Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Essay Example

Powerful Essays
ROMANESQUE AND GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
By: Natalie de la Rosa

The 11th to 15th centuries saw a great surge of the Christian Church within Europe which was emphasized by the persuasiveness of the Crusades. The growing population of the Church increased the demand for the increased presence in architectural monuments and during the Romanesque and Gothic periods, a great cathedral construction boom occurred across Europe. The Romanesque and Gothic architectural styles were distinctive in not only the massiveness of the Romanesque monuments and the introduction of the cruciform plan but also for the introduction of the Gothic era art within the Cathedrals which included the inclusion of art the radiating Rose Window, column figures and the gargoyle among many others. Within Europe, there was a progression of architectural styles, many of which are still evident in the monuments today. The major styles are considered as Carolingian (800-900 AD); Ottonian (1000s); Romanesque (1000s-1100s); Gothic (late 1100s-1400s). While Romanesque is considered as the architectural style which preceded the Gothic, many of the distinct Romanesque features found within the great cathedrals of Europe were lost to the greater Gothic movement. However, many Romanesque features, as well as the earlier Carolingian reside within the Gothic-built monuments. The Romanesque name is deliberate in its direct relation to the styling designs found in Rome and there most distinctive feature is their massiveness as opposed to the much more thin monuments of the Gothic era which followed. An important structural development during the Romanesque period was the origin of the vault. The vault was originally designed as an alternative to the more fire prone wooden roofs but soon became a major architectural feature in all cathedrals. The Romanesque era and style also refers to the Norman variations in the church architecture which also

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Larry Crawley Sanford Brown College Online HUMN302-1502B-01 Unit-5 Date: May 10, 2015 Professor Andrea Kough Romanesque and Gothic Architecture The Romanesque Culture (c.a.10th-12th centuries) began with the rise of France and England, after the period known as “The Dark Ages”. This rise would also be credited to the rise Romanesque church achitecture and sculpture. Romanesque churches were escalated in scale and based on the earlier Roman basilicas plans, which…

    • 1125 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Tabitha Crosby Dr. Maineville Hum1020 10/07 /2012 Romanesque Architecture and Gothic Architecture Throughout history it’s simple to understand how so many were inspired to create masterpieces we see and love today. Many years ago beauty was shaped in almost every feature, sculpture, and building. One of the most memorable of these iconic creations can be seen in Romanesque and Gothic architecture; however even though they are both similar they also have many differences. These themes were…

    • 1120 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Different Architecture of Romanesque and Gothic Inspired Buildings There have been numerous pilgrimages made across France and Spain, each one just as unique as the one before it. Along these routes there are an immeasurable number of magnificent churches and temples each with their own history, architecture and art work, making them very distinctive. Time and place are important influences of the design of these churches and temples when they were built; this means that we have encountered scores…

    • 1849 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Kathryn Ryan CFII/Brosh Cloisters Paper Medieval Art is characterized largely by the use of both Gothic and Romanesque architecture. As Christianity was highly significant to the middle ages, much of said architectural design is exemplified in the cathedrals of the time. Romanesque and Gothic architecture differ greatly from one another, as is displayed in a comparison of a Gothic chapel and a Romanesque chapel. The Cloisters Museum and Gardens: the branch of The Metropolitan Museum of Art devoted…

    • 873 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Romanesque and Gothic Architecture of Medieval Europe The world around us is built up by influences from many different places in our pasts: whether that may be from the Italian Renaissance or Marilyn Monroe, every piece of history has shaped the way we view our world, and how we will continue to grow and shape alongside it. With Christianity and the immense sense of renewed spirituality spreading across Western Europe, architecture, politics, and technological advancements would never be the same…

    • 1105 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Gothic Style is the most fascinating and mysterious architectural era the world has seen. These large structures of the 11th through the 16th centuries, that are considered to be of Gothic Style, are simply glorious. Throughout the centuries, beautiful medieval cathedrals have been towering above every building and till this day, still survive with their astonishing appearance. The edifices built during the so-called Gothic period were not built with simple identifying Gothic features. Gothic architecture…

    • 1490 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    typically used for Christian devotion. It is a rectangular, building, with colonnades running down either side of its nave to an apse (or a half dome) behind the altar. Domes are also depicted on top of these buildings to signify their importance. Famous examples of these buildings can be found at the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, or St. Peters Cathedral in Vatican City. The use of these two features can still be found today. The basilica style floor plan in our traditional churches, and the large domes on our…

    • 1141 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Romanesque style transformed into the Gothic style during the Middle Ages. This happened for many reasons. The Romanesque period was a time of trial and error while the Gothic period was a time of advancements in inventions. Religion was an important factor in the shift between Romanesque and Gothic. The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic cathedrals…

    • 1327 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Romanesque style transformed into the Gothic style during the Middle Ages. This happened for many reasons. The Romanesque period was a time of trial and error while the Gothic period was a time of advancements in inventions. Religion was an important factor in the shift between Romanesque and Gothic. The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic cathedrals…

    • 375 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Italian Gothic Architecture A country that is rich in heritage and history is home to a place that is critical in the development of architecture not only in Europe but throughout the world. Italian gothic architecture represents a movement of gothic architecture that transitioned through Europe and transformed style and the typical depiction of the word “gothic.” Italy’s choice of design and placement of buildings shows the Italians approach and style in terms of gothic design. The Italian approach…

    • 753 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays