Neutralisation and Spills

Topics: Acid, PH, Carbon dioxide Pages: 2 (543 words) Published: May 9, 2014
Assess the use of neutralization reactions to minimize damage in accidents or chemicals Look at relationships and the
Weigh up two different situations (positives and negatives)
Use of neutralization vs other methods such as copius amounts of water Positive effects of using neutralization vs negative effects Positive effects of using alternative methods versis negative effects Finally state your judgement or conclusion

A neutralisation reaction is an exothermic chemical reaction involving proton transfer, where an acid and a base interact to form a salt and sometimes water. Employing this concept, neutralization reactions may be used in laboratories to clean up accidental acid and base spills on workbenches of flooring. But because of the exothermic nature of the neutralisation process, we should never use strong acids or bases in cleaning up spills as excess employment of these substances, where itself is caustic or corrosive in damage will cause further damage and evolve noxious fumes. When there is solution or concentrated acid has been accidentally spilled on the bench or floor, the spill area may need to be isolated and can be neutralized with commonly used Sodium Bicarbonate. Sodium bicarbonate is good to minimize acid/base spills due to its amphiprotic nature and

There are many advantages of using neutralization reactions including the ability to change can be used in laboratories to clean up after acids or bases have been accidentally spilled on the workbench or floor. Large spill – sand (contain and absorb it) – collect and neutralize later Na2Co3 can be used in excess

Wash it away with continuous running water to keep it cool because of corrosive nature of acid/base

Consider the circumstances where an acid solution or concentrated acid has been accidentally spilled on the bench or floor. The spill area may need to be isolated, and people evacuated if fumes are present. If the acid has been spilled on a person’s...
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