PSYA1 - Attachment Theorists

Topics: Mary Ainsworth, Attachment theory, 1903 Pages: 3 (325 words) Published: April 16, 2014
Research/Studies on Attachment

Harlow – Learning Theory
Food is less important than comfort

Schaffer & Emerson (1964) – Learning Theory
Infants aren’t necessarily attached to the adult who feed them

Bowlby (1969) – Bowlby’s Theory
Attachment is adaptive & innate

Lorenz (1952) – Bowlby’s Theory
Imprinting in animals

Hodges & Tizard (1989) – Bowlby’s Theory
Sensitive period

Belsky & Rovine (1987) – Bowlby’s Theory
Temperament hypothesis

Van Izjendoorn et al. (1999) – Types of Attachment
Meta-analysis

Ainsworth et al. (1978) – Types of Attachment
Strange situation findings

Prior & Glaser (1006) – Types of Attachment
Behaviour in later childhood

Ainsworth (1967) – Cultural Variations
Uganda study

Tronick et al (1992) – Cultural Variations
African tribe

Grossman & Grossman (1991) – Cultural Variations
German infants

Spitz & Wolf (1946) – Disruption of Attachment
Depression in infants (in institution)

Robertson & Robertson (1969) – Disruption of Attachment
Laura & John – no emotional care
Lucy & Kate – emotional care

Bohman & Sigurdsson (1978) – Disruption of Attachment
Adopted ‘problem children recovery

Bowlby et al. (1956) – Disruption of Attachment
Securely attached children tend to cope better

Hodges & Tizard (1989) – Failure to Form Attachment
All ex-institutional children had difficulties coping later in life

Rutter et al (2007) – Failure to Form Attachment
Romanian orphans adopted early showed normal in comparison to those who weren’t

Genie & Czech Twins – Failure to Form Attachment
Isolated children

Quinton et al. (1984) – Failure to Form Attachment
Poor parenting

NICHD – Day care & Aggression
Aggression linked to time in day care

EPPE – Day care & Aggression
High quality care

Prodromidis et al. (1995) – Day care & Aggression
Swedish – no aggression

Belsky et al. (2007) – Day care & Aggression
More strongly affected by factors at home

Belsky & Rovine...
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