"Constructivism" Essays and Research Papers

Constructivism

Constructivism Learning Theory Constructivism learning theory is a philosophy which enhances students' logical and conceptual growth. The underlying concept within the constructivism learning theory is the role which experiences-or connections with the adjoining atmosphere-play in student education. The constructivism learning theory argues that people produce knowledge and form meaning based upon their experiences. Two of the key concepts within the constructivism learning theory which create...

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Constructivism

Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1919, which was a rejection of the idea of autonomous art. The movement was in favour of art as a practice for social purposes. Constructivism had a great effect on modern art movements of the 20th century, influencing major trends such as Bauhaus and De Stijl movement. Its influence was pervasive, with major impacts upon architecture, graphic and industrial design, theatre, film, dance, fashion and...

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Constructivism and Vygotsky

Constructivism and Vygotsky's Theories Traci Cross-Lewis ECE101: Introduction to Early Childhood Education Professor Nancy Hooper September 13, 2011 I. Constructivism and Vygotsky’s Theories A. Thesis Statement There are several theories and theorist that one can chose to correlates with ones own personal style regarding Early Childhood Educational learning and teaching styles and ways to go about applying them. II. Body paragraph #1 - Topic Sentence #1 Constructivism...

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The Influence of Constructivism

campaign posters deliberately took inspiration from Soviet posters when creating the Obama Hope (fig.7) poster. The work of Neville Brody further backs up the ideology behind the movement and that today’s designers draw much inspiration from Constructivism. Bold design and typography classic are time enduring. The semiotics of these images have connotations of empowerment. “What matters is that design is a way of reflecting social undercurrents. The Futurists supported Mussolini, whereas Rodchenko...

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Origins and the Significance of Russian Constructivism

significance of Russian Constructivism and by doing this we also explore the time it became active, the struggles it encountered, the people that were involved and finally the lasting impact it had on art and design. Constructivism originated in Russia and became an active movement in 1913; it was an artistic and architectural philosophy. The term “construction art” was used as a term by Kazimir Malevich when he was describing the work of Alexander Rodchenko. Constructivism had its very own unique...

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Constructivism: a Holistic Approach to Teaching and Learning

Constructivism: A Holistic Approach  to Teaching and Learning Janet Giesen Faculty Development and  Instructional Design Center Northern Illinois University Introductions • Your name • Your department or unit • Your experiences or knowledge of  constructivism • Why have you joined us today? Overview • Learning cycle • Constructivism – Learning theory – Process – Instructional strategy • Classroom applications • Instructor and student roles Learning Cycle or “5 E’s” Engage ...

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Is Constructivism the Best Philosophy for Education?

Clinical development professor David Elkind contends that the philosophical positions found in constructivism, though difficult to apply, are necessary elements in a meaningful reform of educational practices. The author used various well known researchers to substantiate his view point. These researchers include Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky and Jerome Bruner. They have basically contented that constructivism is indeed the best approach for students. They have compared the constructivist theory with the...

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Graphic Design as It Relates to Constructivism

Graphic Design as it Relates to Constructivism “We do not need a dead mausoleum of art where dead works are worshiped, but a living factory of the human spirit – in the streets, in the tramways, in the factories, workshops, and workers’ homes.” — Vladimir Mayakovsky (Russian Futurist-Constructivist poet) 2 Modern Graphic Design is the result of the nurturing of many past art movements. The Constructivist movement played its part in contributing to today’s graphic design and continues to father...

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Constructivism

Constructivism is a theory, based on observation and scientific study, about how people learn. It says that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. When we encounter something new, we compare it to our previous ideas and experience, maybe changing what we believe, or maybe discarding the new information as irrelevant. The constructivist theory asserts that we are active creators of our own knowledge. We...

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Constructivism

“disinterested” from the standpoint of aesthetics. There are no so-called ‘free flights of fancy.’ Everything in it has a definite and clear-cut constructive task.” What does all this mean? “Constructivists, beware of becoming another aesthetic school…Constructivism must become a higher form of engineering for our whole life.” “Architectural methods should resemble those of the ‘inventor’, which means abandoning the recourse to borrowings from the past, whether in the field of architectural form or spatiofuntional...

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E111 Tma02

part of the Gym procedures used. By asking the children what they think the green sign is for, the teacher is encouraging them to use their previous experience of red and green signs (e.g. traffic controls) to find the answer. This is called constructivism and is a theory developed by Jean Piaget who believed in “the importance of children’s direct experience with their environment” (ST3.1 page 20). The children are learning the ground rules of being in a PE lesson, for example, being barefoot...

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Constructivst vs Behaviorist

International Bureau of Education, he declared in 1934 that "only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual." Jean Piaget is "the great pioneer of the constructivist theory of knowing." Constructivism is basically a theory -- based on observation and scientific study -- about how people learn. It says that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. When...

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use of drama in the classroom

Constructivism is a philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world we live in. It is a new approach in education that claims humans are better able to understand the information they have constructed by themselves. According to constructivist theorists, learning is a social advancement that involves language, real world situations, and interaction and collaboration among learners. Vygotsky (1978). There are several...

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Constructivisism in Education

Chapter 1 Study--Its Background The above quotation explains that constructivism as a paradigm or worldview posits that learning is an active and constructive process. The learner is an information constructor. People actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality. New information is linked to prior knowledge, thus mental representations are subjective. Furthermore, constructivism states that learning is an active, contextualized process of constructing...

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World War I and the Visual Arts

as paintings, sculptures, portraits, photographs, novels, movies, etc. Among others; Constructivism which was the inspiration for the ideas of well advanced Russian artists, the making of a new world in Art and Architecture including artists that were affected and involved by modern warfare, as well as how Film and Finance was affected. Borrowing ideas from Cubism, Suprematism, and Futurism came Constructivism which was entirely a new approach to making objects that required to eradicate the traditional...

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Theories Of Teaching And Learning

result of the stimulus being reinforced (UNESCO, n.d). This theory differs from others as it solely focuses on children and the developmental process rather than the information being learnt or certain behaviours (Honey, 2010). The theory of Constructivism suggests that learners construct knowledge out of their experiences and ideas. Learners are actively engaged in the learning process as they link new information to their existing knowledge (Educational Broadcasting Corporation, 2004). Therefore...

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Learning Styles and Theories

agree that actually seeing the information spelled out in front of me allows me to better understand the information. The two learning theories that relate to my VARK learning style are behaviorism and constructivism. Behaviorism focusing on a clear goal with an automatic response and constructivism affording me the ability to problem solve. Being an andragogical learner I’m able to apply what I’ve learned during my pedagogical phase to my educational experiences. Let’s take a closer look at what...

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Planning Multimedia Project, on Helping Adult Learner to Understand and Use Window Clipboard: - Multimedia Appro

equipment is used, but how the equipment is used which makes it significant to a constructivist classroom (Strommen and Lincoln, 1992). According to Mann (1994), the use of new technologies in an educational setting has caused the theory of learning, constructivism, to receive new attention. Students in these settings become empowered by gaining access to real data and work on genuine problems. Often, roles are reversed as teacher and student learn from one another. Technology has always impacted education;...

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Adopting the Role of the Learner, Provide a Critical Comparison, Overview and Justification of How Social and/or Cognitive Learning Theory Both Informed and Was Applied Within Two Teaching/Learning Episodes You’ve

task before the others. There are six main theories of learning styles. These include behaviourism, constructivism, connectivism, situated learning, social constructivism and activity theory. Due to the choice of activities, the social theories would be in place in the coaching session. These include constructivism, self-definition model and Connectivism. Bruner (1960) explains constructivism is the theory that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of a task that reflects on...

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Love

Cover page Table of content Introduction Identify the topic Importance of the topic Relationship to management of program Conclusion References Introduction Constructivism is the teaching student’s to improve their capacity to generate knowledge and to work together with peers to create social and intellectual relationships. (Reynolds 2012). This type of teaching style falls under the constructivist Models of Jerome...

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Are Constructivist Criticisms on Realism Justified

describe or refer to normative entities or facts that exist independently of those concepts themselves (Korsgaard 2009:302). Metaethical constructivists would argue against the view that all that moral concepts are for, is to describe the reality. Constructivism may be understood as the alternative view that the function of a normative concept is to refer schematically to the solution to a practical problem. A constructivist account of a concept, unlike a traditional analysis, is an attempt to work out...

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Christina Kiaer Has Described the Main Aim of the Constructivist Movement as ‘to Mass Produce Transparent Utilitarian Things for Use in Everyday Life’. How Adequate Is This Description?

transparent utilitarian things for use in everyday life’. How adequate is this description? Constructivism is primarily an art movement that was based in Russia in the early 20th century. It had a considerable link to the Russian Communist Revolution. They merged the arts with modern technological rationalism for political and ideological uses, being essentially a form of Soviet propaganda. The theory of constructivism was a departure from Russian Futurism that sought to break and destroy traditions, but...

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Explore the different learning theories and learning styles

great job? I think my learning style can relate to this type of theory. Let’s move on to the Constructivism learning theory. Constructivism learning is based on real life experiences to solve problems. It encourages hands on and collaborative or group based learning which would broaden brainstorming ideas and expand points of views. Because of the items mentioned, I believe that both the Constructivism learning theory and Behaviorism learning theory would best relate to my learning style. My...

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Preferred Teaching Strategies

understanding that students are in control of their own learning (Milbrandt, Felts, Richards & Abghari, 2004). The constructivist learning theory is the work of Dewey, Montessori, Piaget, Bruner, Vygotsky and other researchers and theorist. Through constructivism students must shape their own perception of the world. Hence, learning is the process of changing minds to accommodate new experiences. In Piaget’s view, we engage in assimilation when we employ previously used actions to explore new information...

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Essays »Computers & Internet »Computer Hardware

Describe how these theories influence teaching and learning with technology. There are three main categories of learning theory: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. Behaviorism focuses only on the objectively observable aspects of learning. Cognitive theories look beyond behavior to explain brain-based learning. And constructivism views learning as a process in which the learner actively constructs or builds new ideas or concepts. These theories influence teaching and learning with technology...

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Autonomous Learning

maintain the teacher student relationship and how information technology can be applied in education to support the learning environment for students. Autonomous learning is a recent learning theory that depends on the theory of constructivism. The theory of constructivism is used to give explanation on how knowledge is built in the human being when information makes contact with existing knowledge that comes from experiences. Autonomous learning is the ability to develop, arrange and control learning...

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Article Review

differences. Vygotsky: Developing Tools for an effective classroom. This article focuses on cognitive and social constructivism to produce an effective classroom. Cognitive constructivism is constructed through a personal process, while social constructivism is where ideas are constructed through interaction with teachers and peers. After Piaget describe his theories on cognitive constructivism Lev Vygotstky later followed these theories with his belief in social interactions and its fundamental role...

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Write a Short Paper Describing How Social Networks and Social Media Create and Support a "Learning Organization".

how we create online content. In his blog entry, Hargadon discussed how he replies to questions that people ask about content overload. His response reflects how social networking and social learning flow into one another naturally, as social constructivism suggests they will. He said, “It is in the act of our becoming a creator that our relationship with content changes, and we become more engaged and more capable at the same time.” In other words, by participating we learn to become. Touro University...

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Difference Between Behaviourism and Contructivism When Applied to Drama

theorists have examined the teaching practices and drawn conclusions to what good and bad teaching practice look like. Each theory is different, some subtly and others wildly. In this essay I will explore the differences between behaviourism and constructivism when applied to the method of drama. Learning is the process of acquiring knowledge (Ashman and Conway 1997). If someone has gained knowledge then they have been through the process of learning. The knowledge learnt does not have to be restricted...

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Action Research: Are Matching Games Effective at Improving Learner Motivation and Engagement in Literacy Lessons?

foundation for constructivism as an educational theory. In short, Piaget’s theory of cognitive constructivism asserts that children cannot be directly given knowledge; they must construct their own understanding of it. This justification for experiential learning had a effect on educators in the 20th century, Maria Montessori being among the most notable proponent of Piaget’s constructivism. Building upon Piaget’s Cognitive constructivism Vygotsky added his theory of social constructivism with “Mind...

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Learning Theory

Learning theory and importance Constructivism is defined as the belief that learners constrct their own knowledge from experiences. Constructivism is a philisophy that is primarly based on the belief that learners construct their knowledge from experiences. Constructivism is not a unitry theory but is seen as a continum that is divided into three broad categories. Coginitive constructivism, Social constructivism, and Radical constructivism. Coginitive constructivism is associated with imformation...

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Defining Security

to the people that these events are happening to, but not to the people not being affected. There are four main paradigms of International Relations that affect issues in security. Those paradigms are Realism, Pluralism, Marxism, and Social Constructivism. Realism is the idea that states should be self-centered, competitive, and should look after themselves and not trust any other states. The state should do anything within its reach to expand its power in wherever possible being in military...

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Unit 4 Theories and Principles for Planning and Enabling Learning

and learn from those exercises. Constructivism in learning Constructivism sits under the umbrella of cognitivism. It’s best defined as “People construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences.” (www.thirteen.org ) This definition is crucial in understanding what a teacher is aiming for as a long term goal in their learners. The whole idea of expert learner stems from constructivism. The term “expert learner” describes: ...

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A Discussion of the Nature of Scientific Enquiry Skills and Their Role in Children’s Learning in Science

work and begin learning through doing. A frame work for learning through investigation (Harlen, 2009:81)Constructivism is a perception of the way learning takes place. Learning is an active process involving the selection and integration of information by the learner” (Hollins and Whitby, 2001:1). Social constructivism is probably the most popular theory underpinning the teaching of primary science (Meadows). Constructivist learning centres on the active participation...

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How Do the Major Theories of Child Development (Known as the ‘Grand Theories’) Explore the Importance of Social Experiences?

does not allow them to form new ideas or critique old ideas. The fourth and final theory of development that will be discussed is the social constructivism theory. This theory is similar to the constructivist theory as it proposes that children are active agents in their own learning and development. The social constructivism theory extends the constructivism model by introducing the roles of other agents, and by emphasising the role of interaction in the process of learning. The constructive theory...

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Jerome Bruner

which he returned to Harvard University. Later he joined the New York University of Law, where he became a Senior Researcher (at the age of 93). THEORY Jerome Bruner is one of the founding fathers of Constructivist Theory. Constructivism is an extensive theoretical framework with several perspectives, and Bruner's is only one. Bruner's hypothetical framework is based on the theme that learners create new ideas or concepts based upon existing knowledge. Learning is an active process...

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mentor's role

strategies when teaching and learning is related to the facilitator’s preference and their experience. There are more than 50 theories of learning but Atherton (2009) discussed the broad theories of learning: behaviourism, cognitivism, humanism and constructivism. Atherton also talks about learning styles, utilising Kolb’s experiential learning cycle (Kolb 1984) to include: the pragmatist-active experimentation, activist-concrete experience, reflector-reflective observation and theorist-abstract conceptualisation...

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Compare and evaluate three significant learning and development theories

Compare and evaluate three significant learning and development theories In this assignment I will compare and evaluate three significant learning theories, these being; Behaviourism, Constructivism and Social Constructivism. This will include a clear presentation of; knowledge of these theories, a demonstration of the understanding of academic debates pertaining to these theories and by selecting three key aspects of these three theories, comparing and evaluating them. The three key aspects that...

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Philosophy of Education

opinion about what the aim of education should be, not only in their own classroom, but in every school. I believe that real education is not about the teaching, it is about the learning how to learn. My philosophy of education supports the views of Constructivism. In the Constructivist theory, we are the active creators of our own knowledge. Unlike Locke’s theory, the learner is not just a blank slate (tabula rasa) (Schouls, 1992) who only learns from their experiences , rather an individual who builds...

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Teaching and Learning

order to create successful learning opportunities. Piaget and Vygotsky shared the view that children actively construct their own learning outcomes (Eggen & Kauchak, 2010, Ch2, p49). However, they each differed in their concept of how constructivism occurs. Piaget believed that social interaction and experience with the physical environment creates situations for individuals to experience disequilibrium of existing understanding, (cognitive and sociocognitive conflict). Lack of equilibrium...

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Learning Theory Chart

Learning Theories Chart |Behaviorist Learning |Constructivist Learning |Cognitive Learning | |*Learning is a relatively enduring change in |*The influence of constructivism in teaching|*The impact of cognitive learning theories on | |observable behavior that occurs because of |and learning has increased over the last |education has grown within the last 40 years. | |experience (Skinner, 1953). ...

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Culturally Resposive Teaching

my motivational techniques towards the class as a whole and perhaps let Mark and Cathy motivate the class by allowing them to take joint responsibility for the running of the ‘Jump Jam’ programme for that day (Hill & Hawke, 2000), using the constructivism theory, this, I believe would have been more motivating as the learner is actually involved in the learning process. I also believe the teacher missed an opportunity to incorporate the Māori learning theory of Ako, reciprocal learning. Instead...

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Jermoe Bruner

Paula Mason Social Learning Theory on Jerome Bruner Jerome Bruner (1915 - ) Constructivism & Discovery Learning In studying the work of Jerome Bruner, it is described that the psychologist “has set in motion innovations for which there may have been theoretical bases for some time.”1 Bruner discusses and describes educational purposes which involve the acquisition and development of “intellectual skills, and stressed culture’s effect on a person’s...

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Effective Teaching - Essay and Lesson Plan

positive learning outcome. The Western Australian Curriculum Framework approach to teaching and learning is based on the constructivism view and the new Australian Curriculum incorporates this learning theory and the constructivism theory is demonstrated in the Maths video classroom of Ms Poole (ACARA, 2012; Davies, 2008; Fetherston, 2007). The learning theory of constructivism is characterised by problem-based learning, in which a student participates actively in building and developing their individual...

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Human Resources Development

and later it may be store for long-term memory. In regard to theory of cognitivism, if staff study what they are thought then it becomes very difficult to convince them, either they become too judgmental or dependent on system. THEORY OF CONSTRUCTIVISM Based on the theory that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. Knowledge is constructed based on personal experiences and hypotheses of the environment...

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How Do Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s Theories of Learning and Development Compare Regarding the Influences of Social Interactions in Children Cognitive Development?

outline some general features of two of the four “grand” theories regarding child development. Regarding closely cognitive development, it will examine and evaluate the sound theories of J. Piaget and L. Vygotsky, prominent figures of constructivism and social constructivism respectively. It will then review some research to explore to what extent social interactions contribute to children’s cognitive development. Interpretations of the findings will be provided to point out common ground and differences...

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Naum Gabo

London, 1990. • Naum Gabo Ein Russicher Konstrucktivist in Berlin 1922-1932, Berlinische Galerie, Berlin, 1989. • Naum Gabo Monoprints, Graham Williams (ed.), The Florin Press, Biddenden, Kent, 1987. • Naum Gabo Sixty Years of Constructivism, Nash & Merkert (eds.), Prestel Verlag, Munich, 1985. Includes the Catalogue Raisonné and a complete Chronology. (Also published in German). • An Appreciation of Naum Gabo, Andrew Forge, The Florin Press, Biddenden, Kent, 1985. • Naum...

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Sensory Stimulation Theory

perspectives which are discussed below. Before that let us consider Tamez and Surles (2004) discussion on the theories of learning. Tamez and Surles (2004) argued that all theories are grounded in one or a combination of rationalism, empiricism or constructivism. Rationalism means that the individual is not influenced by third parties in the decision making process. The individual has his own beliefs and thinking process. That individual would always have a set of principles based on his acquired knowledge...

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hrthrxf

and Development. Michigan: Prentice-Hall. SOTTO, E. 1994. When Teaching Becomes Learning. London: Cassell.  STEAKLEY, M.E. [2008]. Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications of Constructivism [online]. Available from: http://www.slideshare.net/mesteakley/advantages-disadvantages-and-applications-of-constructivism ...

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Learning and Teaching Models

about it…Good learners like taking responsibility for planning and organising their learning…they also monitor themselves with that ‘little voice of self-awareness that keeps their goals in mind.” Piaget's cognitive constructivism theory and Vygotsky's social constructivism theory are key proponents to modern inquiry-based teaching theory as well. Piaget (1967) believes that children learn through personal interactions with physical events and objects in their daily lives. Piaget felt the classroom...

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Learning Styles

and movement in our lifelong learning dance” Another influential theory is Constructivism. This draws on the developmental work of Piaget (1977). Paiget worked as a biologist in the 1930s-40s but he had a fascination in studying the minds of his own children and how they learnt. His work has come under criticism because of his limited area of study, just a few children, but his influence has been profound. Constructivism is a view of learning based on the belief that knowledge isn't a thing that...

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active learning

Muniz, O., Trafford, J., and Vajoczki, S. 2006. Problem-based learning in geography: toward a critical assessment of its purposes, benefits and risks, Journal of Geography in Higher Education 30(1), 103-116. Perkins, D. 1999. The many faces of constructivism, Educational Leadership 57 (3), 6-11. Prince, G.S., Kelly, N 1997. Hampshire College as a model for progressive science education, in A.P. McNeal and C. D’Avanzo (eds.) Student active science: Models of innovation in college science teaching...

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Constructivism and Behaviorism

Constructivism and behaviorism are similar because they are both philosophies of learning. They are psychological theories that try to define how a student learns. Both types of theorists study the nature of learning and the properties and nature of knowledge. The theorists propose separate views detailing how learning occurs and how knowledge can be defined. Thus, both have had an influence on the methods used to teach students in the traditional classroom setting and in Web-based instruction....

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Technological Momentum

Hughes presents a case for talking about technological momentum as a point between two opposite ideas; social constructivism and technological determinism. This raises questions as to what exactly the relationship is between technological momentum and soft determinism. Both ideas deal with the effect society has on technology and the effect that technology has on society. I will argue that while both ideas seem to be the same, there are important distinctions to make between the two. One is that...

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Constructivism Annotated Bibligraphy

Constructivism Group Annotated Bibliography 03/19/2013 EDU 202: Section 1001 \ Graffam, B. (2003). Constructivism and understanding: implementing the teaching for understanding framework. Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 15(1), 13-19. Graffam (2003) explains his technique for implementing constructivism into secondary education. His goal was to create a curriculum to challenge students beyond what they do in every class. He wanted the students to start cognitive thinking...

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Constructivism Learning Theory

This proposal is based on Constructivism Learning Theory. The Proposal includes two categories –1.) Social Constructivism 2.) Psychological Constructivism ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract Constructivism employs cognitive processes such as imagination, intuitions, feelings, values, and beliefs. The constructivist epistemology asserts that the only tools available to a knower are the senses. It is only through...

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Explain the Constructivist Theory of Guidance

2-28-2012 Explaining Guidance Theories: Developmental, Behavioral, Constructivist. Question: Explain Constructivist theory of guidance. ____________________________________________________________________________ Constructivism is rooted from philosophy just like sociology, ethnography and cognitive psychology. Already in the eighteenth century, the German philosopher Kant believed that a child’s learning was an interaction between the developing child and the environment. He believed...

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Constructivism and the Syrian Civil War

Constructivism and the Syrian Civil War Constructivism is a normative international relations theory that seeks to understand the importance of society’s actions and extrapolate its meaning (Adler, 1997, pp. 319-320). According to constructivism, any actor can have xan agency in international relations such as states, institutions and individuals and is dissimilar to realism and liberalism where instead of the assumption that states are self-interested and rational, it accepts that these actor’s...

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12 Hours Without Technology

we may use technology rather than be used by it (Postman, 1998, p. 6). Suddenly, I realized that I have been interacting with technological development in a way where technology was using me more than I was using it. By definition, social constructivism “presumes that social and cultural forces determine technical change” (Johnson & Wetmore, 2009, p. 143). On the flip side, technological determinism “is the claim that the introduction of new technologies produces direct and unalterable social...

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Constructivism: Educational Psychology and Education Reform Movements

Constructivism is a theory of knowledge (epistemology)[1] that argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas. During infancy, it is an interaction between their experiences and their reflexes or behavior-patterns. Piaget called these systems of knowledge schemata. Constructivism is not a specific pedagogy, although it is often confused with constructionism, an educational theory developed by Seymour Papert, inspired by constructivist...

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