"Clostridium Botulinum" Essays and Research Papers

Clostridium Botulinum

exposure, the overflow of water could have contained toxins from the soil or standing water located on Arnold Kallestad’s ranch, and contaminated the hay sold to Peter and Tonya Rothing. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, “Clostridium botulinum is found in soil and untreated water throughout the world” which may be where the botulism came from (nlm.nih.gov). As for the compensation for the goods and products lost due to the defective hay sold to the Rothings, Kallestad is held liable...

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Fish Paste Facts

appealing as compared to traditional bagoong. -was an offshoot of a study titled “Preparation of Dried Products from Fish Paste (Bagoong Cubes)” -the product has a longer shelf-life -the technology eliminates the problem of toxin production by Clostridium botulinum due to anaerobic and watercontent of the traditional bagoong. -the absence of anaerobic bacteria makes it a safer food additive. -to identify the best fish species for bagoong cubes -to investigate the optimum fermentation period for bagoong...

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A Return from Botox to Botulism

Health Professions BOTOX, Dysport, Xeomin (onabotulinumtoxinA, BTX-A); BTX-B (Myobloc), BTX, BoNT, BTX A-G, C. Botulinum, botulinum toxin; and since 2013, BTX-H; These are all terms synonymous or derived from the most dangerous toxin known to humankind, Botulism. Botulism is the term used most often to describe the serotypes derived from Clostridium botulinum. C. botulinum it's purported, was first isolated as a bacterium by Belgium bacteriologist Emile Pierre van Ermengem in 1897. Botulism...

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neuromuscular juntion and exocytosis - how botox works

Botulinum neurotoxin A, (BoNT-A), commonly known as Botox, is a type of neurotoxin that targets the neuromuscular junction (Merchand-Pauvert, V., Aymard, C., Giboin, L., Dominici, F., Rossi, A., & Mazzocchino, R. (2012)). The neurotoxin is produced by an anaerobic bacterium of the Clostridium protein that is very famous and commonly known as it is used for cosmetic purposes such as smoothening wrinkles on our faces, migraines and so on. Botulinum neurotoxin A is so successful...

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Botulism- Case Study

States. About 25% of the cases result from food, while 72% are infant botulism and 3% are wound botulism. Food-borne botulism is usually caused by eating home-canned foods that are contaminated with the toxin botulin. Botulin is produced by Clostridium botulinum, which is the name of a group of bacteria commonly found in soil. The bacteria grow best in low-oxygen conditions. The bacteria form spores that enable them to survive in an inactive state until exposed to conditions that may support their...

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Botulism

microgram is lethal to humans. Only about 110 people get it every year in the United States. Since it is rare, all forms can be deadly and are considered to be medical emergencies. The cause is a neurotoxin made by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum (C. botulinum). This toxin travels through the blood to attach to the nerves that control muscles. From several hours to a week after eating contaminated food, the person may get sick. Medical descriptions of botulism traces as far back in history...

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Botulism Research Paper

illness caused by a nerve toxin that is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum and sometimes by strains of Clostridium butyricum and Clostridium baratii. There are five main kinds of botulism. Foodborne botulism is caused by eating foods that contain the botulinum toxin. Wound botulism is caused by toxin produced from a wound infected with Clostridium botulinum. Infant botulism is caused by consuming the spores of the botulinum bacteria, which then grow in the intestines and release toxin....

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Clostridium Tetani

Clostridium tetani From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Clostridium tetani | | Clostridium tetani with characteristic 'tennis racket' appearance. | Scientific classification | Kingdom: | Bacteria | Phylum: | Firmicutes | Class: | Clostridia | Order: | Clostridiales | Family: | Clostridiaceae | Genus: | Clostridium | Species: | C. tetani | Binomial name | Clostridium tetani Flügge, 1881 | Clostridium tetani is a rod-shaped, anaerobic bacterium...

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bacteria detected by chip

caused by theClostridium botulinum bacterium. When you are dealing with a deadly poison that can be found in food and is a potential terrorist weapon, you want the best detection tools you can get. Now, researchers in France have demonstrated an improved method to detect the most deadly variant of the botulinum neurotoxin, which causes botulism. Their test provides results faster than the standard method and accurately detects even low concentrations of the toxin. Botulinum neurotoxin—one of the deadliest...

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Things Fall Apart

uk/togonline 2008;10:75–79 Review Review Nonurological uses of botulinum toxin in gynaecology Authors Akila Anbazhagan / Ralph Roberts Key content: • Botulinum toxin is a powerful neurotoxin which causes temporary flaccid muscle paralysis. • A number of potential gynaecological applications have been described in addition to the well-established uses in urogynaecology. Learning objectives: • To understand how botulinum toxin works. • To learn about the preparations available and their...

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Epidemiology Case Study

relative risk and is most likely to be the cause of the outbreak and basing on the stool culture result, Clostridium botulinum is the strain to most likely cause the outbreak. _ “Foodborne botulism typically has a relatively narrow incubation period (12–72 hours), which may vary from 2 hours to 8 days, depending on the inoculum”._ (James W. Buehler, 2003) In this case study, Clostridium botulinum spores might have been resistant to heat and survived the cooking or were introduced after the cooking...

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SPE103

Categorical Introduction:                 I.         By a show of hands how many people think Botox is just for housewives with too much time and money on their hands?                 II.        While this is a popular belief, Botox, a propriety name for botulinum toxin, is being used across the demographic spectrum for results outside of the cosmetic realm.                 III.       The FDA has approved numerous commercial uses for the toxin while the Mayo Clinic has conducted multiple studies indicating...

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Botulism: Bacteria and Commercially Canned Foods

Botulism Botulism is a bacterial disease most often linked to un-sterile canned foods. It can be rather serious, as it has the potential to paralyze the respiratory system and thus cause death. The bacterium is named Clostridium Botulinum, it is a gram-positive and anaerobic pathogen. The morphology consists of rod shaped spores. The toxin is widely used in cosmetic injections, also known as Botox, to decrease wrinkles in the skin. Though Botulism is mainly linked to canned foods...

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Botulism

paralytic illness that is caused by botulinum toxin(potentially deadly neurotoxin) which is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The botulinum toxin can enter the body in 3 main ways: by the ingestion of the toxin from eating foods that contain the botulism toxin (food borne botulism), by the contamination of a wound by the bacterium in which the toxin is produced (wound botulism) and Infant botulism which is caused by consuming the spores of the botulinum bacteria, which then grow in the...

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Clostridium Difficile

 Clostridium Difficile Anna Kay Mew BIOL 210 Summer 2013 Frank D Boone June 11, 2013 Clostridium Difficile The healthcare professional can expect to encounter various conditions within their scope of experience. Clostridium difficile represents one of the most common and challenging nosocomial infections that can cause life-threatening complications such as hypervolemia, sepsis, pain, and peritonitis (Grossman and Mager 155). The recognition, diagnosis, treatment and inhibition...

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Clostridium Defficil

Jaime Vonk Med. Careers PCT 1 October 14, 2012 Clostridium Difficile Clostridium difficile is a gram positive, spore forming anaerobic bacillus, which may or may not carry the genes for toxin A-B production. These two types of protein exotoxins produced by the Clostridium difficile bacillus, toxin A and toxin B, can have an infectious form and a non-active, non-infectious form. The disease spreads throughThe spores can survive for a longer period of time in the environment and are not infectious...

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Clostridium Difficile

Clostridium Difficile Hemant Sule BIO 2110-Section 303 December 04, 2011 Clostridium Difficile is known to be a notorious infection to cause foul smelling diarrhea, very well known to almost every healthcare worker. It is one of the most difficult infections to treat in the current healthcare industry, and most often related to the use of antibiotics during healthcare treatment. Clostridium Difficile is a spore-forming, gram-positive anaerobic toxin-producing bacterium that is a “common”...

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Clostridium Difficile

Diagnosis of Clostridium Difficile INTRODUCTION Clostridium Difficile Infection is currently the most commonly found cause of diarrhoea in relation to antibiotic treatments in hospitals. Although C.difficile infections are common, there are only a limited methods of diagnosing accurately if a patient has been affected. I will be discussing methods of diagnosis, pros and cons and statistical facts regarding C.difficile infection. METHODS OF LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS There are several methods...

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Clostridium Difficle case study

of antibacterial drugs. Tiacarillin clavulanate should only be used to prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria . 2) The administration of Tiacarillin Clavulanate may have been the main factor for the Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI) in the patient, as the exposure to antibiotics has accounted for roughly 95% of development of CDI. This is the most important risk factor in the development of CDI. “The disruption of the normal flora caused by antibiotics...

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An Overview Of Clostridium Difficile

Clostridium Difficile Bacterial Information and Culture Clostridium difficile, commonly known as C. diff, is a spore-forming, gram-positive, anaerobic bacillus (The Mayo Clinic). Although the active bacteria are gram-positive, the spores are gram-negative (Horridge, et al). Culture of c-diff is performed at normal human body temp, on a blood agar (Nadan). After 48 hours of incubation, isolates resembling C. diff are anaerobically subcultured on a fastidious anaerobe agar. After the final culture...

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Clostridium difficile outline SAMPLE

 Clostridium difficile Babe Ruth 06/23/2011 Microbiology Clostridium difficile I. What is Clostridium difficile and why is it relevant to us? A.“Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium that may develop due to the prolonged use of antibiotics during healthcare treatments.” 1 B. “Clostridium difficile is an obligate anaerobe or microaerophilic, gram-positive, spore- forming, rod-shaped bacillus.” 2 II. What are the signs and symptoms of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)...

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Clostridium Perfringens

Holly Serna Sharon Eden BIO 186-01 October 27, 2011 Clostridium perfringens Clostridium perfringens is not the 24 hour flu although it is often confused with being. It is one of the most wide spread foodborne pathogens in the world, commonly referred to as the "food service bug" 1. The type A strain of C. perfringens is caused by a bacterial infection that releases alpha-toxins and is associated with undercooked and improperly handled meats. This type of food poisoning, although usually...

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Clostridium Difficile

Clostridium Difficile |   | Clostridium Difficile is a Gram-positive, toxin-producing anaerobic bacterium belonging to the family Clostridiaceae of the Clostridiales. Though strictly oxygen-intolerant, C. Difficile is able to produce aero tolerant endospores under unfavorable conditions that are capable of persisting in an open environment for years. C. Difficile is a commensalist species typically housed in the colonic fecal flora of a fairly small subset of the child population, with the number...

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CDIFFPP

COLLABORATIVE LEARNING COMMUNITY: EVIDENCED BASED PRACTICE PRESENTATION Clostridium Difficile and Handwashing NRS-433V Grand Canyon University QUESTION In hospitalized patients does the use of gel hand sanitizers reduce the risk of contracting clostridium difficile (C. diff) compared to regular hand washing with soap and water? BACKGROUND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS C. diff bacteria is found naturally in our environment in soil, air, water, human and animal feces and food products (Mayo Clinic, 2013)...

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Microbiology exam essays

would you use to clean a room contaminated with Clostridium difficile? The most recommended method for sterilization is soap and water since Clostridium difficile cannot be killed with an alcohol based disinfectant. To sterilize and entire room or area, they recommend using bleach. “Healthcare-associated Infections (HAIs)." Frequently Asked Questions about Clostridium Difficile for Healthcare Providers. N.p., 25 Nov. 2010. Web. . Why? Clostridium difficile cannot be killed with alcohol based...

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Botox Case

drug—with more than a billion dollars| |in sales—bringing Allergan out of the backwaters of the pharmaceutical business. | |Botox Cosmetic is botulinum toxin A, a heavily diluted version of the feared botulinum toxin found in spoiled canned soups and vegetables. It contains | |only 20 units of the toxin compared to the thousands of units found in spoiled food, but it works in the same way—by paralyzing facial muscles to...

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Clostridium Perinfrengens

Clostridium Perfringens Clostridium perfringens (formerly known as C. welchii, or Bacillus welchii) is a Gram-positive, rod- shaped, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium of the genus Clostridium. C. perfringens is ever present in nature and can be found as a normal component of decaying vegetation, marine sediment, the intestinal tract of humans and other vertebrates, insects, and soil. Infections due to C. perfringens show evidence of tissue necrosis, bacteremia, emphysematous cholecystitis...

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Ethics in the workplace

aid V5220 123. Digitally programmable monaural hearing aid, analog V5245 124. Dispensing fee, Bilateral Contra Lateral Routing of Signal (BICROS) V5210 125. Telephone amplifier V5268 Coding Drugs in HCPCS 2. Ancef 500 mg IV J0690 4. Botulinum toxin type B, 100 units J0587 6. Kenalog- 40 20mg J3301 8. Ranitidine HCI injection 25 mg J2780 10. Lasix 20 mg IM J1940 HCPC Level II National Modifiers 2. E4 E. Lower right eyelid 4. NU F. New equipment 6. SB J. Nurse midwife 8....

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Clostridium Perfingens

Clostridium Perfringens is a spore forming gram-positive bacterium. C. Perfringens is found in the intestines of animals and humans as well as many environmental sources. It can survive in little or no oxygen and is found on raw meat and poultry. According to the Center for Disease Control (2011), C. Perfringens is one of the most common causes of foodborne illness in the United States and causes nearly one million cases of foodborne illness each year (Center for Disease Control, 2011). People get...

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Microbio

act on starch, and proteases to digest protein? A. preparing a mash B. malting C. aging D. wort is boiled with hops E. fermentation 16. All of the following are foodborne pathogens except A. Salmonella. B. Campylobacter. C. Streptococcus. D. Clostridium. E. Staphylococcus aureus. 17. Preservation of food to limit microbial survival and growth includes A. high temperature and pressure. B. pasteurization. C. refrigeration and freezing. D. irradiation. E. All of the choices are correct. 18....

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Hca 240 Week 2 Sunday Assignment

Clostridium difficile is a major problem that is a growing concern in health care treatment facilities. Clostridium difficile is a type of bacterial infection that affects the intestines. Clostridium difficile is not really an infection, it is a very obnoxious bacteria. Clostridium is a bacterium that someone gets when their immune system is weak. Each year, more than half a million people get sick from Clostridium difficile, and Clostridium difficile has become very difficult to treat, severe, and...

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Fluid Imbalance in Adult Patients

diagnosis and evaluations of interventions and outcomes. Review of the patient’s case DS was admitted to the hospital for a ventral hernia repair and a small bowel resection on January 30, 2011. During recovery from the surgery, DS acquired Clostridium Difficile. She also has a history of hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and has suffered a myocardial infarction. DS smokes a pack of cigarettes daily and states she is guilty of eating poorly. She said she does not take her “heart...

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Tetanus

issue in underdeveloped countries. Clostridium tetani is the obligate anaerobic gram positive endospore that is responsible for the disease tetanus. Clostridium tetani spores are ubiquitous. They can be found in soil, animal feces and manure. Clostridium tetani spores can tolerate temperature of more than 100 degrees Celsius. Tetanus is the only disease that is vaccine preventable and its infection is not contagious (Walker). Tetanus occurs when Clostridium tetani spores enter the body through...

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C Diff

Clostridium Difficile is an infectious disease that is healthcare related requiring immediate attention by hospital staff. If left untreated this disease can become fatal. The mortality rate for patients that are diagnosed with severe Clostridium Difficile is 30 to 85 percent of patients that h better education for staff about the symptoms and means of spreading , prescribing fewer antibiotics unnecessarily, and introducing ways to help the patient deal with the antibiotics, and berrer hand washing...

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Bhm320: Management of Health Programs/Moduel 4 Case Assignment

empiric antimicrobial streamlining on the basis of culture results or elimination of redundant therapy, (3) third the percentage agreement between pharmacist and ID physician recommendations, (4) cost savings associated with AMS activities and (5) Clostridium difficile infection rates before and after program implementation. This program evaluation facilitates you’re asking if your organization is really doing the right program activities to bring about the outcome you believe (or better yet,...

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C.Diff

Clostridium Difficile (C.diff) Clostridium Difficile (C.Diff) Clostridium Difficle is a nosocomial infection acquired mostly in hospitals. In 2005 it was consider the most precarious infection to bombard North American in a decade. Armed with knowledge about the infection, transmission, environmental factors, alternative treatments, prevention and ways to control C.diff healthcare workers can better be prepared to help fight the spread of this deadly infection. A C.Diff, its transmission...

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Patient Teaching Plan

multiple system atrophy, anoxic brain injury, hypertension, dysphagia, hypothyroidism, and clostridium difficile. When looking into the condition of the patient, we find that the reason she presented with many of the signs and symptoms that she did is because of her medical diagnosis, and the disease process. With manifestations such as loose foul smelling stool, and hyperactive bowel sounds for clostridium difficile; comatose state, along with quadriparesis, apraxia, and rigidity for anoxic brain...

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Ec Assignment for Microbiology

a person is treated with antibiotics and the amount of healthy bacteria is decreased, C difficile may begin to multiply and produce a substance that is toxic and can cause diarrhea. This is known as pseudo membranous colitis. (About.com) The Clostridium difficile bacteria are normally present in the intestine; however, it may overgrow when antibiotics are taken. The bacteria release a powerful toxin that causes the symptoms. The lining of the colon becomes inflamed and bleeds, and takes on a characteristic...

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Hospital Acquired Infections

Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care1, 5. 1. Organism: Responsible organisms for infection include vancomycin-resistant entorococci (VRE), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)11, multiresistant gram-negative bacteria, and Clostridium difficile 4. 2. Physical location: These include surgical site7 caused by bacteria from skin flora and bloodstream infections 15 as a result of bacteraemia. Bloodstream infections, largest contributor to morbidity and mortality12. ...

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Nosocomial Infections

This is the most common nosocomial infection in children where rotavirus is the main pathogen. In adults, the major cause of nosocomial gastroenteritis is clostridium difficile. Bacteria are the most common nosocomial infections in hospitalised patients. For example, clostridium, which are anaerobic Gram-positive rods causing gangrene. Clostridium difficile infection is a bacterial infection which affects the digestive system. This nosocomial infection affects patients differently with symptoms ranging...

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Tetanus

Tetanus is a medical condition characterized by a prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers. The primary symptoms are caused by tetanospasmin, a neurotoxin produced by the Gram-positive, rod-shaped, obligate anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani. Clostridium tetani spores can be found most commonly in soil, dust and manure, but also exist virtually anywhere. If deposited in a wound the neurotoxin interferes with nerves that control muscle movement. The signs and symptoms of tetanus...

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Scenrios Maternal Child Atnepartum

Physician Orders: Admit to medical unit 0.9% Normal Saline 1000 mL IV bolus Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) 1 mg IV push (IVP) Stool culture for Clostridium difficile Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) Complete Blood Count (CBC) Vancomycin 250 mg IV 1000 mg/ 20 mL… determine dosage to administer: ______5ml__________________ Lab/ Diagnostic Results: Stool Culture for Clostridium difficile: Positive BMP Current Result Level is High or Low Sodium 132 Low Potassium 3.5 Normal Creatinine 1.45 High BUN 47 High ...

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Reflection paper nursing

Semmelweis legacy. 1(9), 20. • Pépin J, Valiquette L, Cossette B. (2005) Mortality attributable to nosocomial Clostridium difficile–associated disease during an epidemic caused by a hypervirulent strain in Quebec. 173:1037–1042. • Leischner J, Johnson S, Sambol S, Parada J, Gerding D. (2005). Effect of alcohol hand gels and chlorhexidine hand wash in removing spores of Clostridium difficile (CD) from hands. In: Proceedings of the 45th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy...

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Description Of Probiotics

diarrhea by reducing the number of good microorganisms in the gut. Then bacteria that normally do not give any trouble can grow out of control. One such bacterium is Clostridium difficile, which is a major cause of diarrhea in hospitalized patients and people in long-term care facilities like nursing homes. The trouble with Clostridium difficile is that it tends to come back, but there is evidence that taking probiotics such as Saccharomyces boulardii may help prevent this. There is also evidence that...

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Tetanus

“LOCKJAW” | | Cong Le | 12/3/2012 | Abstract: Tetanus is a severe infection causes by Clostridium tetani, a spore-forming anaerobic bacterium. This disease affects many people in the developing-countries where the immunization is not really available. On the other hand, tetanus is very rare condition in developed countries like America. Clostridium tetani has all the characteristics of the Clostridium genus. After entering the human wounds, this organism secreted two kinds of potent biological...

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Unit 4222-306 Promote and implement health and safety in health and social care (HSC 037)

practices that reduce the spread of infection: After child immunization, hand washing is the single most effective way of preventing the spread of infections, including diarrhea bugs, colds, the flu virus and so called 'superbugs' such as MRSA and Clostridium Difficile. Hand washing is important, not only in the hospital environment but in everyday life. Children should be made aware of the importance and benefits of washing hands properly in order to ensure that it becomes a life-long habit. It is...

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Infection Control Essay

on the database and failure in communication can prevent the results reaching the wards promptly. During my nurse training I have learned about the common hospital acquired infections (HCAI) meticillin-resistant staphylococcus aureaus (MRSA), clostridium difficile (c-diff) and norovirus, but now I know that there are many more micro-organisms that the IPCT have to record and monitor when arise at times the IPCT have to report the situation to the department of health. I have gained a lot of experience...

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Hand Washing

each year in the UK and bacterial infections are becoming increasingly difficult to fight (Pittet et al., 2011), HCAIs include Vancomycin- resistant Enterococcus (VRE), Norovirus, Gastroenteritis, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Clostridium difficile infection (CDIF) (Brooker et al, 2000). HCAI prevalence in hospitals in England is 8.19%, a figure that could be significantly reduced (Davies et al., 2006). Hand washing is the leading prevention method and the minimum patients expect...

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M3

hazard is anything that has the potential to cause harm. Risk is the likelihood of that harm. For example hazards in terms of infection control are pathogens. Some pathogens are considered a greater risk to others, for example MRSA (super bug) or Clostridium difficile. What casues pathogens to grow? Baceteria grow by splitting in two. In ideal conditions bacteria can divide every 20 minutes, so the size of the colony doubles every 20 minutes. In theory a colony of bacteria can continue to grow like...

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Health Care Infections

contaminated device, reusable device undergo reprocessing, a detailed multistep process to clean and disinfect or sterilize the devices” (FDA 2011). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality developed a new online "Toolkit for Reduction of Clostridium difficile Infections Through Antimicrobial Stewardships, to help hospitals improve the use of antibiotics by implementing an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program (ASP) directly targeting C. difficile infections” (AHRQ 2011). Now that we know what...

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Role model

Page 1 of 4 Clostridium Difficile Infection with Clostridium difficile most commonly occurs in people who have recently had a course of antibiotics and are in hospital. Symptoms can range from mild diarrhoea to a lifethreatening inflammation of the bowel. No treatment may be needed in mild cases except drinking plenty of fluids. However, treatment with specific antibiotics is needed in more severe cases. What is Clostridium difficile infection? Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a...

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Botox Essay

just don’t care. Personally for me, when I heard the word Botox before I did my research for this informative speech, I thought of Kim Kardashian or Joan Rivers. But, Botox is more than just social media hype. Botox is a neurotoxin protein called botulinum toxin, that can be used medically to treat certain types of muscular conditions, and cosmetically to remove wrinkles temporarily by paralyzing facial muscles. You may think that Botox used for cosmetic purposes is just for females trying to look...

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cool people

definition of CDI- Pathogenesis: Clostridium difficile is the causative organism of antibiotic-associated colitis. Colonization of the intestinal tract occurs via the fecal-oral route and is facilitated by disruption of normal intestinal flora due to antimicrobial therapy. The organism is capable of elaborating exotoxins that bind to receptors on intestinal epithelial cells, leading to inflammation and diarrhea Antimicrobial agents that may induce clostridium difficile diarrhea and colitis ...

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C.Diff

C. Diff Clostridium Difficile: bacterium that can cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon. Most commonly affects older adults in hospitals or nursing homes and typically occurs after use of antibiotic medications. Recently C. Diff has become more severe and difficult to treat. Healthy people can get C.Diff even if they aren’t taking antibiotic or hospitalized. It is possible to not be sick while having C.Diff but still possible to spread the infection...

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Hospital Executive Summary

care–associated infections due to multidrug-resistant organisms in acute care hospitals. This requirement applies to, but is not limited to, epidemiologically important organisms such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus), CDI (clostridium difficile), VRE (vancomycin-resistant enterococci), and multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. Use proven guidelines to prevent infections that are difficult to treat. NPSG.07.04.01: Implement evidence-based practices to prevent central...

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Fluid Volume Deficit

and a decrease in urine output. 10-15 percent would be considered severe dehydration and could result in death (Welch, 2010).                 The nursing diagnosis analyzed in this paper is fluid volume deficit related to diarrhea secondary to clostridium difficile. Behaviors for fluid volume deficit are as follows: skin turgor more than 3 seconds, dry mucus membranes, longitudinal furrows on the tongue, slow capillary refill, confusion, lethargic, low urine output as defined as less than 30 millimeters...

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C-Diff

 Clostridium difficile also known as C. diff Microbiology ITT-Tech College Clostridium difficile grows without oxygen and in normal temperature of 98.6 that is why the body makes a perfect host. C.difficile exists in two states-the vegetative (growth) state or the spore state. In the vegetative state the bacterium is able to use nutrients to grow and divide. When conditions become unfavorable, C.difficile is able to enter a dormant state and form a highly resistant spore. When...

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Research Utilization Project - Fecal Transplantation

Fecal Transplantation Steven Schwenkler University of Phoenix NUR/598 April 10, 2013 Marquet T. Johnson, DNP(c), MSN, RN, ACNS-BC Abstract Clostridium difficile (C-difficile) is a common bacterium that is a frequent cause of infection in the colon and effects numerous patients. Clostridium difficile increases the hospital costs associated with inpatient care, including identification of the organism as well as treatment. The most common cause of C-difficile infection is the elimination...

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INFECTION CONTROL TRAINING

Penicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus ) Tuberculosis Hepatitis HIV Norovirus Flu Food Poisoning Chicken Pox Clostridium Difficile Whooping cough Shingles Chain of Infection 1. infective agent 6. Susceptible Host 2. Reservoir 5. Entry Portal 3. Portal of exit 4. Mode of Transmission 1.Infective agent 1. infective agent Meticillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Clostridium dificile Pseudomonas aeroginosa Norovirus Influenza 2. Reservoir of Infection 'Hiding place' People Environment...

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Acetone and Butanol Fermentation

Introduction The production of acetone and butanol by means of solvent-producing strains of Clostridium spp. was one of the first large-scale industrial fermentation processes to be developed,and during the first part of this century it ranked second in importance only to ethanol fermentation. The reason for the almost total demise of this fermentation in the early 1960s was the inability of the fermentation process to compete economically with the chemical synthesis of solvents. However, interest...

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