Restoration period

Satisfactory Essays
Republican Britain and the restoration period
Helena Macúšová
Lenka Palečková
8AA10b

Restoration period

Fall of Republican Britain
 Cromwell´s

death – The protectorate

collapsed
 Cromwell´s son –Richard Cromwell is not a good leader.
 Richard invited Charles II. back

Charles II.
 Charles

II. returned as publicly accepted king
 The laws and Acts of
Cromwell´s government were automatically cancelled
 Parliament is weak
 Those responsible for Charles I.´s execution are punished

Catholicism, the Crown and the new constitutional monarchy
 Charles

II. wanted to make peace between religious groups
 Wanted to allow Puritans and
Cathlics to meet freely
 Parliament is strongly Anglican = against  Feared Charles become catholic =
Test Act 1673 - Public Office cant be hold by catholics

The Whigs and Tories
The Whigs
 afraid of absolute monarchy and
Catholic Church and regular army
 Believed in religous freedom
 Charles no children=feared his catholic brother would become king.
 Believed the authority depend upon the parliament

The Whigs and Tories
Tories
 Upheld the authority of the crown and the church
 Natural inheritors of the „Royalist“ position The fake story
 Catholic

plot to murder Charles
 James becomes king
 It frighten people
 The Act forbidding Catholics to become MP
 = not succesful – James inherited the crown

James II.
 After

Charles´ death - 1685 - James becomes king
 Dislike for protestants
 Presbyterians (men, women, children) killed by army in Scotland= The killing time  Tried to cancel The Act and bring back the Catholic church
=Parliament angry

James II.


Wanted to get rid off Tory – replaced ¾ by men from lower social classes
 The Catholics and the Puritans together =
„noncomformists“
 Tories+the Whigs+Anglicans did nothing
= looking forward to the succesion of
James´ daughter Mary= protestant married to the

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