"Acid Dissociation Constant" Essays and Research Papers

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Acid Dissociation Constant

DETERMINING THE EQUIVALENT MASS AND DISSOCIATION CONSTANT OF AN UNKNOWN WEAK ACID BY TITRIMETRY INTRODUCTION Acids are substances that donate hydrogen ions and bases are substances that accept hydrogen ions. Acids and bases react with each other by transferring hydrogen ions. One way to distinguish an acid is by its equivalent mass, which is the number of grams of the acid needed to transfer one mole of hydrogen ion to a base. For a monoprotic acid, which only transfers one hydrogen ion, its...

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The dissociation constants of weak monoprotic acids were determined with the aid of a buffer and pH meter.

Experiment # 4: Dissociation Constant Weak Acids Introduction: The dissociation constants of weak monoprotic acids were determined with the aid of a buffer and pH meter. Experiment: This experiment was performed according to the procedures as provided in the Chemistry 111B laboratory manual: Po, Henry and Senozan, N. "General Chemistry Experiments Chemistry 111B", 8th Ed., 2004 Hayden-McNeil Publishing, pp 80-88. To determine the dissociation constants of weak monoprotic acids (HX and HY), a buffer...

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Acids Bases Qs

Acids and Bases Q1.This question is about several Brønsted–Lowry acids and bases. (a)     Define the term Brønsted–Lowry acid. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (1) (b)     Three equilibria are shown below. For each reaction, indicate whether the substance immediately above the box is acting...

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Chemistry Acid and Base

Aqueous Acid/Base Chemistry Resources: Harris ‘Quantitative Chemical Analysis’ Review: Pure water has a pH = 7 Autodissociation: H2O (( H3O+ + OH- K = [H3O+][OH-]/[H2O] -log[H3O+] = 7 [H3O+] = 10-7 M = [OH-] [H2O] = 55.56 M K = 1.8 x 10-16 ; pKa = 15.74 pKa is the acid dissociation constant; low pKa (strong acid, high pKa (weak acid we can also write Kw = [H3O+][OH-] Kw = 10-14 In water, pH + pOH = 14 pH scale Strong...

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lab report-acid rain

Acid Rain Introduction: Titrations are often recorded on graphs called titration curves, which generally contain the volume of the titrant as the independent variable and the pH of the solution as the dependent variable (because it changes depending on the composition of the two solutions). The equivalence point on the graph is where all of the starting solution (usually an acid) has been neutralized by the titrant (usually a base). One can easily find the pKa of the monoprotic acid by finding...

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Ch 14 Outline Acid and Bases

14.1 The Nature of Acid and Bases * Acid-Base Theories * Arrhenius- Acid is a hydrogen producer and a base is a hydroxide producer * Bronsted-Lowry- Acid is a proton donor and a base a proton acceptor * Lewis- An acid is an electron pair acceptor, and I base is an electron pair donor * Conjugate base & acids * Ka= [products]/[reactants] * Acid dissociation constant * 14.2 Acid Strength * In a strong acid dissociate almost...

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Structural and Electronic Effects Acids and Bases

effects Acids and Bases Acknowledgement Some material have been sourced from the following websites and books Reference • http://facstaff.gpc.edu/~matteya/organicppt/Ch2.ppt • http://atom.chem.wwu.edu/dept/facstaff/pavia/351pavia.html • www.fccj.us/chem1212/powerpoint/Ch17_Lewis_B.ppt • CH102 Course book • Organic Chemistry 7th Edition by John McMurry 2 Acids & Base Definitions Definition #3 – Lewis • Lewis acid - a substance that accepts an electron pair • All BrØnsted-Lowry acids are also...

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The Behavior of Amino Acids in Solutions

BEHAVIOUR OF AMINO ACIDS IN SOLUTION Abstract In this practical the acid-base behaviour of amino acids was assessed. Amino acids are amphoteric. They have the basic (amine) and the acidic (carboxylic) functional groups. These show the same type of equilibrium reactions that all weak acids and bases undergo, and the relative amount of each can be altered by adjusting the pH of the solution. For this practical glycine was used as a model to show this unique nature of amino acids. A series of...

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Acid-Base Lab

Anna Powell 2nd I.Title: Acid-Base Titrations AP Chemistry Laboratory #6 II.Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to standardize a sodium hydroxide solution and use the standard solution to titrate an unknown solid acid. The equivalent mass of the solid acid will be determined from the volume of sodium hydroxide added at the equivalence point. The equilibrium constant, Ks, of the solid acid will be calculated from the titration curve obtained by plotting the pH of the solution versus...

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Chem 3418 Organic Chemistry Laboratory I Acid Base Review

Chemistry Laboratory I Acid Base Review Definition In general, an acid is a substance that can donate a proton (H+) and a base is a substance that can accept a proton. Any proton in an organic molecule can potentially be donated. The most acidic proton in a molecule would be donated first. Any lone pair in an organic molecule can act as the proton acceptor. An acid (HA) reacts with a base (in this case H2O) to form the conjugate base of the acid (A-) and the conjugate acid of the base (H3O+). ...

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