What was the significance of Kristallnacht?
*Kristallnacht was German for "night of broken glass" and referred to all the broken glass caused by the breaking of windows in Jewish shops, presented as a “spontaneous public outburst”.
The trigger of Kristallnacht
A Polish Jew, Herschel Grynszpan shot Ernst Vom Rath. The assassination triggered Kristallnacht. *his parents were deported back to Poland, made him angry
* In September 1936 he entered France illegally
*7 November, Shot Vom Rath 5 times
*"We understand the challenge, and we accept it", Joachim von Ribbentrop who was alongside Hitler at Vom Rath’s funeral- Wikipedia.
*SA- Storm Troopers, intimidated voters to vote Nazi etc.
*SS- (Schutzstaffel, German for "Protective Squadron")
"Propaganda tries to force a doctrine on the whole people... Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea." Adolf Hitler wrote these words in his book Mein Kampf
*Nazi message was successfully communicated through art, music, theater, films, books, radio, educational materials, and the press. *propaganda campaigns created an atmosphere tolerant of violence against Jews, particularly in 1935 (before the Nuremberg Race Laws of September)
Anti-Semitism (hatred of Jews)
* 1933 and 1945
* In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws racially defined Jews by “blood” and ordered the total separation of so-called "Aryans" and "non-Aryans,” thereby legalizing a racist hierarchy. Taught in schools.
January 30th Hitler’s ‘rise to power’.
April 1st Boycott of Jewish businesses.
Jewish civil servants, lawyers and teachers sacked.
May 10th burning of Jewish books and prayer books.
Race Science lessons to teach that Jews are [Untermensch: A German word for a person who is considered inferior.]. 1935
'Jews not wanted here' signs put up at swimming pools and local shops, libraries etc. 15th September Nuremberg laws Jews could not...
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