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    What is Enzyme? Enzymes are protein that acts as speed up reactions and break down molecules in our body. However‚ different enzymes only work on certain types of molecules. Enzymes can accelerate the reactions by more than one million times.(3) In our human body‚ there are a total about forty thousand types of enzymes and each catalyzes different kind of molecule.(3) The molecules that enzymes help to accelerate is called substrates‚ and when enzyme is combined together with the substrate‚ it

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    ENZYMES

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    it’s lowest to do so. However‚ in cold solutions the starch will take longer as it will in temperatures beyond 40 degrees. Once it reaches this point‚ the break down will either take a very long period of time or have no reaction at all as enzymes are denatured at a certain point. Materials: · 4 x test tubes · 5mL Diastase · 5mL Water · 10mL 2% Starch Suspension. · Pipette · 2 x Spotting tiles · Large Beaker filled with water of assigned temperature · Thermometer

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    Enzyme as protein Dr.Samina Haq Quantitative and qualitative test for protein and amino acids • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Qualitative test Ninhydrin test Biuret test Xanthoproteic test Millons test Hopkins-cole test Nitroprusside test Quantitative test 1. 2. 3. Spectrophotometric assay Protein shows maximum absorbance at 280nm due to presence of tyrosine and tryptophane. Biuret test shows 540nm Lowry test shows 750nm Ninhydrin Test • Amino acid containing a free

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    amylase and starch. Introduction The enzyme amylase is found in the human body‚ it catalyses the hydrolosis of internal glycosidic bonds in polysaccharides‚ the breakdown of starch into sugars. Amylase is present in human saliva‚ where it initiates the chemical process of digestion. Enzymes work best at an optimum pH of 7 which is the bodies normal pH. The pH affects the charge of the amino acid at the active site. PH changes affect the structure of an enzyme molecule and therefore affect its ability

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    Enzymes

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    Reactions Enzymes are proteins found in living things that speed up chemical reactions. They aid in nearly all metabolic processes‚ such as food digestion‚ molecule synthesis‚ and the storage/ release of energy. An enzyme speeds up the rate of the chemical reactions by lowering the reaction’s activation energy‚ which means that by definition‚ an enzyme functions as biological catalyst. The activation energy is the energy that is used to get a reaction started. The function of an enzyme is dependent

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    Enzymes Enzymes are… * Biological catalysts Lower the energy level needed for a biochemical reaction to occur. This energy level is called activation energy. * Proteins Polypeptide chains made up of 100’s-1000’s of amino acids in a specific sequence. * Do not get “used up” in a reaction The number of “uses” of an enzyme depends on the enzyme. * Work more efficiently at certain optimum temperatures. * They are “reaction-specific”. Each enzyme is included in one reaction.

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    Biology “Enzyme Activities” Introduction: Enzymes have extremely interesting properties that make them little chemical-reaction machines. The purpose of an enzyme in a cell is to allow the cell to carry out chemical reactions very quickly. These reactions allow the cell to build things or take things apart as needed. This is how a cell grows and reproduces. At the most basic level‚ a cell is really a little bag full of chemical reactions that are made possible by enzymes (Brain). Laboratory

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    Enzymes (pron.: /ˈɛnzaɪmz/) are large biological molecules responsible for the thousands of chemical interconversions that sustain life.[1][2] They are highly selective catalysts‚ greatly accelerating both the rate and specificity of metabolic reactions‚ from the digestion of food to the synthesis of DNA. Most enzymes are proteins‚ although some catalytic RNA molecules have been identified. Enzymes adopt a specific three-dimensional structure‚ and may employ organic (e.g. biotin) and inorganic (e

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    There are approximately 40‚000 enzymes living in one human cell‚ each responsible for a chemical reaction. Enzymes are complex 3D protein molecules created by amino acids‚ forming a unique sequence that produces hydrogen bonds‚ eventually formulating an enzyme within plants and animals (Boyle & Senior‚ 2002). Working alongside other molecules‚ they uphold a stable reaction system. The function of an enzyme is to aid and increase chemical reactions and organise metabolism‚ while maintaining homeostasis

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    milk Introduction Enzymes are globular protein‚ responsible for most of the chemical activities of living organisms. They are made up of long chains of amino acids containing carbon‚ hydrogen‚ oxygen and nitrogen (Gunsch‚ 2012). The role of enzyme is to act as catalysts‚ substances that speed up chemical reactions without being chemically altered during the process. The speeding up of chemical reactions is done by lowering the activation energy required to start a reaction. Enzymes are specific in

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    LABORATORY REPORT Activity: Enzyme Activity Name: Angela Collins Instructor: Catherine Rice Date: 07.09.2014 Predictions Sucrase will have the greatest activity at pH 5 Sucrase will have the greatest activity at 70 °C (158 °F) Sucrase activity increases with increasing sucrose concentration Materials and Methods Effect of pH on Enzyme Activity Dependent Variable amount of product (glucose and fructose) produced Independent Variable pH Controlled Variables temperature‚ amount

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    reactions Keywords: Alkaline phosphatase; kinetics; Enzyme-cofactor interaction; synergism * corresponding author. Email: femijohn@gmail.com 43 INTRODUCTION The roles of metal ions in metalloenzymes include direct participation in catalysis‚ stabilization of protein structure and regulation of enzymatic activity. Membrane alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a metal-containing enzyme that serves as a good model for the study of metal ion interactions in enzyme catalysis. Native E. coli ALP contains three

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    Immobilized Enzyme

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    Immobilized Enzyme Immobilized Enzyme * Enzymes which are attached to small bead made of alginate are called immobilized enzyme * However‚ whatever the nature of an immobilized enzyme‚ it must comprise two essential functions‚ namely the non-catalytic functions (NCF) that are designed to aid separation and the catalytic functions (CF) that are designed to convert the target compounds within the time and space desired * Immobilized enzymes might meet the increasing demand by manufacturers

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    Enzyme Catalysis

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    Enzyme kinetics (catalase/kmno4) Enzyme catalysis Farah Mohamed galal 22-3014 t09 Introduction: E + S → ES → E + P Enzymes are proteins which act as a catalyst in biochemical reactions(affect the rate of achemical reaction). The substrate binds to the active site of the enzyme. Any deformation of the active site will affect the activity of the enzyme‚ these are some ways that enzyme action may be affected because of them: 1- Salt concentration: If it is close to zero or very high

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    My lab group studied the effect of PH on reaction rate/ enzyme activity measured by foam height. PH is the measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution. The higher the hydrogen ion concentration‚ the lower the pH. Every enzyme has an optimal PH‚ meaning they have a very small window in which they are most active. Our enzyme (potato smoothie) had an optimal PH of 7.0-7.5. We know this because we measured the enzyme’s reaction rate by measuring foam height. The largest foam height we

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    MISEP Chemistry 512 – Jacobs Enzyme Catalyst Lab - Formal Report – August 8‚ 2007 ABSTRACT This investigation examined what would happen to the rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction if the concentration of substrate changed. We hypothesized that if the concentration increased‚ then the reaction rate would also increase. To test our question‚ we varied a combination of substrate and buffer‚ totaling 6mL‚ with a constant amount of 2 drops of catalyst. The enzyme catalyst‚ peroxidase‚ increased

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    enzyme kinetics

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    Experiment 4: Enzyme Kinetics. Results/Discussion Week 1 Part A: Table 1. Enzyme activity for each assay of 4-nitroaniline formation. Rate of 4-nitroaniline formation Name of trial Abs/sec Abs/min M/min mol/min µmol/min #1 0.00003 0.0018 2.05x10-7 2.15 x10-10 2.15 x10-4 # 2 0.00010 0.0060 6.81x10-7 7.15x10-10 7.15x10-4 # 3 0.00020 0.0120 1.36x10-6 1.43x10-9 1.43x10-3 # 4 0.00030 0.0180 2.00x10-6 2.10x10-9 2.10x10-3

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    Enzyme Notes

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    Enzymes All enzymes are globular proteins and round in shape They have the suffix "-ase" Intracellular enzymes are found inside the cell Extracellular enzymes act outside the cell (e.g. digestive enzymes) Enzymes are catalysts → speed up chemical reactions Reduce activation energy required to start a reaction between molecules Substrates (reactants) are converted into products Reaction may not take place in absence of enzymes (each enzyme has a specific catalytic action) Enzymes catalyse

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    Enzyme Activity Lab Hypothesis: 1] Are enzymes reusable? Yes‚ enzymes are reusable. 2] Which of the following do you think contain catalase? [Manganese dioxide‚ chicken meat‚ apple‚ carrot‚ potato‚ or chicken liver] I think that the manganese dioxide‚ apple‚ and carrot contain the catalase. 3] Would grinding the materials affect enzyme activity? I think that grinding the materials will increase enzyme activity. 4] Would temperature affect enzyme activity? I think that

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    Effect of the Changes in the Environment to the Functionality of the Enzymes Introduction a. Background In our everyday lives‚ enzymes are used in our bodies‚ and in nature around us‚ to speed up the chemical reactions happening constantly‚ which happens by lowering the amount of activation energy needed to start various reactions. The way this works is by attaching the particular substrate to the active site of the enzyme‚ where it will start to aid the chemical reaction. Then‚ the allosteric

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