Teaching has become one of the most demanding occupations and teachers are being required to study and get the knowledge necessary to inter act and be clear with and to students. However teaching cannot be an accident and therefore who wants to teach must not only use the language but also know how to teach it.
Many schools and institutions are getting any international certification which proves their organization and capacity to fulfill what they are offering, so it is mandatory for teachers to get updated and become competent in the field of teaching.
In this first part of the book “Teaching by Principles” we are going to deal and go deeper in some really important principles and intrinsic motivation in the classroom, go to a classroom and observe it trying to get and learn the maximum from it.
Demonstrate understanding of the various aspects of pedagogy and language teaching studied in the course.
Find out the uses of different approaches in the teaching process.
Understand the importance of intrinsic motivation.
Reward vs. aim.
PEDAGOGY AND LANGUAGE TEACHING
Language teachers are constantly making choices during the class. Read carefully the classroom observation (Pgs. 3-9). Then, make a list of five important choices made by the teacher for that particular lesson and explain why she chose to do it.
The T begins the class with a small talk
This is the best way to start a class creating a communicative and friendly atmosphere. 2.
As she engages students in a small talk, she marks attendance in her class. Marking attendance is always a moment for students to use their native language, so through small talks is a very good way to keep them focus on speaking English. 3.
She asks Ss to volunteer what each word means.
Guessing meaning from words that the teacher assumes students might have difficulties brings out very good surprises because students show a variety of synonyms and definitions. 4.
The teacher asks Ss to listen again and repeat each line chorally in the pause provided on the CD. Reaping chorally is very popular but this activity is done normally with words not with phrases, and students learn rhythm and intonation out of this activity. 5.
The T engages in some explanation of the structure.
Grammar is not the main part in the language acquisition process but not knowing it can lead students to misusing the language functions properly.
Keeping in mind the “Communicative Language Teaching”, design a lesson plan to teach English as a foreign language applying the main theoretical principles which orient CLT. You can decide to plan this class with one of the following topics: leisure activities, narrating past experiences, or talking about the future. See the form to plan the lesson in the virtual room and prepare all the materials to do the microteaching in the socialization session.
Read the copies about CLT and write a lesson plan based on functions. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Which is an approach to the teaching of second and foreign languages, emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language.
The communicative approach focuses on language as a medium of communication. Recognizes that all communication has a social purpose - learner has something to say or find out. The communicative approach to language teaching became so popular because it makes a lot of sense to educators. In the communicative approach, participants use the language to accomplish some function, such as instructing, inviting or requesting. The teacher sets up a situation that students are likely to encounter in real life. Speakers choose a particular way to communicate depending on...
Bibliography: Brown, H. Douglas, 2007. Teaching by Principles. Pearson Logman, Third Edition. NY
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