Psy 270 Substance Abuse Paper Essay Example

Pages: 2 (507 words) / Published: Jul 31st, 2010
Substance abuse Eunice Armstrong Psy 270 Axia College University of Phoenix

The sociocultural theory states that people use substance abuse because of stress and the environmental factors due to the fact that socioeconomics and unemployment are evident. Thus, they use drugs as a means to relief themselves from stress. In addition, the behavioral/cognitive viewpoint also points to the situational substance abuse as a cause that is contributing to the condition as well. Furthermore, the behavioral/cognitive viewpoint holds that substance abuse patterns are developed through operant conditioning, when the individual uses substance abuse to release tension in his or her stressful situations. Hence, this temporary release becomes a habit as the individual begins to carry expectancy as a reward and a pattern of substance abuse through motivation becomes established. In view of this, an individual begins to use substance abuse in all his or her stressful situations, and when feeling tension, regardless of the nature of his or her external circumstances. According to the reading, both behavioral/cognitive and the sociocultural view clearly demonstrate that socioeconomically depresses communities and the middle class communities where people are experiencing low socioeconomics and unemployment especially in our current economy. In contrast, the biological theory also supports the claim due to its scientific empirical data. According to the reading, research also showed the link between substance abuse, genetics and biochemical factors. According to researcher, individual is seen to become addicted because their natural brain chemical levels are not within normal range, because the individual self medicate him and herself with substance abuse as a resources of altering his or her biochemical levels

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