world religion 3201 -- unit one

Topics: Indigenous Australians, Spirituality, Religion Pages: 8 (2021 words) Published: January 15, 2014
Religious Impulse - the universal urge to believe in something beyond ourselves.

Credo - a philosophy or a set of beliefs.

Ethnicity - a person’s origins, race, or culture, but not necessarily his or her religion.

Totems - a projective entity in the form of an animal, natural object, or plant.

Oracy - the ability to express oneself fluently in speech and to understand a spoken language.

Elder - a person venerated for age and wisdom.

Spiritual - concerned with sacred or religious things, related to the human spirit or soul.

Ethics - a system of morals; rules for human conduct.

Animism - the attribution of a living soul to plants, animals, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena.

Vision quest - the process of purifying and fasting in order to be sensitive to a vision or voices that might guide a person; a sacred ceremony.

Shaman - medicine man or spiritual leader.

False Face Society - is a respected Iroquois group whose members are knowledgeable in the natural powers of herbs, and who perform ritual prayers.

Reconciliation - the Canadian government issued the statement of reconciliation in which it formally expressed its profound regret for past actions. It also included an action plan to help with healing for residential school students, to improve health conditions, and to speed up land claims.

Gaiwaio (Good Message) - the Good Message has 2 main themes. The first part contains a prophecy of impending disaster if people do not mend their ways. The second part states that only those who do not repent and change will suffer and perish and go to the House of the Punisher, who is the brother of the Creator. There are over 130 messages.

Tree of the Universe - the morning dance or Wabeno is performed around this tree every spring in southern Ontario.

Sweat Lodge - It renews the soul and helps to regain focus. The sweat lodge cleanses both the physical and spiritual body. Under the direction of a shaman, who is both a medicine man and spiritual leader, the participants make a sauna-like construction, called a sweat lodge. Morning Dance (Wabeno) - the dance pays homage to the Tree of the Universe. All the participants fast and cleanse themselves beforehand, then a male elder plays a drum and leads a dance around the selected tree. The dance goes on from dawn to noon. As each dancer passes the tree, the drummer signals the dancers to touch the trunk to give thanks. At midday a huge feast of meat and fish is served.

Potlach - feasting, distributing wealth, sharing songs, and dances, are all part of a Potlach. The host gives a feast to celebrate an important event. The more wealth the host gives away, the more that person gains in status and greatness.

The Shaking Tent - the shaking tent is a ritual used by Aboriginal groups. It represents the beliefs and values of some Aboriginal people about the supernatural world and its close relationship to the living. .

Oka Crisis - Oka businessmen wanted more land, but it was ancestral burial grounds sacred by the Mohawks -- this caused an eleven week armed stand-off.

1. List five common features of religion.

A belief in the supernatural world and in a spiritual world beyond our physical material world. A belief in the existence of a soul.
A collection of sacred writings of scriptures.
Organized institutions.
A search for perfection or salvation.
Techniques for focusing one’s awareness.
A life of faith and worship.

2. List five reasons people practice religion. Explain any two.

Fear - humanity is limited in its knowledge of what happens after life. Despite our development and sophistication, we still do not know what death brings. We fear the power of nature, our self-destructive tendencies, and internal and external conflict. We question the way we lead our lives. We don’t know if our lives are meaningless or if they have meaning.

Wonder - for many people, this world is an unfathomable splendour. The rich diversity and...
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