"Costs" Essays and Research Papers


  TYPES OF COSTS Introduction :-Production is the result of services rendered by various factors of production.The producer or firm has to make payments for this factor services. From the point of view of the factor inputs it is called ‘factor income’ while for the firm it is ‘factor  payment’, or cost of inputs.Generally, the term cost of production refers to the ‘money expenses’ incurredin the production of a commodity. But money expenses are not the only expensesincurred on the production...

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cost reduction and cost avoidance

 Cost reduction Generally defined as the act of cutting costs to improve profitability. Cost reduction, should therefore, not be confused with cost saving and cost control. Cost saving could be a temporary affair and may be at the cost of quality. Cost reduction implies the retention of essential characteristics and quality of the product and thus it must be confined to permanent and genuine savings in the costs of manufacture, administration, distribution and selling, brought about by...

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Cost Control and Cost Reduction

------------------------------------------------- ASSIGNMENT ON COST CONTROL AND COST REDUCTION ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ...

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cost of quality

Cost of Quality (COQ) "The cost of quality." It’s a term that's widely used – and widely misunderstood. The "cost of quality" isn't the price of creating a quality product or service. It's the cost of NOT creating a quality product or service. Every time work is redone, the cost of quality increases. Obvious examples include: The reworking of a manufactured item. The retesting of an assembly. The rebuilding of a tool. The correction of a bank statement. The reworking of a service, such...

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Cost Control and Cost Reduction

ASSIGNMENT ON COST CONTROL AND COST FREDUCTION SUBMITTED BY, MOHAMMED NAFAISE E.K ROLL NO: 1600 COST CONTROLL & COST REDUCTION COST CONTROL The practice of managing and/or reducing business expenses. Cost controls starts by the businesses identifying what their costs are and evaluate whether those costs are reasonable and affordable .Then if necessary...

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Cost Accounting

Meeting 1 MRF’s File COST ACCOUNTING “An Introduction to Cost Terms and Purposes” Assistant Lecturer: M. Ryan Firmansyah Problem 1 (Quiz 1 September 8, 2009) Consider the following costs that were incurred during the current year. Evaluate whether the cost is: 1. A product cost or a period cost 2. Variable or fixed in terms of behavior 3. For the product cost, whether it is classified as direct material, direct labor, or manufacturing overhead No. 1 Descriptions Product Cost Period Variable Fixed...

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Cost Pools and Cost Objects

Topic 6: Management Accounting and Cost Case: Shelter Partnership a. My main learning outcomes from Topic 6 and the Case Study; 1) Firstly, I realize management accounting has much to offer. Somehow I can handle physics but not accounting. Now thanks to this course I can appreciate and make sense of it. The bit that really caught my attention was seeing how management accounting can be really useful for business planning, cost management, budgeting and performance measurement. It offers...

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Cost Accounting

Assignment: Cost Accounting Applied By Professor Bryan Womack Course Title ACC 350012VA016-1122-001 Cost Accounting February 26, 2012 Companies that are successful financially know what their costs are and how those costs are being spent. The company I have chosen wants to change from a general accounting system where costs are put in general categories and they currently do not have any allocation...

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Inventory and Cost

fields. (The Norwegian currency is the krone, which is denoted by Nkr.) The company uses a sob-order costing system arid applies manufacturing overhead cost to jobs on the basis of direct labor-hours. At the beginning of the year, the following estimates were made for the purpose of computing the predetermined overhead rate: manufacturing overhead cost, Nkr360,000; and direct labor-hours, 900. The following transactions took place during the year (all purchases and services were acquired on account): ...

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Cost and Overhead

880 Plant Overhead $122,000 DL rate/hour $30 Y oungstown has a tradition al cost sys tem. It calc ulates a p lant-wide overhead rate by dividing total overhead costs by total direct labor hours. Assume, for the calculations below, that plant overhead is a committed (fixed) cost during the year, but that direct labor is a variable cost. • Calculate the plant-wide overhead rate. Use this rate to assign overhead costs to products and calculate the profitability of the four products. The assignment ...

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Cost Leadership

Cost leadership Strategy Strategy used by businesses to create a low cost of operation within their niche. The use of this strategy is primarily to gain an advantage over competitors by reducing operation costs below that of others in the same industry. For example, The Swedish furniture retailer Ikea revolutionized the furniture industry by offering cheap but stylish furniture. Ikea is able to keep its prices low by sourcing its products in low-wage countries and by offering a very basic level...

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Cost of Quality

supplier must ensure that all parts are within tolerance before shipment to the customer, what is the effect on the cost of quality to the customer? Cost of quality is the cost associated with the quality of a work product. As defined by Crosby in his "Quality Is Free", Cost Of Quality (COQ) has two main components: Cost Of Conformance and *Cost Of Non-Conformance. Another view is that cost of quality is the amount of money a business loses because its product or service is not done right in the first...

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Cost Classifications

Cost Classifications Consult Ch. 6 & 7 of Health Care Finance and other sources to complete the form. This worksheet requires you to match the definitions and examples of types of cost, and the types of centers where costs occur. Part 1: For each term in Column A, select the correct definition from Column B on the right. Write the corresponding letter of the definition next to the term. Column A f 1. Indirect costs a 2. Direct costs d 3. Fixed costs i e h b c g 4. Variable...

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Cost Control and Cost Reduction

successful cost reduction programmes In the current economic climate, most organisations must face up to a prolonged period of extreme competition and funding restrictions. This is particularly the case if the past few years have been focused on growth, service improvement or reorganisation (i.e. cost efficiency has not been a recent priority). Such pressures require an approach that reduces costs in a strategic, disciplined, and sustainable manner - delivered at pace. In our view serious cost reduction...

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Cost and Price

productivity of the product then the end cost could increase too. Changes of the productivity can increase by changes in technology and human capital. This allows the production of the products to become better managed by managers because it can track all the materials that is needed for that product with better technology. The price increase of $0.20 cents per pound does have an effect on the raw material cost of the product because the increase in price will come to the cost of the product which if the price...

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Costs of incarceration

 Costs of Incarceration Introduction to Corrections Incarceration Costs Money is a huge issue with problems in America and in America the costs for corrections is going up every year. Some may argue that this is because of more people getting in trouble, jails are too full, or others may argue that the programs are not working to cut down recidivism rates. Regardless of what argument one makes this research paper shows results on how worth a program is based on money and recidivism...

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Cost Cutting

Cost Cutting Tips Most of us spend more than we need to for a lot of things. If you really can afford luxuries such as gourmet teas or designer clothing and still save for your future, you’re lucky. However, if you’re struggling to meet the financial goals you’ve set on your retirement roadmap, it’s time to look for ways to cut expenses—daily, monthly, and long-term. Start by seeing if you’d benefit from either of these big cost-cutting strategies: •If you’re paying high interest on a mortgage...

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erp cost

ER Assinment 1 (BCO6603) ERP cost Factors on 5 modules Presented by: Shivpaul Singh Jamwal StudentID: 4502972 (Victoria University) Introduction Currently various organisations implemented different systems to improve their productivity for instance ERP, MRP, CRM etc. Nonetheless ERP received much attention in contrast to other systems all because of more efficient, reliable and support in decision making with the organisation modules. ERP is certain...

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Reduce Cost

Running Head: REDUCING COST Reducing Cost [Name of Customer] [Name of Institute] [English Literature] Reduce Cost Ways to reduce Cost In the unpredictable economic times prevalent contemporarily, organizations and economies all over the world are devising strategies that can prove effective in providing them sanctuary from the looming threat of increasing expenditures. However, there are a number of ways through which these expenses can be controlled in an intelligent and less intimidating...

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Costs and Cost Accounting Total

INTERNATIONAL B-SCHOOL SUBJECT: FINANCIAL & COST ACCOUNTING Total Marks: 80 N.B.: 1)Allquestionsarecompulsory 2) All questions carry equal marks. Q1) ABC Ltd. Produces room coolers. The company is considering whether it should continue to manufacture air circulating fans itself or purchase them from outside. Its annual requirement is 25000 units. An outsider vendor is prepared to supply fans for Rs 285 each. In addition, ABC Ltd will have to incur costs of Rs 1.50 per unit for freight and Rs 10,000...

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Costs and Joint Cost Allocation

| 100,000 | | 404 | | | | 20,000 | 20,000 | 40,000 | | 405 | | | | | 20,000 | 20,000 | | Total | 90,000 | 120,000 | 90,000 | 60,000 | 40,000 | 400,000 | 2 Physical Measures Method | Produced | Proportion | Joint Cost Allocation | Unit Cost | 401 | 90,000 | (90,000/400,000)0.225 or 22.5% | (200,000 x 0.225)45,000 | (45,000/90,000)0.5 | 402 | 120,000 | (120,000/400,000)0.3 or 30% | (200,000 x 0.3)60,000 | (60,000/120,000)0.5 | 403 | 90,000 | (90,000/400,000)0.225 or 22...

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Cost Control and Cost Reduction

PRINCIPLES OF COST CONTROL 1.1 Introduction Cost is important to all industry. Costs can be divided into two general classes; absolute costs and relative costs. Absolute cost measures the loss in value of assets. Relative cost involves a comparison between the chosen course of action and the course of action that was rejected. This cost of the alternative action - the action not taken - is often called the "opportunity cost". The accountant is primarily concerned with the absolute cost. However,...

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Cost Control and Cost Planning in Construction Industry

tools or methods offer by project management, cost planning and control is a very important tool for project management. A good cost planning is because it can help on forecasting the expenses that need to spend for the project. And cost control will minimize the wastage during execution of project. This report will emphasize the objectives, benefits, methods and other matters on construction cost planning and cost control. Cost Planning Cost planning normally will conduct in the prior...

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Costs and Coffee Average Cost

Classify each cost listed below as either a product cost or a period cost for purposes of preparing the financial statements for the bank. 1. The cost of the memory chips used in radar set. * Product Cost 2. Factory Heating Cost * Period Cost 3. Factory Equipment maintenance costs. * Period Cost 4. Training costs for new administrative employees * Period Costs 5. The cost of the solder that is used in assembling the radar sets. * Product costs 6. The Travel...

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Cost Acc

indirect costs are allocated using only one or two cost pools. All or most costs are identified as output unit-level costs. Products make diverse demands on resources because of differences in volume, process steps, batch size, or complexity. Products that a company is well suited to make and sell show small profits while products for which a company is less suited show large profits. 9-5 (1) Identify the activities that consume resources and assign costs to them. (2) Identify the cost driver(s)...

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Cost Accounting

Cost Allocation Paper Cost Accounting Abstract This article’s focus is how cost accounting allocates costs of a manufacturing plant. All things are hypothetical. The conclusions of this report regarding costing of commercial services provided by Goodyear Tire should be recognized as a theory of the way Goodyear Tire conducts business activities, rather than suggestions of how Goodyear Tire should conduct business. Goodyear Tire is a publically traded company, which has many different...

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Opportunity Cost

Opportunity Cost Scarcity of resources is one of the more basic concepts of economics. Scarcity necessitates trade-offs, and trade-offs result in an opportunity cost. While the cost of a good or service often is thought of in monetary terms, the opportunity cost of a decision is based on what must be given up (the next best alternative) as a result of the decision. Any decision that involves a choice between two or more options has an opportunity cost. Opportunity cost contrasts to accounting cost in...

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Costs and Direct Labor Cost

following data have been recorded for recently completed Job 501 on its job cost sheet. Direct materials cost was $3,067. A total of 30 direct labor-hours and 104 machine-hours were worked on the job. The direct labor wage rate is $12 per labor-hour. The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machinehours. The predetermined overhead rate is $11 per machine-hour. The total cost for the job on its job cost sheet would be: A. $4,571 B. $3,757 C. $3,090 D. $3,427 Applied manufacturing...

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Transaction Costs

a transaction cost is a cost incurred in making an economic exchange. A number of different kinds of transaction costs exist. Search and information costs are costs such as those incurred in determining that the required good is available on the market, who has the lowest price, etc. Bargaining costs are the costs required to come to an acceptable agreement with the other party to the transaction, drawing up an appropriate contract, etc.. Policing and enforcement costs are the costs of making sure...

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Costs and Direct Cost

Business (UKM-GSB-LHDN) Cost Classification: Government Agency PROBLEM 2-56 The Department of Natural Resources is responsible for maintaining the state’s parks and forest lands, stocking the lakes and rivers with fish, and generally overseeing the protection of the environment. Several cost incurred by the agency are listed below. For each cost, indicate which of the following classifications best describe the cost. More than one classification may apply to the same cost item. The Answers...

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Historical Cost

The historical cost accounting is an accounting technique that values an asset for balance sheet purposes at the price paid for the asset at the time of its acquisition. It is usually used in combination with other measurement bases. For example, inventories are usually carried at the lower of cost and net realizable value, on the other hand marketable securities are usually carried at market value, and entities prefer to carry pension liabilities at their present value. The main advantage of using...

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Costs and Opportunity Cost

Ronald Coase noted,“The cost of doing anything consists of the receipts that could have been obtained if that particular decision had not been taken.” For example, the opportunity set for this Friday night includes the movies, a concert, staying home and studying, staying home and watching television, inviting friends over, and so forth. The opportunity cost of taking job A included the forgone salary of $102,000 plus the $5,000 of intangibles from job B. Opportunity cost is the sacrifice of...

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Cost Accoutning

Cost accounting 4-37 General ledger relationships, under- and overallocation. The solution assumes all materials used are direct materials. A summary of the T-accounts for Needham Company before adjusting for under- or overallocation of overhead follows: Direct Materials Control Work-in-Process Control 1-1-2008 30,000 Purchases 400,000 Material used for manufacturing 380,000 1-1-2008 20,000 Direct materials 380,000 Transferred to finished goods 940,000 12-31-2008 50,000 Direct manuf. ...

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Cost Plan

Cost – volume – profit (CVP) analysis exercises Question 1 Lewis and Clark Co., a canoe manufacturer has a projected income for the next financial year as follows: Sales (10,000 units) €6,000,000 Operating Expenses: Variable Expenses € 4,500,000 Fixed Expenses € 450,000 Total Expenses €4,950,000 Net Income €1,050,000 Required: 1) Determine the breakeven in units Step 1: Unit Sales Price = Sales value / units = Step 2: Variable Cost per unit =...

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Cost and Store

Chapter 14 - Operational Performance Measurement: Sales and Direct-Cost Variances, and the Role of Nonfinancial Performance Measures 14-1 Pet Groom & Clean (PG&C) David Green is considering his operating statement for 2010, which is displayed in the table below. David is the manager of store number 88, where he began as one of the staff 6 years ago, and through hard work has risen to become manager of the store. The operating report shows his budgeted performance for the year and the actual results...

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Cost Production and Types of Cost

Generally, the term cost of production refers to the ‘money expenses’ incurred in the production of a commodity. But money expenses are not the only expenses incurred on the production of a commodity. There are number of services and inputs such as entrepreneurship, land, capital etc., which are offered by an entrepreneur without changing any price or receiving any payment for them. While computing the total cost of production, allowance should be made for such expenses. It is therefore essential...

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Costs and Question

long-lived assets generally include those expenditures that:  1) are made for normal repairs to maintain the usefulness of the asset over a number of years. 2) are for items that have a physical life of more than a year, regardless of their cost. 3) are material and that have an economic benefit to the entity only in the current year. 4) are material and that have an economic benefit to the entity that extends beyond the current year. Question 11 0 / 1 point Cassady, Inc....

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Costs and Imported-car Mufflers

local supplier at a cost of $18.50 each. The shop uses a holding cost based on a 25 percent annual interest rate. The set up cost for placing an order is estimated to be $28. โจทย์กาหนดว่า mufflers ทังหมดประมาณ 1250 ชิ ้น /ปี ้ imported-car mufflers(D) มีค่าเท่ากับ 18% ของ mufflersทังหมด = 0.18*1250 = 225 ชิ ้น/ปี ้ ราคา imported-car mufflers(c) เท่ากับ 18.50$/ชิ ้น annual interest rate (I) = 25%ของมูลค่าสินค้ า/ปี holding cost(h) = I*c = 0.25*18.50 = 4.625$/ชิ ้น/ปี set up cost (K)= 28$/ครัง ้ a....

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Cost Allocation for Service Department

allocate service department costs to “production” or user departments, and ultimately to the products and services that they provide. For example, hospitals use sophisticated methods for allocating costs of service departments such as Housekeeping, Patient Admissions, and Medical Records to patient wards and outpatient services, and then to individual patients. Historically, these allocations were important to hospitals because Medicare reimbursement was based on actual costs. To the extent that the...

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Bridgeton Industries Cost Analysis

ever increasing emission standards. With the resulting loss of domestic market share, ACF is facing intense competition from not only other suppliers but other Bridgeton plants as well. The task of remaining cost competitive is daunting as outsourcing seems to be catching on as a way to cut costs. Overhead Burden Rate We have used direct labor as the allocation base to calculate the figures given below. However machine hours may be a better allocation base as the plants are highly mechanized. |From...

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Low Cost and Differentiation Strategies

Low-Cost Leadership and Differentiation Strategies Laura Allard November 21, 2010 William Hogan Management Cases Upper Iowa University Abstract This paper discusses Low-Cost Leadership and Differentiation business strategies. The paper explains what each strategy is and how they can be applied, utilized and maximized as strategies for a company. Suggestion of methods to implement and the strategies are discussed, including when the strategies work best. Low-Cost and Differentiation...

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Life Cycle Cost

Cycle Cost How your Northern saves you money ® Reference: Hydraulic Institute (www.pumps.org) What is Life Cycle Cost? • The life cycle cost (LCC) of any piece of equipment is the total “lifetime cost to purchase, install, operate, maintain, and dispose of that equipment. • The components of a life cycle cost analysis typically include initial cost, installation and commissioning costs, energy costs, operation costs, maintenance and repair costs, down time costs, environmental costs, and...

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Costs and Direct Material

production process. 1) Analysis of physical flow of units. 2) Calculation of equivalent units. 3) Computation of unit costs. 4) Analysis of total costs. 5) Build a Spreadsheet: Construct an Excel spreadsheet to solve all of the preceding requirements. Show how the solution will change if the following data change: the April 1 work in process costs were $27,000 for direct material and $5,000 for conversion. 1. | |   Physical   Units | | Work in process...

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Life Cycle Cost Analysis

 Life Cycle Cost Analysis James Pappas Logistics Management and Operations, TLMT 353, Spring 15 American Public University Professor Ernest Hughes 29 June 2015 Life Cycle Cost Analysis Life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) is a process of evaluating the costs that can be identified and quantified, to include all factors like acquisition, sustaining, maintaining and final disposition of the item, that can have an impact on the whole system cost during its life span. (Blanchard...

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Health Care Cost

Health Care Cost There are many reasons to why the costs in health care continue to increase. This cost increased started in the early 1990’s, health care expenditure increasing at a faster rate than the inflation, gross domestic product (GDP), or the population. In 2014, national health expenditures reach $5.4 trillion, or $18,709 per person. Some of the issues that contribute to expenditure increase were changes in population demographics, supply and demand; cost inflation...

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Cost and Solved Assignments Visit

life Annual cash operating costs NIL The firm’s cost of capital 15 % Corporate tax rate 35 % 36,000 The firm follows straight line method of depreciation (permitted by the Income-tax authorities). The management of the company is now considering selling of the machine. If it does so, the total operating costs to perform the work, now done by the machine, will increase by Rs. 40,000 p.a. Advise the management. Solve the case. 4 10 10 How will you compute the cost of equity capital using CAPM...

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Reduced Cost from Outsourcing

Reduced Costs from Outsourcing One of the main reasons companies will consider outsourcing is the overall reduced costs. Outsourcing provides a more efficient approach in controlling operating costs. Costs per additional employee include salary, overhead, equipment/software, training/education, other supplies, and possibly facility costs (Sood, 2005). Another cost savings quality is in overall Human Resources, as outsourcing eliminates costs for future development of employees, current trainings...

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Terrorism - the Total Cost

Terrorism: The Total Cost Introduction Terrorism has many costs, whether it is emotionally, or financially. No matter the results, failed or successful, there are costs involved. The terrorist utilize finances, energy, time, design and method engineering, as well as the one being terrorized incurring the possibility of greater costs. Either way it is viewed, the loss of life remains the biggest cost, and most impacting. The effect of a single act...

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U.S. Prison Costs

U.S. Prison Costs After reading the essay, “A Homemade Education,” an autobiography of Malcolm X, I became quite curious about how many dollars America spends toward the prison system and how it affects our society. The autobiography itself covers how Malcolm X gained a homemade education simply by reading books while serving time in prison. He claimed, “I don’t think anybody ever got more out of going to prison than I did…prison enabled me to study far more intensively…sometimes as much...

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Competition and Unit Cost

by: Q = 5000 - 200P Firm 1 has a unit cost of production c1 equal to 6 whereas firm 2 has a higher unit cost of production c2 equal to 10. a. What is the Bertrand-Nash equilibrium outcome? b. What are the profits for each firm? c. Is this outcome efficient? Answer: (a) At equilibrium, assuming that if both firms charge the same price, then the firms split the market evenly. (b) The higher cost firm makes zero profit, whereas the lower cost firm’s profit is (c) No, this...

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Causes of Incivility and Costs to an Organization

Part II: Causes of Incivility and Costs to an Organization What are the causes of workplace incivility? Incivility in the workplace can be caused by a multitude of reasons, ranging from individual personalities to company deficiencies. According to Pearson and Porath, some organizational scientists consider the prevalence and costs of workplace incivility among the most serious dilemmas facing organizations today. That being said, research regarding incivility (the what’s, why’s, and how’s)...

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Cost Reduction Analysis

Futronics – Cost Reduction Analysis As playing the part of Steve, I would first like to thank you for the opportunity to take on this important task that will help to shape the future here at Futronics. This analysis will bring you the different benefits for outsourcing weighed against those for maintaining our current central stores. It will also, in turn, provide you with the disadvantages for each option. We can first start with the option of outsourcing. We have collected proposals from five...

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Starbucks Cost Structure

Cost structures Starbucks How Starbucks minimizes the impact of coffee prices I believe there are two explanations for the "irrelevance" of coffee prices. 1. Purchase contracts 2. Hedging Purchase contracts Starbucks buys most of its co ffee from suppliers through fixed-price commitments. This means that it won't feel the effect of short-term fluctuations in coffee prices, as the price and quantity are fixed. I estimate that these commitments typically last around a year. Hedging ...

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Estimating Project Time and Costs

ESTIMATING PROJECT TIMES AND COSTS Estimating is the process of forecasting or approximating the time and cost of completing project deliverables. Cost, time, and budget estimates are the support for control. Project status reports depend on reliable estimates as the major input for measuring variances and taking corrective action. Inaccurate estimates lead to false expectations and consumer dissatisfaction. There are reasons why estimating time and cost are important. Below are the following: ...

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Cost Classifications

Level Material Cost Classifications Consult Ch. 6 & 7 of Health Care Finance and other sources to complete the form. This worksheet requires you to match the definitions and examples of types of cost, and the types of centers where costs occur. Part 1: For each term in Column A, select the correct definition from Column B on the right. Write the corresponding letter of the definition next to the term. |Column A | |F |Indirect costs ...

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Cost and Benefits of Hybrid Cars

The Cost and Benefits of Hybrid Cars Have you pulled your car up to the gas pump lately and been shocked by the high prices of gasoline? The Auto industry has the technology necessary to address this concern. . It’s the hybrid car. Today, there are many different models out there in the market and most major manufacturers are involved in developing them. Hybrid cars will save the drivers a lot of money. The purpose of this paper is to identify the costs and show the benefits of this awesome...

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cost containment

 Cost Control: Definitions and Methods Alejandro Madotta Accounting Supervisor II at Apache Corporation The cost of making a particular product or delivering a particular service is calculated by the finance and accounting department, with the help of a technique that is termed as Cost Accounting. The principle of cost accounting is very simple. The total cost of manufacturing a set or lot of goods or services is added up together and divided by the number of unites that have been produced...

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Health Care Cost Accounting

Health Care Cost Accounting A capitation payment arrangement can be an effective means to control healthcare costs because it allows both the insurer and the employer to predict costs for healthcare services more accurately. When a capitation payment method is used, the financial risk of caring for the patient is transferred to the medical delivery system. If the healthcare delivery system does not have a cost accounting system or the ability to develop cost information on each payer and service...

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Seven Ways to Reduce Cost

7 Ways to Reduce Cost August 7, 2007 By Ron Pereira 4 Comments I finished the book Gemba Kaizen by Masaaki Imai.  It was quite good and I highly recommend it.  It is chalk full of excellent tips like 7 ways to reduce costs in gemba (as Mr. Imai phrases it).  They are: 1. Improve Quality:  Imai stresses how good quality is a prerequisite to making lean work.  He even speaks about things like control charts which you don’t find mentioned in many lean books. 2. Improve Productivity: Productivity...

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Cost Driver

Bridgespan Cost Analysis Toolkit Step 4: Allocate indirect costs Template: Identifying cost drivers Cost drivers are measurable factors that allow you to determine the relationship between the indirect cost and each program area. They are program-related units that cause an indirect cost to increase or decrease. Another way to think about it would be factors that can approximate the demand that each of your program places on the particular resource item. The appropriate driver may be different...

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