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    Evolutionary Psychology

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    Evolutionary psychologists view human behavior and psychological traits as a result of evolutionary adaptation in response to reproductive needs – much like the concept of natural selection applied to reproduction‚ or sexual selection. Drawing from this perspective‚ evolutionary psychologists and professionals seek to explain the differences between male and female dating and mating rituals and sexual attitudes and how they have evolved throughout the centuries. For example‚ researchers employ the

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    Evolutionary psychologists believe that aggression is linked through genes and has been maintained biologically as people have adapted to the changing physical and social demands of the environment. In the past‚ males that found other mates desirable found it necessary to compete with other males. The most successful male was the most aggressive. This aggressive behaviour made sure that the fittest males survived and were more successful in securing mates and passing on their genetic fitness to their

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    Theory of Evolutionary Psychology PSY 331 Instructor Malish Jan. 11‚ 2012 The Evolutionary theory of learning is a sub- category of the school of Evolutionary psychology. The study of evolutionary psychology focuses on a combination of sciences‚ evolutionary biology and cognitive psychology‚ anthropology‚ and neuroscience. The basic theory seeks to explain‚ through universal mechanisms‚ why humans act and learn the way they do. EP (evolutionary psychology) theorists attempt to reconstruct early

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    “Yes‚ we are all individuals!” Can evolutionary psychology explain individual differences in personality? It is now a “rule” that “all human behavioural traits are heritable” (Turkeimer‚ 2000. cited in Pinker 2002). Pinker says that when psychologist Eric Turkheimer made this bold claim in 2000‚ he was encapsulating over 40 years of studies that overwhelmingly and robustly support this view‚ and only slightly exaggerating (Pinker 2002). Estimates of the mean heritability for the fundamental

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    Evolutionary Psychology

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    The concept of evolutionary psychology explains that human behavior is largely influenced by their evolutionary ancestors through six theories and methods. Evolutionary psychology proposes that a lot of human behavior can be explained by the change of the physical and social environments through time. It argues that “much of human behavior is the output of psychological adaptations that evolved to solve recurrent problems in human ancestral environments.” (Evolutionary Psychology) The goals of

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    the past. With that in mind‚ it can be true that evolutionary psychology is solely based on comparisons of behaviours on only what history allows us to look back on. Homosexuality and homicide are two adaptive behaviours which both might represent genetic adaption of behaviour to increase survival and reproduction. in terms of homosexuality‚ Zietsch et al (2008) explains his theories providing an explanation to this form of evolutionary psychology on page 62. Perhaps homosexuals do not prevent reproduction

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    Evolutionary explanations of aggression Evolutionary psychologists argue that reproductive challenges faced by our ancestors can explain the aggressive behaviour seen in people today. A man can never be certain that he is the father of his wife’s children unless he prevents her having relationships with other men. This can explain why male jealousy is often cited as a cause of domestic violence. In many countries it is seen as acceptable to murder an adulterous wife or her lover e.g. among the Nuer

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    Evolutionary Psychology This paper addresses a fundamental limitation in most attempts to apply the findings of evolutionary psychology to the human condition. Most attempts focus on how our biological past constrains and limits our behavioural options (including our cognitive abilities). They generally fail to look at whether these constraints can be overcome in our future evolution. To date‚ evolutionary psychology has not satisfactorily addressed a key question: are we beings forever constrained

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    still has many controversies surrounding it is the notion of evolutionary psychology. As this field progresses into the world‚ many brilliant scientists from around the world reason why they think it’s false. Both supporters and adversaries not only helped shed light for each other‚ but also helped shed light in helping me decide whether I wanted to stand behind this new field‚ or be among the many that decline it. Evolutionary psychology is the up and coming belief

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    Outline and evaluate the evolutionary explanation of gender development. Gender refers to the concepts o masculine and feminine whereas sex is the biological fact of being a male or female. According to the evolutionary approach‚ gender differences are neither deliberate nor conscious; they exist because they enhanced or helped men and women perform particular types of roles in the past. Therefore‚ the role differences we observe are more a product of our biological inheritance than acquired through

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    17 (2008)‚ 2‚ 247-263 Original Scientific Article – UDC – 616.89-008.441.42 159.015.7 Evolutionary Explanations of Eating Disorders Igor Kardum‚ Asmir Gračanin‚ Jasna Hudek-Knežević University of Rijeka‚ Faculty of Arts and Sciences Department of Psychology Abstract This article reviews several most important evolutionary mechanisms that underlie eating disorders. The first part clarifies evolutionary foundations of mental disorders and various mechanisms leading to their development. In

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    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Special Section SEX DIFFERENCES IN JEALOUSY IN EVOLUTIONARY AND CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE: Tests From the Netherlands‚ Germany‚ and the United States Bram P. Buunk‚ ’ Alois Angleitner‚^ Viktor Oubaid‚ ’ ’ and David M. ’University ofGroningen‚ the Netherlands‚ ’University of Bielefeld‚ Germany‚ ^University of Heidelberg‚ Germany‚ and ’ ’University of Texas Abstract—As predicted by models derived from evohttionary psychology. men within the United States have been shown to exhibit greater

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    What is evolutionary psychology? In the three and a half centuries since William Harvey proved that the purpose of the heart is to pump blood‚ physiologists have revealed the functional organization of the body in blinding detail. Their discoveries demonstrate beyond question that the structure of the body serves survival and reproduction. Further‚ there is near unanimity among biologists that this functional structure is a product of natural selection. In our century‚ psychologists have developed

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    Evolutionary psychology is an approach that explains psychological traits such as perception‚ memory‚ and language as adaptations. This approach is focused on how evolution has shaped mind and behavior. Michael Ghiselin coined the term evolutionary psychology‚ making him a key theorist. Other key theorists include Jerome Barkow‚ Leda Cosminde‚ and John Tooby. These three popularized the concept of evolutionary psychology with their book “The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation

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    Outline and evaluate the evolutionary explanation for gender roles Gender refers to culturally constructed distinctions between femininity and masculinity. Individuals are born female or male but they become feminine or masculine through complex developmental processes that take many years to unfold. For example‚ women usually look after babies while men are the providers. The evolutionary approach argues that gender role division appears as an adaptation to the challenges faced by the ancestral

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    EVOLUTIONARY THEORY

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    EVOLUTIONARY THEORY Evolution is the process in which significant changes in the inheritable traits (genetic makeup) of a species occur over time. The validity and value of evolutionary biology are based on continual analysis and interpretation of accumulating science data. THEORIES OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION • Historically three theories • The views of most modern biologists combine the second and third • No evidence of the first theory‚ that of Lamarck LAMARCK: Inherited Acquired Characteristics

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    behavior naturally occurring? Firm believers of evolutionary psychology assert that‚ “evolution by natural selection‚ is at present‚ the only viable scientific explanation of the existence of complex biological and psychological mechanisms.” (Ploeger et el 2008) These beliefs are highly debatable and only serve as a theory as to why violence occurs. From‚ “Evolutionary Psychology‚” many human behavior ecologists defend the theory of evolutionary psychology. However‚ this does not appeal to many psychologists

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    Describe and evaluate evolutionary explanations of gender. [8 + 16] During the evolutionary adaptation time period‚ between 10-40 thousand years ago‚ our ancestors were hunter-gatherers. This created a division between men and women. The men would hunt for food and the women would be in charge of the domestic duties such as cleaning and cooking. Doing the domestic chores would have kept women more protected‚ as it is less strenuous and would have guarded the camp whilst the men were out hunting

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    Albert C. Perez May 10‚ 2017 The article “The evolutionary psychology of hunger”‚ focuses on the “coordinating mechanisms” of the human body which are set up to deal with the physiological and psychological aspects. The general question of the article is how hunger plays a part in influencing these “coordinating mechanisms” in order to solve an “adaptive problem” and to what degree. These mechanisms according to the article influence things such as our ability to focus on tasks depending on the

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    Evaluation of Evolutionary Theory of Altruism And The Role Of Genes-A Modern View Background: Evolutionary theory holds that organisms with the strongest genes for survival and reproduction do‚ in fact‚ survive and reproduce most successfully. They thus multiply their genes most widely‚ spreading the advantageous genes through whole populations. Ceaseless repetitions of the process can gradually transform species into totally new ones. Such a world seems to have no place for self-sacrificing

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