Topics: Waste management, Incineration, Recycling Pages: 3 (642 words) Published: July 6, 2014
-Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. All wastes materials, whether they are solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive fall within the remit of waste management -Waste management practices can differ for developed and developing nations, for urban and rural areas, and for residential and industrial producers. Management of non-hazardous waste residential and institutional waste in metropolitan areas is usually the responsibility of local government authorities, while management for non-hazardous commercial and industrial waste is usually the responsibility of the generator subject to local, national or international controls. Contents

1 Methods of disposal
o1.1 Landfill
o1.2 Incineration
o1.3 Recycling
o1.4 Sustainability
1.4.1 Biological reprocessing
1.4.2 Energy recovery
o1.5 Resource recovery
o1.6 Avoidance and reduction methods
2 Waste handling and transport
3 Technologies
4 Waste management concepts
5 Scientific journals
6 See also
7 References
8 External links

Methods of disposal
Main article: Landfill

Landfill operation in Hawaii.

A landfill compaction vehicle in action.

Spittelau incineration plant in Vienna
Disposal of waste in a landfill involves burying the waste, and this remains a common practice in most countries. Landfills were often established in abandoned or unused quarries, mining voids or borrow pits. A properly designed and well-managed landfill can be a hygienic and relatively inexpensive method of disposing of waste materials. Older, poorly designed or poorly managed...
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