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Research Method Project

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1.0 INTRODUCTION :

Research Issues : Application of Role-play in Teaching and Learning process at preschool.
Background of the problem :
Role-play is so important to optimal child development that it has been recognized by the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights as a right of every child.

Role-play is a type of pretend play where children get into character and act out a role or real life context. Role play is an active, social activity where children can get into character and use role play to reflect on and develop their knowledge of a topic. Whist role-play is a fun, and a ‘playful’ activity, it is also a key component of learning. Role play is an effective learning tool as it encourages children to become active participants in their learning.

1.1 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY :
To investigate the relationship between the application of role-play with the effectively of teaching and learning process.

1.2 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY :
Research Objectives :

I. To determine the effectiveness of role-play in teaching and learning process at preschool.
II. To assess the importance of role-play in teaching and learning process at preschool.
III. To determine the applying of role-play in teaching and learning process at preschool.
IV. To identify the benefits of role-play in today’s teaching and learning process at preschool

(1)To allow children for increase their confidence level through developing new skills by using role-play in delivery of teaching syllabus at preschool.(2) To emphasizing the core value of creativity . (3)Role-play becomes a natural instrument for helping children to learn the skills they’ll need to continue to discover and create in a changing world. (4)One of the greatest attributes of role-play is the opportunities it affords for learning to live with not knowing we all learn more effectively through trial and error and play-role is a non-threatening way to cope with new learning and still retain self-esteem and self-image

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS :
I. What the effectiveness of role-play in teaching and learning process at preschool?
II. Why role-play is important in teaching and learning process at preschool?
III. How the applying of role-play in teaching and learning process at preschool?
IV. What the benefits of role-play in today’s teaching and learning process at preschool?

1.4 RESEARCH PROBLEM
The relationship between role-play and learning process seems obvious to many practitioners and parents, and yet there are still prejudices surrounding the importance of children’s role-play. Some people believe that children need to “work” not play and that playing serves no useful purpose in the learning and teaching process also in development of environment. This is surprising considering that play, with its high levels of motivation and potential enjoyment empowers children

1.5 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESES (PROPOSITIONS)

The application of role-play is related with the effectiveness of teaching and learning process at preschool.

1.6 LIMITATION OF RESEARCH (THEORETICAL UNDERPINNING)
- Time limitation; Time table arrangement
- Commitment; Lack time; inability to manage time table very well.
- Transportation
- Information of journal/article; Bad internet connection and people.

1.7 STUDY (CONCEPTUAL) FRAMEWORK

a) Independent variable :
The application of role-play in teaching and learning process at preschool
b) Dimension:
1) “It’s through play that young children get smart, and it’s through play that adults stay smart” –Marcia L. Nell writer of books ‘From play to practice, National Association for the Education of Young Children Washington, DC
2) Role-play activity is naturally used by children to develop their knowledge and intelligence (Piaget, 1951)
c) Dependent variable :
The effectiveness of learning and teaching process at preschool.

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