Why I decided to go to College

Topics: Nutrition, Obesity, Metabolism Pages: 3 (565 words) Published: January 28, 2014
FCS 2351 – Nutrition
Review for Exam #4

Know the RDA for protein for adults, toddlers, elderly
Adults: 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight
Toddlers: 1.1 grams per kilogram of body weight
Elderly: 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight

Know about weight gain during pregnancy
Healthy women gain an average of 27.5 (25-35 pounds) during pregnancy. The fetus comprises about a third of the total weight gained, and the rest is maternal tissues. This is the approximate amount of weight that is needed to support the growth of the baby. Women at a healthy weight (BMI between 18.5 and 24.9) should gain 25 to 35 pounds. Only about two pounds in the first trimester

Know about community programs for older adults at risk for food insecurity
Nutrition Screening Initiative
Federal food assistance programs
Food stamps
Meals on Wheels
Elderly Nutrition Program (ENP)
Provides congregate meals (low- or no-cost meals served at community sites so older adults can receive a hot, nutritious meal and socialize)

Know the hormones associated with hunger and satiety
Know about glycogen stores and their contribution to exercise and fitness 2,600 kilocalories of glycogen are stored in the body.
Fat (as fatty acids) is the primary energy source during low- to moderate-intensity exercise.

Know about FITT
frequency, intensity, time, and type
Know about important nutrients during pregnancy
50 percent increase in needs for folate , zinc (inhibited absorption by iron), iron (RBCs), and calcium

Know about BMI ranges
Understand the placentas role during pregnancy
Prevents passage of red blood cells, bacteria, and many large proteins from mother to fetus Alcohol, drugs, and other potentially harmful substances can cross the placenta. Releases hormones required to support the physiological changes of pregnancy

Know about nutrient needs during exercise
Sports drinks, bars, and gels
Fructose (fruit sugar) may cause GI distress.
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