"Cosmological Argument" Essays and Research Papers

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Explain What Aristotle Meant by the Final Cause. 25 Marks

that humans had the greatest potential of all things as part of their telos is to understand the world, learning the form and purpose of everything in the world. In addition, Aristotle brings in the concept of actuality and potentiality into his argument. Aristotle believed everything has potential and when it reached it’s potential end becomes something different it reaches it’s actuality. This then applies to the concept of the final cause, if everything has a purpose and, in the case of animate...

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John B. Cobb & David Ray Griffin "Process Theology, an Introductory Exposition"

divine creativity based upon responsiveness to the world. No longer are the only options that God acts without empathy for his creations, or because of the possible conflict with evil leaving only Naturalism to turn to. Cobb and Griffin make the argument that God's love is not merely one sided, but a creative-responsive love. The selection included in our text succeeds in redefining the traditional view of God's love in a way that is likely to be accepted by people who had previously found...

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Response to "On Being an Atheist"

While I believe that Mr . McCloskey put a lot of thought into this article I think he made some assumptions about all theists that are not necessarily correct. Throughout his argument it seems that he focuses primarily on the existence of evil to support his non belief in God. He started off immediately in this argument by stating that because of the evil that exists in this world that if we are to say there was a creator he was either a "malevolent powerful being or a well-intentioned muddler...

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Ayer, A.J. "Freedom and Necessity."

theory of compatibilism is a good solution to the dilemma of determinism. It is a solid argument which provides sufficient information to make one believe that compatibilism is the correct answer to the problem of determinism. His examples of the thieve and kleptomaniac make his argument very concrete and easy to understand the common difference between being caused and being constrained. By far this is the best argument. Works Cited. Ayer, A.J. “Freedom and Necessity.” web....

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Anselm and Aquinas

Aquinas) replied to people that wrote to them about how they (people) doubted God. God – “a being than which no greater being can be conceived.” (Anselm) Anselm understands the relationship with existence and reference it can be seen in his argument makes a reliable point of God’s existence without connecting him directly to an ontology theory. He explains the difference between "existence in the understanding" and "existence in reality". Anselm says when something exists in a person’s understanding...

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St Thomas Aquinas', Five Ways of Motion

First Way: The Argument From Motion St. Thomas Aquinas, studying the works of the Greek philsopher Aristotle, concluded from common observation that an object that is in motion (e.g. the planets, a rolling stone) is put in motion by some other object or force. From this, Aquinas believes that ultimately there must have been an UNMOVED MOVER (GOD) who first put things in motion. Follow the agrument this way: 1) Nothing can move itself. 2) If every object in motion had a mover, then the first object...

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Thomas Aquinas

about God and religion. One of my favorite books that I had read during my high school years was a book by Thomas Aquinas. Thomas Aquinas believed in a unique combination of faith and reason in his believes of God, and had brought up five different arguments on his believes in political and ethical in the existence of God. 1st: The First Mover Aristotle got the idea that the whole universe is in motion from Heraclitus, and he wrote it in his Metaphysics. When Aquinas read this, he was amazed by this...

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Defense of Hard Determinism

determined. For an event ‘A’ to occur casually means that there are antecedent causes that ensure the occurrence of ‘A’ in accordance with impersonal, mechanical causal laws. To clarify hard determinism further, let me present hard determinism as an argument. Basically hard determinism argues that: (a) Determinism is true (b) Determinism is incompatible with free will (Holbach, 451). In defense of premise (a), the hard determinist says that obviously everything is caused, therefore determinism is true...

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Causes of Unhappy Families

have drinking problems in families. Drinking has so much effect in families in many ways. It brings argument, violence, and money problems and possibly abuse so all of that brings unhappiness to the family. Not only does their partner suffer but also the children suffer as well. People that drink like to stay out late at night to drink instead of staying in with the family. That’s where the arguments between couples come in. The wife or husband doesn’t appreciate that their partner is out late drinking...

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Causes of Stress Among Adolescent

lives of family and friends (described as death, divorce, cancer). As a result, percentage of adolescent increase year by the year. Here are the causes of stress among adolescents. The first cause is the condition of family life. As we know, the arguments in each family member is actually the main reason that affects the stress on teenagers. When there is fighting among parents, divorce will occur and this will result in neglected children without their parents' love. That parents spend less time...

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