"Earthquake Engineering" Essays and Research Papers

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Earthquake Engineering

 EARTHQUAKE Introduction An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. CAUSE OF EARTHQUAKE Earthquakes are caused by the movement of the earth's tectonic plates. Earthquakes occur where the earth's plates meet along plate boundaries (see plate tectonics page for more information on this).For example as two plates move towards each other, one can be pushed down under the other one into the mantle. If this plate gets stuck...

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faults lead to be a lot more destruction. Earthquakes are a trembling or shaking of the ground caused by a sudden release of energy stored in rocks beneath earths surface. Earthquakes appear all over the planet, and there are many different sizes. Some earthquakes destroy entire cities while others only shake the ground for a moment. Faults are one of the causes of earthquakes, which I will tell about soon as well as the hazards and benefits they give. Earthquakes can be caused in many ways, some even...

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History of Modern Architecture

space that people can use. As the technology has improved, people used some lighter materials to make columns and beams in order to support the roof. The materials that they use are metal or concrete. Also, since the technology has improved, engineering can minimize the use of columns inside the buildings. In addition, this made the building have more space available for people to do whatever they want inside. D Different shape of the building. In the old traditions of the revivalist architecture...

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Construction and Geometry

and co-linearity. This is done through the use of certain tools namely the compass and the straight edge. It is used to construct angles, planes figures and segments. This mathematical skill is applicable in many fields such as architecture, engineering and construction just to name a few. Base on the fact that geometric construction focuses on equidistance and co-linearity it is an important part of the construction industry. In the construction industry it is important that the individual...

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Finite Element Analysis: The Gorkha Earthquake

warnings regarding Nepal being vulnerable to dangerous earthquakes came true on the morning of the 25th of April last year, when what is now known as the Gorkha Earthquake demolished and permanently erased villages and buildings from existence. What were heritage buildings were reduced to rubble and homes became heaps of bricks and broken chunks of cement. Over the years many civilizations have fallen pray to the power of the mighty earthquakes and vanished from the face of the earth, as man did not...

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Literature: Earthquake Engineering and Seismic Codes

1)EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF STRUCTURES PANKAJ AGRAWAL, MANISH SHRIKHANDE This comprehensive and well-organized book presents the concepts and principles of earthquake resistant design of structures in an easy-to-read style. The use of these principles helps in the implementation of seismic design practice. The book adopts a step-by-step approach, starting from the fundamentals of structural dynamics to application of seismic codes in analysis and design of structures. The text also focusses...

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The Loma Prieta Earthquake

Loma Prieta Earthquake Story Teller By: Kavita Butani There is a lot that happens around the world we cannot control. We cannot stop earthquakes, we cannot prevent droughts, and we cannot prevent conflict. Earthquakes and the damages they bring have affected the lives of many people around the world forever. As our community grows so does the danger caused by these quakes also increases by mass. Earthquakes can affect our lives in many ways; this type of natural disaster can upset everything from...

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Cause and Effect of Earthquakes

Cause and effect of earthquakes The ground trembles, shakes and growls. Pictures that were once hanging so beautifully on the wall smash to the ground exploding into glittery slivers of broken glass, roadways break apart, engulfing whatever was in its path, never to be seen again. For many, this would seem to be the makings of a fictional horror movie created by Hollywood with intent to frighten a person and to play with ones senses. For those who live in the areas depicted by film, this is...

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Figure 5.19 The mortar in unreinforced masonry walls such as these in Iran,1990(A) can easily fail during an earthquake. Oftentimes the entire structure crumbles, leaving a pile of rubble in which survive. Shown in(B) is one of the many masonry homes to collapse during the 1988 Armenia earthquake (M6.9), claiming nearly 25,000 lives. The failure is called soft-story collapse. Soft-story collapse is a common problem in commercial building where the first floor has considerable open space for...

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The formation of tsunamis and earthquakes

1.Earthquakes 1. According to dictionary.reference.com an earthquake is a: Series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating. The earth is made up of tectonic plates these are massive slabs of rock floating on magma ,as the plates move about, they spread apart, collide, or slide past each other, This is the main cause of volcanoes and earthquakes Earthquakes occur in many regions all over the world...

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