"Argument" Essays and Research Papers

Argument

be looking at: (i)  the nature of arguments (ii)  how to recognise arguments http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=teMlv3ripSM Definition: ‘Argument’ …. a set of sentences such that… …. one of them is being said to be true… …. the other(s) are being offered as reasons for believing the truth of the one. An argument: It is Friday, Marianne always wears jeans on Friday so Marianne will be wearing jeans today. Q1: List the sentences that make up this argument It is Friday Marianne always...

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The Types of Arguments

THE TYPES OF ARGUMENTS Normally we classify all arguments into one of two types: deductive and inductive.  Deductive arguments are those meant to work because of their pattern alone, so that if the premises are true the conclusion could not be false.  All other arguments are considered to be inductive (or just non-deductive), and these are meant to work because of the actual information in the premises so that if the premises are true the conclusion is not likely to be false.  The difference is...

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Recognizing Arguments

Obama. You have justified your points, providing supportive reasoning behind your thoughts. You were able to link theory with practical application and real-world settings. However, remember that in an inductive argument, you cannot guarantee the conclusion. A deductive argument follows the if “this” than “that” format, so it must be true. Please see my attached comments regarding 1 premise/conclusion issue, 1 strict/loose, and 3 in part IIa. I would suggest the following to improve the professional...

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Comparison of a Position Argument and a Proposal Argument

6.1 COMPARISON OF A POSITION ARGUMENT AND A PROPOSAL ARGUMENT |DISTINCTION |POSITION ARGUMENT |PROPOSAL ARGUMENT | |Definition of each |Proposal arguments, however, are arguments in which you |Position arguments are arguments in which you state your | | |request a change in policy or procedure of something that is|position on a certain issue and then proceed...

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Euthanasia Argument

Euthanasia: The Argument Euthanasia is defined as; “the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependant human being for his or her alleged benefit. (The key word here is “intentional”. If death is not intended, it is not an act of euthanasia.)” Source: www.euthanasia.com/definition The act of euthanasia is a very controversial issue which has many supporters, both for and against and has been a topic of the world’s media, time and time again. There are arguments both for and against...

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Zombie Argument

evaluate whether the Zombie argument against Cartesian Dualism is sound by: criticising the Zombie argument through analysing the validity of each premise of the Zombie argument, defending the Zombie argument against one of its objections and responses from the Cartesian Argument by analogy. This essay will offer reasons to believe the Zombie argument by contrasting it with the strengths and weaknesses of the Cartesian Dualist main argument and the Cartesian Dualist Argument by Analogy and then draw...

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Rhetoric and Argument

ENG122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument English 122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument Argument and Rhetoric An argument can take many forms. It is, at its root, a method for communicating a singular position with evidence, logic, and persuasion. There are essential elements to all valid arguments, though they may take different forms. 1. Claim 2. Evidence 3. Counterargument 4. Rebuttal A successful argument depends upon the delicate balance between these elements. Imagine a...

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Fallacious Argument

1. Fallacious Arguments   Considering the fallacies discussed in Chapter Four of An Introduction to Logic, construct three different arguments that display distinct fallacies. Give an explanation of why each makes a mistake in drawing the conclusion it does. Review your classmates’ examples and see if they, in fact, commit the fallacy identified. Before getting to examples of different arguments that display distinct fallacies I will define a fallacious argument. In our text fallacy is defined...

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Obesity Argument

in the issue and not take responsibility for their lives. Labeling obesity as a disease gives people other factors to blame on being obese instead of blaming themselves. The author then quotes another medical professional whose argument agrees with the author’s argument, that obesity is not a disease. The quote explains that throughout the years obesity has become more pandemic even though the way our bodies are made today are the same as centuries ago. What has changed between those times and now...

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Analogical Argument

Analogical Argument 2. Analogue: doctors and lawyers Primary Subject: travel agents Similarity: jobs that give public service with years of training Property: must also give the most safety and comfort in service Although there are many relevant similarities between the analogue and the primary subject (e.g. jobs that give public service with years of training), they are outweighed by the relevant dissimilarities, most important of which is the difference in the level of training and...

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Argument in the Apology

The main argument in The Apology by famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher Socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. In his words Socrates quoted the prosecution's accusation against him: "Socrates is guilty of corrupting the minds of the young, and of believing in supernatural things of his own invention instead of the gods recognized by the state." 1 Further...

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rogerian argument

Rogerian Argument, 15% of final grade, 1300 words Having analyzed a visual argument, a written argument, and your own writing processes, you will now be asked to present two opposing views on the same social justice issue, and, in whatever way possible, propose a solution that would please both parties. Rough Draft (3 printed copies) Due: 3/18 Final Draft Due: 3/20 by the beginning of class via Turnitin The Assignment: Using at least three sources, craft a Rogerian Argument focusing on...

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Csr Arguments and for

argue that an approach to corporate social responsibility that achieves business benefits is nothing of that sort - THAT's just good business. So CSR must be only those things that are of no direct benefit to the business - ie. philanthropy. Cue the arguments about how CEOs should not be giving shareholders money away on their personal causes and projects. This is just dumb. Nobody says that marketing is not marketing if it benefits the business, or HR is not 'pure' HR if its priorities align with...

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Fallacy and Arguments

Everyday we encounter arguments in many different places. It could be at work, home, at a gas station, while driving in the freeway, or even just by watching television. Most arguments we hear or take part in are "sound and convincing" but some arguments have logical fallacies or having mistakes in their reasoning. There are many types of logical fallacies that are common and frequently committed which sometimes are used to "psychologically" persuade the reader or viewer. Examples of these common...

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Argument and New York Times

Recognizing Arguments In this assignment, you will apply key concepts covered in the module readings. You will identify the component parts of arguments and differentiate between various types of arguments such as strict, loose, inductive, and deductive. You will then construct specific, original arguments. There are two parts to the assignment. Complete both parts. Part 1 1a: Identify Components of Arguments Identify the component parts of the argument, premises and conclusion, for...

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Crtical Thinking-Arguments

[pic] PCR0025 Critical Thinking All Foundation ONLINE NOTES Topic 3: Argumentation • Argument is a claim put forward and defended with reasons. • Arguments are composed of: 1. Premises 2. Conclusion • Statement: A sentence that can sensibly be regarded as either true or false. • 2 things about statements: 1. A sentence may be used to express more than one statement. 2. Not all sentences are statements...

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Sample Paper for Propositional Arguments

Sample paper for propositional arguments In this paper, I will analyze the following argument in terms of validity and soundness: An argument is a syllogism only if it is valid. An argument has a true conclusion, if it is valid. If an argument has consistent premises, then it has a true conclusion. Thus, if an argument is a syllogism, then it has a true conclusion. As we shall soon learn, this argument is valid but unsound. I...

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Argument from Authority

Argument from authority The basic structure of such arguments is as follows: Professor X believes A, Professor X speaks from authority, therefore A is true. Often this argument is implied by emphasizing the many years of experience, or the formal degrees held by the individual making a specific claim. The converse of this argument is sometimes used, that someone does not possess authority, and therefore their claims must be false. (This may also be considered an ad-hominen logical fallacy – see...

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Basic Argument for Fatalism

Metaphysics The “Basic” Argument for Theological Fatalism Fatalism Fatalism is the view that everything that happens in entirely unavoidable. Since everything that happens is unavoidable, none of our actions are genuinely up to us and we powerless to do anything other than what we actually do. Here is Richard Taylor on what the fatalist believes [“Fate” from Metaphysics, 4th Ed (Pearson, 1991)]: “A fatalist is someone who believes that whatever happens is and always was unavoidable. ...

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Unbiased Gay Marriage Argument

would be good for local and state governments. “The Comptroller for New York City found that legalizing gay marriage would bring $142 million to the City’s economy and $184 million to the State’s economy over three years” (ProCon.org). Another argument in same sex marriage is the issue of procreation. Many people who are against the issue believe that because a same sex couple cannot naturally conceive children that they should not be allowed to marry, however if this were the case, couples who...

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The Toulmin Model Of Argument 1

 The Toulmin Model of Argument (adapted from: http://schoolnet.org.za/twt/09/M9_argumentation.pdf) In his work on logic and argument, The Uses of Argument, Stephen Toulmin indicates three major, necessary parts of an argument, along with three additional, optional parts. The three major parts are the claim, the support, and the warrants. Claim: This is the disputable assertion for which a speaker argues. The claim may be directly stated or the claim may be implied. You can find the claim by asking...

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Argument Analysis of Joan of Arc

Argument Analysis Essay of Saint Joan George Bernard’s play Saint Joan was written about the life of a French woman in the late 1420’s who was on trial for spreading heresy. The Inquisitor presented a case against Joan to the juries of the church court. His argument opened with an appeal to ethos. Throughout the rest of his speech he would keep up this type of appeal, preferring the approach of ethical appeals to that of logic. Due to his lack of logical appeals, he seemed to revert to logical...

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Crt 205 Mapping an Argument

Mapping an Argument The first article chosen was Abortion Is a Form of Genocide by Meredith Eugene Hunt. The issue in this article is “abortion as a form of genocide is accurate by historical and accepted standards of the word’s definition” (Abortion, 2010). I highlighted this as the issue because it includes everything the author is trying to prove to the reader. Hunt wants to make it known that she believes abortion is a form of genocide even though the parameters fit loosely. She also points...

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Kant Trancendental Argument

Among Immanuel Kant's (1724–1804) most influential contributions to philosophy is his development of the transcendental argument. In Kant's conception, an argument of this kind begins with a compelling premise about our thought, experience, or knowledge, and then reasons to a conclusion that is a substantive and unobvious presupposition and necessary condition of this premise. The crucial steps in this reasoning are claims to the effect that a subconclusion or conclusion is a presupposition and...

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Metaphors or Arguments

*Metaphors or Arguments* Metaphors are an important ingredient to speech and argument. It is used to show comparison between two things, a way to create new meaning. Niccolò Machiavelli in his book The Prince discuss of social and political along with his creative usage of metaphors. His ideas consist of Medicine, the Fox and the Lion, as well as The Archer. These are the metaphors that I will be discussing as we go in more debt about Machiavelli and James Kastely thoughts of argument. Machiavelli...

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Argument and Natural Selection

Tell me as much as you can about this passage as an argument (especially the parts). p1. Sun will bring skin cancer. p2. Rain will bring puddles that we can jump. p3: Pain is bad, joy is good. If a thing causes more good things than bad things, then it is better. p4: If A is better than B, then we should like A. p5. Puddles are better than skin cancer because it creates more joy than pain. Conclusion: I like rain better. 2. Find an argument from an external source (make sure to tell me where...

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Argument for Paying College Athletes

 Argument for Paying College Athletes Stephen Elting Mercy College Have you ever heard of a business that made billions of dollars, yet did not pay their employees? Seems pretty remarkable doesn’t it? Well this business is known as the NCAA. According to an article in the New York Times, the NCAA made $770 million from just the three-week Men’s Basketball Tournament, but how much did the athletes who participated in said...

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Descartes Dream Argument - Philosophy

are having, or we are not dreaming all our experience of this world? When we dream we imagine things happening often with the same sense of reality as we do when we are awake. In Descartes dream argument, he states there are no reliable signs distinguishing sleeping from waking. In his dream argument, he is not saying we are merely dreaming all of what we experience, nor, is he saying we can distinguish dreaming from being awake. I think his point is we cannot be for sure what we experience as...

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position/argument essay

wju.edu/arc/ How Do I Write a Position/Argument Essay? Having a strong thesis has been important all along in your writing. Having a coherent form to individual sentences, paragraphs, and the essay as a whole has been important all along in your writing. Yet here is where everything comes together, where the various compositional forms (cause/effect, classification/division, comparison/contrast, example/illustration etc.) may serve your argument. The good news is that, unless you’ve been...

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Argument: An Always Present Force

to have many books on the “Best-Selling” List. In her book, “The Argument Culture”, Deborah Tannen takes a closer look at how we as a society have come to view arguing/debating as a normal form of communication. Our inability to look at more than two views at a time, has led us to limit the potential conversations that could easily take place. In this essay, Professor Tannen takes a shot at making us believe that being in an “Argument-culture” is not the best thing for us as a whole. She wants us to...

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Crt205 Mapping an Argument

Assignment: Mapping an Argument January 11, 2013 CRT/205 The article, “Social Networking Sites Can Be Forums for Cyberbullying,” (Foxman, et.al, 2009), deals with the issue of cyberbullying online as becoming a real threat, and parents and educators of middle and high school children must work together to combat antisocial and harmful harassment to make these crimes punishable by law. In its’ premise, or reason, the article indicates that cyberbullying is more prevalent in middle...

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Final Project: Comprehensive Argument Analysis

The writer shows inconsistencies by stating something then states the opposite in it’s reasoning | 7 | State one argument made by the author. | Animal experimentation has changed the world and developed many drugs for diseases. This is one of the arguments the author stated in paragraph two of the article | 8 | Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. | The argument consists of unstated premises and conclusion shown in the 2nd paragraph.Premise: 1. Animal experimentation has developed...

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The argument from evil

The argument from evil In this paper I am going to use the very popular argument from evil, which was made popular and originated from the Greek philosopher Epicurus, to argue that existence of god is highly improbable. I’ll put this argument in the simplest of terms. For my first premise I am stating that if an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent god exists than evil does not exist. For my second premise I am stating that evil exists in this world. When you put these two together...

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Critical Thinking and Bandwagon Argument Comment

valid conclusion, I have to collect some data and evidence from other news sources and compare with my findings 2b) it would be wrong to persecute allied for age discrimination, allied has always been a great corporate neighbor. Logical flaw: argument against speaker. Comment: this conclusion is very bias because it is accusing the person because of his age, not because of his work. 2c) the decrease in smoking can be attributed to increase restrictions on smoking in public. Logical...

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Differences and Similarities in the Arguments for Legalizing Marijuana

Lorena Burgess RHE 309S October 28th, 2011 Differences and Similarities in the Arguments for Legalizing Marijuana The legalization of marijuana has become a mainstream issue that the nation has become highly concerned about in recent years. Lately more and more conservative opposers have begun to change their minds, realizing the benefits of marijuana. Debate followers go as far as saying that it is no longer a question of if marijuana will be legalized, but when. The shift in viewpoints ...

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Animal Testing - Arguments Against Testing

Arguments against testing The critics of animal testing base their argument on the grounds of morality, the necessity or the validity of this procedure, whether proper authority to perform such tests is granted, whether such tests are actually needed and whether such tests practically provide us with any useful information. The supporters of animal rights say that animals have the right to live their own life peacefully; and we are not allowed to meddle with them just because we can. (Alternatives...

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Summary of Deborah Tannen's the Argument Culture

point these days. In “The Argument Culture,” Deborah Tannen discusses how today’s society no longer honors the noble American tradition of debate. She explains how we no longer want to take the time to listen to both sides and definitely not all sides of an issue. We have become a society that would rather fight and argue, often to the point of violence. “The war on drugs, the war on cancer, the battle of the sexes, politicians’ turf battles- in the argument culture war metaphors pervade...

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Counter Argument

Preparing and Writing an Argument What is a controversial issue? * We should work hard for more money. / We should work less, make less money and take time off to enjoy life. Which point do you agree with and why? * In time of economic recession, universities are/are not justified in raising tuition. * Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to class should be optional for students. Which point do you agree with and...

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Plato's Republic- Arguments about Justice

Right vs. Wrong In Plato’s Republic, Book 1, various interlocutors make arguments on the definition of justice. Cephalus proposes the definition of justice as “speaking the truth and paying whatever debts one has incurred” (Plato, 331c). I will prove Cephalus’ argument true by analyzing the structure and his use of examples, discussing possible errors in his reasoning and finally rebutting those who disagree. Justice is knowing right versus wrong and acting on that understanding. Cephalus begins...

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Essay 1 Narrative Argument 1

Composition II Eric Sack Fall 2014 Essay 1 - Narrative Argument Write an essay that implies a clear claim and uses your own first-hand experience for support/evidence.  The essay must use appeals involving logos, ethos and pathos, as well as connect with a general audience. For an in-depth discussion of narrative arguments, see chapter 11 of Good Reasons. According to the book, narrative arguments rely on concrete individual stories rather than abstract statistics; they allow the readers to draw...

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How to Put Forward a Great Argument

Tammy Chang Instructor: S. Joseph English 103 February 25, 2013 Logical Fallacies Do you want to have a great argument? Then you need to use excellent rhetoric technique and think carefully about what you want to say to persuade others to be on your side. You have to consider the opposition and make sure to address counterargument so that the listener can understand well what you have thought about the whole thing. Especially in modern society, we have more information and comments that can...

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Short Argument

Solving Spring 2013 Assignment 1 Short Argument (10%=Constructing A Short Argument) Purpose of Assignment • This is an individual assignment. • This assignment will help students understand the argumentation process involved in critical thinking. This assignment will also help students recognize key features and concepts in particular aspects of argumentation. Objectives • To help students articulate a short argument. • To help students understand key terms and...

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Evaluating and Engaging Wal-Mart Argument

Vaughn W. Walker Wilsey-Cleveland Eng. 100 2 November 2012 Evaluating and Engaging Wal-Mart Argument Wal-Mart has made American living more affordable. The company provides more jobs and supplies consumers with cheap merchandise. Over the years Wal-Mart has become a big topic of discussion. Author Steve Malanga exonerates the benefits of Wal-Mart. In Steve Malanga’s essay, “The War on Wal-Mart,” Malanga discusses how Wal-Mart has produced many jobs, made shopping equitable for low income families...

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Collaboration and Argument

Collaboration and Argument Carmetta C Jackson and Waltresa Mayho ENG/215 EFFECTIVE ACADEMIC WRITING JULY 9, 2011 DR Tracy A Boothe Collaboration and Argument Collaboration is defined as working collectively with others or concurrently to achieve a goal especially in a creative attempt to put together the right elements of success implemented to accomplish something. Argument is defined as controversy or the implication of expression through opinions for an effort to persuade;...

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Visual Argument Essay

awareness about the damaging effects of smoking, it unfairly targets women creating an inaccurate stereotype about those who smoke and raises a logical fallacy in implying that smoking will make one less attractive, in order to convey the intended argument against smoking. The advertisement is successful in demonstrating the harmful ways in which smoking can physically affect people. The black and red colors on the ad symbolize black scarred innards, or even lungs, that are charred due to smoking;...

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The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument

The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument Aristotle's thoughts on Zeno's Arrow Argument as represented in Chapter 9 of Aristotle's Physics: A Guided Study can be understood in such a way that it might not be "next door to madness". In this chapter, Aristotle interprets Zeno's argument of the Flying Arrow as "missing the mark". There are four premises for this argument, and in Aristotle's opinion, premise three can be rejected. He does not believe that time is composed...

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Comrades from Cairo - Counter Argument

with You”. It was written by ‘Comrades from Cairo’, whom mainly claimed in their article that the Arab spring roots from all the demonstrations happening at the moment. By coming across all points and claims mentioned in the article, I find that the argument of ‘Comrades from Cairo’ is in a weak form as they use unsubstantial support for their claims, logical fallacies and are biased as they deny people’s own voice and experiences. The ‘Comrades from Cairo’ use unsubstantial support for their own...

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Key Arguments in Judith Thomson's A Defense of Abortion

Judith Thomson: A Defense of Abortion Judith Thomson article simply outlines the right of abortion with women. Judith presents the argument that everyone has a right to life. However, throughout the article she underlines key arguments and give multiple examples and analogies to further prove her point. Thomson began by saying that because everyone has a right to life, it is automatically assumed that the fetus is a person, and therefore has a right to life. Furthermore, the mother does have...

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A Deconstruction of Rene Descartes' Argument on the Existence of the Corporeal World

paragraph, Descartes goes through the process of, what he believes to be, proving the conclusion: That corporeal objects do exist. In this essay Descartes’ argument will be deconstructed into its premises, explaining those premises, reconstructing the argument, and lastly evaluation of the validity and soundness of his argument. Descartes begins his argument my stating his first premise, which is that he has the abilities of Imagination and Perception and that he can conceive of himself without these abilities...

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PHI 103 Week 1 Arguments And Their Components

This document PHI 103 Week 1 Arguments And Their Components includes right answer to the following questions: Consider an argument you have recently had with a friend, family member, manager, co-worker, or someone else. Identify the topic of the argument and present that argument in premise-conclusion form, identifying both the premises and conclusion. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Respond to at least two of your classmates Philosophy - General...

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An Intro To Argument Week 1 Discussion 1

English 122: Composition II An Intro to Argument Argument and Rhetoric An argument's a method for communicating a singular position w/evidence, logic, & persuasion. There are essential elements to all valid arguments, though they may take different forms. 1. Claim 3. Counterargument 2. Evidence 4. Rebuttal A successful argument depends upon the balance between these elements. The claim is the basis of the argument. A big opposing viewpoint, called the counterargument, is constantly pushing...

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Elements of Argument

For hundreds of years there had been only one excepted way of written argument, which was Aristotle’s model. Now there are several more, including Rogers and the Toumlin Rhetoric’s. Every day we face different situations, some good some bad. When the one situation comes up where you are left in disagreement with another person, have you ever thought of how you can argue over the matter? Clearly most do not, and will argue their point until they win or the other person finally understands. I can honestly...

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(Week Eight) Examining Different Arguments Related to Choice of Career

Title | Examining Different Arguments Related to the Choice of a Career | Assessment Part A: Critically Evaluating an Argument | Arts and Sciences (Advantage): Lots of flexibility in career choices | Logically Sound | | Arts and Sciences (Disadvantage): Leads to a career in food service – 'Do you want fries with that?' | Oversimplifying | | Education (Advantage): The best way to make a difference in the world | Shifting the Burden of Proof | | Education (Disadvantage):...

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Evaluate Singers and Descartes Arguments About Animals.

In this essay I will evaluate the arguments by Descartes about animals which he uses in order to verify his arguments on the immortality of the soul. In turn I will evaluate the more contemporary arguments of Peter Singer put forward mainly in his book ‘Animal Liberation.' The concept of animal sanctity branches as far back as one can imagine. In ancient times animals were considered to have intelligence and even a language all of their own. This was an early view on animals stemming from pre-agrarian...

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'Rubbish has no value': identify the arguments for and against this view

 'Rubbish has no value'. Identify the arguments for and against this view This essay attempts to identify arguments for and against the view that rubbish has no value. The arguments and their respective concepts and theories identified herein are related to a central theme of rubbish, wastefulness and affluence within a consumer society - all presented in Chapter 1 and 2 of Making Social Lives (Hetherington, 2009). Primarily by using Thompson's 'rubbish theory', focus is given to how values...

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Argument

ARGUMENTS VS EXPLANATIONS EXPLANATIONS An explanation is a group of statements that try to show how or why something is or will be the case. Specifically, we use an explanation when we try to explain what makes a claim true. The event or the phenomenon in question is usually accepted as a matter of fact. Explanations do NOT prove why something is the case. Every explanation is composed of two parts: The explanandum (a statement that describes the event that is supposed to be explained), and...

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“We should aim for a cashless society.” Analyse the arguments for and against this contention and formulate a judgement on the issue.

should aim for a cashless society.” Analyse the arguments for and against this contention and formulate a judgement on the issue. Taking advantages of the rapid advancements in technology, more and more citizens in first world countries such as Australia are becoming increasingly dependent on methods of payment that do not involve cash. Hence, discussion has risen as to whether we should aim for a cashless society. There are two main arguments that support a transition to a cashless society...

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Rowe Cosmotologial Argument

Outline of Rowe's Chapter on the Argument from Contingency in His Philosophy of Religion, Part II Notes on Rowe on the Cosmological Argument, Part Two: Four Criticisms of the Argument 0. Review 0.1 Dependent beings: a being whose existence is accounted for by the causal activity of other beings 0.2 Self-existent beings: beings whose existence is self-explanatory, or accounted for by their own inner nature 0.3 The Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR): There must be an explanation for (a) the...

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War is Ethically Wrong The purpose of this essay is to prove that under no circumstances is war ethical. It follows specific logic rules of argument.

My thesis is that war is ethically wrong. My main argument goes as follows: Any action that kills an innocent person without their direct consent is ethically wrong; war kills innocent people without their direct consent. Therefore war is ethically wrong. The first premise of my main argument states that any action that kills an innocent person without their direct consent is ethically wrong. On average, many people would agree with this statement. To kill an innocent person for whatever reason...

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Thomas Aquinas Cosmological Argument

From the arguments discussed in class, I choose to evaluate Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument. Aquinas offers a believable case for the existence of God through five arguments. The arguments are “a posteriori arguments” with five strategies (Aquinas 52). The first argues that there is an unmoved mover that originated all motion but the mover, itself, does not move. The second argument concludes: “there must be a first cause to explain the existence of cause” (Aquinas 52). The third argument says...

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