marcos and the restoration of the country's democracy. It is also referred to as the Yellow Revolution due to the presence of yellow ribbons during the demonstrations following the assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr..[1][2] It was widely seen as a victory of the people against the 20-year running authoritarian, repressive[3] regime of then president Ferdinand Marcos and made news headlines as "the revolution that surprised the...

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People Power Revolution

Metro Manila Causes Alleged corruption by the Marcos regime Assassination of Benigno Simeon Aquino, Jr. Alleged fraud during the 1986 Presidential snap elections Goals Removal of Ferdinand Marcos from office Result Removal of Ferdinand Marcos from office Marcos exiled to Hawaii Start of the Fifth Philippine Republic Corazon Aquino becomes President Parties to the civil conflict Marcos Government Armed Forces of the Philippines Forces loyal to Marcos Presidential Security Group[1] Government Parties:...

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Impact of Edsa Revolution

dictatorship of Former President Ferdinand Marcos. Many countries were astounded by our country’s move and it draw much more attention because nobody died. With 2 million participants involved in the protest, the military was given a choice whether or not firing back to the protesters who are free of firearms and are only holding rosaries. And because of this the Filipino citizens were successful in overthrowing the dictatorship’s administration and the departure of the Marcos Family. The Filipino Citizens...

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edsa revolution

Result Fall of Marcos regime Start of the Fifth Republic Belligerents Philippines Marcos Regime Philippines Kilusang Bagong Lipunan Philippines Loyalist soldiers Ayyubid Flag.png UNIDO Ayyubid Flag.png PDP-Laban Ayyubid Flag.png Liberal Party Philippines Reform the Armed Forces Movement Philippines Defected soldiers Philippines Human rights victims Philippines Archdiocese of Manila United States Commanders and leaders Philippines Ferdinand Marcos Philippines Imelda Marcos Philippines...

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Martial Law

Ferdinand Marcos, who succeeded the presidency after defeating Macapagal in the 1965 Presidential election, As a president of the Philippines, Marcos spends millions in infrastructural development such as roads, health centers and schools as well as intensifying tax collection; he built more schools than all the presidents did. In November 1969, Marcos had won the reelection for the presidencies, he defeat Sergio Osmeña Jr. because the election accompanied by violence and full of lying with the...

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Condensed Version of Philippine History

Party. There were around 100 casualties and 10 deaths. Starting that time, the popularity of Benigno Aquino and his Liberal Party grew rapidly. Marcos blamed the communists for suspicious bombing. 3. Martial law September 21, 1972. President Ferdinand Marcos signed Proclamation 1081 declaring martial law to "save the Republic" from crime and violence. Marcos abolished the Congress and created the semi parliament Batasang Pambansa. It caused the takeover of many private businesses by the government...

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Mindanao conflict

CONFLICT In order to understand the Mindanao conflict it is necessary to go back to the beginning of the 14th century, when arab missionaries and Chinese traders brought Islam to the primarily pagan tribes that inhabited the Philippines. In 1521, Ferdinand Magellan arrived to the Philippines and imposed Spanish rule just as Muslim missionaries were converting to Islam all the ruling families in southern Mindanao. The Spanish began a campaign to try to Christianize them, calling them contemptuously...

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Jose Diokno Brief Biography

spent. These millions are for one year only… Is this right, is this fair to our people when we have not even released the appropriation of P50 million for our school building program and are, today, three years behind schedule?" When President Ferdinand Marcos proposed a bill appropriating a "political budget" of P2.8 billion, of which P100 million was to be doled out, at P2,000 each, to 31,000 barrios throughout the Philippines without any apparent program for the use of the amount, Senator Diokno...

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Pos 160 Final Exam Philippine Political Framework

was former president and Dictator Ferdinand Marcos. Marcos was able to destroy the bases of power of the elites that he thought would have the power to challenge his Dictatorship. Using a strengthened national army both politically and a means to support his need for violence, he was able to eliminate his enemies. The problem with what Marcos did was he replaced all the elite families he destroyed with himself as “Master Cacique” or “Master Warlord.” “Don Ferdinand can be seen as the Master Cacique...

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Philippines: a History of Colonialism and Oppression

insurgency till 1954, until its defeat by the Army, thanks to massive aid from the US. The Marcos Dictatorship From 1972-1986 the Philippines was under the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos. He was originally elected president in 1965 and started out with a programme of public works investments. However the ruling class in the country at this time was split, many seeing Marcos as too left wing. In addition Marcos embezzled huge amounts of money, which brought further economic and political instability...

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Philippine Presidents

The date of “Independence Day” in the Philippines was changed from June 4th to June 12th; The official filling of the claim of the Republic of the Philippines over Sabah (North Borneo) on June 22, 1962; Formation of MAPHILINDO | | 10. Ferdinand E. Marcos | 1965-1986 | * Martial Law Measures | Stabilization of government finance by means of more effective collection of taxes, imposing new tax laws, and getting loans from foreign banks and governments; Greater production of rice by promoting...

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Martial Law

existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the US and Great Britain. This took effect on September 23, 1944. Ferdinand Marcos Main article: History of the Philippines (1965–1986) See also: Proclamation № 1081 On a privilege speech of Benigno Aquino, Jr., he warned the public of the possible establishment of a “garrison state” by President Marcos. President Marcos declared martial law from 1972 to 1981 to suppress increasing civil strife and the threat of communist takeover following...

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Bataan Nuclear Power Plant

Plant (BNPP) is located in Morong, Bataan and was constructed under the administration of President Ferdinand Ferdinand Marcos during the Martial Law period. Westinghouse was contracted to build the light water reactor, deign to produce 621 megawatts of electricity. This power plant was constructed under loan $600 million for two units but controversially it ballooned up to $2.3 billion. After The Marcos’ was thrown to Hawaii, the succeeding administration, President Cory Aquino commissioned a series...

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Martial Law in the Philippines: a Coup of the Country Against Itself

today by our country’s bias coup plot for self-destruction and irreversible downfall. The main and taught of “antagonist” of the history of the Martial Law in the Philippines was the best and the worst President – Strongman Ferdinand E. Marcos. Late President Ferdinand Marcos is the only one who directly came from being the Senate President to being the 10th President of The Republic of the Philippines. He is a lawyer who took his bar examinations after bailing out of jail for a case of an accused...

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batas militar

BATAS MILITAR Ferdinand E. Marcos, a man that is considered as one of the most brightest Filipino on his years but who have been thought that this exceptional man will be the cruelest man and will mark a history to his fellow Filipino that want to escaped and forget their reminiscences when they have been placed under Martial Law. As I sat and watched the documentary film about Martial Law, I get so excited because I was given a chance to go back in 1970’s time which luckily I was not able to...

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Historical Biographical Analysis on “Another Invitation to the Pope to Visit Tondo”

country was already considered independent. He witnessed the administration of Manuel Roxas, Elpidio Quirino, Ramon Magsaysay, Carlos P. Garcia and Diosdado Macapagal. Macapagal ran for the re-election but he was defeated by Ferdinand Marcos. How was the Philippines during the Marcos regime and early before? Since 1940, it has been very hard for the Filipinos to accept the war after war, revolutions and occupations. The Philippines suffered great loss of life and tremendous physical destruction...

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Ang Suliranin Ng Populasyon

333 on July 17, 1948. In 1975, Quezon City became part of the larger urban governance scheme that is Metro Manila, with the creation of the Metropolitan Manila Commission by virtue of Presidential Decree 824. On July 24, 1976, then President Ferdinand E, Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 940, conferring the role of the nation's capital to Metro Manila, hence the name National Capital Region. President Quezon himself served as the city's first Mayor and he later appointed Tomas Morato to the position...

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hello world

career. First of the presidents featured is the former strongman, Ferdinand Marcos. At the onset, Marcos was portrayed as a man full of ambition and talent, and the greatest of his ambitions is to become the president of the Republic of the Philippines. Media portrayed Marcos as intelligent, consciously aware of the law, and as a visionary of real and tangible development. Indeed the media was right, not only was Marcos a visionary, he did make his visions of the country stand and erected as...

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Manuel Roxas

lease hold system Changed Phil independence- from July 4 to June 12. Ferdinand Marcos aimed at attaining self-sufficiency in rice production and diversification programs of crops and intensifying the community development program. Adopted a mailed-fist policy (threat of force) and a socioeconomic program in response to the Huk resurgence. Phil joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) September 21, 1972 Marcos declared Martial Law. Corazon Aquino proclaimed a revolutionary government...

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Short Outline of Life of Fidel V Ramos

not part of the plan by many Filipinos for his decision to break away from the administration of the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos and pledge allegiance and loyalty to the newly-established revolutionary government of President Aquino, following the downfall of Marcos from power in February 1986. Previously, he was the AFP vice chief-of-staff, chief of PC/INP under President Marcos. Under Ramos, the Philippines experienced a period of political stability and rapid economic growth and expansion...

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Goodbye, Superboy: a Fond Farewell to the Last Romantic

another monument to him in Manila. But monuments and statues, and glowing encomiums do not a hero make. But my thesis is that today, Ninoy is a forgotten hero. There was so much hype in the first halcyon years after the overthrow of the tyrant Ferdinand E. Marcos, and too many silly celebrations, with excessive hoopla, of each succeeding anniversary of the EDSA "people power" revolution (and then an EDSA II, and, sanamagan, even an EDSA III so-called) that the man whose heroism and sacrifice inspired...

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Martial Law

application or extension of military law or military justice to civilians. Civilians defying martial law may be subjected to military tribunals (court-martial). Ferdinand Marcos In a privilege speech before Senate, Benigno Aquino, Jr. warned the public of the possible establishment of a “garrison state” by President Ferdinand Marcos. President Marcos imposed martial law on the nation from 1972 to 1981 to suppress increasing civil strife and the threat of a communist takeover following a series of bombings...

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America's Involvement in the Edsa Revolution

The 1986 EDSA Revolution taught the world democracy. An event proudly included in history textbooks, as the Filipinos victorious non-violent attempt to overthrow the violent Marcos government. But the EDSA Revolution outcome would have not been in the Filipinos favor without the intervention of the Americans. Marcos and America, particularly their president Johnson, started with an extravagant friendship. Their friendship provided the assistance Americans needed for the ongoing Vietnamese war...

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Film Analysis for Dekada '70

21, 1972, 39 years ago this week, then President Ferdinand Marcos appeared on television screens all across the Philippines, informing the Filipino people that he had “signed proclamation number 1081 placing the entire Philippines under martial law.” Martial Law is “the imposition of military rule” removing power from all other branches in government (wiki). Martial law in the Philippines lasted from September 22, 1972 to January 17, 1981 but Marcos remained in power up until February 25, 1986 Many...

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Green Revolution in the Philippines

Revolution, carried out under the Presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, coordinated with the international Green Revolution implemented by the institutions set up by Franklin Roosevelt and his Vice President Henry Wallace (see below), under the direction of the famous Norman Borlaug. The collapse of that program in the Philippines can be blamed directly on then-U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and his deputy Paul Wolfowitz, who ran the coup against the Marcos Administration between 1983 and 1986. That...

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123 asdadas

started during the Spanish regime when the land was primarily owned by the large landlords and the friars. The Philippine farmers found it hard to acquire lan Premium 1435 Words 6 Pages Reaction Paper: Blindside Salazar, Ferdinand M. BS ECE 2A Reaction Paper (The Blindside by John Lee Hancock) The Blindside is a movie which tackles about the essence of a family and the virtue of charity. The main character of the movie is a Black-American teenager, with an awfully low intellectual...

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Social Science 1st year test

____8.Ferdinand Marcos’ objective was the implementation of the land reform program. ____9.Philippine independence day was changed from July 4 to June 13 by Diosdado Macapagal. ____10.Constitutional authoritarianism has the function to protect or restore the traditional, legal order in crisis situations ____11.There were no bombings in July and August 1972 engineered by government agents. ____12.Juan Ponce Enrile was ambushed according to the US-Marcos controlled press. ____13.Marcos declared...

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ilocos

total land area of 3,400 square kilometers. It is composed of 22 municipalities with 477 barangays. The province is noted for being the birthplace of former Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, who led an authoritarian rule over the country during the later half of his incumbency. Ilocos Norte has always been Marcos territory and the family enjoy a moderate amount of popularity in the province. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood in the province, all lands for cultivation can be...

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Presidents of the Philippines

corruption) Rise in consumer goods prices Lavish wealth in conspicuous parties and anomalous deals Ferdinand Marcos December 30, 1965 – February 25, 1986 3rd Prime Minister of the Philippines (1978-1981) Secretary of National Defense (1971-1972) 11th President of Senate of the Philippines (1963-1965) Senator (1959-1965) Martial Law Decentralization Act Investment incentives Act of 1967 Marcos’ Ill-gotten wealth Declaration of Martial law Assassination of Benigno Aquino Corazon Aquino February...

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Edsa Revolution

MARTIAL LAW Under the supervision of Ferdinand Marcos, September 1972. Marcos declared the Martial Law. When Martial Law was enacted, all of Ferdinand’s enemies in politics had been arrested. And in that time, the security in the country had been restricted. Martial Law is declared against the former Defense Secretary/Minister where at by now is a Senate. Martial Law has a mission, and it is to avoid harm from the communist. But in case of retrieving, the communist fight for they’re right. And...

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The Constitution of the Philippines

President and by the occupation forces during the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines during World War II with José P. Laurel as President. Background of the 1987 Constitution In 1986, following the People Power Revolution which ousted Ferdinand E. Marcos as President, and following on her own inauguration, Corazon C. Aquino issued Proclamation 3, declaring a national policy to implement the reforms mandated by the people, protecting their basic rights, adopting a provisional constitution, and...

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History of Journalism

Philippines founded by Juan de Salcedo, grandson of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal y Alonzo Realonda wrote Noli Me Tangere, 1887; and El Filibusterismo, 1891. He was executed in Bagumbayan, now Rizal Park, on December 30, 1896. Ferdinand Blumentritt, the “true brother” and “loyal friend” of Jose Rizal, made several studies about the country. He was born in Praque, Bohemia, now Czechoslovakia. Andres Bonifacio is the father of Philippine Revolution and Philippine Democracy and the...

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Conflict in Mindanao

ones that are most responsible are the many internal conflicts that the Philippines have suffered. The declaration of martial law by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1972 greatly exacerbated these issues. Marcos believed that if his military was not dealing with external threats, it should be used to work on the interior problems of the developing country. Marcos used this philosophy to keep himself in power, after his constitutional term ended. The Armed Forces of the Philippines became a dominant and...

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NASP Educates Schools on the Effects of Corporal Punishment

discipline among delinquent students because it was recognized to be effective dating back from the Spanish colonization era up to the late 1970s evidenced by the kind of leaders we had during those times, from Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio to Ferdinand E. Marcos and Benigno S. Aquino Jr. It was the time of the so called democracy in the late 1980’s that discipline started to deteriorate due to the exploitation of the word freedom/ democracy that was misunderstood by most of the Filipinos that eventually...

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The Political Environment of the Philippines

Philippines Historical Facts: The Philippines overcame many obstacles in history that reshaped the political environment of modern times. The Philippine islands have a strong Spanish influence. Records in history date back to 1521 where Ferdinand Magellan colonized the islands in the name of Charles I of Spain. The Spanish objectives focused Philippine society toward the spread of Christianity, colonization in the name of Spain, and acquiring key positions in the spice trade from Asia. ...

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Philippine History

leadership. In 1972, Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law as his second term was about to end, amid a resurgence of a nationalist movement that was questioning treaties on the US military bases and the U.S. economic "parity" rights. Political repression reached its height under Marcos. His preferential treatment for foreign investors further contributed to the deterioration of the Philippine economy, particularly with the use of government funds and foreign loans for the Marcos family and their cronies...

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Spanish , American and Japanese Era in the Philippines

independence in Cavite from Spain in 1898. Aguinaldo was the guest of honour during the fist Independence Day celebrations in 1962. Philippine History During the Martial Law Regime Ferdinand E. Marcos won the presidency in 1965 and was the first president to be re-elected for a second term in office. Marcos He embarked on an ambitious public works program and maintained his popularity through his first term. His popularity started to decline after his re-election due to perceived dishonesty...

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Ang Alamat ng Jejemon

Lustado, Thea Danizze M. BSA-A3A 2 Leaders Who Practice True Democratic Styles Corazon Aquino was the 11th president and first female president of the Philippines. She restored democracy after the long dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos. She was known as the “Mother of Democracy” of the Philippines for she led the revolution, the culmination of a battle for freedom that was her husband's advocacy. It was a battle she won, and a victory that gave us back our nation's democracy. As President, Aquino...

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Ninoy Aquino

Benigno Aquino of the Philippines was a leading opponent of the rule of President Ferdinand Marcos (1917–1989), who governed the Philippines from 1966 to 1986. Aquino's opposition ended in August 1983 when, after living in the United States for three years, he returned to the Philippine capital of Manila and was assassinated (killed) at the airport. Aquino's death touched off massive demonstrations against President Marcos. Youthful accomplishments Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino was born on November 27...

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Timbol

June 12, 1898 to be Philippines’ Independence Day signed the Minimum Wage Law created the Philippine Veteran’s Bank 10. Ferdinand Marcos, 1965-1886 Born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Ferdinand Edralin Marcos was a lawyer and Senate President for three years. He was president for 21 years. He ruled under martial law and his dictatorship was known for its corruption and brutality. Marcos was removed from office after the People Power Revolution. Contributions and Achievements: first president to win a second...

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The Pork Barrel Issue

funds to divide and rule the Philippine Assembly. The Americans used it to appease the Filipinos who wanted the country’s independence. Even from the start, it has been a way of buying off people’s support. During Martial Law, former President Ferdinand Marcos abolished the pork barrel system in the country, but he did not keep the money as part of the national budget. Instead, he distributed the pork barrel funds to his supporters. Now, the country is facing yet again another problem in the misuse...

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Book Review - Jimmy Ongpin the Enigma

dissatisfaction from within the business community as Marcos cronyism wasted government money to save financially distressed crony companies. In 1981, Jimmy wrote a letter to Asian Wall Street Journal and criticized Marcos and his economic policies, to the disappointment of his brother Bobby Ongpin, who was then the Minister of Trade and Industry. Since then Jimmy has been critical of the Marcos government and has supported all moves against Marcos. In fact, he supported all the way Corazon Aquino...

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Pilipinong Manunulat

Pictures under President Diosdado Macapagal and President Ferdinand E. Marcos. Joaquin’s first move as National Artist was to secure the release of imprisoned writer José F. Lacaba. Later, at a ceremony on Mount Makiling attended by First Lady Imelda Marcos, Joaquín delivered an invocation to Mariang Makiling, the mountain’s mythical maiden. Joaquín touched on the importance of freedom and the artist. As a result, for the remainder of the Marcos regime, Joaquín no longer received invitations to address...

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People Power Revolution

Philippines’s President Ferdinand Marcos. The Filipinos were tired of how President Marcos government oppressed the people. The Philippine people staged a revolt called the EDSA People Power Revolution. The revolution is also known as the Peaceful Revolution because there was no bloodshed. Prayer was the only weapon. On February 25 1986, the Filipino people marched Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) in the People Power Revolution. The revolt came from President Marcos not treating his people...

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IntroductionFIN

Presidential Decree No. 1706 Presidential Decree No. 1706, otherwise known as the "National Service Law", was signed by President Ferdinand Marcos on 8 August 1980. It made national service obligatory for all Filipino citizens and specified three categories of national service: civic welfare service, law enforcement service and military service. President Ferdinand Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 1706 in 1980. Republic Act 7077 Republic Act 7077, otherwise known as the "Citizen Armed Forces...

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Lino Brock Biography

assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr., eventually becoming one of the progressive organizations representing artists and cultural workers in the country. The following year, Bayan Ko (This Is My Country) was deemed subversive by the government of Ferdinand Marcos, and underwent a legal battle to be shown in its uncut form. At the 1984 Cannes Film Festival, however, it was nominated for the Palme d'Or. It garnered four honors at the 1986 Gawad Urian Awards, including best picture. Brocka directed over...

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People Power Revolution

the deposed President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos, these basic rights were suppressed by the military rule. I remember in the 70s, when you get caught roaming the street around 10 pm because of the imposition of curfew, you will be investigated. Many of those who violated were wrongly accused of subversion or those who were opposing the military rule. Many politicians, government employees, people’s organization and non-government organizations who rallied against the Marcos regime were accused of...

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Philippine Treasure

Filipino architect. A pioneer of modern Philippine architecture, he was recognized in some quarters as the foremost Filipino modernist architect of his time. He was conferred the rank and title of National Artist of the Philippines by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1976. Next is Leandro V. Locsin was a Filipino architect, artist, and interior designer known for his use of concrete, floating volume and simplistic design in his various projects. An avid collector, he was fond of modern painting and Chinese...

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Presidents of the Philippines

exchange market. He started the abolition of tenancy and accompanying land reform program in the Agricultural Land Reform Code of 1963 which underscored his endeavour to fight mass poverty. He established the Land Bank of the Philippines. Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965-1986) During his first term he had made progress in agriculture, industry, and education. Yet his administration was troubled by increasing student demonstrations and violent urban-guerrilla activities. Initially, he had a good record...

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Philippine Government

Diosdado Macapagal (1961-65) sought to expand Philippine ties to its Asian neighbors, implement domestic reform programs, and develop and diversify the economy. In 1972, President Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965-86) declared martial law, citing growing lawlessness and open rebellion by the communist rebels as his justification. Marcos governed from 1973 until mid-1981 in accordance with the transitory provisions of a new constitution that replaced the commonwealth constitution of 1935. He suppressed democratic...

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