"Domestication" Essays and Research Papers

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The domestication of plants and animals lead to great change in the development and structuring of communities, as the hunter-gatherer lifestyle was slowly replaced by permanent settlements of farmers and villages. We can see that the communities varied greatly dependent on their local ecology, the resources available, and the time period within which their community was based. The road to agricultural way of life in the MIddle East is characterized by Four distinct stages. It was during the Kebaran...

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Guns, Germs, and Steel Chapter by Chapter Summary

and diseases 3. Almost 95% of incans an south Americans were wiped out due to new germs, many other south Americans were killed off by the Spanish’s superior weaponry\ Chapter 4 1. Describes how food production came to be by farming and the domestication of animals 2. Yes, much of the food comes from farmers that grow crops or raise animals 3. Some food came from the mutation of other crops, domesticating animals allowed a group of people to quit moving around to gather crops and hunt because...

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City-States in Lower Mesopotamia

that most of the contributing factors were, in some way, linked to geography.<br><br>In order to fully understand the topic, I first explored what the definition of civilization is. The first criterion for civilization, that I could think of, is domestication and an agricultural economy capable of producing a stored surplus. From this, I felt the need to examine the origins of Mesopotamian agriculture. <br><br>With the glacial retreat after the last ice-age (roughly 10000 BC) the Mesopotamian climate...

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Jared Diamond

different resources that were present at the specific area they were located. According to the theory, the Fertile Crescent, in the Middle East, had the perfect crops and the most useful animals that could be used for domestication. A lot of the evolution of people was based on the domestication of plants. When groups/tribes of people didn't go hunting or gathering but instead, stayed at one place, by a water source, they could obtain all the stronger strains of wheat and barley for growing. That is when...

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Transition to Agriculture

sapiens made the extraordinary transition from foraging, hunting and gathering, to agriculture around 1300 years ago in southwest Asia. Agriculture is simply the domestication of plants and animals or farming. Human communities underwent profound economic, social, and political changes when they began to experiment with the domestication of plants and animals. Scientists refer to this era as the new Stone Age or the Neolithic era. (Bentley, Zeigler, and Streets, 2008, p. 7). With the discovery that...

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Agriculture Review Questions

incorporate plant domestication, and animal domestication in your answer) Events that lead to the beginnings of the First Agricultural Revolution are plant and animal domestication helped humans settle down. Plant domestication allowed humans to cultivate root crops and seed crops. Root crops are reproduced by cultivating either the roots or cuttings from the plants. Seed crops are plants that involve a more complex process in which includes well-timed harvesting. Animal domestication had advantages...

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Evolution of Mammals: Cat Family

mutualistic or commensal relationship with humans. However, in comparison to dogs, cats have not undergone major changes during the domestication process, as the form and behavior of the domestic cat are not radically different from those of wildcats, and domestic cats are perfectly capable of surviving in the wild.[38][39] This limited evolution during domestication means that domestic cats tend to interbreed freely with wild relatives,[32] which distinguishes them from other domesticated animals...

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Why Did Human History Unfold Differently on Different Continents

camels (all animals we came in close contact with) while the Americas had very few domesticated animal species from which humans could acquire such diseases Why were there far more domesticated species in Eurasia rather than in the Americas? Domestication requires that wild animals fulfill many prerequisites: animal must have diet that humans can supply, a rapid growth rate, willingness to breed in captivity, a tractable disposition, a social structure involving submissive behavior towards dominant...

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for new food sources Hunter-gatherers: Nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting and collecting plants Neolithic Revolution: Agricultural revolution Slash & Burn Farming: Cutting trees & grasses and burning them to clear a field Domestication: Taming of animals I – Early Advances in Technology & Art a) Tools Needed to Survive People of OSA were nomads; Cro-Magnons were hunter gatherers Technological revolution: Stone, bone, & wood used to create tools b) Artistic Expression...

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Guns Germs and Steel

hunter-gatherer lifestyle than that in some other areas, including the western Mediterranean. A reason that the author gives for cannibalism in New Guinea is because of protein starvation. 9. Chapter 9: Identify and define the Ancient Fourteen. What is domestication? Which animals most helped Eurasians? The Ancient Fourteen: 1. Sheep Wild ancestor: the Asiatic mouflon sheep of West and Central Asia. Now World wide 2. Goat. Wild ancestor: the bezoar goat of West Asia. Now worldwide. ...

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