"Existence" Essays and Research Papers


 One’s Existence Why do I exist? What is my purpose here on earth? I believe that we are all living for something. I believe that every life is essential including positive purposes. I believe in learning everyday through making differences and carrying the truth even when no one is watching. Everyone has a purpose. Everything has a purpose. Everyday has a purpose. My purpose in life is exactly what is stated in the bible, to live for Jesus Christ and reflect his attitude My purpose...

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Existence of Partnerships

Research Essay ‘The existence of a partnership is to be determined from what the parties do rather than what the parties call themselves.’ Introduction Partnerships, one of the simplest forms of business structure, are creatures of contract and trust.1 Due to the contractual nature and unlimited liability of partnerships it is essential that people understand the definition of partnerships in order to avoid facing loss of personal property in situations where the intention was not to create...

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existence of evil

evil because it is necessary to keep a balance in the world where humans live in. The main philosophers who will discuss why evil exist and if God himself exists as well are John Hick and B.C. Johnson. John Hick’s reason for his argument on the existence of Evil is more convincing and logically true than B.C. Johnson’s reason for his argument. Hick believes in Evil being necessary in this world and that God exists with it as well. To back up his belief Hick gives examples and uses a theology called...

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Self Reflection of My Existence

non-living things here in the universe. Our creator gives us handbook for life that explains why we exists; he gave us the bible which composed of laws,historical information,poetry,prophecy, and devide inspired letters that explain the role of our existence here in the universe. It is written in Col 1:16 "For by him all the things we're craeted" -this explains our origins.And to some extent the reason of our origins. Also God gives/leave us the choice on how we will run our life through out our life...

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Descartes: Reality and the Existence of God

upon which to build his ideology. When judging what reality is, God must be considered. He/she must be taken out of a religious concept and proven to exist, exist in a way in which we cannot be deceived into only thinking is real. The proof of the existence of God in this way forms the backbone of Descartes’ further forays into proving what is reality. God, being the supremely powerful, all-knowing all-seeing force that created the world and everything in it, was central in most 17th century philosophies...

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Aquinas Five Proofs for the Existence of God

Scientific reasoning has brought humanity to incredibly high levels of sophistication in all realms of knowledge. For Saint Thomas Aquinas, his passion involved the scientific reasoning of God. The existence, simplicity and will of God are simply a few topics which Aquinas explores in the Summa Theologica. Through arguments entailing these particular topics, Aquinas forms an argument that God has the ability of knowing and willing this particular world of contingent beings. The contrasting nature...

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Existence of God

Descartes Essay: Existence of God Descartes’ Third Meditation focuses on the existence of God. He describes God as ‘a certain substance that is infinite, independent, supremely intelligent and supremely powerful, and that created me along with everything else that exists – if anything else exists’ (Descartes, 25). In this Meditation, he states a fundamental principle that ‘there must be as much [reality] in the cause as there is in its effect’. This is the question of the existence of infinity when...

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The Existence of God

The Existence of God For centuries, the idea of God has been a part of man's history. Past and present, there has always been a different integration consisting of the believers and the non-believers of God. The group of those who have "faith" in God tend to be related to one religion or another. On the other hand, the skeptics find the existence of God somewhat puzzling and try to seek the answers through scientific methods. Even as of today with all the modern technologies and the development...

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The Existence of God

The Existence of God Kimberly Mongold PHI 208 Ethics and Moral Reasoning Instructor Kenneth Mentor April 07, 2013   Since the beginning of time people have often questioned the meaning of life, how the universe was created and the purpose for the wildlife and creatures that roam the earth. These things often lead us to question the existence of God. In order to even begin to answer these complex questions we must uncover the source of all of these occurrences. In this paper I will...

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Gods Existence

The belief in the Christian Gods existence has been a controversial issue for a very long time. The Holy Bible is a lot of things to a lot of people. To some, the Bible is a self-contradictory book about cultures from the distant past. Others, such as Christians, believe that it is a guide on how to live their daily lives and it is a source of inspiration. I personally believe that the existence of God is nonsensical. "If the truth is that ugly - which it is - then we do have to be careful about...

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Futility of Existence in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

Q: How does Stoppard examine the futility of human existence in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead? In the play, Stoppard highlights the futility of human existence. Stoppard highlights this through Ros and Guil as they are represented as 'every man' figures. Stoppard links to the futility of human existence through the themes of identity, inactivity, incomprehensibility of the world, and art and real life. Ros and Guil are shown to have fluid identities, and they are both interchangeable...

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given due consideration. Thus, the onus lies on the one who affirms the existence of God to explain who or what this God is and to prove his existence. The subject of God may have being difficult to explain because the term God does not refer to any physical entity in the universe. Rene Descartes who is widely revered as the father of modern philosophy affirmed the existence of God and proffered two arguments for the existence of God. Many scholars have bore their minds on the question of God, but...

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The 7 Most Intriguing Philosophical Arguments For The Existence Of God

point. It is not trying to prove the existence of Christian God, or that there is no God or no god but rather using philosophical arguments backed up by philosophers to give the top arguments on why there is something. In the tooth and nail battle of ethnicity, equality, and religion we live in today I find it interesting and commend them for making such statement. Also me being a Christian I am used to seeing Philosophy and Science used to disprove the existence of God or god, and found it different...

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God's Existence

God and the Meaning of Life: Is the existence of God necessary for Life to be meaningful? Alicia Johnson Jackson State Community College Phil 2430 Most people find it difficult to accept the stressful events of life such as the death of a loved one, serious injury, bankruptcy, divorce, etc, especially when something “senseless” events happens. How can family and friends come to terms with a death of a talented college student, not even 20 years old? Through its emphasis...

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It Is Points to Deny the Logical Necessity of the Existence of God.

“It is pointless to deny the logical necessity of the existence of God.” First of all, we must ask: is the existence of God an analytic statement, or is it synthetic. An analytic statement is one which is impossible to think of as false. For example, a triangle having three internal angles which total 180 degrees is an analytic statement because it it impossible to think of a triangle in any other way. This therefore means that the proposition is logically necessary and it would be incoherent...

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The Existence of God

God actually does exist, however there is more certainty that He does exist than the certainty that we will see tomorrow. With this in mind, it should be clear that we make an effort to believe in God even if we aren’t completely certain of his existence. Even though we may be doubtful that God does exist, according to Pascal, there are more benefits to believing, than living a life free from thinking there could ever possibly be any sort of transcendent realm. In the chance that God does exist and...

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Anshelm´s Proof of God´s Existence

The question about the existence of God or, more generally speaking, of a supernatural entity that steers the course of the world, is probably as old as humanity itself. Many great philosophers were concerned with this basic and yet so important question which remains to be a controversial issue to this day! In the following I will commit myself to the above-mentioned question by firstly reconstructing Anselm´s proof of God´s existence and secondly considering his position in the light of the critique...

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Outline the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God (21)

Outline the cosmological argument for the existence of God (21) The Cosmological argument is an argument that attempts to prove the existence of God, it is also known as the causation argument which argues that as all events require a cause, if the universe is an event it must have a cause and that cause is God. The argument is a posteriori because its based on evidence that already exists in the universe. The cosmological argument is also inductive because the conclusion is what...

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Does the Existence of Evil and Suffering Prove That There Is No God?

A question that is often discussed and debated is “does the existence of evil and suffering in our world prove there is no God?” This question raises attention of many people and is thought about worldwide. God is seen as almighty, powerful and worshiped, but this raises the question of why would God put our world throughout so much suffrage and heartache? God loves each and every person on earth, which causes a lot of confusion when it comes to suffering. Bad things happen to good people and good...

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Existence of God Argumentative Paper

McCloskey There are many different types of arguments for the existence of God. With each argument there is a conception presented of God. For each argument there are different approaches. I will be focusing on the Cosmological and Teleological Arguments. Teleological Arguments are known to be arguments from divine, arguing from order in the universe to the existence of God (1).With the ordering of the universe, created by an intelligent being, they hold that...

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Existence of God

Existence of God The question as to the fact on whether or not God exists or ceases to exist has been one of the most debated. Human beings find it necessary to prove the existence of God so that we can give meaning to life. People that disprove his existence do so because they find meaning elsewhere, such as in evolution. A person can believe and have faith in God, but as to whether or not his existence can be proven lays the argument between theists and atheists. The philosophers discussed believe...

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Philosophy (the Existence of God)

In my essay I decided to take on the second and third topics. I’ll first address and examine Anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of God while restating and critically examining Aquinas’s first argument for the existence of God. After I finish with that topic I will then take on Paley and his argument and whether or not it thoroughly proves the existence of God conceived as a supremely perfect being and why or why not this is. During this topic I will bring in Dawkins’ and Hume’s criticisms...

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Rene Descartes - Existence of God

Meditations on First Philosophy, examines Descartes' arguments for the existence of God. The purpose of this essay will be to explore Descartes' reasoning and proofs of God's existence. In the third meditation, Descartes states two arguments attempting to prove God's existence, the Trademark argument and the traditional Cosmological argument. Although his arguments are strong and relatively truthful, they do no prove the existence of God. At the start of the meditation, Descartes begins by rejecting...

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The Existence of God

Danielle Introduction to Philosophy April 23. 2013 The Existence of God The existence of God has been questioned, pondered, sought out and studied for hundreds, no, thousands of years since the beginning of time. “Does God exist?” “What do certain philosophers have to say about the existence of God?” “What do Christianity and Atheism have to say?” “What about those who say they have experienced God?” “If He does exist, what is He like?” “Why does...

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Why Does Plato Considers Ordinary Human Existence to Thatos Chained Prisoners in a Cave

WHY DOES PLATO COMPARE ORDINARY HUMAN EXISTENCE TO THAT OF CHAINED PRISONERS IN A CAVE? Plato in his famous Allegory of Cave compared the ordinary human existence to that of chained prisoners in a cave. According to Plato, we are all stuck in a false reality in this world like prisoners in a cave. His cave theory still applies today in the sense that the people are influenced and controlled by the world around them. They do not want to realize or seek the truth; instead they wish to live...

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God's Existence and Aquinas Objection

Anselm's argument of God's existence and Aquinas objection I was in the debate team in high school. And there were times that our team would take the against side of the statement. In his famous work Prologion, written in 1077-1078, Anselm presents the idea the God exists because God is the greatest thing of all, that the idea of thinking of God exists prove its existence. Hundred of years later, Thomas Aquinas brings up the account that addresses Anselm's idea in objection 2 of Question II, First...

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The Existence of God: Can It Be Proved?

Is it possible to prove the existence of God? Throughout time many philosophers have been searching for an answer to creation and whether it is actually possible to prove (or not prove) if God exists. Some of the philosophers include Thomas Aquinas, William Paley and Blaise Pascal they came up with various different theories and arguments to prove the existence of God and why they believed he did exist. Another philosopher Karl Marx thought that his theory could convince people not to believe in...

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Free Will and the Existence of God

while the believe in free will refutes the existence of a God at all. Here is the problem as I see it. For an omnipotent God to exist, He by definition must be able to see the future. This means that even before my conception, he knows what choices I will make, and to that effect he knows whether I will follow him or not. Yet if this is true, then that means that I really have no say in the matter. This demands me to be a fatalist, and to deny the existence of a free will. Yet if I claim that there...

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God's Existence Can Be Proven a Priori

“God’s existence can be proved a priori” Discuss Trying to prove that God exists is a difficult argument and many people have tried many different ways. The Ontological argument is one argument; at the centre of the argument is the concept of existence. The Ontological argument has been argued from a group of philosophers for the existence of God. "Ontological" means talking about being and so that being is the existence of God. The ontological argument differs from other arguments in favour...

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God Existence

Georg Brow Professor Jovanovski Phi-101 5/8/13 The Existence of God, and which God Does Existence The existence of God is a subject matter that most people want to know the answer to. Many great philosophers have debated about this subject for generations. Feuerbach has an interesting point of view about the subject matter. Feuerbach believes that if it can be scientifically proven then it is real or true and anything that is not proven is not real because there are no facts to back it up...

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Descartes Argument for the Existence of Corporeal Things

point that their supplemental basic justified beliefs are true. With this understanding of foundationalism through Feldman's work it can be said that Descartes meditations exhibit these features. The argument that Descartes gives for the existence of corporeal things certainly exhibits the features of foundationalism. The method that Descartes used in his meditations was to clearly ground all of his arguments upon basic justified beliefs. This foundation on basic justified beliefs provides...

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Introduction to Philosophy

University of Central Asia Existence of God Thomas Aquinas, Rene Descartes Sydykova Aizirek Introduction to philosophy Beishegul Alieva 11.03.2013 There are different questions of reality. Each man on the earth wants to know some things obviously, but there are some of them which people cannot obviously prove, for example how world was created, existence of God, what morality, justice, knowledge is and...

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The Gaunilo Argument

first to raise objections to Anselm’s idea that God exists by definition, claiming within “On behalf of the Fool” that Anselm’s argument was not logical and needed to be discredited. Gaunilo famously claimed that Anselm’s conclusion that the non-existence of God is “unintelligible” cannot show that God necessarily exists. Firstly, Gaunilo argued that the “fool” character featured in Psalm 53:1 may have been referring not only to God but to any number of other things that do not exist in reality. Gaunilo...

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the mind game

been any rock solid proof that God does or does not exist. It is my opinion that the strongest argument for his existence is Saint Thomas Aquinas “The Existence of God” argument when compared to Saint Anslem “The Ontological Argument” and William Paley’s “Natural Theology” design argument. In my paper, I will argue for the existence of god based on Saint Thomas Aquinas’s “The Existence of God”, Saint Anslems’s “The Ontological Argument”, and William Paley’s “Natural Theology” argument. St. Thomas...

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Cosmological argument

came up with five demonstrations for the existence of God and is known as the ‘five ways’. The five ways are: argument for an unmoved mover, argument for an uncaused causer, argument from contingency, argument from gradation and argument from teleology. It is the first three that support the cosmological argument to explain the existence of God. Aquinas believed that the universe is God’s creation and therefore the evidence we need to prove God’s existence can be found in the creation using intellect...

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Strength and weaknesses of ontological argument

Gaunilo in his book In Behalf of the Fool (making reference to the fool in the book of psalms who didn’t believe in God). While Gaunilo was a firm believer in God (and was in fact a monk), he disagreed strongly with Anselm’s method for proving his existence. His problem is with the strand of Anselm’s argument which is put forward in Chapter Two of Proslogion. While Anselm claimed that the God, who is defined as perfect, must exist because an existent God is better than a non-existent God meaning that...

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Explaining the Validty of God's Existence

Identifying and Explaining the rational defensibility and Validty of God's Existence John Schwandner Grand Canyon University Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics PHI-103 Dena Hurst September 03, 2011 Identifying and Explaining the rational defensibility and Validity of God's Existence I believe that when we start believing in God is from birth. We are taught about god from day one until the day we die. My belief and I tell everybody that will listen to me that God is for real he created...

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The Cosmological Argument Is Not a Strong Argument for the Existence of God

The Cosmological Argument is not a Strong Argument for the Existence of God Mardi Campbell PHI 208 Prof. Michele Clearman-Warner March 11, 2013 The Cosmological Argument is not a Strong Argument for the Existence of God The Cosmological Argument for the existence of God is one of the most famous of all philosophical arguments that address the existence of a supernatural being who created the material universe. The supernatural being whom created the material universe is the logical...

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A Review of The Existence of God by Saint Thomas Aquinas

Philosophy The Existence of God by Saint Thomas Aquinas Saint Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Dominican monk and priest and an immensely influential philosopher and theologian. He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology, and his influence of Western thought is quite considerable. He is very well known for his discussion of the relationship between faith and reason, as well as his development of proofs for the existence of God. In the short article, The Existence of God, Saint Thomas...

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God: Man or Myth?

The existence of man, earth and universe was no accident. It does not seem likely that such an immense creation would be for no reason. How do we really know the origin of what we identify as our universe? What are the true characteristics of a god? Is the role of god only to create, or does god control fate? Has god given us a purpose or are we just simply here for his entertainment? I feel to look into ones beliefs of god, one must think beyond the barriers of organized religion. There is most...

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Interpretation and Summary of Descartes' 1st and 2 Meditations from "Meditations on First Philosophy".

being greater than ourselves who created this universe and the people who make up the world. In the First Meditations of Rene DescartesMeditations on First Philosophy, he sets out to doubt four beliefs. These beliefs being: existence of one's own physical body, the existence of other physical bodies/things, mathematical knowledge, and God. Each of these beliefs is approached with the idea of radical doubt. Through the process of radical, Descartes then establishes whether or not each belief exists...

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Plato: Immortality of the Soul

soul. He presents four different arguments to prove the fact that although the body of the human perishes after death; the soul still exists and remains eternal. Firstly, he explains the Argument from Opposites that is about the forms and their existence in opposite forms. His second argument is Theory of Recollection which assumes that each and every information that one has in his/her mind is related to information and plays an important role in remembering. While trying to convince his readers...

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Bertrand Russell embraces the Cartesian

considered real and other perspectives, under other conditions, be considered less real. Russell does not think that the most usual brown should be considered the brown of the table, to the exclusion of other apparent browns. As with color, the existence of just one texture of the table is vague, because "to the naked eye, the table appears to be smooth and hard. With the help of a microscope, the grain of the wood enlarges to appear as a rocky range of different roughness and textures." Russell...

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Outline and Assess the Key Design Argument of the Existence of God

Outline and assess the key design argument of the existence of God ? The design argument is concerned to find the meaning or purpose in this world; they seek to move from facts about the world to God. Like the cosmological argument, the design argument draws back to arguments put forward by Socrates and Plato who said that ‘the human body, with all its principles and elements must owe its origin…of Zeus’. The design argument considers a number of issues for example; why is the universe the way...

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Lauren Jauregui

when Siddhartha reveals what the river has told him, Vasudeva simply acknowledges that he too has received the same wisdom. The river itself never actually tells Siddhartha what its revelations mean. Instead, the river reveals the complexity of existence through sound and image, and Siddhartha meditates on these revelations in order to gain an understanding of them. Govinda, on the other hand, persists in looking to teachers for his wisdom, and in the end, asks Siddhartha to teach him the path to...

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What is Worldview

self-existent creator and that he exists outside of his creation. David shared in (Psalm 139: 13-16) how God also created humans in the depth of their mother’s womb. He planned our life and destiny before he even created us. God spoke the world in existence out of nothing (exnihilo). Biblical/Christian worldviews are based on the inspired word of God that was written by God’s ordained men who were guide by the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 1:21). God had a plan for our lives. The Question of Identity: ...

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Descartes Argument of God

God Does Not Necessarily Have to Exist In Descartes’ Meditations, he makes the strong claim that God must exist. I will first explain what Descartes’s argument for God’s existence is, and then I will attempt to support the argument that God does not need to necessarily exist through objections and replies. Premise 1: “We have an idea of God as an infinite and perfect being.” First, Descartes believes that there are properties that are inherently perfect. For example, being good is a perfection...

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Religion and Morality

expectations. Kant's argument was that for the existence of God based on the existence of morality: There must be a holy author of the world who makes possible the highest goods. Some people believe in Divine Command Ethics because they think that God's authority is absolute and final, and that human reason has no authority. God tells us how to live, obedience is commanded. Disobedience to the word of God is a sin. He also thinks that the existence of God is necessary for the summum borum (which...

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What Is a Chair?

he is only able to prove the existence of himself because if he is able to question his existence, then he must exist. Following this realization, Descartes discovers that the world around him may not exist at all because he is unable to prove that it is actually there. He bases this theory on the fact that sometimes, man believes that he is experiencing reality, while he is actually dreaming. By this theory, Descartes believes that he is unable to prove the existence of anything other than himself...

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Explain how Descartes developed Anselm’s argument that God’s existence is necessary.

that God’s existence is necessary. Anselm used the Ontological Argument to prove that God’s existence is necessary. The origins of this argument are found in Anselm’s writings, he began with a quotation from a Psalm “The fool says in his heart, ‘there is no God’…” and then reflected on the truthfulness of this. Anselm defined God as ‘that than which nothing greater can be conceived’ assuming you accept this a priori definition Anselm went on to state that anyone who denies God’s existence is a fool...

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Descartes' Third Meditation: Proof of God's Existence

Descartes' Third Meditation: Proof of God's Existence In Rene Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes is seeking to find a system of stable, lasting and certain knowledge, which he can ultimately regard as the Truth. In his methodical quest to carry out his task, Descartes eventually arrives at the proverbial fork in the road: how to bridge the knowledge of self with that of the rest of the world. Descartes’ answer to this is to prove the existence of God. The purpose of this essay will...

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Assess the Cosmological Argument

‘Why is there something rather than nothing?’ Assess whether the existence of the universe requires God as a first cause? The concept that there cannot be nothing and so must be something is due to the evidence we as human beings have experienced throughout our lives; every effect ever made has had a cause. Aquinas used the laws of Motion and Design to demonstrate how every action must have a correlating reaction, and related this to his argument for God being the first cause – the uncaused causer...

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Role of Science in Building a Better World

Science is simply defined as study or researches on life and its effects. Thus, by making such a definition, there are one thing for sure, science is simple, but man makes it difficult. From what I can see from the world nowadays, is that the existence of study related to anything including medicine, electronic gadgets, transportation until finally, weapon and war, had caused positive and unfortunately, adverse impacts as well to human and all creatures on Earth including to the planet itself....

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Critically examine one of Descartes' arguments for the existence of God

examine one of Descartes' arguments for the existence of God Descartes' Meditation III provides a causal and cosmological argument that God exists. Having used the Method of Doubt in Meditations I and II in order to reject his false beliefs, Descartes assumes that the only things he knows at this point are the conclusions reached at Meditations I and II. Having also doubted judgements in arithmetic and geometry because of the possibility of the existence of an evil demon, Descartes wishes to find...

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Proof for God's Existence

1. The UTRUM: "Whether or not it is the case that there is proof for God's existence." 2. The VIDETUR: "It seems that the existence of God can be proven in five ways by the Cosmological Argument." Saint Thomas Aquinas, put forth his own theory on the existence of God. In his text "Whether God Exists", he stated that through his five arguments he could prove God's existence. His five arguments are from motion, from first efficient cause, from possibility and necessity, from gradation...

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Comparison of Boethius and Thoreau

world, so he approached this consolation as a code of ethical laws that he deemed was another form of God’s word. So you can tell that Boethius was a fervid enemy of evil (negativity). As Thoreau did, he explains evil as a futile way to go about existence. He also recognizes that evil must exist in order to glorify positivity. Evil is after all simply the absence of God or positivity. Boethius deems malevolent souls as weak as they go about life pointing out and exploiting other’s weaknesses. What...

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Mathematics Is the Sphere of Life

you apply this idea to bet on the existence of God? I. If God does not exist and you bet that God does exist; at least you will be a virtuous person, so you lose nothing. II. If God exists and you bet correctly that God exists, the value of what you win is infinite; if you bet that God does not exist and you are wrong, your loss is infinite. III. As long as the possible loss for betting that God exists is finite, the better bet is to opt for God’s existence. Sure God exist but that doesn’t...

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Worldview Essay

beliefs concerning God, Reality and Human Nature because these beliefs distinguish my worldview from other worldviews and have a profound impact on my life, actions and decisions." God in dateless time existed from all eternity and brought into existence the heavens and the earth and originally made all things therein. (Dake, 2007). Everything was in darkness until God moved on the face of the earth. God is a triune being. He is God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. He is the author...

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5 Min Speech About Denying Reality

inevitability of our own death. Unless we are threatened with imminent annihilation or given a short time to live, we are predisposed to perceive of the future as something open-ended and unlimited, regardless of our age. We are loath to admit our existence is finite. Some of us are so sensitive about the subject of death that people or practices that appear to be different from the familiar give us pause. We reject otherness, change and uncertainty because they represent the possibility of our demise...

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Keats’ Longing to Believe in the Consolation Offered by Poetry and the Imagination Is Set Against a Suspicion of Their Insufficiency as an Answer to Human Suffering. Discuss.

"deceiving elf" fancy. The poems employ complex imaginary concepts, building images and worlds in the imagination these images are constrasted with the realities of human existence. Keats therefore creates a conflict between the compelling but elusive fantasies of the imagination and the hard but necessary realities of human existence....

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