University of Phoenix Material
Reformation Time Line and Journal Entries
Part 1: Time Line
Complete the time line identifying events in history during the Reformation.
Identify where the event occurred on the specified date
Describe the event and its significance for each date identified on the time line.
DATE: October 31, 1517
DESCRIPTION: The 95 Thesis was Martin Luther's response to the indulgences. WHERE: The door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg
DATE: May 25, 1521
DESCRIPTION: The Edict of Worms was a decree issued by The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V banning the writings of Martin Luther and labeling him a heretic and enemy of the state. The Edict was the culmination of an ongoing struggle between Martin Luther and the Roman Catholic Church over reform, especially in the sale of indulgences.
Where: The city of Worms in southwest Germany
DATE: June, 1524–1526
DESCRIPTION: The Peasants' War was a revolt of German peasants who were fighting German nobles because they were unhappy with their economic and social situation.
Where: The uprising broke out at Stuhlingen and spread to cities all over Franconia, Swabia, and Thuringia, later also Austria.
DATE: June 25, 1530
DESCRIPTION: The Augsburg Confession is the founding manifesto of Protestantism. In 1530, hoping to unify the princes and cities of his German territories in the face of a threat from Turkish armies in eastern Austria, Emperor Charles V called a meeting, or Diet, in Augsburg [Germany]. He hoped that these leaders of the Lutheran revolt would issue a statement clarifying their beliefs, and that this might lead to a resolution of the controversy. At Augsburg, Philip Melanchthon, a close friend of Martin Luther and a Professor of New Testament at Wittenberg University, drafted the Augsburg Confession. It was presented in both German and Latin (with minor differences between the two versions) to the Emperor on June 25, 1530.
Where: Augsburg, Germany
DATE: September 25, 1555
DESCRIPTION: The Peace of Augsburg is the first permanent legal basis for the existence of Lutheranism as well as Catholicism in Germany, promulgated on September 25, 1555, by the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire assembled earlier that year at Augsburg. The Diet determined that in the future no ruler in the empire should make war against another on religious grounds and that this peace should remain operative until the churches were peacefully reunited. Only two churches were recognized, the Roman Catholic and the adherents of the Augsburg Confession—i.e., the Lutherans. Moreover, in each territory of the empire, only one church was to be recognized the religion of the ruler’s choice being thus made obligatory for his subjects. Any who adhered to the other church could sell his property and migrate to a territory where that denomination was recognized. The free imperial cities, which had lost their religious homogeneity a few years earlier, were exceptions to the general ruling. Lutheran and Catholic citizens in these cities remained free to exercise their religion as they pleased.
Where: Augsburg, Germany
DATE: August 24, 1572
DESCRIPTION: King Charles IX of France, under the sway of his mother, Catherine de Medici, orders the assassination of Huguenot Protestant leaders in Paris, setting off an orgy of killing that results in the massacre of tens of thousands of Huguenots all across France
Where: Paris, France
DESCRIPTION: The Thirty Years' War has been described as the last major European war of religion and the first all-European struggle for power. It was literally a series of wars, fought mainly on German soil, and was in large part a struggle to alter the European balance of power. Where: Germany, Bavaria
DATE: October 24, 1648
DESCRIPTION: On October 24th 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia was signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years' War. The peace conference to end the war opened in Münster and...
Bibliography: Bratcher, D. (2014). The Edict of Worms. Retrieved from Christian Resource Institute: http://www.cresourcei.org/creededictworms.html
Britannica. (2014). Peace of Augsburg. Retrieved from Brittanica.com: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/42767/Peace-of-Augsburg
History. (2014). St. Bartholomew 's Day Massacre. Retrieved from History.com: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/saint-bartholomews-day-massacre
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