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1. What are the factors taken into account by linguists when designing language maintenance and revitalization strategies? Which strategy would you choose for the following languages, and why? a) Cantonese b) Hakka in Hong Kong

2. What are the six major problems identified by Tsunoda that language revitalization faces?

3. In what ways do governments play an essential role in the revitalization of languages? Funding
Use and recognition as an official language
Promote language by education and policy

4. Why have language programs in schools and other institutions been largely unsuccessful?
Community support, parental involvement not easily available
Lack of teaching professionals with language teaching methodology
Inadequate funding

5. How do language attitudes affect the effectiveness of revitalization?
Pessimistic: without public support, no one speaks and uses; parental involvement to teach children

6. Delineate and evaluate Kenan Malik’s argument against language revitalization. What are his main arguments and their underlying assumptions? How convincing do you find his arguments to be?

1. What are the factors taken into account by linguists when designing language maintenance and revitalization strategies? Which strategy would you choose for the following languages, and why? a) Cantonese b) Hakka in Hong Kong

2. What are the six major problems identified by Tsunoda that language revitalization faces?

3. In what ways do governments play an essential role in the revitalization of languages? Funding
Use and recognition as an official language
Promote language by education and policy

4. Why have language programs in schools and other institutions been largely unsuccessful?
Community support, parental involvement not easily available
Lack of teaching professionals with language teaching methodology
Inadequate funding

5. How do language attitudes affect the effectiveness of revitalization?
Pessimistic: without

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