"Athenian Democracy" Essays and Research Papers

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Athenian Democracy

Democracy in Athens What does the Classical Greece's heritage consist in? In 431 B.C, war erupted in Greece as two very different Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta, fought for domination of the Greek world. In the first winter of the war held a public funeral to honor those who had died in battle. As was the custom in Athens, one leading citizen was asked to address the crowd, and on this day it was Pericles who spoke to the people. In this famous Funeral Oration, Pericles gave voice to...

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Battle of Thermopylae and Athenian Education

training is a military one, (B) ATHENIAN EDUCATION: Ancient Athens was the bright intellectual, educational and cultural centre of all Greece. The whole city was a large school, a large temple, a large workshop of art The Athenian education aimed at the cultivation of the person´s mental, physical and moral qualities, leading the youth to become "strong and decent", useful to his city and fellow citizens. The balance between body and soul was the main target of the athenian education, the noblest the...

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Athenians and Corinthians

was required to read two texts: One was of a Corinthian speaking about the Athenians to the Spartans; the other was a speech of the Athenians describing themselves to the Spartans. Let’s begin with the first text. The Corinthian that described the Athenians had a strong favor for them over the Spartans. My understanding of this text is that the speaker didn’t care much for the Spartan culture. He claimed, “The Athenians are innovators, quick to make plans and quick to put what they have planned...

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Athenian Democracy

Discuss the Athenian definition of democracy. Is the city state the only kind of state in which true democracy can exist? What happens to democracy when it is applied to a society with a large dispersed population? What are other examples of democratic societies besides Athens? Compare and contrast Athenian democracy with American democracy. Is the United States a democracy in the classical sense of the word? The ancient Greek word "demokratia" was ambiguous. It met literally "people power"...

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Athenian Constitution Outline

HIS1001 The ancient Athenians had used an oligarchic constitution; it was not a good era to be stricken with poverty. The aristocrats dominated the peasants, so much so that the peasants were dependent on them. The poor worked the fields of the rich for a portion of the harvest, and if the rent was not met, their wives and children were seized in order to pay it off. Officials were chosen based on their birthright, at first for life, then for a decade. The officials consisted of the basileus...

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Democracy or Oligarchy? a Comparative Essay

During the Classical Age of Greece, two powerful city-states emerged, each governed by a different system. Athens was run by democracy, whereas, Sparta, a military state, was governed by oligarchy. Athens' democracy served its people better. Since all had a say in the government and everyone was included in a state was ruled by many. In Sparta, the state was controlled by a select few, kings and ephors, who had absolute power. In Athens plenty of time was spent on architecture, to ensure that...

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Athenian Constitution Outline

Betty Huang Professor R. Trumbach HIS 1001 Outline: The Athenian Constitution I. Before Solon A. Loans were made on the security of the person and failure to repay by the due date would result in the borrowers and their family to be liable for seizure. Land was owned by few. B. Officials (aristocrats) were decided based on wealth and “basis of good birth” (family entitlement). 1. Types of Officials: a. The polemarch and the archon...

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Athenian Law- a Murder's Defense

This ancient Athenian murder trial centralizes around the expectations of marriage, the role of women in ancient Greece, and the dangers a husband faces after failing to properly supervise his wife. Euphiletus stands accused of the murder of Eratosthenes, his wife’s lover. According to Athenian law, if a husband finds his wife in bed with another man, it is the husband’s right to determine what penalty the male adulterer will face. The Husband could demand he pay a fine, or even justifiably kill...

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Athens and Sparta Comparison

same base of ideas on which to build. The Peloponnesian War was between the two over Sparta's fear of Athens' growth of power, and especially the Megarian Decree, an Athenian economic sanction against the Spartan ally Megara. This sanction against the state would prove disastrous for its economy without the wealth of the Athenian economy to augment their trade, forcing Sparta's war machine to spring to life. Ultimately the Peloponnesian War was over the ideological and cultural rivalry between Athens...

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Life as a Woman in Athens

Life as a woman in Athens A historic view point by Cecil Fuson. Being a woman in Ancient Athens was not what the movies and Plays led me to believe. The Athenian Democracy was a democracy of the minority. Every man, no matter their class had equal say in the ruling of the government. But Women, Slaves and Foreigners had zero civil rights and no influence on how things were done. Because the Athenian’s were a very exclusive society, they rarely allowed outsiders share in the privileges the citizens...

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