The age of the Renaissance marked the transition from the civilization of the Middle Ages
to the modern world. Therefore, the Renaissance is the beginning
of the modern world politically, socially and economically. These coming of ages
changed the world and it affected who and where we are today.
Economically, cities and towns were centres of wealth production and of
creativity. Urban society in the Renaissance period was thoroughly commercialized;
everything had a price. Italy was the centre of it all, where development was booming
and cities like Venice, Genoa, Pisa, and Florence were the most successful in this period.
New jobs like bookkeeping were invented and ports kept trading international product.
Product like luxury goods and books were traded away, and international trade
commodities like silk, spices, silver and fine armour. This was the first sign of this kind
of trading, and it was booming. Bankers made massive profits off of loans given to
commercial travelers in the New World. Merchants found trade so important because of
profits, that they eventually broke off of major cities, and formed new city states. These
city states play a big role in the political aspect of the Renaissance.
Dramatic political changes occurred in Europe during the Renaissance. For almost
a thousand years, the only strong unifying force in Europe was the Roman Catholic
Church. However, the growth in commerce increasingly unified Europe economically.
Invasions from the outside declined, and rulers in the various countries gradually
combined their power. This trend developed in different ways in Italy than it did in other
parts of Europe. As towns grew in Italy, they demanded self-rule and often developed
into strong, independent city-states. In the northern areas of Europe, national monarchs
established their power over the noble class. During the Renaissance,