established that a strong correlation between estimated future cash flows and the value of a firm exists (Copeland et al‚ 1994 ; Brealey and Myers ‚ 2000; Jones‚ 1998 ). In their study of 51 highly leveraged transactions (HLTs) ‚ Kaplan and Ruback (1995) found that the valuations using the DCF methods are within 10%‚ on average‚ of the market value of the transactions‚ providing a strong relation between the market value and discounted cash flow forecasts. In addition‚ they found that the DCF methods
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discounted cash flow (DCF In finance‚ discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis is a method of valuing a project‚ company‚ or asset using the concepts of the time value of money. All future cash flows are estimated and discounted to give their present values (PVs) — the sum of all future cash flows‚ both incoming and outgoing‚ is the net present value (NPV)‚ which is taken as the value or price of the cash flows in question. Using DCF analysis to compute the NPV takes as input cash flows and a discount
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Explain. Our basic principle of stock valuation is that the value of a share of stock is simply equal to the present value of all of the expected dividends on the stock. According to the dividend growth model‚ an asset that has no expected cash flows has a value of zero‚ so if investors are willing to purchase shares of stock in firms that pay no dividends‚ they evidently expect that the firms will begin paying dividends at some point in the future. 2. Explain why some bond investors are
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in Tables 4.10 and 4.11 do not show free cash flow and financing requirements. These are calculated in Table 1. Note that free cash flow for 2005 is -$2.3 million. But dividends are $2.0‚ so the company will need 2.3 + 2.0 = $4.3 million in outside equity financing. Table 2 shows that the book value of equity is forecasted to grow from $40.71 million in 2004 to $63.31 million at the end of 2010. Table 3 works out earnings‚ dividends and free cash flow for 2011. By that time Reeby Sports should
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Si Chen Bin Shen Qiyang Tan Yajie Wang Jiaqi Zhang Copyright © 2012 by Steris’s Group from Weatherhead School in Case Western Reserve University All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced‚ distributed‚ or transmitted in any form or by any means‚ including photocopying‚ recording‚ or other electronic or mechanical methods‚ without the prior written permission of the publisher‚ except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and certain other noncommercial
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CHAPTER 4 DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW VALUATION Solutions to Questions and Problems 10. To find the future value with continuous compounding‚ we use the equation: FV = PVeRt a. b. c. d. FV = $1‚000e.12(5) FV = $1‚000e.10(3) FV = $1‚000e.05(10) FV = $1‚000e.07(8) = $1‚822.12 = $1‚349.86 = $1‚648.72 = $1‚750.67 23. We need to find the annuity payment in retirement. Our retirement savings ends at the same time the retirement withdrawals begin‚ so the PV of the retirement withdrawals will be the FV of
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In finance‚ the discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis is a method of valuing a project‚ company or asset using the concepts of time value of money (Wikipedia‚ 2004). Three inputs are required to use the DCF‚ also called dividend-yield-plus-growth-rate approach‚ include: the current stock price‚ the current dividend‚ and the marginal investor’s expected dividend growth rate. The stock price and the dividend are east to obtain‚ but the expected growth rate is difficult to estimate (Ehrhardt & Brigham
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***************************** SAMPLE PAGES FROM TUTORIAL GUIDE ***************************** Table of contents SECTION 1: OVERVIEW DCF in theory and in practice Unlevered vs. levered DCF SECTION 2: MODELING THE DCF Modeling unlevered free cash flows Discounting to reflect stub year and mid-year adjustment Terminal value using growth in perpetuity approach Terminal value using exit multiple approach Calculating net debt Shares outstanding using the treasury stock method Modeling the weighted
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This case is designed to introduce discounted cash flow valuation techniques in a cross-border setting. Groupe Ariel’s Mexican subsidiary is proposing the purchase and installation of some cost-saving equipment in its plant in Monterrey. The headquarters at Ariel requires a discounted cash flow analysis and an estimated net present value for expenditures of this magnitude. The issue is whether the analysis should be performed in euros or pesos. Relevant cash flows and appropriate discount rates are
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Title: THE PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF DISCOUNTED CASH-FLOW BASED VALUATION METHODS Publication: Studia Universitatis Babes Bolyai – Oeconomica‚ LII‚ 2/2007 Author Name: Takács‚ András; Language: English Subject: Economy Issue: 2/2007 Page Range: 13-28 Summary: Valuation methods based on Discounted Cash-Flow (DCF) play a major role in the field of company valuation. The current literature contains a reasonably deep and detailed theoretical basis for DCFbased valuation‚ although‚ when starting to
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