World Religions Study Guide

Topics: Buddhism, Noble Eightfold Path, Christianity Pages: 6 (1137 words) Published: January 1, 2014
World Religions
REL 2300
Review for final exam

Definition of religion
Religion is belief that social norms, traditions, myths and symbols will impart wisdom, comfort, hope and balance and enable one to transcend death Definition of church, denomination, sects, cults

An official religion of a country or state
Is a major societal religion in a country or state
A small, anti social religion with a closed membership
A small, anti social religion with a closed membership, and a living charismatic founder Founders of religious studies
Sigmund freud- religion in a mere illusion
Are people who are attuned to the spirit world of animals and people and deal with that world on behalf of others Tocaboga's belief in three souls
Their shadow, their image in a pond, and the pupil of their eye Burial customs of Neanderthal
Food, tools, and weapons left for the afterlife
Burial customs of Cro-Magnon
Ornaments such as shell bracelets and hair circlets, stone tools, weapons, and food. Deceased were painted with red ochre Bear cult of Neaderthal
Setting apart the skull for possible reverence
Founder of islam, angel Gabriel, the last prophet
reciting, only be read in Arabic, holy scripture
Was built by Abraham, was a big black metor and landed in mecca Meaning of the term "Islam"
Submission and peace
Meaning of the term "al-Qaeda"
Synthesized sunni teachings with sufi mysticism
Mysticism, wool clad
Sunnis and Shi'ite and their origins
Death of ali caused the split between the sunni and shi’ites Tanak
Jewish scripture
First five books in Tanak
Received an oral covenant
Received a written covenant
Effects of Zoroastrianism on Judaism
Inspired influx of jews worry arab settlers
“repetition”, thousands of legal instructions
Anti Semitism(henry ford), hitler, forced intp ghettos, extermination camps, caused jews to do soul searching Sephardim
Jews who fled spain to the middle east
Jews who fled Poland and surrounding areas
German and hebrew
Very relaxed, not strict at all, they can eat whatever and they have women rabbis and bat mitzvahs Orthodox
Very strict adderance to the tanak, they only have men rabbis and bar mitzvahs, also kosher Conservative
They have women rabbis and bat mitzvahs but they also do there ethical teachings from the torah Zionist movement
Toleration of jews was short lived and superficial
Nation of Israel, formation and battles
Israel survived battle for existence against Arab neighbors after British allowed its independence. Orthodox Jews protested against formation of Israel. Palestinian-Israel conflict. Resurgence of Anti-Semitism Historical sources for Christianity

Dual nature of Jesus
Body+ soul holy spirt+divine soul
Birthday of Christanity, holy spirit descends down on them and gives the girft of languages and courage Transubstantiation
The transformation of bread and wine into jesus’ body and blood Constantine and the legalization of Christianity
he needed to hold the empire together so to gain more power he decided to make christianity the state religion Martin Luther and the 95 Thesis
Martin Luther, German Augustinian monk, rebelled against indulgences, 1517 (95 Theses). Protests expanded to sola fide and sola scriptura. Excommunicated. Henry VIII and the Church of England
He couldn’t get a divorce
Theological difference between a statue and icon
Statues are 3-dimensional, and icons are flat (2-dimensional) images. Icons tend to be somewhat stylized, where the statues are more life like. More or less. The use is different though. Icons tend to be a focus for prayer. They are not prayed to, but, put God in one's mind. Statues can act that way, but, mostly they are just to set the liturgical space in which they are places. Karma in Hinduism

Law that determines at what stage a...
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