"Equator" Essays and Research Papers

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and night change during the year? The Equator and Prime Meridian are circles that stretch all the way around the earth. The Equator separates the northern and southern hemispheres. The equator is at 0° latitude. The Prime Meridian separates the eastern and western hemispheres. The prime meridian runs through Greenwich, England and is at 0° longitude. At latitude 0° (the Equator) day length will be approximately 12 hours. Areas on the equator have a constant 12 hours of day light all...

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Hurricane Preparedness

Introduction A hurricane is a tropical revolving storm. It is a very large circular area of low pressure, driven by evaporation from warm seas. In areas away from the Equator, air is drawn into the hurricane to replace the rising air. Owing to the Earth rotation, wind in a hurricane spiral inwards in an anti-clock wise direction. Wind speeds can reach 300km/ hour, although there is an area at the centre of the hurricane...

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Celestial Sphere

Celestial Sphere Terminology 1 Celestial Sphere:What we see, it contains the stars, planets, Sun, and Moon Celestial Equator- the imaginary line that divides the planet into Northern and Southern hemispheres. The celestial equator is a similar imaginary circle around the celestial sphere, also known as the visible universe. The celestial equator divides the visible universe in two, creating the Northern and Southern celestial hemispheres. This helps us locate celestial bodies. Ecliptics -an...

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Amelia Earhart Essay 7

break records, and soon, she had the desire to fly around the world. Amelia Earhart had the courage to fly around the world. In June 1939, Amelia, along with her navigator Frederick Noonan, embarked upon the first around-the-world flight at the equator. But after completing 22,000 miles, she and her navigator disappeared and were never seen since even though her husband, George Putnam, had spent $4 million scouring 250,000 square miles of ocean. Some theorized that the both of them ran out of fuel...

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Ocean Currents

radiation striking the ocean near the equator warms the surface water and causes evaporation. Half of the incoming solar energy is utilized in converting water from the dense liquid to the lighter gaseous state. As the water vapor rises into the atmosphere and away from the equator it cools, condenses and falls as rain or dew. With the lightweight gaseous water vapor removed the dry air is heavy and denser and begins to sink. The area of lighter air rising near the equator creates a low pressure zone, whereas...

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Intertropical Convergence Zone

CONVERGENCE ZONE The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) is the area encircling the earth near the equator where winds originating in the northern and southern hemispheres come together. Consequences of the ITCZ's movement are the "monsoon seasons" that affect areas in the tropics, as well as the formation of tropical storms during the local hemispheric summer (north or south of the equator). Navigators in the age of sail learned to utilize the "trade winds" that blow to the east along the edge...

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NameDunnia NafalGEOL 1402 Oceanography Prelab Distribution

WHAT YOU WILL NEED: a globe or world map access to the internet handout showing distribution of land and water WHAT TO DO: Study a world globe, map or atlas. Notice the distribution of land and water areas and their location above and below the equator. Read the information below and answer the questions. MAKE SURE you know where each of the major world oceans are (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic – some people include the Southern Ocean so we will too!). If not, ask your instructor. AREA –...

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Types of Zones

latitude. The tropical zone is the closest to the equator, classified as being hot and humid with a small breeze. Meaning that even though there is a luminous sun, wind is also present. It extends from the equator to approximately Mexico on the northern range and Brazil to its southern range. Countries in between this range will have a tropical climate, but will also vary on their location. A country such as Ecuador, which is really close to the equator, is hotter, whereas a country farther, has lower...

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Introduction to satellites

the solar corona becomes visible to the naked eye. Because the distance between the Moon and Question 1 Explain about the effect of eclipse due to earth? The Earth rotational axis is tilted 23.5 degrees from the perpendicular of its orbit. The equator is tilted at the same 23.5 degrees from the perpendicular of the Earth orbit as well. As the Earth travels around the Sun, the rotational axis actually stays pointed in the same celestial location the North Star. And because of the rotational axis...

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Global Atmospheric Circulation

Global Atmospheric Circulation This essay will describe patterns of atmospheric heating and circulation. When the surface air reaches the Equator, it gets heated and rises to the top of the troposphere, where it spreads back toward the poles. When it gets to the poles, it descends back to the surface again to complete the cycle. The heat of the Sun causes water to evaporate from lakes, rivers and oceans, as well as from the leaves of plants called (transpiration). But this...

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