top-rated free essay

Sociology Not a Science

By Zazateddy Apr 14, 2013 304 Words
“Sociology cannot and should not be a science”. To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? This statement, stating that sociology is not a science, is debated throughout sociology by two theoretical positions; positivism and interpretivism. The Positivist theory is based on the idea that explanations for events or people should be based on empirical scientific methods. They see the world as full of testable realities and use quantitative methods to try and support their theories. However, the Interpretivist theory is based on the view that everyone is different and that all knowledge and explanations should be based on interpretation, in other words, how people involved felt and details. They see the world as socially constructed and that society exists because of shared concepts and agreements. Context to them is important, as they use qualitative methods, and this helps them understand a situation. Science Positivists feel that sociology is a science, due to that it is valid to use scientific methods to test situations within society. They think that the methodology is useful and a reliable tool in searching for knowledge Positivists go against this statement by believing sociology is a science, because they view society and sociology in the same way a scientist views his work with atoms. According to Durkheim, a sociologist should be “in the same state of mind as the physicist, chemist or physiologist when he probes into a still unexplored region of the scientific domain”. Positivist sociologists believe that sociological research shares similarities to empirical research methods used by scientists, such as methods can be repeated and replicated experiments and get reliable information. This gives their claim some superiority. Interpretivists however disagree with this and suggest that the mathematics and philosophy may be true, but it does not necessarily link to the real world.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Is Sociology a Science

    ...years, some persons have expressed sentiments that the study of sociology has no real scientific ground. This paper serves to examine the fundamental assumptions, as well as the possibility of Sociology being a science, but more specifically a social science. It begins by producing some definitions of the key terms, within the context of sociolo...

    Read More
  • Sociology as a Science

    ...Sociology is defined as the scientific study of human society and social behavior although whether to classify sociology as a science has been debatable. French philosopher Auguste Comte first coined the term in 1838 from the Greek word ‘socio’ meaning interaction or association of individual and the Latin word ‘logy’ meaning study of a ...

    Read More
  • Is Sociology a Science

    ...“The study of sociology cannot and should not be seen as scientific” To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? (33 marks) The debate about whether sociology can be represented as a science has existed for many years. Comte; who first used the word sociology argued that sociology should be based on the metho...

    Read More
  • Sociology as a Science

    ...More… The case for sociology as a science * 1. The Case for Sociology as a Science 1. Introduction In this paper, I try to put forward several points in favor of sociology as a science. In the course of argument, I will also discuss the problems of " value free" sociology and scope of sociology. 2. What is science? To answer the que...

    Read More
  • sociology is a science

    ...Sociologists study society as a 'social science' however the status of sociology as a science is easily questionable when compared to how acknowledged scientists study the natural world. In order to determine whether or not sociology can be accepted as a true science it is useful to make comparisons between the studies performed by both socio...

    Read More
  • Sociology Cannot Be a Science

    ...SOCIOLOGY CANNOT BE A SCIENCE BECAUSE ITS SUBJECT MATTER IS TOO VARIED, ABSTRACT AND DIFFICULT TO MEASURE I strongly support with the moot which states that “Sociology cannot be a science because its subject matter is too varied, abstract and difficult to measure. The term science may be defined as the body of knowledge obtained by methods ...

    Read More
  • sociology

    ...Father of Sociology Auguste Comte, the French Philosopher, is traditionally considered the "Father of Sociology". Comte who invented the term "Sociology" was the first man to distinguish the subject-matter of sociology from all the other sciences. He worked out in a series of books, a general approach to the study of society. Comte is regarded...

    Read More
  • sociology

    ...RESEARCH OBJECTIVES -To find out the reasons why commuter buses continue to utilize illegal spaces. -To find out ways through /by which commuter buses persist using unauthorized spaces/places. -To find out negative effects/problems of continued use of restricted spaces/places INTRODUCTION This research aims at studying the reason why a...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.