Key Terms #1 ReDo Agricultural Revolutions
The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and the consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants and sharecroppers were forcibly expelled
Small charm meant to protect the bearer from evil. Found frequently in archaeological excavations in Mesopotamia and
Egypt, amulets reflect the religious practices of the common people. Babylon
The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of the Amorite king
Hammurabi in the eighteenth century B.C.E. and the
NeoBabylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century
An ambiguous term often used to denote more complex societies but sometimes used by anthropologists to describe any group of people sharing a set of cultural traits.
Socially transmitted patterns of action and expression. Material culture refers to physical objects, such as dwellings, clothing, tools, and crafts. Culture also includes arts, beliefs, knowledge, and technology.
A small independent state consisting of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory. A characteristic political form in early Mesopotamia, Archaic and Classical Greece, Phoenicia, and early Italy.
A system of writing in which wedgeshaped symbols represented words or syllables. It originated in Mesopotamia and was used initially for Sumerian and Akkadian but later was adapted to represent other languages of western Asia. Because so many
symbols had to be learned, literacy was confined to a relatively small group of administrators and scribes.
People who support themselves by hunting wild animals and gathering wild edible plants and insects
The study of past events and changes