In mathematics‚ the exponential function is the function ex‚ where e is the number (approximately 2.718281828) such that the function ex is its own derivative.[1][2] The exponential function is used to model a relationship in which a constant change in the independent variable gives the same proportional change (i.e. percentage increase or decrease) in the dependent variable. The function is often written as exp(x)‚ especially when it is impractical to write the independent variable as a superscript
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Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Tell whether the function y = 2( 5 ) shows growth or decay. Then graph the function. a. This is an exponential growth function. c. This is an exponential decay function. x b. This is an exponential growth function. d. This is an exponential growth function. ____ 2. Graph the inverse of the relation. Identify the domain and range of the inverse. x y −1 4 1 2 3 1 5 0 7 1 a. c
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A function is a relation in which each element of the domain is paired with exactly one element in the range. Two types of functions are the exponential functions and the logarithmic functions. Exponential functions are the functions in the form of y = ax‚ where ’’a’’ is a positive real number‚ greater than zero and not equal to one. Logarithmic functions are the inverse of exponential functions‚ y = loga x‚ where ’’a’’ is greater to zero and not equal to one. These functions have certain differences
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Exponential Functions An exponential function is in which a constant base is raised to a variable power. Exponential functions are used to model changes in population size‚ in the spread of diseases‚ and the growth of investments. They can also accurately predict types of decline typified by radioactive decay. The essence of exponential growth‚ and a characteristic of all exponential growth functions‚ is that they double in size over regular intervals. The most important exponential function is
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G Exploring Exponential Models 1 x 3. y 5 2 Q 5 R Graph each function. 1. y 5 (0.3)x 6 Date 2. y 5 3x y 6 y y 4 4 2 2 x x Ϫ2 O 2 Ϫ2 O 2 x Ϫ2 O 1 4. y 5 2(3)x 5. s(t) 5 2.5t y 6 s(t) 6 f(x) 4 2 4 6 4 1 6. f (x) 5 2(5)x 2 2 2 Ϫ2 O x t x 2 1 x 7. y 5 0.99 Q 3 R decay; 0.99 Ϫ2 O Ϫ2 O 2 2 Without graphing‚ determine whether the function represents exponential growth or exponential
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Exponential and Logarithmic Functions 2.2 Logarithmic Functions MATH14 • Logarithmic Function with base b • Graph of Logarithmic Function • Natural Logarithmic Function • Properties of Logarithmic Functions • Exponential and Logarithmic Equations Logarithmic Function with base b Definition: The logarithmic function with base b is the inverse of the exponential function with base b. y logb x Note: Dom f if and only if x b y Rng f Logarithmic Function
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Submitted to: MRS. VILORIA Professor * Constant Function: Let ’A’ and ’B’ be any two non–empty sets‚ then a function ’’ from ’A’ to ’B’ is called Constant Function if and only if range of ’’ is a singleton. * Algebraic Function: The function defined by algebraic expression are called algebraic function. e.g. * Polynomial Function: A function of the form Where ’n’ is a positive integer and are
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Functions and graphing functions Basics: A function is a rule that changes input into output A relation is any set of ordered pairs A function is defined as a set of ordered pairs in which no two ordered pairs have the same element A function must give exactly one unique output for each input Also called a mapping or simply a map The set of input numbers is called the domain The set of output numbers is called the range The set of all possible outputs is called the co-domain The range is generally
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05A2009 =0.50(83000) + 0.30(67000) + 0.15(64000) + 0.05(48000) = 41‚500 + 20‚100 + 9‚600 + 2‚400 = $73‚600 $73‚600 is the forecast for 2013 Q2. Using exponential smoothing with a weight of 0.6 on actual values: a) If sales are $45‚000 and $50‚000 for 2010 and 2011‚ what would you forecast for 2012? (The first forecast is equal to the actual value of the preceding year.) Actual values are 2010: $45‚000
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LOGARITHMIC AND EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS Inverse relations Exponential functions Exponential and logarithmic equations One logarithm THE LOGARITHMIC FUNCTION WITH BASE b is the function y = logb x. b is normally a number greater than 1 (although it need only be greater than 0 and not equal to 1). The function is defined for all x > 0. Here is its graph for any base b. Note the following: • For any base‚ the x-intercept is 1. Why? To see the answer‚ pass your mouse over the colored
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